2020 in politics and government
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Events pertaining to world affairs in 2020, national politics, public policy, government, world economics, and international business, that took place in various nations, regions, organizations, around the world in 2020.
- January 1
- All works published in 1924, except for some sound recordings, are now in the public domain in the United States. This is the first release of material to the public domain since 1978.
- Crowds of protesters breach the US embassy compound in Baghdad, Iraq, and then withdrew after US Marines fired tear gas. The unrest occurred in response to US air strikes on pro-Iranian militias in Iraq.  
- Recreational marijuana becomes legal in Illinois.
- State laws on bail, the gig economy, minimum wages, data privacy, and red flag gun control take effect in several states, including California, New York, Colorado, Nevada, and Hawaii.
- Several new new federal regulations take effect in the USA as of this date, including new regulations on retirement funds, new minimum wage rules, and new overtime rules. 
- January 2
- The government of New South Wales, Australia, declares a State of emergency to take effect January 3 as bushfires rage, threatening human lives and property as well as wiping out as many as 500 million animals.
- 750 US troops prepare to be deployed to Iraq to defend US Embassy in Baghdad. 
- Turkey reports a new refugee influx and possible crisis, as 250,000 Syrians flee Syria for Turkey, due to Syrian government attacks on rebel groups around Idlib. 
- Zoran Zaev, the prime minister of North Macedonia, resigns. Oliver Spasovski is interim prime minister until a new government can be organized after the April 12 election.
- January 3
- 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis: President Donald Trump approves the targeted killing of notorious Iranian general Qasem Soleimani and Iraqi paramilitary leader Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis in Baghdad, Iraq. Fears of a conflict between Iran and the U.S. results in World War III trending on Twitter.
- Spain’s electoral commission prohibits Catalan president Quim Torra from serving in the regional parliament.
- January 4 – An airstrike against the military academy south of Tripoli, Libya, kills 16 and wounds 37.
- January 5 – Former Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic defeats President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović with 53% of the vote in the 2020 Croatian Presidential Election.
- January 6
- Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison acknowledges that climate change plays a role in Australia's bushfires, in a reversal of his previous stance.
- US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi announces she will introduce a resolution to limit President Trump's ability to take actions against Iran.
- At a meeting of the Lima Group, Argentina and Mexico abstain from supporting Juan Guaidó as president of the General Assembly of Venezuela.
- January 7 – Pedro Sánchez takes office as President of the Government of Spain on a vote of 167 in favor, 165 against, and 18 abstensions.
- January 8
- Two U.S. military bases in Iraq are hit with a dozen missiles fired by Iran; no casualties or serious damage reported. U.S. President Donald Trump says Iran "appears to be standing down" after the killing of Qasem Soleimani but announces new sanctions against Iran.
- As many as 25 Crore (250 million) people join a general strike in India in response to Bharat Bandh labor reforms.
- January 9 – The International Olympic Committee bans political gestures by athletes at the 2020 Summer Olympics.
- January 10
- On January 11, 2020, Russia announced that a ceasefire had been agreed to in the area of Idlib and Northwest Syria, between Russia, Syria, Syrian rebels and Turkey. This was due to requests by Turkey for a ceasefire, in order to stop the flood of Syrian refugees into Turkey.    However, some regional news outlets reported that Syria launched further attacks near Idlib, in Maarat al-Numan district and the villages of Maar Shoreen, Talmenes, and Maar Shamshah, even after the ceasefire had officially begun. 
- January 11
- Taiwanese general election: Progressive Tsai Ing-Wen is reelected with 7.8 million votes (90% of the votes counted).
- Legislators in Northern Ireland form a government for the first time since the Executive of the 5th Northern Ireland Assembly collapsed in January 2017.
- Iran takes responsibility for "unintentionally" shooting down Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 that killed 176 people on January 8. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau demands "transparency and justice for the families and loved ones of the victims."
- British police say it was an "error of judgment" to label 'Extinction Rebellion' a terrorist group.
- January 12
- Same-sex couples can legally register for marriage in Northern Ireland.
- January 14
- January 15
- The Prime Minister of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev announces that the entire Russian government will resign.
- U.S. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi names the seven managers of the impeachment team and the House votes to send its impeachment resolutions to the Senate for a trial of President Donald Trump.
- Filipe Nyusi is sworn in for another term as president of Mozambique while the opposition boycotts the ceremony amidst charges of electoral fraud.
- January 16
- Pope Francis names Italian lawyer Francesca Di Giovanni as the under-secretary in the Section for Relations with States, the arm of the Catholic church that handles the foreign relations of the Holy See. She is the first woman appointed to a post at that level.
- The impeachment of Donald John Trump formally moves into its trial phase in the United States Senate.
- January 26 – 2020 Peruvian parliamentary election.
- February 9 – 2020 Azerbaijani parliamentary election.
- February 16 – 2020 Guinean legislative election.
- February 21 – 2020 Iranian legislative election.
- April 12 – 2020 North Macedonian parliamentary election.
- April 26 – Referendum on new constitution in Chile.
- April (date undefined) – 2020 Serbian parliamentary election.
- May 7 – United Kingdom local elections.
- May 17 – Dominican Republic presidential election.
- May (date undetermined)
- July 13 –July 16 – 2020 Democratic National Convention (USA).
- July 24 – August 9 – The 2020 Summer Olympics will be held in Tokyo, Japan.
- August 30 – 2020 Belarusian presidential election.
- September (date undetermined)
- October 4 – 2020 Kyrgyz parliamentary election.
- October 11 – 2020 Lithuanian parliamentary election.
- October 20 – The 2020 World Expo will open in Dubai.
- October 31 – 2020 Ivorian general election.
- November 3 – United States presidential election.
- The 2020 G20 Riyadh summit will be the fifteenth meeting of Group of Twenty (G20). It will be held on 21–22 November 2020 in the city of Riyadh, the new future city of Saudi Arabia.
- November 9 – November 19 – The 2020 United Nations Climate Change Conference will be held in Glasgow, UK.
- November (date undetermined)
History by world issue
Note: This section is provided for issue-based overviews in narrative format, if desired.
In December 2019, the World Meteorological Organization released its annual climate report revealing that climate impacts are worsening.  They found the global sea temperatures are rising as well as land temperatures worldwide. 2019 is the last year in a decade that is the warmest on record. 
BlackRock global money management firm Chief Executive Larry Fink said in January 2020 that climate change "has become a defining factor in companies' long-term prospects... and I believe we are on the edge of a fundamental reshaping of finance."
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Countries and regions
- 2020 in United States politics and government
- 2020 in United Kingdom politics and government
- 2020 United States elections
Articles on specific world issues
- A nasty, brutal fight; what a US-Iran war would look like.The bottom line: It’d be hell on earth. By Alex Ward. Jan 3, 2020
- Jenkins, Amanda (2019-02-05). "Copyright Breakdown: The Music Modernization Act | Now See Hear!". blogs.loc.gov. Retrieved 2020-01-02.
- https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50956111 US Baghdad embassy attacked by protesters angry at air strikes. 31 December 2019.
- https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50966958 US embassy attack: Protesters withdraw after standoff in Iraq.
- Brenden O'Brien (Dec 24, 2019). "Recreational marijuana becomes legal in Illinois on New Year's Day". Reuters.
- These Major New Laws Take Effect Today By Sarah Ruiz-Grossman, HuffPost, Jan 1,2020
- [https://finance.yahoo.com/news/overtime-rules-lower-chinese-tariffs-and-more-6-new-regulations-taking-effect-jan-1-184911346.html Overtime rules, lower Chinese tariffs and more: 6 new regulations taking effect Jan. 1 Ben Werschkul, Yahoo Finance, December 30, 2019.
- 'Entire Species Are Being Wiped Out': Ecologists Say Half a Billion Animals May Have Been Killed by Australia Wildfires byJake Johnson, Common Dreams, Jan 2, 2020
- https://www.militarytimes.com/flashpoints/2020/01/01/750-soldiers-with-82nd-airborne-headed-for-centcom-additional-4000-troops-expected-to-deploy-as-iran-tensions-mount/ 750 soldiers with 82nd Airborne headed for CENTCOM, additional 4,000 troops expected to deploy as Iran tensions mount. By: Shawn Snow , Howard Altman , and Philip Athey. military times. com. January 1, 2020.
- https://www.reuters.com/article/us-syria-security-turkey/erdogan-says-up-to-250000-syrians-flee-toward-turkey-as-crisis-worsens-idUSKBN1Z10J2 Erdogan says up to 250,000 Syrians flee toward Turkey as crisis worsens. January 2, 2020. Reuters.
- North Macedonian PM resigns By NEKTARIA STAMOULI, Politico, Jan 3, 2020
- "Twitter Trends with World War III after Assassination of Iraqi Commander in US Airstrike". News18. 3 January 2019.
- CRISTINA GALLARDO (Jan 3, 2020). "Catalan president faces being removed from office". Politico.
- [https://apnews.com/e743d7fa9b6bbad7c4226a48de4a1dd7 Libyan authorities report airstrike on military academy|By SAMY MAGDY, AP, Jan 4, 2020
- Leftist beats conservative in Croatia’s presidential vote By DARKO BANDIC, AP, Jan 5, 2020
- In pictures: Australian bushfires rage as PM admits climate change has fuelled crisis By James Ashford, The Week (UK), Jan 6, 2020
- Pelosi says House will introduce 'War Power Resolution' aimed to limit Trump's Iran military action By Paul LeBlanc, CNN, Mon Jan 6, 2020.
- México y Argentina se abstienen de reconocer la reelección de Juan Guaidó en Asamblea de Venezuela Proceso, Jan 6, 2020
- Con mínima ventaja, Pedro Sánchez es investido como presidente de España By Alejandro Gutierrez, Proceso, Jan 7, 2020
- Iran launches missiles at Iraq airbases hosting US and coalition troops By Michael Safi, The Guardian, Jan 8, 2020
- Trump says Iran "appears to be standing down" after missile attack BY KATHRYN WATSON, STEFAN BECKET, & GRACE SEGERS, CBS News, Jan 8, 2020
- Bharat Bandh live updates: Strike by trade unions gets mixed response The Economic Times (India), Jan 8, 2020 Bharat Bandh updates: Delhi, Mumbai unaffected by nationwide trade union strike India Today, Jan 9, 2020
- Strike by millions of workers hit businesses in India AP, Jan 8, 2020 Millions Flood Streets Across India as General Strike Takes Aim at Modi Government by Eoin Higgins, Common Dreams, Jan 8, 2020
- International Olympic Committee bans political statements by athletes at games NBC News, Jan 9, 2020
- Russian army announces ceasefire in Syria’s Idlib, By: AFP | Published: January 10, 2020.
- Turkey, Russia agree to ceasefire in war-torn Idlib, Syria, cbc, Jan 10, 2020.
- Russia and Turkey establish new ceasefire in Syria's Idlib. Ceasefire was introduced in Idlib's de-escalation zone at 2pm Moscow time, Russia's Ministry of Defence says. By MEE staff, Published date: 9 January 2020.
- Assad regime attacks Idlib, violating third cease-fire attempt, DAILY SABAH, January 9, 2020.
- "La progresista Tsai Ing-Wen es reelecta presidenta de Taiwán" [Progressive Tsai Ing-Wen is reelected president of Taiwan]. Aristegui Noticias (in Spanish). Jan 11, 2020.
- Northern Ireland has a government again after 3 years BY JILL LAWLESS, THE ASSOCIATED PRESS/Global News, 11 Jan 2020
- Iran admits to shooting down Ukrainian plane in ‘error’ By LAURA KAYALI, Politico, Jan 11, 2020
- UK police say it was mistake to call climate group extremist ABC News, Jan 11, 2020
- Thousands run against 'dictatorship' in Thai capital By JERRY HARMER Associated Press, Jan 12, 2020
- Canadian officials accidentally push nuke alert to millions AP News, Jan 12, 2020
- Same-sex marriage now legal in Northern Ireland By Peter Coulter, BBC News NI, 13 Jan 2020
- Alejandro Giammattei asume como nuevo presidente de Guatemala Publimetro.com.mx, 14 Jan 2020
- Deputy prime minister calls Japan a nation with single race AP/Yahoo News, 14 Jan 2020
- Russian government resigns after Putin proposes reforms that would weaken his successor By Mary Ilyushina, CNN World, 15 Jan 2020
- House votes to send Trump impeachment articles to Senate, triggering trial By HEATHER CAYGLE and SARAH FERRIS, Politico, 15 Jan 2020
- Mozambique leader Nyusi sworn in despite opposition boycott By Manuel Mucari, Reuters, January 15, 2020
- Pope Francis appoints first woman to senior Vatican diplomatic role By Julia Hollingsworth, CNN, 16 Jan 2020
- Amanda Holpuch (January 16, 2020). "Trump impeachment trial begins as Schiff reads out charges against president – live". The Guardian. London.
- "GLOBAL ELECTIONS CALENDAR", National Democratic Institute, retrieved Dec 23, 2019
- "North Macedonian leaders agree to hold snap election on April 12", Reuters, Oct 20, 2019
- "Agenda 2020. Estos son los acontecimientos más importantes del próximo año" [Agenda 2020. These are the most important events of next year]. El Universal. Mexico City. Dec 26, 2019.
- "2020 DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION", Wisconsin Center, retrieved Dec 23, 2019
- "Olympics 2020: Tokyo wins race to host Games - BBC Sport". Bbc.co.uk. 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2015-11-12.
- "Belarusian Presidential Election 2020: The Game is On", Belsat TV, Aug 26, 2019
- ‘My team will lead TT into the future’ Trindad and Tobago Newsday, 27 September 2018
- "Expo 2020 Dubai, First World Expo in the Middle East". Bie-paris.org. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Saudi Arabia to host G20 summit in 2020". The National. July 8, 2017.
- "Saudi Arabia hosts the 15th G20 Leaders' Summit in 2020". spa.gov.sa. 2019-04-17.
- 2020 UN Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC COP 26) SDG Knowledge Club, accessed Dec 23, 2019
- Climate Change Is Accelerating, Bringing World ‘Dangerously Close’ to Irreversible Change, By Henry Fountain, Dec. 4, 2019, NY Times.
- 2019 Ends Warmest Decade On Record, State Of The Global Climate Report Warns, iflscience.com
- Global carbon emissions growth slows, but hits record high, December 3, 2019, Stanford University via phys.org.
- BlackRock CEO says climate crisis will trigger 'a fundamental reshaping of finance' By Sam Meredith, CNBC, 14 Jan 2020