2021 Israeli legislative election
All 120 seats in the Knesset
61 seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||67.44% ( 4.08pp)|
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Legislative elections were held in Israel on 23 March 2021 to elect the 120 members of the 24th Knesset. It was the fourth election in two years. Yair Lapid and Naftali Bennett announced they formed a rotation government on 2 June 2021, which was approved on 13 June 2021.
According to the coalition agreement signed between Likud and Blue and White in 2020, elections were to be held 36 months after the swearing-in of the 35th government, making 23 May 2023 the last possible election date. However, Israeli law stipulates that if the 2020 state budget was not passed by 23 December 2020, the Knesset would be dissolved, and elections would be held by 23 March 2021.
On 2 December 2020, the Knesset passed the preliminary reading of a bill to dissolve the current government by a vote of 61–54. On 21 December 2020, the Knesset failed to pass a bill to avoid dispersal by a vote of 47–49. Since the Knesset had failed to approve the 2020 state budget by the required deadline, at midnight IST on 23 December 2020, the government coalition collapsed, and the 23rd Knesset was officially dissolved. In accordance with the law that the election must be held within 90 days after the dissolution of the Knesset, the date for elections to the 24th Knesset was automatically set for 23 March 2021. Netanyahu was reported as facing a strong challenge from opposition parties.
Two parties could sign a surplus vote agreement that allowed them to compete for leftover seats as if they were running together on the same list. The Bader–Ofer method slightly favours larger lists, meaning that alliances are more likely to receive leftover seats than parties would be individually. If the alliance receives leftover seats, the Bader–Ofer calculation is applied privately, to determine how the seats are divided among the two allied lists.
The following parties signed surplus vote-sharing agreements for the 2021 election:
- Yamina and New Hope
- Yesh Atid and Yisrael Beiteinu
- Blue and White and New Economic Party
- Likud and Religious Zionist Party
- Israeli Labor Party and Meretz
- Shas and United Torah Judaism
Leadership elections and primaries
Leadership elections were held by some parties to determine party leadership ahead of the election. Primary elections were held by some parties in advance of the national election to determine the composition of their party list.
Knesset MK Sami Abu Shehadeh announced on 14 January 2021 that he would run for the leadership of Balad. MK and former leader Mtanes Shehadeh sought re-election. The party held primaries on 23 January 2021 for its leader and its list for Knesset. The Balad council, which consists of a total of 600 members, were eligible to vote in Nazareth. Abu Shehadeh was elected party leader by the Central Committee, with a total of 230 votes.
On 5 January, incumbent Jewish Home party leader Rafi Peretz stated that he would not head the party and would not stand for re-election, but did not rule out a return to politics in the future. Nir Orbach announced he would run for the leadership slot. Hagit Moshe also ran (at Netanyahu's request). The party's Central Committee selected its chair and party list, rather than holding a vote amongst party members. Moshe was elected party leader by the Central Committee on 19 January 2021. Party primaries were held on 26 January.
The Tel Aviv District Court ruled on 3 January 2021 that primaries for Labor's Knesset list and leadership must take place, despite the fact that Amir Peretz and his supporters voted in favor of canceling them. MK Merav Michaeli announced she would run for party leadership shortly after. Gil Beilin announced he would run on 11 January. The Israeli High Court rejected an appeal by the Labor party, ensuring that all party members (instead of just committee members) will be able to vote in the primary. Former Labor leader Ehud Barak announced on 18 January that he would not run, while Itzik Shmuli announced the next day that he would not run. Avi Shaked and David Landsman, Ethiopian immigrant Yitzhak Time, and Na'ava Katz also ran.
The vote for party leader was won by Michaeli on 24 January.
The Likud was ordered by its internal court to have its Constitutional Committee meet by 30 December to begin preparations for the selection of candidates for its electoral slate, following a petition filed by members of the party's Central Committee. The party's Constitution Committee voted on 30 December to cancel party primaries, which was made official on 2 January 2021.
Meretz would have held a leadership election on 13 January 2021, while a primary for the rest of its electoral list would have been held on 21 January. However, the party decided on 3 January 2021 to not hold primaries as no one challenged Nitzan Horowitz, the party leader.
At the end of the 23rd Knesset, there were thirteen factions in parliament. The parties of these parliamentary factions are all fielding lists to compete in the 2021 elections, or are members of such lists, with the exception of The Jewish Home.
A total of 39 parties registered to contest the elections.
|Party or alliance||Head of list||Hebrew
|Am Shalem||Haim Amsalem||רף||ر ف|
|Blue and White||Benny Gantz||כן||ك ن|
|Bible Bloc||Dennis Lipkin||יק||ي ق|
|Common Alliance||Bishara Shlian||ינ||ي ن|
|Da'am Workers Party||Yoav Gal Tamir||ץ||ص|
|Democratic Party (withdrawn)||Haim Cohen||רק||ر ض|
|The Israelis||Yaron Regev||ז||ز|
|Hetz||Lior Shapira||צף||ص ف|
|Hope for Change||Abd el-Karim Abucaf||רנ||ر ن|
|Human Dignity||Arkadi Pogech||יף||ي ف|
|Israeli Labor Party||Merav Michaeli||אמת||أ م ت|
|Jewish Heart||Eli Yosef||כ||ك|
|Likud||Benjamin Netanyahu||מחל||م ح ل|
|Joint List||Ayman Odeh||ודעם||و ض ع م|
|Kama||Dorit Liat Biran||נ||ن|
|Ma'an (withdrawn)||Mohammed Darawshe||צכ||ص ك|
|Me and You||Alon Giladi||כך||ك خ|
|Meretz||Nitzan Horowitz||מרצ||م ر ص|
|Mishpat Tzedek||Larissa Amir||קץ||ق ص|
|New Economic Party||Yaron Zelekha||יז||ي ز|
|New Hope||Gideon Sa'ar||ת||ت|
|New Order||Avital Ofek||קך||ق خ|
|New World||Yoram Edri||ני||ن ي|
|Atzmeinu (withdrawn)||Dotan Sofer||צי||ص ي|
|The Impossible – Possible||Noam Aryeh Coleman||ק||ق|
|Pirate Party||Ohad Shem Tov||ףז||ف ز|
|Rapeh only Health||Aryeh Avni||ר||ر|
|Religious Zionist Party||Bezalel Smotrich||ט||ط|
|Shas||Aryeh Deri||שס||ش س|
|Shama||Naftali Baruch Goldman||קי||ق ي|
|Social Bang – Pensioners||Tzion Yahav||י||ي|
|Social Leadership||Ilan Yar-Zanber||יר||ي ر|
|Tzomet||Moshe Green||זץ||ز ص|
|United Arab List||Mansour Abbas||עם||ع م|
|United Torah Judaism||Moshe Gafni||ג||ج|
|Us||Mosh Huga||נר||ن ر|
|Yesh Atid||Yair Lapid||פה||ف ه|
|Yisrael Beiteinu||Avigdor Lieberman||ל||ل|
Public expression of interest
The following parties, which did not have representation in the Knesset prior to the election, expressed interest in participating in the 2021 election, but ultimately chose not to contest it:
- Or HaShahar, founded by former Labor MK and Haifa mayor Yona Yahav
- Unity Party, founded by former Labor MK Michael Bar-Zohar
- The Israelis, a party founded by Tel Aviv mayor Ron Huldai, dropped out of the race on 4 February 2021.
- The Israeli Veterans Party dropped out of the race on 3 February 2021 and has endorsed Yesh Atid.
- The Jewish Home dropped out of the race on 4 February 2021 and has endorsed Yamina.
- Telem dropped out of the race on 1 February 2021.
- Tnufa, a party founded by former Yesh Atid MK Ofer Shelah, dropped out of the race on 4 February 2021.
- Zehut announced on 24 December 2020 that the party would not run in the election.
For parties not crossing the electoral threshold (currently 3.25%) in any given poll, the number of seats is calculated as a percentage of the 120 total seats. Labor-Meretz-Gesher and Labor-Meretz are shown as Labor before the splits; Yesh Atid-Telem is shown as Yesh Atid before the split. Derekh Eretz is shown separately until December 2020, when it merged into New Hope. Religious Zionist includes Otzma Yehudit and Noam.
|Blue and White||292,257||6.63||8||–7|
|Israeli Labor Party||268,767||6.09||7||+4|
|United Torah Judaism||248,391||5.63||7||0|
|Religious Zionist Party||225,641||5.12||6||+4|
|United Arab List||167,064||3.79||4||0|
|New Economic Party||34,883||0.79||0||New|
|Rapeh only Health||17,346||0.39||0||New|
|Me and You||1,291||0.03||0||0|
|Hope for Change||1,189||0.03||0||New|
|Social Bang – Pensioners||811||0.02||0||New|
|The Impossible – Possible||463||0.01||0||New|
|Da'am Workers Party||385||0.01||0||0|
|Ma'an – Together for a New Era||253||0.01||0||New|
Members of the Knesset who lost their seats
|Blue and White||Ruth Wasserman Lande||2021|||
|Joint List||Heba Yazbak||2019|||
|New Hope||Zvi Hauser||2019|||
|United Arab List||Iman Khatib-Yasin||2020|
|United Torah Judaism||Ya'akov Tessler||2019|
|Yesh Atid||Moshe Tur-Paz||2020|
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin met with the heads of all political parties on 5 April, and charged Benjamin Netanyahu with forming the government the next day. Netanyahu had been given until the end of 4 May to form a government. Netanyahu failed to form a new government by the deadline. The next day, Rivlin entrusted Yair Lapid with the second mandate. On 9 May 2021, it was reported that Lapid and Naftali Bennett had made major headway in the coalition talks. On 10 May, it was reported that plans were made to form a new government consisting of the current opposition, but that the Islamist Ra'am Party, which froze talks with both Lapid and Bennett in the wake of recent warfare in Gaza, still needed to pledge support for the Change bloc for the opposition MKs to secure a majority. In late May, Lapid secured the support from Blue and White, Labor Party, Yisrael Beiteinu, New Hope, and Meretz, with Yamina and Ra'am possibly giving support. On 30 May 2021, Bennett announced in a televised address that Yamina would join a unity government with Lapid, after all but one Yamina MK agreed to back this decision.
On 2 June 2021, following negotiations with Lapid and Bennett, Ra'am leader Mansour Abbas officially signed a coalition agreement with Lapid, and agreed to allow his party to join a non-Netanyahu government. Just an hour before his 2 June mandate was set to expire, Lapid informed outgoing president Reuven Rivlin that he could form a new government. On 11 June 2021, Bennett's Yamina party became the last opposition faction to sign a coalition agreement with Lapid's Yesh Atid party, thus allowing the thirty-sixth government of Israel to be sworn in on 13 June. Bennett became prime minister with Lapid as alternate prime minister, intended to take over as head of government in 2023.
- 2021 in Israel
- 2021 Israeli presidential election
- List of elections in 2021
- List of members of the twenty-fourth Knesset
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