2021 Tasmanian state election

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2021 Tasmanian state election

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All 25 seats in the House of Assembly
13 Assembly seats are needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Peter Gutwein (cropped).jpg
Rebecca White MP.jpg
Cassy-Oconnor-2017-Ross.png
Leader Peter Gutwein Rebecca White Cassy O'Connor
Party Liberal Labor Greens
Leader since 20 January 2020 17 March 2017 12 June 2015
Leader's seat Bass Lyons Clark
Last election 13 seats; 50.26% 10 seats; 32.63% 2 seats; 10.3%
Seats won 13 seats 9 seats 2 seats
Seat change Steady Decrease 1 Steady
Popular vote 166,315 96,264 42,250
Percentage 48.72% 28.20% 12.38%
Swing Decrease 1.54 Decrease 4.43 Increase 2.08

Premier before election

Peter Gutwein
Liberal

Elected Premier

Peter Gutwein
Liberal

The 2021 Tasmanian state election was held on 1 May 2021 to elect all 25 members to the Tasmanian House of Assembly.[1]

The incumbent Liberal government, led by Premier of Tasmania Peter Gutwein, successfully won a third term in government, winning 13 out of 25 seats. The Labor Party, led by the Opposition Leader Rebecca White was defeated, losing one seat in Clark to Glenorchy mayor Kristie Johnston, who ran as an independent, winning 11%. The Greens, led by Cassy O'Connor, made minor gains in their vote and held their 2 parliamentary seats.

The House of Assembly uses the proportional Hare-Clark system to elect 25 members, with five members each elected in the five constituencies. Upper house elections in the 15-seat single-member district Legislative Council use full-preference instant-runoff voting. Election dates for the Council are staggered and conducted separately from lower house state elections, however this election coincided with the periodic elections for three Council seats. The election was conducted by the Tasmanian Electoral Commission.

Ultimately, the Liberals were able to hold on to a one-seat majority of 13 seats. It was the first time in Tasmanian history that a Liberal government won a third consecutive term.[2]

Results[edit]

The election result was in doubt for multiple days due to the presence of two independents in Clark, and it being in doubt as to whether both would be elected, or an additional Liberal and one independent would be elected. Labor leader Rebecca White conceded the election at approximately 10pm on election night.[3] Despite it at the time being unclear as to whether his party would govern in minority or majority, Liberal Premier Peter Gutwein also claimed victory on election night.[4] On 12 May 2021, the count in Clark completed, electing 2 Liberals in Clark, and as a result giving the party majority government.[5][6]

Tasmanian state election, 1 May 2021[7]
House of Assembly
<< 2018

Enrolled voters 394,432
Votes cast 359,805 Turnout 91.22 −1.17
Informal votes 18,455 Informal 5.13 +0.21
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Liberal 166,315 48.72 −1.54 13 ±0
  Labor 96,264 28.20 −4.43 9 −1
  Greens 42,250 12.38 +2.08 2 ±0
  Shooters, Fishers, Farmers 10,369 3.04 +0.76 0 ±0
  Animal Justice 4,782 1.40 +1.40 0 ±0
  Australian Federation 154 0.05 +0.05 0 ±0
  Independent 21,216 6.22 +5.14 1 +1
Total 341,350     25  

Primary vote percentages by division[edit]

Bass Braddon Clark Franklin Lyons
Labor Party 26.02% 26.53% 22.06% 33.21% 32.54%
Liberal Party 59.95% 57.19% 31.83% 42.26% 51.19%
Tasmanian Greens 9.18% 5.55% 20.03% 18.95% 8.86%
Other 4.85% 10.73% 26.07% 5.58% 7.41%

Distribution of seats[edit]

Date[edit]

Under section 23 of the Constitution Act 1934, the House of Assembly expires four years from the return of the writs for its election. The writs for the 2018 Tasmanian state election were returned on 15 March 2018.[8] The Governor must issue writs of election between five and ten days thereafter.[9] Nominations must close on a date seven to 21 days after the issuance of the writ,[10] and polling day must be a Saturday between 15 and 30 days after nominations close,[11] meaning the election was required to take place by 14 May 2022. On 26 March 2021, Premier Peter Gutwein announced a snap election for 1 May 2021.[1]

Background[edit]

The previous election in 2018 saw the Liberal Party led by Will Hodgman retain government, winning 13 seats compared to the Labor Party's 10 seats and the Greens with 2. Despite holding a one-seat majority, the Liberal Government's choice for Speaker was rejected by the Assembly shortly after the new parliament began sitting in May 2018.[12] Liberal party member Sue Hickey was elected to the Speakership with the support of Labor and the Greens.[12] Hickey revealed she would vote independently on government bills though said she would "always support the Liberal Government" on confidence and supply.[12][13] Hickey's vote proved to be critical in several parliamentary votes opposed by the Liberal Government, most notably in advancing transgender-related birth certificate reforms and blocking legislation that would have imposed mandatory sentences for serious child sexual assaults; citing "significant concerns from the legal profession" and "unintended consequences to the detriment of the victims".[14][15]

This composition of seating arrangements ended in September 2019, when former Labor parliamentarian-turned-independent Madeleine Ogilvie replaced Labor MP Scott Bacon.[16] Meanwhile on 14 January 2020, Hodgman announced his resignation as leader of the Liberal Party, Premier of Tasmania and member of parliament, citing the toll of his political career on his family.[17] Mr Hodgman cited the two years left of the four year term as allowing continuing good government.[18] On 20 January, Treasurer Peter Gutwein was elected unopposed as leader of the Liberal Party, and was subsequently sworn in as Tasmania's 46th Premier later that day.[19] On 23 March 2021, only three days before Gutwein called the snap election,[1] Hickey was told by Gutwein she would not be given the support of the Liberal Party to run for re-election as a Liberal candidate in the seat of Clark.[20] Shortly thereafter Hickey quit the party to sit as an independent, which formally transitioned the Liberals into a minority government.[21] Hickey also confirmed she would run for re-election as an independent candidate.[22] On 28 March, two days after the election was called[1] and the House of Assembly was dissolved,[23] Ogilvie announced she had become a member of the Liberal Party and would run for re-election in Clark as a Liberal candidate.[24][25][26][27]

Changes in parliamentary composition[edit]

Since the 2018 election, there were a number of changes within the Tasmanian Parliament that effected the balance of power in the chamber.

Seat Before Change After
Member Party Type Date Date Member Party
Braddon Adam Brooks Liberal Resignation 11 February 2019 25 February 2019 Joan Rylah Liberal
Lyons Rene Hidding Liberal Resignation 25 February 2019 12 March 2019 John Tucker Liberal
Clark Scott Bacon Labor Resignation 22 August 2019 11 September 2019 Madeleine Ogilvie Independent
Franklin Will Hodgman Liberal Resignation 20 January 2020 6 February 2020 Nic Street Liberal
Braddon Joan Rylah Liberal Resignation 27 July 2020 17 August 2020 Felix Ellis Liberal
Clark Sue Hickey Liberal Defection 22 March 2021 Sue Hickey Independent

Candidates and political parties[edit]

Six political parties contested the election. They were:

The Jacqui Lambie Network was also a registered party for state elections in Tasmania, but did not contest this election. [28]

Campaign[edit]

Former Labor premier David Bartlett supported the preselection of Dean Winter for Labor, who was initially denied a spot on the party's ticket.

Controversies occurred with preselections for both political parties. Factional infighting within the Labor Party resulted in Kingborough mayor Dean Winter being initially denied preselection in the seat of Franklin, with the Labor Left rumoured to be opposed to him becoming a candidate. Former Labor premier David Bartlett labelled Winter an "outstanding candidate", and that by not preselecting him, Labor was effectively conceding the election.[29] Winter was ultimately preselected as the sixth candidate for Franklin, following intervention from the party's national executive.[30]

It was also uncovered that one of five Liberal Party candidates for Franklin, Dean Ewington, had labelled climate activist Greta Thunberg a "autistic 15-year-old" who made "hysterical rants", and said that "this whole thing is more like a doomsday cult than a scientific debate at times" when referring to climate change. This was criticised by Autism Tasmania chief executive Donna Blanchard, who said that Ewington needs to "inform themselves more and represent us better", and that his statements demonstrated "poor judgement".[31]

Ewington was also discovered to have attended an anti-lockdown rally in Melbourne on 20 March 2021, 8 days before his preselection for the Liberals, and saying on 20 September 2020 that "some of these silly restrictions we're living under at the moment don't make any sense and simply can't be justified". Greens MHA and epidemiologist Rosalie Woodruff called for the removal of Ewington as a Liberal candidate, calling him a "climate denier and COVID denier".

Peter Gutwein, in response, said that "We always go through a vetting process for our candidates. They have to provide detailed information as part of the process. That's something that has been undertaken as it would be in previous elections," and a Liberal Party spokesperson told ABC News that "Mr Ewington's views on COVID restrictions are well known and a matter of public record." Ewington resigned as a candidate on 31 March 2021, citing "irreconcilable differences" in regards to his views on COVID-19.[32] Mr Ewington claimed that he had been denied his right to free speech after reiterating his claims regarding pandemic mitigation.

A New Zealand pokie machine.

On 31 March 2021, it was announced that Labor would be reversing the policy they had run on at the previous election in regards to pokie machines. Labor had previously pledged in 2018 to confine pokie machines to casinos, but according to a new agreement between the Labor Party and the Tasmanian Hospitality Association — which is an industry group for restaurants, pubs and clubs — Labor will support the rights of pubs and clubs to operate poker machines.[33] At the previous election, the Tasmanian Hospitality Association donated $160,000 to the Liberal Party during the election cycle, and funded a campaign called "Love Your Local", which claimed that jobs would be lost if the Liberals were not re-elected.[34][35] This decision was criticised by other politicians. Federal MP for Clark Andrew Wilkie called the decision a "spineless betrayal of the community", and Greens party leader Cassy O'Connor claimed that Rebecca White, Labor's party leader, should "be ashamed of herself".[36][33] Dissent also came within the party, with Labor candidate for Franklin Fabiano Cangelosi saying that the policy was repugnant and "devised in full knowledge of the tremendous harm that will be done".[37]

The current pokie ownership model, which gives the Sydney-based Federal Group a monopoly over poker machines in Tasmania, is set to expire in 2023. The Liberal Party has pledged to give pokie licenses to individual pubs and clubs, with the Federal Group retaining ownership in the 12 Hobart casinos and hotels they own. However, the party has not revealed the tax rate that casinos — most of which are owned by the Federal Group — are to pay for the changes. At the previous election, the Liberals promised to make the tax rate for casinos lower than the proposed 40% for pubs and clubs (the tax rate is currently 25%) but has not yet specified the exact rate. Peter Gutwein has claimed that Federal Group would lose out in the government's changes, while Peter Hoult, who is the former head of the state Liquor and Gaming Commission, told The Guardian that "there’s just no way Treasury officials have not been working on and provided tax rates [for Federal Group] to the government". Greens leader Cassy O'Connor called for the tax rates to be announced before the election, saying that "it's not his money, it belongs to the people of Tasmania".[38][39]

Labor candidate for the seat of Clark Ben McGregor resigned as a candidate on 7 April 2021 over text messages he had sent. He claimed that complaints made against him had "[weaponised] the current justified public outrage at the treatment of women in this country for selfish, tawdry and political purposes", and that Labor leader Rebecca White wrote to him demanding he either resign his candidacy or be disendorsed. McGregor, who is also the state president of Tasmanian Labor, defended himself by saying that the text conversation was "full of dark humour and was within our conversations more broadly".[40] The woman who McGregor had sent the text messages to claimed that after refusing an invitation from McGregor to go to a pub, he called her a "cunt" and sent her an image of a penis.[41]

Liberal candidate for Braddon and former MP Adam Brooks received a court summons during the campaign due to alleged firearm offences, with police claiming that Brooks "incorrectly stored ammunition", breaching Tasmanian state law on firearms. Brooks responded by saying that he has "had a discussion with the police in relation to the storage of ammunition, there are no firearms involved", and that he will vigorously defend the allegations. Peter Gutwein said that Brooks, who is also the Tasmanian Liberal Party's treasurer, would remain a candidate for the party.[42] Labor also raised questions on dating profiles using Brooks' face under different names, with Gutwein saying that it was concerning, but "at the end of the day [Brooks] made it very clear to me that that's not him".[43]

On 30 April 2021, the day before the election, it was announced that the Victorian authorities were launching an investigation into a fake license alleged to belong to Brooks, with a woman also coming forward saying she had met Brooks through the dating site OkCupid, and that she had been catfished by him, who was using the identity of "Terry Brooks".[44]

Both major parties held campaign launches on 18 April 2021. In regards to the coronavirus pandemic, Liberal leader and Premier Peter Gutwein said that his party "laid out a clear plan, which firstly kept people safe, and then secondly began the rebuilding of our economy", and that "Tasmania is now one of the safest places on the planet". Meanwhile, Labor leader Rebecca White took aim at the government's healthcare policy, saying that "after seven years of a Liberal government, the crisis in our health and hospital system has never been worse". Federal Labor leader Anthony Albanese also attended the Labor launch, endorsing Rebecca White as a "strong leader of courage".[45][46]

Debates[edit]

Wrest Point Casino, the site of the first leaders' debate.

Three leadership debates took place between Premier Peter Gutwein and opposition leader Rebecca White. At the first debate, located at Wrest Point Casino in Hobart, both leaders pledged only to lead a majority government.[47] In the second debate, hosted by The Examiner, the two politicians discussed, among other issues, healthcare, local government amalgamation and labour shortages.[48] The final leaders debate, billed as a "People's Forum", was co-hosted by Sky News Australia and The Mercury, took place on Tuesday, with issues such as healthcare, economic management and coronavirus recovery all being discussed. Among the undecided voters who had attended the debate, White was clearly favored by the voters in the room, with a straw poll showing her with a 59% approval to Premier Gutwein's 15% approval with 26% remaining undecided.[49][50]

Opinion polling[edit]

Graphical summary[edit]

Graphical summary of voting intention polls leading up to the 2021 Tasmanian state election
Graphical summary of voting intention polls leading up to the 2021 Tasmanian state election. Local regression trends for each party/grouping are shown as solid lines.

Voting intention[edit]

Polling was regularly conducted for Tasmanian state politics by Enterprise Marketing and Research Services (EMRS). The sample size for each EMRS poll is 1,000 Tasmanian voters.[51]

House of Assembly (lower house) polling
Firm Political parties
LIB ALP GRN IND/OTH
April 2021 uComms[52][53] 41% 32% 12.4% 14.6%
February 2021 EMRS[54] 52% 27% 14% 7%
November 2020 EMRS[55] 52% 25% 13% 11%
August 2020 EMRS[56] 54% 24% 12% 10%
May 2020 EMRS[56] 52% 28% 10% 10%
March 2020 EMRS[57] 43% 34% 12% 11%
20 January 2020 Peter Gutwein becomes leader of the Liberal Party and Premier of Tasmania
December 2019 EMRS[57] 44% 31% 13% 12%
November 2019 EMRS[57] 47% 29% 13% 11%
July 2019 EMRS[58] 38% 30% 16% 16%
May 2019 EMRS[58] 38% 34% 13% 15%
March 2019 EMRS[58] 38% 34% 14% 14%
20 December 2018 EMRS[59] 39% 35% 14% 12%
31 August 2018 EMRS[60] 36% 34% 16% 14%
10 May 2018 EMRS[61] 47% 30% 14% 8%
2018 election 50.3% 32.6% 10.3% 6.8%
27 February 2018 EMRS[62] 46% 34% 12% 7%
Polling conducted by EMRS.
Preferred Premier polling^
Liberal
Gutwein
Labor
White
February 2021 61% 26%
November 2020 61% 26%
August 2020 70% 23%
May 2020 63% 26%
March 2020 39% 41%
Hodgman White
December 2019 42% 43%
November 2019 40% 45%
July 2019 40% 45%
May 2019 41% 43%
March 2019 41% 44%
December 2018 40% 46%
August 2018 36% 48%
May 2018 47% 41%
2018 election
January 2018 48% 41%
Polling conducted by EMRS.
^ Remainder were "uncommitted".

Newspaper endorsements[edit]

Newspaper Endorsement
The Mercury Liberal[63]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Peter Gutwein calls Tasmanian state election for May 1". ABC News. 26 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Election Preview". ABC News. 26 April 2021. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  3. ^ Dunlevie, James (1 May 2021). "Labor's Rebecca White concedes defeat". ABC News. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  4. ^ Langenberg, Adam (1 May 2021). "Tas election 2021: Peter Gutwein tops poll, claims Liberal victory". ABC News. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Tasmanian Liberals have won majority government, ABC's Antony Green says". ABC News. 12 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  6. ^ "2021 House of Assembly - Clark" (PDF). Tasmanian Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  7. ^ "2021 House of Assembly Results". Tasmanian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  8. ^ http://www.parliament.tas.gov.au/tpl/Elections/e2018.html
  9. ^ Electoral Act 2004, section 63.
  10. ^ Electoral Act 2004, section 69.
  11. ^ Electoral Act 2004, section 70.
  12. ^ a b c "New Speaker Sue Hickey distances herself from Liberal Party in dramatic first day of Parliament". ABC News. 1 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Speaker Sue Hickey departs from Liberal script to call for Glenorchy Council's rescue". ABC News. 22 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Will Hodgman 'disappointed' after rogue Speaker Sue Hickey votes down Tasmanian Government bill". ABC News. 1 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Sue Hickey's time as a Tasmanian Liberal MP not without controversy". ABC News. 23 March 2021.
  16. ^ "Madeleine Ogilvie is an independent with Labor blood and a seat with the Liberals". ABC News. 12 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Rumours of Will Hodgman's resignation had been circling, but it still came as a surprise". ABC News. 14 January 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  18. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2020/jan/14/tasmanian-premier-will-hodgman-resigns
  19. ^ "Gutwein premier, Rockliff deputy, after Tasmanian Liberal rivals quit contest". ABC News. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  20. ^ "Speaker Sue Hickey 'sacked' from Tasmanian Liberal Party". ABC News. 22 March 2021.
  21. ^ Adam Langenberg (26 March 2021). "Peter Gutwein calls Tasmanian state election for May 1". ABC News. The next day [20 March 2021] Mr Gutwein said he'd call an election when Tasmania needed one, fuelling speculation of an early election, and then followed up that weekend by informing Speaker Sue Hickey she would not be preselected for the seat of Clark. Ms Hickey promptly quit the party after being notified of the decision, plunging the Liberal Party into minority government and providing it with a fitting excuse for an early ballot.
  22. ^ "Sue Hickey's time as a Tasmanian Liberal MP not without controversy". ABC News. 22 March 2021.
  23. ^ "MEDIA RELEASE: The 2021 State Election Dates Announced". Tasmanian Electoral Commission. 26 March 2021.
  24. ^ "Liberals stack ticket with local councillors". ABC News. 27 March 2021. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  25. ^ "Madeleine Ogilvie joins Liberal Party to contest 2021 state election". The Mercury. 28 March 2021.
  26. ^ "Madeleine Ogilvie joins the Tasmanian Liberal Party". The Examiner. 28 March 2021.
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  28. ^ "Party Register". Tasmanian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  29. ^ MacDonald, Lucy; Langenberg, Adam (28 March 2021). "Factional infighting results in popular Kingborough Mayor Dean Winter being denied Labor preselection". ABC News. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  30. ^ Langenberg, Adam (6 April 2021). "Dean Winter announced as Labor's candidate for Franklin, after preselection row". ABC News. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  31. ^ Inglis, Rob (30 March 2021). "Liberal candidate Dean Ewington sorry for Greta Thunberg post". The Advocate. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  32. ^ Baker, Emily (31 March 2021). "Tasmanian Liberal candidate who attended anti-lockdown rally resigns". ABC News. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  33. ^ a b Baker, Emily (31 March 2021). "Tasmanian Labor pledges to 'support the rights' of pubs and clubs to operate pokies, three years after pushing ban". ABC News. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  34. ^ Knaus, Christopher; Evershed, Nick (1 February 2019). "Gambling lobby gave $500,000 to Liberals ahead of Tasmanian election". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  35. ^ Hunt, Linda (24 February 2018). "Tasmanian election: Pro-pokies signage might fall foul of Tasmanian planning regulations". ABC News. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  36. ^ James, Ethan (1 April 2021). "Labor lashed for pokies deal in Tasmania". 7 News. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  37. ^ Langenberg, Adam (7 April 2021). "Tasmanian Labor candidate Fabiano Cangelosi calls party's anti-protest and pokies policies 'repugnant'". ABC News. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  38. ^ Morton, Adam (30 April 2021). "Don't mention the pokies: Tasmanian premier refuses to detail policy before Saturday's election". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  39. ^ Coulter, Ellen (22 April 2021). "Pokies dominated the last Tasmanian election campaign, but this time around, major parties are barely mentioning them". ABC News. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  40. ^ Langenberg, Adam; Baker, Emily (7 April 2021). "Tasmanian Labor candidate Ben McGregor resigns from candidacy over 'inappropriate' text messages". ABC News. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  41. ^ Baker, Emily (11 April 2021). "Woman accuses ex-ALP candidate Ben McGregor of sending 'vile, graphic' texts". ABC News. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  42. ^ Baker, Emily (8 April 2021). "Liberal candidate Adam Brooks summonsed over alleged firearms storage offences". ABC News. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  43. ^ Baker, Emily (29 April 2021). "Tasmanian Labor seeks answers on dating profiles picturing Liberal candidate Adam Brooks". ABC News. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  44. ^ Baker, Emily (30 April 2021). "Investigation launched into fake licence alleged to belong to Tasmanian Liberal candidate Adam Brooks". ABC News. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  45. ^ Ainsworth, Kate (18 April 2021). "Tasmanian voters asked to decide between Liberals' COVID management and Labor's health, housing pitch". ABC News. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  46. ^ Maloney, Matt (18 April 2021). "Tasmanian Labor launches 2021 state election campaign in Hobart". The Examiner. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  47. ^ James, Ethan (15 April 2021). "Tas leaders pledge a majority government". The West Australian. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  48. ^ Holmes, Adam; Abblitt, Ebony (23 April 2021). "Premier's debate 2021: Gutwein, White talk key issues". The Examiner. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  49. ^ James, Ethan (27 April 2021). "Labor takes points in Tas leaders debate". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  50. ^ Humphries, Alexandra (27 April 2021). "Tasmania's major parties pile on pressure for majority government election result". ABC News. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  51. ^ EMRS.com.au website.
  52. ^ "PPolling: Majority of Tasmanians Want Pause of Tasmanian Salmon Farm Expansion". The Australia Institute. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  53. ^ Bonham, Kevin (24 April 2021). "Dr Kevin Bonham: What's This Then? Commissioned Poll Claims Liberals In Trouble". Dr Kevin Bonham. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  54. ^ "EMRS State Voting Intentions Poll February 2021" (PDF). EMRS.
  55. ^ "EMRS State Voting Intentions Poll November 2020" (PDF). EMRS.
  56. ^ a b "EMRS State Voting Intentions Poll August 2020" (PDF). EMRS.
  57. ^ a b c "EMRS State Voting Intentions Poll March 2020" (PDF). EMRS.
  58. ^ a b c "State Voting Intentions July 2019" (PDF). emrs.com.au. 6 August 2019.
  59. ^ "EMRS State Voting Intentions Poll December 2018" (PDF). www.emrs.com.au. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  60. ^ "State Voting Intentions August 2018" (PDF). emrs.com.au. 4 September 2018.
  61. ^ "State Voting Intentions May 2018" (PDF). 17 May 2018.
  62. ^ "Tasmania 2018: EMRS Has It A Little Closer Than ReachTEL". Dr. Kevin Bonham's Blog. 27 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  63. ^ "Why an unprecedented result is the best for Tassie". The Mercury. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2021.

External links[edit]