2022 French presidential election
The first round of the 2022 French presidential election will be held on 10 April 2022. Should no candidate win a majority of the vote in the first round, a runoff will be held between the top two candidates on 24 April 2022. The incumbent President of France is Emmanuel Macron of La République En Marche! (LREM), who won the 2017 election and whose term lasts until 13 May 2022.
The election will be held just before the 2022 legislative election.
Under Article 7 of the Constitution of France, the President of the Republic is elected to a five-year term in a two-round election. If no candidate secures an absolute majority of votes in the first round, a second round is held two weeks later between the two candidates who received the most votes. According to the Constitution of France, the first round of the presidential election must be held between 20 and 35 days before the transition of power at the end of the five-year term of the incumbent officeholder. As Emmanuel Macron took office on 14 May 2017, the transition of power is expected to take place on 13 May 2022. Correspondingly, the first round of the presidential election will be held between 8 and 23 April 2022, with the second round held two weeks after the first. On 13 July 2021, French government spokesman Gabriel Attal announced the dates for the election, respectively 10 April 2022 for the first round and 24 April 2022 for the eventual second round.
To be listed on the first-round ballot, candidates need to secure 500 signatures (often referred to as parrainages in French) from national or local elected officials from at least 30 different departments or overseas collectivities, with no more than a tenth of these signatories from any single department.
Following the 2017 presidential election, The Republicans (LR) sent its members a questionnaire on the topic of the "refoundation" of the party; of the 40,000 respondents, 70% voted against an open primary to determine the party nominee. In a document dated 17 October 2017, the Socialist Party (PS) noted that the financing of the 2022 presidential campaign was not assured despite "economic restructuring" but still planned to spend €12,000,000, the maximum legally permitted before the first round. According to the report, the party's leadership seriously considered the possibility of not presenting a Socialist candidate in 2022.[needs update]
Marine Le Pen, the president of the National Rally (RN), announced on 16 January 2020 that she was running in the election. She previously ran in the 2012 presidential election and the 2017 presidential election as the party's candidate, then called the National Front. She came third in 2012 with 17.9% of the vote in the first round and second in 2017 with 21.3% of the vote in the first round and 33.9% of the vote in the second round. Le Pen was elected to the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election.
Jean Lassalle, who ran in the 2017 presidential election under the Résistons! banner, coming in seventh place with 1.2% of the vote, announced that he will run again. In 2020, Joachim Son-Forget, a radiologist who was elected to the National Assembly for La République En Marche! in 2017, formed a new political party called Valeur Absolue and announced his intention to enter the race for the presidency. He had resigned from the LREM group after posting tweets in 2018 that were deemed sexist; he joined the UDI and Independents group in 2019 before resigning his membership later that year.
On 8 November 2020, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, founder of La France Insoumise (LFI) announced that he was running in the election. He previously ran in the 2012 presidential election for the Left Front (coming fourth with 11.10% of the vote in the first round) and in the 2017 presidential election for La France Insoumise (coming fourth again with 19.58% of the vote in the first round). Mélenchon was elected to the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election.
|Nathalie Arthaud||LO||–||December 2020|
|Anasse Kazib||RP||–||April 2021|
|Philippe Poutou||NPA||–||June 2021|
|Jean-Luc Mélenchon||LFI||–||November 2020|
|Fabien Roussel||PCF||communist designation
|Sandrine Rousseau||EELV||ecologist primary||October 2020|
|Éric Piolle||EELV||ecologist primary||June 2021|
|Yannick Jadot||EELV||ecologist primary||June 2021|
|Delphine Batho||GE||ecologist primary||July 2021|
|Jean-Marc Governatori||CÉ||ecologist primary||July 2021|
|Pierre Larrouturou||ND||popular primary||July 2021|
|Anne Hidalgo||PS||socialist primary||September 2021|
|Stéphane Le Foll||PS||socialist primary||August 2021|
|Arnaud Montebourg||DVG||–||September 2021|
|Xavier Bertrand||DVD||–||March 2021|
|Jacline Mouraud||DVD||–||December 2020|
|Valérie Pécresse||SL||right primary||July 2021|
|Denis Payre||LR||right primary||August 2021|
|Philippe Juvin||LR||right primary||July 2021|
|Michel Barnier||LR||right primary||August 2021|
|Éric Ciotti||LR||right primary||August 2021|
|Jean-Frédéric Poisson||VIA||–||July 2020|
|Nicolas Dupont-Aignan||DLF||–||September 2020|
|Jean Lassalle||RES||–||March 2021|
|Marine Le Pen||RN||–||January 2020|
|Florian Philippot||LP||–||July 2021|
|Antoine Martinez||VPF||–||July 2020|
|François Asselineau||UPR||–||April 2019|
|Hélène Thouy||PA||–||July 2021|
|Claire Egger||DIV||–||April 2021|
|Alexandre Langlois||DIV||–||April 2021|
|Marie Cau||DIV||–||Mars 2021|
In September 2021, the Ecology Pole will hold a presidential primary to determine their candidate. The following candidates have announced their candidacy in this primary:
- fr:Jean-Marc Governatori, co-president of Cap Écologie and city councillor for Nice since 2020.
- Yannick Jadot, Member of the European Parliament since 2009
- fr:Sandrine Rousseau, deputy national secretary of Europe Ecology – The Greens from 2016 to 2017
- Éric Piolle, Mayor of Grenoble since 2014
- Delphine Batho, president of Ecology Generation and deputy for the 2nd constituency of Deux-Sèvres
- Bruno Retailleau, president of The Republicans group in the Senate since 2014 and President of the Regional Council of Pays de la Loire from 2015 to 2017
- Laurent Wauquiez, President of the Regional Council of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes since 2016, president of The Republicans from 2017 to 2019, Minister of Higher Education and Research from 2011 to 2012 and Government Spokesman from 2007 to 2008
- François Baroin, Mayor of Troyes since 1995, Senator for Aube from 2014 to 2017 and formerly member of the National Assembly for the 3rd constituency of Aube
- Jacques Cheminade, candidate of Solidarity and Progress (S&P) in the 1995, 2012, and 2017 presidential elections
- François Fillon, Prime Minister from 2007 to 2012 and candidate of The Republicans (LR) in the 2017 presidential election
- Benoît Hamon, regional councillor of Île-de-France since 2015, Minister of National Education, Higher Education and Research in 2014 and candidate in the 2017 presidential election with the Socialist Party
- Gérard Larcher, President of the Senate from 2008 to 2011 and since 2014 and Minister Delegate for Labour from 2004 to 2007
- Bruno Le Maire, Minister of Economy, Finance and Recovery since 2017, candidate in the 2016 The Republicans primary and Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing
- Marion Maréchal, member of the National Assembly for the 3rd constituency of Vaucluse from 2012 to 2017 and regional councillor of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur from 2015 to 2017
- Ségolène Royal, Minister of Ecology from 2014 to 2017 and candidate for 2007 presidential election with the Socialist Party that she left in 2017
- Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic from 2007 to 2012, eligible for a second term
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