2022 French presidential election

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2022 French presidential election

← 2017 10 April 2022 (first round)
24 April 2022 (second round)
2027 →
Opinion polls

Incumbent President

Emmanuel Macron
LREM



The first round of the 2022 French presidential election will be held on 10 April 2022. Should no candidate win a majority of the vote in the first round, a runoff will be held between the top two candidates on 24 April 2022. The incumbent President of France is Emmanuel Macron of La République En Marche! (LREM), who won the 2017 election and whose term lasts until 13 May 2022.

The election will be held just before the 2022 legislative election.

Background[edit]

Under Article 7 of the Constitution of France, the President of the Republic is elected to a five-year term in a two-round election. If no candidate secures an absolute majority of votes in the first round, a second round is held two weeks later between the two candidates who received the most votes.[1] According to the Constitution of France, the first round of the presidential election must be held between 20 and 35 days before the transition of power at the end of the five-year term of the incumbent officeholder. As Emmanuel Macron took office on 14 May 2017, the transition of power is expected to take place on 13 May 2022. Correspondingly, the first round of the presidential election will be held between 8 and 23 April 2022, with the second round held two weeks after the first.[2] On 13 July 2021, French government spokesman Gabriel Attal announced the dates for the election, respectively 10 April 2022 for the first round and 24 April 2022 for the eventual second round.[3]

To be listed on the first-round ballot, candidates need to secure 500 signatures (often referred to as parrainages in French) from national or local elected officials from at least 30 different departments or overseas collectivities, with no more than a tenth of these signatories from any single department.[4]

Campaign[edit]

Following the 2017 presidential election, The Republicans (LR) sent its members a questionnaire on the topic of the "refoundation" of the party; of the 40,000 respondents, 70% voted against an open primary to determine the party nominee.[5] In a document dated 17 October 2017, the Socialist Party (PS) noted that the financing of the 2022 presidential campaign was not assured despite "economic restructuring" but still planned to spend €12,000,000, the maximum legally permitted before the first round. According to the report, the party's leadership seriously considered the possibility of not presenting a Socialist candidate in 2022.[6][needs update]

Marine Le Pen, the president of the National Rally (RN), announced on 16 January 2020 that she was running in the election. She previously ran in the 2012 presidential election and the 2017 presidential election as the party's candidate, then called the National Front. She came third in 2012 with 17.9% of the vote in the first round and second in 2017 with 21.3% of the vote in the first round and 33.9% of the vote in the second round. Le Pen was elected to the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election.[7]

Jean Lassalle, who ran in the 2017 presidential election under the Résistons! banner, coming in seventh place with 1.2% of the vote, announced that he will run again.[8] In 2020, Joachim Son-Forget, a radiologist who was elected to the National Assembly for La République En Marche! in 2017, formed a new political party called Valeur Absolue and announced his intention to enter the race for the presidency. He had resigned from the LREM group after posting tweets in 2018 that were deemed sexist; he joined the UDI and Independents group in 2019 before resigning his membership later that year.[9]

On 8 November 2020, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, founder of La France Insoumise (LFI) announced that he was running in the election. He previously ran in the 2012 presidential election for the Left Front (coming fourth with 11.10% of the vote in the first round) and in the 2017 presidential election for La France Insoumise (coming fourth again with 19.58% of the vote in the first round). Mélenchon was elected to the National Assembly in the 2017 legislative election.[10]

Candidates[edit]

Declared[edit]

Candidates[11]
Name Party Primary Declaration
Nathalie Arthaud LO December 2020
Anasse Kazib RP April 2021
Philippe Poutou NPA June 2021
Jean-Luc Mélenchon LFI November 2020
Fabien Roussel PCF communist designation
(designated)
March 2021
Sandrine Rousseau EELV ecologist primary October 2020
Éric Piolle EELV ecologist primary June 2021
Yannick Jadot EELV ecologist primary June 2021
Delphine Batho GE ecologist primary July 2021
Jean-Marc Governatori ecologist primary July 2021
Pierre Larrouturou ND popular primary July 2021
Anne Hidalgo PS socialist primary September 2021
Stéphane Le Foll PS socialist primary August 2021
Arnaud Montebourg DVG September 2021
Xavier Bertrand DVD March 2021
Jacline Mouraud DVD December 2020
Valérie Pécresse SL right primary July 2021
Denis Payre LR right primary August 2021
Philippe Juvin LR right primary July 2021
Michel Barnier LR right primary August 2021
Éric Ciotti LR right primary August 2021
Jean-Frédéric Poisson VIA July 2020
Nicolas Dupont-Aignan DLF September 2020
Jean Lassalle RES March 2021
Marine Le Pen RN January 2020
Florian Philippot LP July 2021
Antoine Martinez VPF July 2020
François Asselineau UPR April 2019
Hélène Thouy PA July 2021
Claire Egger DIV April 2021
Alexandre Langlois DIV April 2021
Marie Cau DIV Mars 2021

Ecologist primary[edit]

In September 2021, the Ecology Pole will hold a presidential primary to determine their candidate. The following candidates have announced their candidacy in this primary:[12]

Declined[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Constitution du 4 octobre 1958 – Article 7". Légifrance. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Comment les dates de l'élection sont-elles choisies ?". Conseil constitutionnel présidentielle 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  3. ^ "France to hold presidential election in April 2022 - spokesman". Reuters. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Concernant les parrainages, qu'est-ce qui a changé depuis 2012 ?". Conseil constitutionnel présidentielle 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  5. ^ Louis Hausalter (22 December 2017). "A droite, "Wauquiez voudra tuer la primaire"". Marianne. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  6. ^ Marie-Pierre Haddad (2 November 2017). "Et si le Parti socialiste n'était pas en mesure de présenter un candidat en 2022 ?". RTL. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  7. ^ Gehrke, Laurenz (16 January 2020). "Marine Le Pen announces bid for 2022 French presidential election". politico.eu. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Jean Lassalle candidat à la présidentielle 2022". lepoint.fr (in French). 16 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  9. ^ "Joachim Son-Forget : portrait d'un candidat à la présidentielle inattendu". RTL.fr (in French). Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Jean-Luc Mélenchon déclare sa candidature à la présidentielle 2022". Le Monde.fr (in French). 8 November 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  11. ^ LeMonde
  12. ^ "Election présidentielle de 2022 : EELV lance sa primaire sur fond de polémique avec Anne Hidalgo". Le Monde.fr (in French). 23 November 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  13. ^ "Jean-Marc Governatori annonce sa candidature à la primaire des écologistes pour la présidentielle". Le Monde.fr (in French). AFP. 3 July 2021. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  14. ^ Tristan Quinault-Maupoil (27 May 2019). "Européennes 2019: Yannick Jadot, l'homme qui a porté EELV sur le podium". Le Figaro. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  15. ^ Daoulas, Jean-Baptiste (3 November 2020). "Sandrine Rousseau, la candidate écolo qui défie Yannick Jadot et Eric Piolle". LExpress.fr (in French). Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  16. ^ BFMTV, Bruno Retailleau n'exclut pas d'être candidat à la présidentielle de 2022: "Pourquoi pas" (in French), retrieved 2 October 2019
  17. ^ JDD, Le. "Présidentielle 2022 : à droite, six mois pour se choisir un candidat". lejdd.fr (in French). Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Présidentielle 2022 : une candidature de Baroin, mirage ou espoir chez LR ?". www.rtl.fr (in French). Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  19. ^ Romain David (18 March 2017). "Jacques Cheminade, le dernier tour de piste d'un ovni de la présidentielle". Europe 1. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  20. ^ Michaël Bloch (19 November 2017). "François Fillon : "La politique peut vous détruire"". Le Journal du Dimanche. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  21. ^ Vattaire, Julien (9 February 2021). ""Je ne serai pas candidat" : Benoît Hamon zappe la présidentielle 2022". www.msn.com. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Présidentielle 2022: "ce n'est pas le rêve de sa vie", mais Gérard Larcher est prêt à être candidat si besoin".
  23. ^ "Gérard Larcher assure qu'il n'est «pas candidat» pour la présidentielle de 2022".
  24. ^ Arthur Berdah (19 November 2017). "Bruno Le Maire exhorte Emmanuel Macron à se représenter en 2022". Le Figaro. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  25. ^ "La nouvelle vie de Marion Maréchal-Le Pen, loin de la politique". Europe 1. Maxence Lambrecq. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  26. ^ "Marion Maréchal annonce qu'elle ne sera pas candidate à la présidentielle de 2022". October 2019.
  27. ^ ""Devenir députée européenne n'est pas du tout dans mes plans", assure Ségolène Royal". orange.fr (in French). 28 October 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  28. ^ "Ségolène Royal assure qu'elle ne sera pas candidate à l'élection présidentielle de 2022, mais veut "aider"". Franceinfo (in French). 5 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  29. ^ "Former French leader Nicolas Sarkozy says does not plan to run for President in 2022 | Indiablooms - First Portal on Digital News Management". Indiablooms.com. Retrieved 9 March 2021.