2022 German presidential election
The next presidential election (officially the 17th Federal Convention) will be held in Germany no later than thirty days before the sitting president's term ends, as mandated by the German Constitution, the Grundgesetz, unless the presidency falls vacant prematurely. On 19 March 2017 Frank-Walter Steinmeier, who has been elected by the 16th Federal Convention on 12 February 2017, entered office and started his first five-year-term as president. Therefore the next Federal Convention will convene no later than 16 February 2022. If Steinmeier's term ends prematurely, the Federal Convention will meet no later than thirty days after the start of the vacancy.
Composition of the Federal Convention
The Federal Convention consists of all the members of the current Bundestag and an equal number of state electors, that is distributed on the sixteen states of Germany in proportion to the states respective population. The state electors are elected by the state parliaments. Until February 2022, at least one federal election to the Bundestag will be held (2021) and in two states (Berlin and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) there will be at least one state election; in addition to this, a snap election in Thuringia before February 2022 is likely. Because of this, any projection about the composition of the Federal Convention would be highly speculative, as yet (June 2021).
The results of the following elections could potentially affect the composition of the 17th Federal Convention, assuming Steinmeier's term will not end prematurely and there will be no snap elections on federal or state level:
- 2017 Saarland state election, held on 26 March 2017
- 2017 Schleswig-Holstein state election, held on 7 May 2017
- 2017 North Rhine-Westphalia state election, held on 14 May 2017
- 2017 Lower Saxony state election, held on 15 October 2017
- 2018 Bavaria state election, held on 14 October 2018
- 2018 Hesse state election, held on 28 October 2018
- 2019 Bremen state election, held on 26 May 2019
- 2019 Saxony state election, held on 1 September 2019
- 2019 Brandenburg state election, held on 1 September 2019
- 2019 Thuringia state election, held on 27 October 2019
- 2020 Hamburg state election, held on 23 February 2020
- 2021 Baden-Württemberg state election, held on 14 March 2021
- 2021 Rhineland-Palatinate state election, held on 14 March 2021
- 2021 Saxony-Anhalt state election, held on 6 June 2021
- 2021 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern state election, will be held in 26 September 2021
- 2021 Berlin state election, will be held in 26 September 2021
- 2021 German federal election, will be held in 26 September 2021
Every member of the Federal Convention (members of the Bundestag and state electors, once they are elected by their respective state parliament) can propose candidates for the presidency. It is required that the President be a German citizen and at least 40 years old. Every candidate has to declare his consent to running. Candidates can be proposed before the Federal Convention and (theoretically) during the Convention before every ballot. If the President-elect is a member of a legislature or a government at the federal or state level, he has to resign from that office before the start of his term. A sitting President is not allowed to run for a third consecutive term.
- Frank-Walter Steinmeier (SPD), President of Germany (since 2017), former Vice Chancellor of Germany (2007–2009), former Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs (2005–2009 and 2013–2017), will be constitutionally eligible for re-election; on 28 May 2021 he declared his candidacy for a second term.
The following persons have been subjects of speculation about their potential candidacy in the media, but have neither declared a candidacy nor expressed interest themselves, as yet:
- Katrin Göring-Eckardt (Alliance 90/The Greens), member of the Bundestag (since 1998) and former Vice President of the Bundestag (2005–2013)
- Winfried Kretschmann (Alliance 90/The Greens), Minister President of Baden-Württemberg (since 2011) and former President of the Bundesrat (2012–2013)
- Armin Laschet (CDU), Minister President of North Rhine-Westphalia (since 2017) and leader of the CDU (since 2021)
- Grundgesetz: Art. 54 De Jure
- Wahltermine Wahlen, Wahlrecht und Wahlsysteme
- "Gerüchte um Katrin Göring-Eckardt: Bekommt Deutschland die erste Bundespräsidentin?". 20 December 2020.
- "Der kurze Weg vom "Grünen Teufel" zur CDU". www.tagesspiegel.de (in German). Retrieved 2021-04-03.
- "ZEIT ONLINE | Lesen Sie zeit.de mit Werbung oder im PUR-Abo. Sie haben die Wahl".