Page semi-protected

2022 Pacific typhoon season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2022 Pacific typhoon season
2022 Pacific typhoon season summary.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedMarch 29, 2022
Last system dissipatedSeason ongoing
Strongest storm
NameNanmadol
 • Maximum winds195 km/h (120 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure910 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions35
Total storms24
Typhoons10
Super typhoons3 (unofficial)[nb 1]
Total fatalities486 total
Total damage$3.384 billion (2022 USD)
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024

The 2022 Pacific typhoon season is an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation, in which tropical cyclones form in the western Pacific Ocean. The season runs throughout 2022, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and October.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean to the north of the equator between 100°E and 180th meridian. Within the northwestern Pacific Ocean, there are two separate agencies that assign names to tropical cyclones which can often result in a cyclone having two names. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)[nb 2] will name a tropical cyclone should it be judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 65 km/h (40 mph) anywhere in the basin, whilst the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assigns names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N–25°N regardless of whether or not a tropical cyclone has already been given a name by the JMA. Tropical depressions that are monitored by the United States' Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)[nb 3][nb 1] are given a number with a "W" suffix.

Seasonal forecasts

TSR forecasts
Date
Tropical
storms
Total
Typhoons
Intense
TCs
ACE Ref.
Average (1965–2021) 25.9 16.2 8.8 293 [3]
May 5, 2022 23 13 7 293 [3]
July 6, 2022 23 13 7 217 [4]
August 9, 2022 23 14 6 166 [5]
Other forecasts
Date
Forecast
Center
Period Systems Ref.
December 22, 2021 PAGASA January–March 0–3 tropical cyclones [6]
December 22, 2021 PAGASA April–June 1–4 tropical cyclones [6]
June 29, 2022 PAGASA July–September 3–6 tropical cyclones [7]
June 29, 2022 PAGASA October–December 5–9 tropical cyclones [7]
2022 season Forecast
Center
Tropical
cyclones
Tropical
storms
Typhoons Ref.
Actual activity: JMA 35 24 10
Actual activity: JTWC 28 22 11
Actual activity: PAGASA 17 13 6

During the year several national meteorological services and scientific agencies forecast how many tropical cyclones, tropical storms, and typhoons will form during a season and/or how many tropical cyclones will affect a particular country. These agencies included the Tropical Storm Risk (TSR) Consortium of University College London, PAGASA and Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau. The first forecast was released by PAGASA on December 22, 2021, in their monthly seasonal climate outlook predicting the first half of 2022.[6] They predicted that only 0–3 tropical cyclones were expected to form or enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility between January and March, while 1–4 tropical cyclones are expected to form between April and June. PAGASA also stated that ongoing La Niña conditions could last until it transitions back into ENSO-neutral conditions by the second quarter of 2022.[6]

On May 5, Tropical Storm Risk (TSR) issued its first forecast for the 2022 season with ongoing La Niña still anticipated until roughly the third quarter of the year, TSR predicted that tropical activity for 2022 will be slightly below average predicting 23 named storms, 13 typhoons and 7 intense typhoons.[3] TSR remained constant with their prediction in their second forecast in July.[4] On August 9, TSR released their third and final forecast for the season, with the only changes is increasing their typhoon numbers by 14, and decreasing the intense typhoon numbers down to 6. The ACE Index forecast was significantly lowered to 166, and was based on the then-current index as of early August and the reduction of cyclonic activity in the month of June.[5]

Seasonal summary

Tropical Storm Nalgae (2022)Typhoon Nesat (2022)Typhoon NoruTyphoon Nanmadol (2022)Typhoon Muifa (2022)Typhoon HinnamnorTropical Storm Ma-on (2022)Typhoon Chaba (2022)Tropical Storm Megi (2022)
Tropical Storm Malakas intensifying east of Yap as Tropical Storm Megi nears the Visayas and later stalls in the Leyte Gulf, bringing massive flooding and landslides to the Philippines.

The first two months of 2022 were relatively quiet in the Western Pacific Ocean, with no storms forming. In the final week of March, a tropical depression formed west of Palawan and headed for Vietnam, and received the designation of 01W from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, but the system did not last long and dissipated the next day. In early April, the systems designated as 02W and 03W formed. 02W went on to become Tropical Storm Malakas, which later intensified into the first tropical storm, and later the first typhoon of the season. It also received the name Basyang from PAGASA, but only lasted 5 hours inside the Philippine Area of Responsibility. 03W received the name Agaton from PAGASA and first struck Guiuan in Eastern Visayas before eventually moving westward, and later intensifying into Tropical Storm Megi. Megi brought catastrophic flooding and landslides to the country as it remained almost stationary in the Leyte Gulf before making landfall, which effectively made it the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the month of April in the Philippines. Megi later dissipated on April 13, as Malakas developed into a Category 4-equivalent typhoon. Malakas then began to rapidly weaken as it headed northeast and became extratropical, and the basin quieted down for the rest of April. No named storms formed during the entirety of May, with a minor tropical depression forming east of Mindanao on May 30, and later dissipated on that day.

Tropical Storm Chaba (left) continuing to intensify in the South China Sea, while Tropical Storm Aere (Domeng) (right) is moving north slowly across the Philippine Sea.

Nearing the end of June, a tropical depression formed west of Luzon where it received the name Caloy by the PAGASA. Caloy then intensified into a tropical storm a day later, gaining the international name Chaba. Around the same time, a new Low Pressure Area (LPA) east of Northern Luzon was given a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert by JTWC, and was named by PAGASA as Domeng. The system eventually strengthened into a tropical storm where the JMA named the system Aere. Chaba continued to intensify until it reached Severe Tropical Storm status as Aere moved poleward and threatened the Japanese Ryukyu Islands. Chaba became a Category 1 typhoon and struck Maoming, China, and also sunk a crane ship passing nearby Hong Kong. Aere passed through Naha, Japan and weakened into a tropical depression. After crossing Japan, Aere (Domeng) was reupgraded by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center into a subtropical storm.

During the last week of July, Songda formed west of the Mariana Islands, which was joined by Trases (Ester) in the Philippine Sea three days later. Songda traveled northwestwards, passing over the waters of Kagoshima Prefecture on July 30. Songda dissipated on August 1 as its remnants made landfall over North Korea. Songda additionally brought heavy rainfall over Kyushu and Shikoku regions of Japan as well as Jeju Island in South Korea. Trases on the other hand passed over Okinawa, Trases made landfall on Jeju Island before weakening into a tropical depression until it dissipated on August 1.

Typhoon Hinnamnor taken by the Expedition 67 crew aboard the International Space Station on August 31.

In early August, a low pressure area formed southwest of Taiwan on August 1. Two days later, the disturbance strengthened into a tropical depression according to the JMA, and the JTWC designated the depression as Tropical Depression 08W. 08W dissipated on August 4, as it made landfall on Huidong County in Guangdong. On August 8, a tropical depression formed east of Vietnam. The JMA classified the system as a tropical storm and was given the name Mulan. The JTWC classified Mulan as a monsoon depression. Mulan travelled across the South China Sea and passed the Qiongzhou Strait before making landfall on Northern Vietnam and dissipating on August 11. On August 10, another low pressure area formed northwest of Iwo Jima. The JMA named the system as Meari as it reached tropical storm status. Meari made landfall near Shizuoka Prefecture before it transitioned into an extratropical cyclone by August 14. The storm disturbed multiple events held in Japan and caused some transportation in the country to be suspended. Additionally, causing minor damages to houses. On August 14, the JMA began tracking a weak tropical depression that formed west of the International Date Line. The depression only lasted until the next day. On August 19, the JMA began tracking a low pressure area north of Palau. The system was then named Ma-on by the JMA as it reached tropical storm status on August 22. The storm further strengthened into a severe tropical storm on the same day. Ma-on first made landfall over Maconacon in the province of Isabela before exiting the Philippine Area of Responsibility on August 24. Ma-on then made its second landfall near Yangjiang, China the next day and its final landfall in Northern Vietnam before it was last noted on August 26. Ma-on killed at seven people in the Philippines and Vietnam and caused moderate damages to infrastructures in both countries. On August 21 after Ma-on formed, another tropical depression formed northeast of Guam. Due to favoritable conditions, the depression rapidly intensified into a tropical storm and was named Tokage by the JMA. Three days later, the JTWC upgraded Tokage into a typhoon, with the JMA following suit 3 hours later. Tokage reached its peak intensity as a Category 3 before entering hostile environments east of Japan. Tokage became an extratropical storm on August 25 before it was last noted south of Alaska. Additionally, on August 22, a tropical depression formed north of Typhoon Tokage. However, it dissipated on the same day. Nearing the end of August on the 28th, a tropical depression formed southeast of Japan. The depression was named Hinnamnor by the JMA 6 hours later upon formation. Hinnamnor later strengthened into the basin's first Category 5-equivalent typhoon. Hinnamnor headed west towards the Ryuku Islands and stalled south of the prefecture while maintaining its strength. On August 30, another tropical depression formed south of intensifying Typhoon Hinnamnor. The depression was named Gardo by the PAGASA. Gardo was short lived and its structure was absorbed by Typhoon Hinnamnor near Taiwan. Hinnamnor later headed north in the East China Sea and restrengthened into a Category 3-equivalent typhoon. The typhoon then made landfall near Busan in South Korea and the JMA declared Hinnamnor as an extratropical low as it was located in the Sea of Japan. Hinnamnor killed at least 12 people and caused widespread damage across South Korea and Japan. Additionally, Hinnamnor's outer bands brought heavy rain across Taiwan and the Philippines causing moderate damage.

Three tropical cyclones active on September 13: Typhoon Muifa (left), Tropical Storm Nanmadol (center), and Typhoon Merbok (right)

On September 5, a tropical depression formed near the Japanese island of Iwo-To. The JTWC designated the system as Invest 91W upon formation. The depression later intensified into a tropical storm and was named Muifa by the JMA. Muifa then intensified further into a Category 1 typhoon as it was located south of Okinawa. The typhoon reached its peak intensity as a Category 4 typhoon and passed the Yaeyama Islands on September 12 as it headed north very slowly while weakening. Muifa then slightly regained its strength in the East China Sea and made landfall near Shanghai in China two days later. The typhoon suspended several flights and port activities within the city. Muifa also became the strongest typhoon to strike Shanghai, beating the previous record set by Typhoon Gloria in 1949. Muifa then degenerated into a remnant low over the Chinese mainland until it was last noted on September 16. On September 9, a tropical depression formed west of Wake Island. The JTWC later designated the depression as 15W. It was then named Merbok as it strengthened into a tropical storm on September 12. Merbok then further intensified into a Category 1 typhoon before it headed north and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone by September 15. Merbok's remnants later brought gale force winds along Alaska. It then entered the Bering Sea, generating a dangerous storm surge which inundated several coastal villages and towns. Despite the impact, no injuries were reported. On September 11, the JMA began tracking a weak tropical depression which formed east of Iwo-To. The JTWC followed suit and designated the system as 16W on the next day. The depression later strengthened into a tropical storm and was named Nanmadol by the JMA. Nanmadol then intensified into a Category 1 typhoon on the same day. It further reached its peak intensity as a Category 4 typhoon as it approached Japan. The approaching typhoon prompted the JMA to issue a special warning which advised at least 4 million people to evacuate. Nanmadol then made landfall on the island of Kyushu. The typhoon then turned east before weakening further on September 19. Nanmadol killed at least 2 people and left more than 70 people injured. Additionally, the typhoon left more than 200,000 people without electricity.

After Nanmadol, the monsoon trough east of the Philippines set up, and a tropical disturbance embedded in it got upgraded by the Japan Meteorological Agency into a tropical depression. On the following day, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center designed the depression as 17W. Two days later, as it was approaching Japan, it intensified into a tropical storm, and was given the international name of Talas. However, soon after, Talas weakened back into a tropical depression and dissipated as it made its approach towards Southern Japan. Despite this short duration, Talas killed at least three people and caused a power outage across Japan's Shizuoka Prefecture. Another system in the monsoon trough formed in the Philippine Sea after Talas, and the JMA began tracking the system as a tropical depression. The depression was in a favorable environment for development and made the JTWC to classify the system as 18W on the next day. As the system formed within the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR), it was given the name Karding by the agency. On September 23, the depression intensified into a tropical storm, and was named Noru. After being initially sheared, Noru began a period of explosive intensification, developing a pinhole eye and intensifying briefly into a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon as it approached Luzon, Philippines. Noru however weakened due to increasing shear, and made its first landfall over the Polillo Islands in the municipality of Burdeos, Quezon. Shortly after, Noru rapidly weakened back into a Category 2-equivalent typhoon shortly before its second landfall over Dingalan, Aurora. Noru then entered the South China Sea where the typhoon re-intensified back into a Category 3-equivalent typhoon. Noru then re-developed a pinhole eye and reintensified into a Category 4 in the South China Sea, before getting sheared and striking Vietnam as a strong Category 2 before heading inland the Indochina Peninsula. Shortly after Noru's formation the JMA began tracking another tropical depression southeast of Japan. The depression was then named Kulap shortly after. Kulap gradually intensified in the open Pacific Ocean, becoming a typhoon as per the Joint Typhoon Warning Center by September 28. As the Philippines was still reeling from the effects of Super Typhoon Noru, PAGASA named Tropical Depression Luis in the Philippine Sea, with JTWC later designating Luis as 20W. Luis left the PAR shortly after without affecting the country. Outside the PAR, the storm began intensifying and was classified as a tropical storm which was then named Roke by the JMA. It quickly reached Category 1 strength and hours later on September 29, as a Category 2 typhoon. The intensification didn't last long and like Kulap, it didn't impact any areas. Roke eventually became an extratropical cyclone. However, Roke's remnants later developed into a subtropical storm.

On October 11, a depression named Maymay by the PAGASA, formed off the coast of the Philippines. Maymay was rather short lived and dissipated the next day. Despite the depression being short-lived, two people were killed from the storm and the storm caused infrastructure and agricultural damage. On the next day, another tropical depression classified as 21W formed east of the Mariana Islands. 21W was also short lived and never made landfall. On October 13, another tropical depression formed west of the Philippines in the South China Sea. The depression reached tropical storm status and was named Sonca by the JMA. Sonca made landfall in Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam and dissipated shortly after. 10 fatalities were reported in the region due to the heavy precipitation from the storm. On the same day Sonca formed, another tropical depression formed in the Philippine Sea. The storm was named Nesat on October 15, as the storm passed just north of the island of Luzon. Nesat then entered the South China Sea where it intensified further into a typhoon. Nesat reached its peak intensity as a Category 2 typhoon and began losing its strength as it approached Vietnam. Nesat dissipated on October 20, off the coast of Hainan Island. During its lifespan, Nesat caused minor damage across the Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Hong Kong. However, no fatalities were reported. On October 18, Tropical Storm Haitang formed after interacting with a non-tropical low and degenerating Tropical Depression 21W since October 14. Haitang was also short lived and became extratropical the next day. On the same day Haitang formed, another tropical depression formed south of Okinawa. The depression was classified as 25W as it headed west before it dissipated in the South China Sea without intensifying further. However, two reported deaths were reported from 25W in the Philippines. On October 26, a tropical depression formed in the Philippine Sea. As the system approached the Philippines, the JMA classified the low as a tropical storm where it named it Nalgae.

Systems

Tropical Depression 01W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
01W 2022-03-31 0040Z.jpg 01W 2022 track.png
DurationMarch 29 – March 31
Peak intensity<55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1006 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance formed after crossing Palawan on late March. The disturburance then, developed into a low-pressure area southeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, where it developed into the first tropical depression of the season, at 18:00 UTC on March 29.[8] At 21:00 UTC at the same day, the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) for the system after its development of a tropical depression.[9] On the next day, the agency upgraded to a tropical depression, assigning it the designation 01W. Shortly after, the agency issued their final advisory on the system after it made landfall in the southeastern part of Vietnam on March 30, shortly after dissipating.[10]

In Vietnam, floods caused by the storm have killed six people. The storm left one missing and eight injured. Flooding also caused two houses to collapse.[11]

Typhoon Malakas (Basyang)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Malakas 2022-04-13 0405Z.jpg Malakas 2022 track.png
DurationApril 6 – April 15
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min) 945 hPa (mbar)

The JTWC first noted the existence of a tropical disturbance on April 3.[12] Favorable conditions near the system helped it develop, with the JMA recognizing the system as a tropical depression on April 6.[13] Later in the day, the JTWC issued a TCFA for the system.[14] The following day, the JTWC recognized the system as a tropical depression and gave it the designation 02W.[15] At 21:00 UTC, the JTWC then upgraded it to a tropical storm.[16] On April 8, the system developed into a tropical storm and was named Malakas by the JMA.[17] Malakas continued traveling over the Pacific Ocean, and began to slowly intensify, becoming a severe tropical storm on the April 11, then a typhoon by April 12.[18][19] At around the same time, it entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR), receiving the local name of Basyang from the PAGASA at 03:00 UTC.[20] Malakas then lingered for a while at the border of the PAR before eventually exiting 5 hours later,[21] while intensifying into a Category 2-equivalent typhoon. Malakas then continued its intensification, reaching Category 3-equivalent status later that day, and into a Category 4-equivalent typhoon on April 13, reaching its peak intensity. The following day, Malakas weakened to a Category 3-equivalent typhoon[22] as its eye structure degraded.[23] It further weakened to Category 1-equivalent status later in the day.[22] By April 15, it began its transition into an extratropical cyclone, with its structure rapidly deteriorating. The JTWC gave their final warning on the system at 09:00 UTC of the same day,[24] while the JMA did the same around 18:00 UTC.[25]

Tropical Storm Megi (Agaton)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Megi 2022-04-10 0225Z.jpg Megi 2022 track.png
DurationApril 8 – April 12
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min) 996 hPa (mbar)

On April 8, the JTWC noted the persistence of an area of convection 359 nautical miles (665 km; 413 mi) west-northwest of Palau.[26] Since the storm's conditions were favorable for development, the JMA included the storm in its weather summary as a tropical depression off the coast east of Visayas later that day.[26][27] Around the same time, the PAGASA announced that the system had developed into a tropical depression, was named Agaton by the agency.[28] The PAGASA began issuing Tropical Cyclone Bulletins (TCBs) for the storm later that day.[29] On the next day, the JTWC later issued a TCFA for the system.[30] At 03:00 UTC, the agency upgraded it to a tropical depression and assigned it the identifier 03W.[31] On April 10, the JMA upgraded it to a tropical storm, assigning it the name Megi.[32] It made its first landfall in Calicoan Island, Guiuan at 07:30 PHT (23:30 UTC).[33] Megi then stalled in the Leyte Gulf for hours before making its second landfall in Basey, Samar.[34] Megi then weakened into a tropical depression after lingering over the islands of Samar and Leyte, and the PAGASA removed all warning signals as it dissipated into a remnant low on the midnight of April 13.[35]

From April 8 to April 10, the storm meandered along the Eastern Visayas region, dumping heavy rain on the region.[36] The PAGASA raised storm signals up to Signal No. 2 during the storm's onslaught.[37][38] Cebu City was placed under a state of calamity following the heavy rain.[39] Megi killed 214 people which made it the deadliest April tropical cyclone on record in the Philippines,[40][41] injured eight people and left 134 people missing,[42] and capsized a cargo boat in Ormoc following strong rains, winds, and flash floods that also displaced over 136,390 individuals.[43] The Department of Agriculture estimated agricultural damage to reach ₱3.27 billion,[44] while the Department of Public Works and Highways estimated infrastructural damage at ₱1.45 billion. Total damage from the storm is thus valued at ₱4.72 billion (US$90.8 million).[45]

Typhoon Chaba (Caloy)

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Chaba 2022-07-02 0000Z.jpg Chaba 2022 track.png
DurationJune 28 – July 5
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min) 965 hPa (mbar)

A low-pressure area west of Luzon developed into a tropical depression on June 28.[46][47] At 20:00 PHT (12:00 UTC), the PAGASA had recognized the storm's development into a tropical depression, began issuing advisories, and named the system Caloy.[48] The following day, the JTWC issued a TCFA for the system.[49] Caloy remained almost stationary in the South China Sea before slowly moving northwestwards, eventually leaving the Philippine Area of Responsibility by 15:00 UTC.[50][51] As the PAGASA issued its last bulletin on the tropical depression, the JTWC began issuing warnings for the storm and was given the designation 04W.[52][53] Later, the Japan Meteorological Agency upgraded Caloy into a tropical storm, naming it Chaba.[54] Chaba continued to intensify in the South China Sea, later being upgraded into a severe tropical storm east of Hainan.[55] Typhoon Chaba's outer rainbands produced at least three tornadoes, which impacted Shantou, Chaozhou, and Foshan.[56][57][58] On July 1 at 21:00 UTC, the JTWC upgraded Chaba to a typhoon,[59] with the JMA doing the same 3 hours later on July 2 at 0:00 UTC.[60] Later that day at 07:00 UTC, it made landfall on Maoming.[61] Shortly after its landfall, both the JMA and the JTWC assessed that Chaba lost typhoon status, downgrading Chaba to a severe tropical storm and to a tropical storm respectively.[62][63] The JTWC then issued their final warning on Chaba at 15:00 UTC.[64] Shortly after, the JMA downgraded Chaba to a tropical storm;[65] it was further downgraded to a tropical depression on July 3 at 06:00 UTC.[66]

160 nautical miles (300 km; 180 mi) southwest of Hong Kong, the Fujing 001, a crane vessel tasked in assisting with the construction of an offshore wind farm, split in half and quickly sunk—leaving 26 crew members missing.[67][68][69] Three of the 30 crew members were rescued, seen in a video published online by the Hong Kong Government Flying Service.[70] Another person was rescued by July 4, bringing the total number of people rescued to four. Twelve bodies from the ship were recovered.[69] More than 400 flights were suspended in Hainan; one person was injured in Macau.[71]

Tropical Storm Aere (Domeng)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Aere 2022-07-02 0405Z.jpg Aere 2022 track.png
DurationJune 30 – July 4
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 994 hPa (mbar)

On June 30, the JTWC began issuing TCFAs for a tropical disturbance in the Philippine Sea, 530 nautical miles (980 km; 610 mi) south-southeast of Kadena Air Base in Japan.[72] At 14:00 PHT (06:00 UTC), the PAGASA recognized the disturbance's formation into a tropical depression, began issuing tropical cyclone bulletins, and named the system Domeng.[73] The JMA recognized the storm as a tropical depression at 12:00 UTC on the same day;[74] the JTWC followed shortly after.[75] On the next day, the Japan Meteorological Agency upgraded Domeng into a tropical storm and named it Aere as it was east of Batanes.[76] Aere then continued to track north and at 03:00 UTC on July 2, Aere left the Philippine Area of Responsibility; the PAGASA released its final bulletin on the storm shortly after.[77] Later that day, Aere made landfall over Okinawa.[78] On July 3 at 09:00 UTC, the JTWC downgraded Aere to a tropical depression.[79] However, three days later, the JTWC released another unofficial bulletin, reclassifying this disturbance as a subtropical storm, with an estimated pressure of 1000 hPa.[80]

Tropical Storm Songda

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Songda 2022-07-29 0400Z.jpg Songda 2022 track.png
DurationJuly 26 – August 1
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min) 996 hPa (mbar)

On July 26, a low-pressure area northwest of the Mariana Islands developed into a tropical depression.[81][82] The system tracked northwest along the periphery of a subtropical high, with limited intensification.[83][84] After some development while over the Philippine Sea on July 28, the JMA upgraded the system to a tropical storm, giving it the name Songda.[85] The JTWC recognized the system's formation into a tropical depression on July 29, three days after the JMA.[86] Songda continued tracking northwestwards, passing over the waters of Kagoshima Prefecture on July 30, slowing down over the Yellow Sea.[87][88] It then recurved towards mainland Korea, losing its strength as it entered unfavorable conditions which sheared its center.[89][90] Songda dissipated on August 1; its remnants made landfall over North Korea on August 2.[91][92][93]

Songda caused heavy rainfall over the Kyushu and Shikoku regions of Japan and over Jeju Island in South Korea.[87][94][95] Despite strong winds and around 206 millimeters of rain, no damages were reported on Jeju Island.[95]

Tropical Storm Trases (Ester)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Trases 2022-07-31 0500Z.jpg Trases 2022 track.png
DurationJuly 29 – August 1
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 998 hPa (mbar)

A low-pressure area from a massive monsoon gyre developed into a tropical depression southeast of the Ryukyu Islands on July 29.[96] The PAGASA followed suit in upgrading it, then named the system Ester.[97] Trases moved generally northward over the Philippine Sea, maintaining its strength as it did so. Trases exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility at 05:00 PHT (21:00 UTC) on July 31; the PAGASA issued their last bulletin on the storm at 11:00 PHT (03:00 UTC).[98] As Trases neared the Okinawa Islands, the JMA upgraded it into a tropical storm, and it was given the name Trases.[99]

Trases then passed over Okinawa, and later made landfall in Jeju Island.[100][failed verification] The JTWC issued a TCFA. Later, they upgraded Trases into a tropical depression, and gave the designation of 07W.[101] Trases then interacted with the nearby Tropical Depression Songda, and made a second landfall on the mainland of South Korea on August 1.[citation needed] Not long after, the JMA downgraded Trases into a tropical depression, and the JTWC issued their last advisory on it as it lingered near the western coast of South Korea.[102][103]

Tropical Depression 08W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
08W 2022-08-04 0530Z.jpg 08W 2022 track.png
DurationAugust 3 – August 4
Peak intensity<55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1002 hPa (mbar)

On August 2, the JTWC noted an area of disorganized convection in the South China Sea, approximately 105 nmi (194 km; 121 mi) to the south-southeast of Kaohsiung, Taiwan.[104] Under a favorable environment of warm sea surface temperatures, low wind shear, and moderate equatorial outflow, the convection rapidly consolidated a low-level circulation center which led the JTWC to issue a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert by the next day.[105] The JMA then upgraded the system into a tropical depression by 18:00 UTC the same day.[106] The JTWC subsequently followed suit, designating the depression as 08W by early August 4.[107] The system then struck Huidong County, Guangdong at 01:40 UTC that same day, according to the China Meteorological Administration,[108] prompting the JTWC to issue its final advisory eight hours after landfall.[109]

Tropical Storm Mulan

Tropical storm (JMA)
Monsoon depression
Mulan 2022-08-10 0300Z.jpg Mulan 2022 track.png
DurationAugust 8 – August 11
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 994 hPa (mbar)

On August 5, the JTWC noticed an area of convection with a consolidating low-level circulation center at approximately 7 nmi (13 km; 8.1 mi) to the south of Manila, Philippines.[110] The system then subsequently moved over Luzon and emerged into the South China Sea, where it organized but its circulation remained broad, having two distinct vortices present in satellite imagery.[111] The JMA then upgraded the system into a tropical depression by 00:00 UTC on August 8.[112] The JTWC designated the system as a "monsoon depression" six hours later due to many centers present in the system, before issuing a TCFA as it was steadily organizing with its radius of maximum winds shrinking.[113][114] By the next day, the JMA upgraded it into a tropical storm, and it was given the name Mulan.[115] The JTWC, however, did not recognize Mulan as tropical, due to its huge radius of maximum winds which "are typically present in monsoonal depressions."[116] The storm did not intensify further, according to the JMA, and by 02:50 UTC on August 10, Mulan made landfall on the coastal areas of Xuwen County in Zhanjiang, Guangdong.[117] The JTWC subsequently canceled the TCFA and downgraded its formation chances to medium.[118] The JMA then downgraded the storm into a tropical depression as it moved inland in Vietnam by the next day, and was last noted six hours later the same day.[119][120]

Heavy rainfall in Vietnam caused flash flooding which resulted in the deaths of six people. The northern region of the country experienced torrential rainfall of about 20 to 50 mm (0.79 to 1.97 in).[121] The storm also caused agricultural damages of an estimated 2.5 million (US$106,850) after about 30,000 lobsters have died due to the effects of the storm.[122]

Tropical Storm Meari

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Meari 2022-08-13 0145Z.jpg Meari 2022 track.png
DurationAugust 10 – August 14
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min) 996 hPa (mbar)

A low-pressure area developed into a tropical depression northwest of Iwo Jima on August 10.[123][124] After JMA named the system Meari, the JTWC followed suit in an unofficial bulletin, classifying this system as a tropical storm. However, according to the agency, because of colder waters, the storm returned to the Pacific Ocean after threatening the southern coast of Japan without causing major impacts.[125]

In preparation for Meari, government officials in Tokyo warned of heavy rains and strong winds. The final day of the Rock in Japan Festival was cancelled and ticket refunds were distributed. Three J1 League games in Tokyo and Kanagawa Prefecture were also cancelled. About 72,000 residents were evacuated in Shizuoka; two landslides were reported which isolated five houses. Power outages affected 1,200 homes in Shimizu and another 2,200 were affected in Kakegawa. Parts of the Shin-Tōmei Expressway, connecting Tokyo to Nagoya, were closed as a result of heavy rains, while tunnel speed limits were lowered. Rainfall also affected flights and bullet train services, the latter of which affecting 92,000 people. An elderly man in Hamamatsu sustained forehead injuries after being knocked down by strong winds.[126][127]

Homes in Central Japan were destroyed.[128]

Severe Tropical Storm Ma-on (Florita)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ma-on 2022-08-24 0550Z.jpg Ma-on 2022 track.png
DurationAugust 20 – August 26
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min) 985 hPa (mbar)

On August 19, the JMA began tracking a low pressure area in the Philippine Sea, around 500 kilometres (310 mi) north of Palau.[129] The low pressure area slowly moved westwards, eventually developing into a tropical depression on August 20.[130] The following day, the PAGASA also announced the system's formation into a tropical depression, and as a result of its position within the PAR, assigned it the name Florita.[131] Shortly afterwards, the JTWC designated the system as 10W.[132] Florita remained relatively weak, having an exposed circulation. By August 22, it was upgraded to tropical storm, being designated Ma-on by the Japan Meteorological Agency, with the JTWC later following suit.

On the evening of August 22, the exposed low-level circulation center was obscured by a convection burst, which later turned into a central dense overcast, which prompted the JMA to upgrade Ma-on into a severe tropical storm. At 10 a.m. PHT, Ma-on made landfall at Maconacon, Isabela as a high-end severe tropical storm, just short of typhoon intensity, according to the PAGASA.[133] Four fatalities occurred;[134] infrastructural damage was at an estimated ₱499 million (US$8.88 million). Damage in the agricultural sector was at around ₱14.3 million (US$253,800).[135]

On the morning of August 25, Ma-on made landfall in Guangdong, China. Shortly after, the system moved westward to the Gulf of Tonkin. Later, the storm made its final landfall in Móng Cái, Quảng Ninh Province in Vietnam.[136]

The storm caused moderate damage in Vietnam and killed three people.[137]

Typhoon Tokage

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Tokage 2022-08-24 0235Z.jpg Tokage 2022 track.png
DurationAugust 21 – August 25
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min) 970 hPa (mbar)

On August 21, the JMA noted that a tropical depression had formed to the northeast of Guam.[138] Under a favorable environment of warm sea surface temperatures, low wind shear, and very good poleward outflow, the system rapidly intensified to become Tropical Storm Tokage by early next day.[139][140] Moving north-northwest, Tokage would intensify into a severe tropical storm later by the same day,[141] and by 09:00 UTC on August 23, the JTWC upgraded Tokage to a typhoon, with the JMA following suit three hours later.[142][143] The storm would peak six hours later according to the JMA, with 10-minute sustained winds of 140 km/h (87 mph) and a pressure of 970 hPa, while the JTWC estimated Tokage to have peaked at 00:00 UTC the next day, with 1-minute sustained winds of 185 km/h (115 mph), making Tokage a Category 3-equivalent typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson scale.[144][145][146] After peaking, Tokage rapidly weakened under high wind shear as it curved northeastwards due to a deep-layered subtropical ridge positioned to the east of the storm,[147] and commenced extratropical transition by 03:00 UTC on August 25.[148] The storm would complete its transition 12 hours later, with the JTWC issuing its final advisory, and the JMA following suit three hours later.[149][150]

Typhoon Hinnamnor (Henry)

Violent typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Hinnamnor 2022-09-01 0000Z.jpg Hinnamnor 2022 track.png
DurationAugust 27 – September 6
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min) 920 hPa (mbar)

On August 27, the JTWC began monitoring a disturbance located 461 nautical miles off Iwo Jima, which they labeled Invest 90W. Following organization, the agency issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) at 04:10 UTC the next day.[151] 6 hours later, it intensified into a tropical storm, being named Hinnamnor by the JMA.[152] Moving due west, Hinnamnor steadily strengthened, gaining Category 1-equivalent winds of 75 kn (139 km/h; 86 mph) on August 29.[153] At the same time, the JMA upgraded Hinnamnor to a typhoon.[154] The system underwent rapid intensification, and proceeded to gain Category 3-equivalent winds at 12:00 UTC the same day.[155] Quickly strengthening overnight, the storm quickly grew with Category 5-equivalent winds of 140 kn (260 km/h; 160 mph), with a minimum pressure of 920 hectopascals (27.17 inHg) with a pinhole eye.[156][157][158] Hinnamnor then weakened following an eyewall replacement cycle, slowing down as it neared Okinawa. As it stalled south of the Prefecture, the storm re-intensified, with an intense central dense overcast forming along with a larger eye.[159][160][161] On August 31, at 5:30 p.m. PHT (09:30 UTC), Hinnamnor entered the PAGASA's Philippine Area of Responsibility and was named Henry.[162]

In Ifugao, a man was buried in the landslide due to heavy rains caused by the typhoon.[163] Several flights were canceled to and from Okinawa.[164] When the typhoon made landfall in South Korea, it brought severe impacts. 60,000 homes were left without electricity and an elderly woman died due to currents. Another 9 people are missing. In the city of Pohang, South Korea, seven people were killed in the flooding of an underground parking garage. Hinnamnor caused >$1 billion in damages.[165]

Tropical Depression 13W (Gardo)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Gardo 2022-08-30 0450Z.jpg Gardo 2022 track.png
DurationAugust 30 – September 1
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 998 hPa (mbar)

On August 30 at 00:00 UTC, the JMA began tracking a westward-moving tropical depression.[166][167] A few hours later, the PAGASA gave it the local name Gardo due to it being inside their area of responsibility.[168] The JTWC issued a TCFA for the system,[169] and would then upgrade the system to a tropical depression, designating it as 13W. Due to its proximity to Typhoon Hinnamnor,[170] its outflow fully exposed 13W's circulation.[171] On September 1, the JMA, the JTWC, and the PAGASA issued their final warnings on the system as it was absorbed into Hinnamnor.[172][173][174]

Typhoon Muifa (Inday)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Muifa 2022-09-11 0500Z.jpg Muifa 2022 track.png
DurationSeptember 3 – September 15
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min) 950 hPa (mbar)

The JTWC detected a disturbance at approximately 255 nmi (472 km; 293 mi) from Iwo-To. According to the agency, the cyclone achieved a favorable environment for a more comprehensive intensification because of the warm waters (between 30 and 31 °C [86 and 88 °F]) and was designated as Invest 91W.[175] A day later, the cyclone became a tropical storm according to the JTWC, being 696 nmi (1,289 km; 801 mi) SSE of Kadena Air Base. The JMA, however, had not released any bulletin to designate this system until then.[176] When the storm entered PAGASA's area of responsibility, it was named Inday; in its first bulletin, the agency stated that the storm was unlikely to impact the Philippines.[177] Within the PAR, the storm strengthened into a severe tropical storm according to PAGASA.[178] Muifa then intensified into a typhoon according to the JTWC, as it reached 120 km/h (75 mph; 65 kn) in sustained one-minute winds.[179] Muifa continued intensifying, with the JTWC then assessing that Muifa reached Category 3-equivalent status on September 10. Then strengthening a bit more to a Category 4-equivalent typhoon.[180] On September 12, Muifa hit Ishigaki Island;[181] it left the PAR the same day in the afternoon.[182] With winds of 155 km/h (96 mph; 84 kn), the typhoon made landfall in Zhoushan around 20:30 local time, making a second landfall shortly after in Shanghai. It is the most powerful typhoon to strike Shanghai on record.[183][184] Muifa was downgraded to a tropical storm when it made landfall according to the JTWC.[185] Muifa was downgraded to a tropical depression again by the JTWC on its last bulletin for the system.[186]

On September 13, China issued an orange alert (Signal #2) on Muifa, warning that it could impact the Taiwan Strait, in addition to the provinces of Jiangsu, northern Zhejiang, and Shanghai.[187] Several flights departing from the airports in Zhoushan, Ningbo and Shanghai were suspended due to Muifa. Activities in the Port of Shanghai were also suspended.[188]

Typhoon Nanmadol (Josie)

Violent typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Nanmadol 2022-09-17 0415Z.jpg Nanmadol 2022 track.png
DurationSeptember 9 – September 20
Peak intensity195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min) 910 hPa (mbar)

On 06:00 UTC of September 9, the JMA briefly tracked a weak tropical depression to the east of Iwo To, Japan.[189] The JMA re-upgraded the system to a tropical depression two days later. On September 12, the JTWC designated the system 16W and it was located approximately 262 nmi (485 km; 302 mi) southwest of Iwo-To.[190] On the same day, the JMA and the JTWC upgraded the system to a tropical storm, with the JMA assigning it the name Nanmadol.[191][192] The storm then reached typhoon status on September 15.[193] Nanmadol rapidly intensified into a very strong typhoon, according to the JTWC's thirteenth bulletin.[194] Nanmadol then entered the PAGASA's Philippine Area of Responsibility at 09:40 UTC on September 16, and was given the name Josie,[195][196] however, it quickly left the PAR, just over four hours later, at 14:00 UTC on the same day.[197] A system pressure of 910 hPa (mbar) was then recorded, the lowest so far this season.[198][failed verification] When it made landfall in southern Japan, the typhoon was downgraded to Category 3-equivalent status upon reaching Kyushu Islands.[199] Upon directly impacting the country, it was downgraded again to Category 1-equivalent status.[200] On its way to northeast Japan post-landfall, the cyclone was downgraded to a tropical storm by the JTWC. The JMA also followed suit and downgraded it to a severe tropical storm. In its twenty-ninth bulletin, the JTWC reported that Nanmadol was weakening as it moved over land in Japan and would be downgraded to an extratropical cyclone.[citation needed]

Before the cyclone hit the country, the JMA issued a special warning that Nanmadol could cause severe damage, and at least 4 million people have been advised to leave their homes.[201] Exceptionally high volumes of precipitation were recorded and resulted in flooding in streets, destruction of building walls. and destroyed power poles. At least 2 people died and another 70 people were injured. More than 200,000 people were left without electricity.[202][203][204] In South Korea, the winds and rain caused by the typhoon also caused inconvenience. One person was injured, more than 700 people were evacuated from their homes, fallen trees were reported, and some locations in the southeast portion of the country were left without electricity.[205]

Typhoon Merbok

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Merbok 2022-09-14 0240Z.jpg Merbok 2022 track.png
DurationSeptember 10 – September 15
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min) 965 hPa (mbar)

On 00:00 UTC of September 9, the JMA began tracking a weak tropical depression that had developed west of Wake Island. The JMA downgraded the system to a low-pressure area shortly thereafter.[206] However, on the next day, the JMA re-upgraded the system to a tropical depression. The JTWC followed suit and began issuing advisories, assigning it the designation 15W.[207] In its fifth bulletin, the JTWC stated that 15W turned into a tropical storm when it reached 65 km/h (40 mph; 35 kn) one-minute sustained winds.[208] The JMA named the system Merbok on September 12, due to it having achieved 10-minute sustained winds of 65 km/h (40 mph).[209] Later that day, Merbok reached severe tropical storm status.[210] The next day, the JTWC reported that Merbok became a Category 1 typhoon, reaching sustained winds of 120 km/h (75 mph; 65 kn).[211] On September 15, the JTWC gave its final bulletin on Merbok, noting that it had moved away from habitable areas.[212]

After transitioning into an extratropical cyclone, the system tracked generally northeastward and continued to deepen as it approached the western Aleutian Islands. It crossed the islands, entering the Bering Sea late on September 15 (HDT) as it maintained hurricane-force winds and reached its minimum central barometric pressure of 937 mbar (27.67 inHg) early the next day. The storm track generated a large dynamic fetch across the Bering Sea, which contributed to a dangerous storm surge that inundated several coastal villages and towns in western Alaska. Governor Mike Dunleavy declared a state of emergency in the region before the cyclone hit.[213] Water levels in Unalakleet peaked at around 12.5 ft (3.8 m), which was among its largest peaks on record. Significant flooding and gale force winds were also reported in Golovin, Nome, Shaktoolik and Kotlik. Despite the widespread coastal flooding, no injuries were reported.[214]

Tropical Storm Talas

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Talas 2022-09-23 0430Z.jpg Talas 2022 track.png
DurationSeptember 20 – September 23
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 1000 hPa (mbar)

On September 20, a disturbance turned into a tropical depression according to the JMA.[215] The JTWC reported that the low pressure encountered favorable environments for intensification by warm waters and low wind shear.[216] The next day, the JTWC designated the system as 17W as it was upgraded into a tropical depression.[217] On September 23, the cyclone was upgraded to a tropical storm according to the JTWC's sixth bulletin. The storm was named Talas by the JMA.[218] When it made landfall in southern Japan, it was downgraded to a tropical depression according to the seventh JTWC bulletin.[219]

A 10 to 12 centimeters total hourly, total 30 to 42 centimeters in twelve hours precipitation hit in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka City and other areas of Shizuoka Prefecture. A landslide hit Ōigawa Railway in Kawane, two transmission towers collapsed in Aoi-ku, Shizuoka, and 119,200 customers were affected by power outages in Shizuoka Prefecture, according to Heita Kawakatsu, Governor of Shizuoka. According to the Japan Fire and Disaster Management Agency official report, Talas killed three people and injured six others.[220]

Typhoon Noru (Karding)

Very strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Noru 2022-09-24 2300Z.jpg Noru 2022 track.png
DurationSeptember 21 – September 30
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min) 940 hPa (mbar)

On September 21, a disturbance developed into tropical depression near the Philippines, according to the JMA.[221] The JTWC designated this disturbance as Invest 95W and issued a bulletin noting that the low pressure system could have reasonable intensification due to low wind shear and warmer water.[222] Hours later, the JTWC upgraded the system into a tropical depression, designating it as 18W.[223] The PAGASA then followed suit on 00:00 UTC of September 22, and the tropical depression was assigned the name Karding.[224] A few hours later, the system reached tropical storm intensity and the JMA assigned it the name Noru.[225] The PAGASA raised TCWS #1 at 21:00 UTC on September 23, with TCWS #3 being raised a day later as the storm rapidly intensified into a typhoon.[226][227] On 24 September, Noru entered the Philippine area of responsibility and reached typhoon intensity.[228] Noru then underwent explosive intensification, during which, according to the JTWC, Noru's 1-minute sustained winds increased by 165 km/h (105 mph).[229] PAGASA raised signal No. 4 on the same day, informing that the north of Luzon could be severely impacted by the cyclone.[230] At 00:00 UTC on September 25, the JTWC classified Karding as a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon.[231] PAGASA then followed and upgraded Noru to a super typhoon.[232] At 5:30 p.m. Philippine Standard Time, according to the PAGASA, Noru struck Burdeos, Polillo Islands, Quezon Province. When it made landfall in the northern Philippines, the cyclone was downgraded to Category 4 according to the JTWC.[233] At 8:20pm PHT, Noru struck Dingalan in the province of Aurora as a typhoon according to PAGASA.[234] The terrain of the Sierra Madre mountain range weakened Noru as it passed through Central Luzon.[235]

Noru then slightly re-intensified in the West Philippine Sea, leaving the PAGASA's area of responsibility on Monday morning.[236]

The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) of the Philippines reported at least ₱304 million (US$6.18 million) in infrastructural damages and ₱3.08 billion (US$62.5 million) in agricultural damages, totalling to ₱3.38 billion (US$68.7 million). 40 people have been reported dead following the typhoon, another 5 remain missing.

Severe Tropical Storm Kulap

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Kulap 2022-09-28 0315Z.jpg Kulap 2022 track.png
DurationSeptember 25 – September 29
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min) 970 hPa (mbar)

On September 24, the JTWC released a first report on a low pressure system and because it entered warmer waters and low wind shear, the agency named it Invest 96W.[237] The next day, JMA classified the system as a tropical depression.[238] Hours later, the JTWC followed suit, and designated him 19W.[239] The next day, the cyclone intensified and the JTWC in its second bulletin, classified it as a "tropical storm".[240] The JMA followed suit and called it Kulap.[241] The JMA quickly classified it as a "severe tropical storm" but the JTWC went further and upgraded it to a Category 1 typhoon.[242][243] Upon threatening the Japanese coast, the cyclone continued its course until it was downgraded to a tropical storm, according to bulletins released by the two agencies.[244][245] By moving to cooler areas and without threatening any habitable areas, the system transitioned into an extratropical cyclone, prompting the agencies to issue their final advisories on the system.[246][247]

Typhoon Roke (Luis)

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Roke 2022-09-29 0435Z.jpg Roke 2022 track.png
DurationSeptember 27 – October 1
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min) 975 hPa (mbar)

On September 27, the JMA began to monitor a weak tropical depression that had developed in the Philippine Sea and had been designated as Invest 98W by the JTWC. The agency said in a TCFA bulletin that because it was in warmer waters and low shear, there was scope for broader intensification. The prediction was confirmed, and a few hours later, it was classified as a tropical depression, being called 20W.[248] The following day, the storm entered the PAGASA's area of responsibility and was called Luis, but it did not directly threaten the Philippines and left the PAGASA’s area of responsibility a few hours later. Subsequently, the cyclone gained strength and reached a "tropical storm" according to the second JTWC bulletin. The JMA named the system Roke.[249] Two days later, the JTWC and JMA classified it as a Category 1 typhoon,[250] The intensification did not last long and Roke was downgraded to a tropical storm.[251] Having the same fate as its predecessor Kulap, the JTWC released a final bulletin in which Roke had been downgraded to an extratropical cyclone.[252] However, the cyclone intensified into a subtropical storm according to the JTWC's special bulletin. On October 1, it weakened into a subtropical depression.[253]

Tropical Depression Maymay

Tropical depression (JMA)
Maymay 2022-10-11 0500Z.jpg Maymay 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 11 – October 12
Peak intensity<55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1002 hPa (mbar)

On October 9, the JTWC started to monitor a persisting area of convection with a poorly-defined circulation at approximately 645 nmi (1,195 km; 742 mi) to the east of Manila, Philippines.[254] Under a favorable environment of warm sea surface temperatures, low to moderate wind shear, and strong poleward outflow,[255] the system continued to organize before PAGASA upgraded it as a tropical depression, naming it as Maymay, late on October 10.[256] The JMA subsequently followed suit by the next day.[257] Later that same day, the JTWC issued a TCFA on Maymay, noting that the storm's center was tucked beneath the southeast side of an intense but disorganized convection.[258] However, the storm's convective structure was detached from the main center due to a TUTT cell to the northeast of it,[259] which made the storm weaken as it moved northwestwards, prompting the JMA to downgrade Maymay into a low-pressure area on October 12.[260] The PAGASA subsequently followed suit late on the same day,[261] and JTWC cancelled their TCFA by October 13.[262]

Though short-lived, Maymay killed two people in Cagayan, Philippines.[263] The Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office (PDDRMO) in Cagayan estimated infrastructure and agricultural damage at ₱533 million (US$9.16 million) and 33,432 individuals were impacted by Maymay. [264]

Tropical Depression 21W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
21W 2022-10-14 0300Z.jpg 21W 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 12 – October 14
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1002 hPa (mbar)

On October 12, the JTWC started to monitor an organizing area of convection with a fully obscured low-level center at approximately 325 nmi (602 km; 374 mi) to the west of Saipan.[265] Within a favorable environment of low wind shear, warm sea surface temperatures, and fair equatorial outflow, the agency would later issue a TCFA for the system four hours later,[266] and initiate advisories on Tropical Depression 21W at 15:00 UTC the same day, noting the convection of the system became compact and symmetrical, and was displaced slightly from the center.[267] The JMA followed suit three hours later.[268] The system soon became severely sheared by the next day as wind shear increased dramatically while it continued moving eastward,[269] before it got embedded into a convergent outer boundary of a deep TUTT cell positioned towards the northwest,[270] helping the storm re-organize and intensify into a tropical storm by October 14.[271] The storm, however, accelerated north-northeastwards at that point, as it got embedded under strong southerly flow within the eastern periphery of a broad subtropical upper-level low that would later become Tropical Storm Haitang,[272] and it soon opened up into a tropical wave later the same day.[273]

Tropical Storm Sonca

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Sonca 2022-10-14 0620Z.jpg Sonca 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 13 – October 15
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 996 hPa (mbar)

Late on October 11, the JTWC started to monitor a scattered area of convection with a poorly-organized broad low-level center at approximately 150 nmi (280 km; 170 mi) to the west-southwest of Manila, Philippines.[274] Within a marginally favorable environment of no distinct outflow established, low to moderate wind shear, and warm sea surface temperatures, the system slightly organized by the next day, with flaring convection and its center remaining exposed.[275] Nonetheless, the JMA upgraded the system into a tropical depression on October 13.[276] The JTWC later issued a TCFA on the system on the same day, noting fragmented deep convection was wrapping into its broad low-level center.[277] By the next day, the JTWC initiated advisories on the storm, designating it as 22W.[278] Moving westward, the storm intensified into a tropical storm six hours later, with the JMA naming it as Sonca.[279] Sonca failed to intensify further as its center remained exposed, with deep convection displaced to the west due to strong wind shear,[280] and it soon made landfall on Da Nang, Vietnam late on the same day, promping the JTWC to issue their final advisory on the system.[281] The JMA followed suit by October 15, as Sonca weakened into a tropical depression.[282]

As Sonca moved inland, it brought heavy rainfall to central Vietnam, with 700 mm (28 in) of rain fell in Da Nang during a 24-hour period on October 14–15; this resulted in major flooding throughout the region, with 10 fatalities reported.[283] Initial estimated economic losses in Da Nang City caused by Sonca's heavy precipitation are around 1.48 trillion VND (US$60.8 million).[284][285][286] Infrastructure losses in Thừa Thiên Huế province reached 337 billion VND (US$13.5 million). 2 people were killed and 4 injured in the province.[287]

Typhoon Nesat (Neneng)

Strong typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Nesat 2022-10-17 0540Z.jpg Nesat 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 13 – October 20
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min) 965 hPa (mbar)

Nesat formed from an area of disturbed weather east of the Philippines, and on October 13, entered the PAGASA's Philippine Area of Responsibility and was named Neneng by the agency.[288] Neneng continued to intensify in the Philippine Sea and was given the international name of Nesat by the Japan Meteorological Agency. On October 16, at 3:50 a.m. Philippine Standard Time, the PAGASA noted that Nesat (Neneng) made its first landfall in the island of Calayan in the province of Cagayan as a severe tropical storm.[289] According to the PAGASA, Nesat underwent "extreme" rapid intensification[290] and became a typhoon after it passed through the Luzon Strait. A day after, Nesat exited the PAR, and the PAGASA stopped issuing advisories on the system.[291]

Flooding in northern Luzon caused damage to buildings and infrastructure. According to NDRRMC, 103,662 people were impacted when Nesat moved through, with 4,459 displaced; there were no fatalities.[292] A final report by PDRRMO estimated infrastructure and agricultural damage at ₱474.2 million (US$8.15 million).[293]

Tropical Storm Haitang

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
24W 2022-10-18 0240Z.jpg Haitang 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 18 – October 19
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 1002 hPa (mbar)

Since October 14, a non-tropical low with subtropical characteristics started to persist north of Minamitorishima and northwest of then-degenerating Tropical Depression 21W.[294][295] The low remained stationary, slowly weakened and acquired more tropical characteristics next three days,[296] and JTWC eventually declared a tropical depression early on October 18 when the system had been deepening again and became compact.[297] Although the JMA reported a gale-force non-tropical low at the same time,[298] the system was soon analyzed as a tropical storm and named Haitang.[299] The center of the storm soon became weakly-defined as extensive dry air entrained the storm,[300] prompting the JTWC to downgrade the storm into a tropical depression and issue their final advisory late on the same day.[301] The JMA, however, continued to issue advisories on the storm as it moved northeastwards,[302] and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 19.[303]

Tropical Depression 25W (Obet)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Obet 2022-10-21 0515Z.jpg Obet 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 18 – October 23
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min) 1006 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 25W formed northeast of the Philippines. It was expected to be a tropical storm, but never intensified as expected. According to Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Office (MDRRMO), two deaths, a fisherman and his wife, were reported due to 25W.[304]

Severe Tropical Storm Nalgae (Paeng)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Nalgae 2022-11-01 0600Z.jpg Nalgae 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 26 – November 3
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min) 975 hPa (mbar)

On October 26, the JTWC reported in its TCFA (Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert) that a low pressure area near the Philippines was able to develop because of warm waters and low wind shear. The agency designated it as Invest 93W.[305] The JMA and the PAGASA then classified the disturbance as a tropical depression, with the latter assigning the name Paeng to the system.[306][307] The JTWC upgraded the system to a tropical depression a day later, at 00:00 UTC on October 27, and it was given the designation 26W.[308] At the same time, the JMA upgraded the typhoon to a tropical storm, and was named Nalgae.[309] The following day, PAGASA and JTWC classified it as a severe tropical storm approaching the northeast of the Philippines. PAGASA issued danger alerts (Signal No. 3), informing that damage could be registered as Paeng approached the archipelago. [310] [311] On 17:10 UTC on October 28, Nalgae made its first landfall at Virac, Catanduanes, followed by another landfall at Caramoan, Camarines Sur just thirty minutes later. It crossed the Bicol Region and exited into the Sibuyan Sea, and later made its third landfall in Buenavista, Quezon, maintaining its strength as it did so.[312] Nalgae then headed southwestward and struck Mogpog in the island province of Marinduque,[313] then later crossed the Sibuyan Sea again and made its fifth landfall in Sariaya, once again in the province of Quezon, later passing into Laguna.[314] Nalgae then passed through Metro Manila and Rizal, heading into Bulacan by evening of October 29.[315] By the next day, Nalgae weakened into a tropical storm in the West Philippine Sea,[316] but re-intensified into a severe tropical storm a few hours later, and exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility a day later. Upon its exit from Philippine jurisdiction, Nalgae then intensified into a Category 1-equivalent typhoon on JTWC; however, the JMA maintained its severe tropical storm classification for the system. It then approached the Pearl River Delta, prompting officials in Hong Kong and Macau to raise Signal No. 8 from November 1 to 2.[317][318][319]At around 04:50 CST on November 3, 2022, Nalgae made its final landfall at Xiangzhou District, Zhuhai as a tropical depression, making it the first tropical cyclone since Nepartak in 2003 to make landfall in China in November.

Tropical Storm Banyan (Queenie)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Banyan 2022-10-31 0430Z.jpg Banyan 2022 track.png
DurationOctober 28 – November 1
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 1002 hPa (mbar)

On October 29, the JTWC released a first TCFA, reporting that a tropical disturbance, designated as Invest 94W, had formed far from the Philippine Sea. However, hours later, the agency canceled the TCFA over this low-pressure area after it had lost strength.[320][321] However, the agency released a second TCFA, reporting that the disturbance had re-intensified, and classified the possibility of tropical depression as "high". The JMA went further in a bulletin, and already classified it as a depression.[322] [323] At 21:00 UTC on October 30, the tropical depression was designated 27W.[324] Upon entering the Philippine Area of Responsibility, it was given the local name Queenie by PAGASA.[325] Banyan intensified into a tropical storm, and was given the international name Banyan by the Japan Meteorological Agency.[326] Banyan then weakened due to strong wind shear, and was downgraded into a tropical depression by the next day.[327] Later that afternoon, the PAGASA had issued their final advisory on Banyan after it dissipated into a remnant low pressure area.[328] The remnants of Banyan continued to cause some rain in eastern Mindanao.[329]

Tropical Storm Yamaneko

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Yamaneko 2022-11-13 0210Z.jpg Yamaneko 2022 track.png
DurationNovember 11 – November 14
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 1004 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression formed east-northeast of Wake Island on November 11.[330] The system then strengthened to a tropical storm, gaining the name Yamaneko from the JMA. The system was short-lived and weakened due to cooler sea temperatures. The system dissipated on the morning of November 14.

Other systems

A low-pressure area developed into a tropical depression to the northeast of Mindanao early on May 30,[331][332] but quickly dissipated near Mindanao late on the same day.[333][334]

On July 22, the JMA began tracking a low pressure area off south of Japan.[335] The following day, the JTWC also began tracking the system, now 227 nautical miles (261 mi; 420 km) south-southwest of Iwo Jima, Japan.[336] On July 24, the JMA upgraded the system to a tropical depression.[337]

The JMA started to monitor a weak tropical depression that formed just west of the International Date Line on August 14.[338] The system only persisted until early on the next day.

A tropical depression formed far east of Japan on August 22, and dissipated the same day.[339]

On September 25, the JMA tracked a weak tropical depression a few hundred miles off the Japanese coast, but it dissipated on the same day.[citation needed]

Storm names

Within the Northwest Pacific Ocean, both the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assign names to tropical cyclones that develop in the Western Pacific, which can result in a tropical cyclone having two names.[340] The Japan Meteorological Agency's RSMC Tokyo — Typhoon Center assigns international names to tropical cyclones on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization's Typhoon Committee, should they be judged to have 10-minute sustained windspeeds of 65 km/h (40 mph).[341] PAGASA names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N and 25°N even if the cyclone has had an international name assigned to it.[340] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired, by both PAGASA and the Typhoon Committee.[341] Should the list of names for the Philippine region be exhausted then names will be taken from an auxiliary list of which the first ten are published each season. Unused names are marked in gray.

International names

A tropical cyclone is named when it is judged to have 10-minute sustained windspeeds of 65 km/h (40 mph).[342] The JMA selected the names from a list of 140 names, that had been developed by the 14 members nations and territories of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee.[343] Retired names, if any, will be announced by the WMO in 2023; though replacement names will be announced in 2024. During the season, the names Trases, Mulan, Hinnamnor, and Yamaneko were used for the first time after they replaced the names Sarika, Haima, Nock-ten, and Hato which were retired after the 2016 and 2017 seasons. The next 28 names on the naming list are listed here along with their international numeric designation, if they are used.

  • Malakas (2201)
  • Megi (2202)
  • Chaba (2203)
  • Aere (2204)
  • Songda (2205)
  • Trases (2206)
  • Mulan (2207)
  • Talas (2215)
  • Noru (2216)
  • Kulap (2217)
  • Roke (2218)
  • Sonca (2219)
  • Nesat (2220)
  • Haitang (2221)
  • Nalgae (2222)
  • Banyan (2223)
  • Yamaneko (2224)
  • Pakhar (unused)
  • Sanvu (unused)
  • Mawar (unused)
  • Guchol (unused)

Philippines

This season, PAGASA will use its own naming scheme, that will either develop within or move into their self-defined area of responsibility.[344] The names were taken from a list of names, that was last used during 2018 and are scheduled to be used again during 2026.[344] All of the names are the same except Obet, Rosal and Umberto which replaced the names Ompong, Rosita and Usman after they were retired.[344] The name Obet was used for the first time this year.

  • Agaton (2202)
  • Basyang (2201)
  • Caloy (2203)
  • Domeng (2204)
  • Ester (2206)
  • Paeng (2222)
  • Queenie (2223)
  • Rosal (unused)
  • Samuel (unused)
  • Tomas (unused)
  • Umberto (unused)
  • Venus (unused)
  • Waldo (unused)
  • Yayang (unused)
  • Zeny (unused)
Auxiliary list
  • Agila (unused)
  • Bagwis (unused)
  • Chito (unused)
  • Diego (unused)
  • Elena (unused)
  • Felino (unused)
  • Gunding (unused)
  • Harriet (unused)
  • Indang (unused)
  • Jessa (unused)

Season effects

This table summarizes all the systems that developed within or moved into the North Pacific Ocean, to the west of the International Date Line during 2022. The tables also provide an overview of a system's intensity, duration, land areas affected, and any deaths or damages associated with the system.

Name Dates Peak intensity Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Category Wind speed Pressure
01W March 29–31 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Vietnam Minimal 6 [11]
Malakas (Basyang) April 6–15 Very strong typhoon 165 km/h (105 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) Guam, Caroline Islands, Bonin Islands None None
Megi (Agaton) April 8–12 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Philippines $200 million 214 [40]
TD May 30 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Philippines None None
Chaba (Caloy) June 28 – July 5 Strong typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) China, Vietnam $464 million 12 [69][345]
Aere (Domeng) June 30 – July 4 Tropical storm 85 km/h (50 mph) 994 hPa (29.35 inHg) Japan Unknown None
TD July 24–25 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) None None None
Songda July 26 – August 1 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Japan, South Korea, North Korea None None
Trases (Ester) July 29 – August 1 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Ryukyu Islands, South Korea None None
08W August 3–4 Tropical depression Not specified 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) South China, Vietnam Unknown None
Mulan August 8–11 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 994 hPa (29.35 inHg) South China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar $106,850 7 [121][122][346]
Meari August 10–14 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Japan Unknown None
TD August 14–15 Tropical depression Not specified 1012 hPa (29.88 inHg) None None None
Ma-on (Florita) August 20–26 Severe tropical storm 100 km/h (65 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Philippines, South China, Vietnam $9.13 million 7 [134][135][347]
Tokage August 21–25 Strong typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) None None None
TD August 22 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Hinnamnor (Henry) August 27 –September 6 Violent typhoon 195 km/h (120 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Japan, Philippines, Taiwan, East China, South Korea, North Korea, Russian Far East $1.21 billion 12 [163][348]
13W (Gardo) August 30 – September 1 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) None None None
Muifa (Inday) September 3–15 Very strong typhoon 155 km/h (100 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, Yaeyama Islands, East China $437 million 3
Nanmadol (Josie) September 9–20 Violent typhoon 195 km/h (120 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) Japan, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East $1.2 billion 4 [204]
Merbok September 10–15 Strong typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) None None None
Talas September 20–23 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Japan Unknown 3 [220]
Noru (Karding) September 21–30 Very strong typhoon 175 km/h (110 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia $110 million 40 [349][350][351]
Kulap September 25–29 Severe tropical storm 110 km/h (70 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) None None None
TD September 25–26 Tropical depression Not specified 1012 hPa (29.88 inHg) None None None
Roke (Luis) September 27 – October 1 Strong typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Daitō Islands None None
Maymay October 11–12 Tropical depression Not specified 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Philippines $9.16 million 2 [264][352]
21W October 12–14 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) None None None
Sonca October 13–15 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia $73.4 million 10 [283][286][287]
Nesat (Neneng) October 13–20 Strong typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, South China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos $8.15 million None [292][353][293]
Haitang October 18–19 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) None None None
25W (Obet) October 18–23 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Philippines Unknown 2 [304]
Nalgae (Paeng) October 26 – November 3 Severe tropical storm 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Philippines, Hong Kong, Macau, South China $237 million 164 [354][355][356][357]
Banyan (Queenie) October 28 – November 1 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Caroline Islands, Palau None None
Yamaneko November 11–14 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) None None None
Season aggregates
35 systems March 29 – Season ongoing 195 km/h (120 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) $3.38 billion 486

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b A super typhoon is an unofficial category used by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) for a typhoon with winds of at least 240 km/h (150 mph).[2]
  2. ^ The Japan Meteorological Agency is the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the western Pacific Ocean.
  3. ^ The Joint Typhoon Warning Center is a joint United States Navy – United States Air Force task force that issues tropical cyclone warnings for the western Pacific Ocean and other regions.[1]

References

  1. ^ "Joint Typhoon Warning Center Mission Statement". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 2011. Archived from the original on July 26, 2007. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  2. ^ Frequently Asked Questions (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 13, 2012. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Saunders, Mark; Lea, Adam (May 5, 2022). Extended Range Forecast for Northwest Pacific Typhoon Activity in 2022 (PDF) (Report). Tropical Storm Risk Consortium. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Saunders, Mark; Lea, Adam (July 6, 2022). July Forecast Forecast Update for Northwest Pacific Typhoon Activity in 2022 (PDF) (Report). Tropical Storm Risk Consortium. Retrieved July 7, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Saunders, Mark; Lea, Adam (August 9, 2022). August Forecast Forecast Update for Northwest Pacific Typhoon Activity in 2022 (PDF) (Report). Tropical Storm Risk Consortium. Retrieved August 9, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d 143rd Climate Forum Climate Outlook January–June 2022 (PDF) (Seasonal Climate Outlook). Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. December 22, 2021. p. 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 30, 2021. Retrieved December 22, 2021.
  7. ^ a b 149th Climate Forum July–December 2022 (PDF) (Seasonal Climate Outlook). Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 30, 222. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  8. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 291800". Japan Meteorological Agency. March 29, 2022. Archived from the original on March 30, 2022. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  9. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 93W) (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. March 29, 2021. Archived from the original on March 29, 2021. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
  10. ^ Tropical Depression 01W (One) Warning No. 1 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. March 30, 2022. Archived from the original on March 30, 2022. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  11. ^ a b "Thời tiết, thiên tai ngày càng dị thường" [Weather and natural disasters are becoming more and more unusual]. Báo Thanh Niên (in Vietnamese). April 4, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  12. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans, 1830Z 3 April 2022 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 3, 2022. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  13. ^ WWJP27 RJTD 060000 (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. April 6, 2022. Archived from the original on April 6, 2022. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  14. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 95W) (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 3, 2022. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  15. ^ Tropical Depression 02W (Two) Warning No. 1 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 7, 2022. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  16. ^ Tropical Storm 02W (Two) Warning No. 4 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 7, 2022. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  17. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (April 8, 2022). RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory on Tropical Storm 2201 (Malakas) (Report). Archived from the original on April 8, 2022. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  18. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (April 10, 2022). RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory on Tropical Storm 2201 (Malakas) (Report). Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  19. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (April 12, 2022). RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory on Tropical Storm 2201 (Malakas) (Report). Archived from the original on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  20. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #1 for Typhoon 'Basyang' (Malakas)" (PDF). PAGASA. April 12, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  21. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #2F for Typhoon 'Basyang' (Malakas)" (PDF). PAGASA. April 12, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  22. ^ a b "bwp022022.dat". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Retrieved June 28, 2022 – via National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  23. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 02W (Malakas) Warning No. 28 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 13, 2022. Archived from the original on April 14, 2022. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  24. ^ Tropical Storm 02W (Malakas) Warning No. 34 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 15, 2022. Archived from the original on April 15, 2022. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  25. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory on Developing Low Former STS 2201 Malakas (2201)". Japan Meteorological Agency. April 15, 2022. Archived from the original on April 16, 2022. Retrieved June 28, 2022 – via National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  26. ^ a b Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans, 0330Z 3 April 2022 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 3, 2022. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.
  27. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (April 8, 2022). WWJP27 RJTD 081800 (Report). Archived from the original on April 8, 2022. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  28. ^ PAGASA. "At 2:00 AM today, the Low Pressure Area east of Visayas developed into Tropical Depression #AgatonPH. Tropical Cyclone Bulletins will be issued starting at 5AM today". Archived from the original on April 8, 2022. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  29. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #1 for Tropical Depression 'Agaton'" (PDF). PAGASA. April 8, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2022. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  30. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 94W) (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 9, 2022. Archived from the original on April 9, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  31. ^ Tropical Depression 03W (Three) Warning No. 1 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. April 9, 2022. Archived from the original on April 9, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
  32. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory Name TS 2202 Megi (2202) Upgraded from TD". Japan Meteorological Agency. April 10, 2022. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  33. ^ "'Agaton' slightly weakens; to make landfall over Leyte's eastern coast, says PAGASA". ABS-CBN News. April 10, 2022. Archived from the original on April 11, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  34. ^ "At 4:00 PM today, Tropical Depression "AGATON" made landfall over Basey, Samar. #AgatonPH". Twitter. Archived from the original on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  35. ^ Sarao, Zacarian (April 13, 2022). "Agaton weakens into LPA but will still cause heavy rainfall". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on April 13, 2022. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  36. ^ Arceo, Acor (April 10, 2022). "Tropical Storm Agaton slightly weakens before looming second landfall". Rappler. Archived from the original on April 11, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  37. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #9 for Tropical Storm 'Agaton'" (PDF). PAGASA. April 10, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  38. ^ "Signal No. 2 up over parts of Eastern Samar, 3 other areas due to Agaton". GMA News Online. Archived from the original on April 11, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  39. ^ Israel, Dale (April 10, 2022). "Cebu City placed under state of calamity due to Agaton". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  40. ^ a b Situational Report No. 15 for TC AGATON (2022) (PDF) (Report). National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. April 29, 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 30, 2022. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
  41. ^ Alota, Bobbie; Morella, Cecil (April 14, 2022). "'Agaton' death toll from landslides, floods hits 148: official tallies". ABS-CBN News. Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on April 14, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  42. ^ Abania, Lolet (April 11, 2022). "3 patay, 1 nawawala, 2 nasaktan dahil sa Bagyong Agaton — NDRRMC" [3 dead, 1 missing, 2 injured due to Typhoon Agaton - NDRRMC]. Bulgar Online (in Tagalog). Archived from the original on April 11, 2022. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  43. ^ Gabieta, Joey (April 10, 2022). "Cargo vessel capsizes off Ormoc City amid 'Agaton' onslaught". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 10, 2022.
  44. ^ Sarao, Zacarian (April 25, 2022). "'Agaton' agricultural damage, losses jump to P3.27B". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on April 25, 2022. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
  45. ^ Gonzales, Cathrine (April 20, 2022). "DPWH says Agaton left P1.45B in infrastructure damage". INQUIRER.net. Archived from the original on April 21, 2022. Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  46. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 280600". Japan Meteorological Agency. June 28, 2022. Archived from the original on June 28, 2022. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  47. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 281200". Japan Meteorological Agency. June 28, 2022. Archived from the original on June 28, 2022. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  48. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #1 for Tropical Depression 'Caloy'" (PDF). PAGASA. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  49. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 97W) (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original on June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  50. ^ "WTPQ50 RJTD 290600". Japan Meteorological Agency. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original on June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  51. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #3 for Tropical Depression 'Caloy'" (PDF). PAGASA. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  52. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #6-FINAL for Tropical Depression 'Caloy'" (PDF). PAGASA. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  53. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 04W (Four) Warning No. 1 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 29, 2022. Archived from the original on June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
  54. ^ "WTPQ50 RJTD 300000". Japan Meteorological Agency. June 30, 2022. Archived from the original on June 30, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  55. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory Name STS 2203 Chaba (2203) Upgraded from TS". Japan Meteorological Agency. June 30, 2022. Archived from the original on July 1, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  56. ^ "Another urban tornado just occurred in #Foshan, China within the outer rainbands of Tropical Storm #Chaba. The city of #Foshan is prone to tornadoes and interestingly, an analog Typhoon #Prapiroon (2006) also dropped a tornado nearby". Twitter. FansOfStorms. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  57. ^ "More tornadoes reported from the outer rainbands of Typhoon #Chaba. This video is taken in #Chaozhou, over 300 miles away from the storm center, reminding us how widespread these typhoon-related hazards can be! (witness: @LCLCLKLZ on Weibo)". Twitter. FansOfStorms. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  58. ^ "Another one! Waterspout moving onshore in #Shantou, within the outer rainbands of Typhoon #Chaba, well over 300 miles away from the storm center!". Twitter. FansOfStorms. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  59. ^ Typhoon 04W (Chaba) Warning No. 9 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 1, 2022. Archived from the original on July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  60. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory Name TY 2203 Chaba (2203) Upgraded from STS". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 2, 2022. Archived from the original on July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022 – via National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  61. ^ "Typhoon Chaba makes landfall in China's Guangdong". Xinhua News Agency. July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  62. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory Name STS 2203 Chaba (2203) Downgraded from TY". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 2, 2022. Archived from the original on July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  63. ^ Tropical Storm 04W (Chaba) Warning No. 12 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 2, 2022. Archived from the original on July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  64. ^ Tropical Storm 04W (Chaba) Warning No. 12 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 2, 2022. Archived from the original on July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  65. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory Name TS 2203 Chaba (2203) Downgraded from STS". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 2, 2022. Archived from the original on July 3, 2022. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  66. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory Name TD Downgraded from TS 2203 Chaba (2203)". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 3, 2022. Archived from the original on July 3, 2022. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  67. ^ "Dozens missing in shipwreck off Hong Kong during South China Sea typhoon". Channel NewsAsia. Agence France-Presse. July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  68. ^ ""Fujing 001" construction ship sank 27 people lost contact with Guangdong Maritime Search and Rescue Center: Search and rescue in progress Daily Economic News". China Posts English. July 3, 2022. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  69. ^ a b c "China retrieves dozen bodies after Typhoon Chaba sinks ship". Reuters. July 4, 2022. Retrieved July 4, 2022.
  70. ^ "Dramatic video shows crew member's rescue from sinking ship near Hong Kong". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. July 2, 2022.
  71. ^ Yan, Zhang; Woo, Ryan (July 2, 2022). Mallard, William (ed.). "China lashed by year's first typhoon, record rains forecast". Reuters. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  72. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 98W) (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 30, 2022. Archived from the original on June 30, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  73. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #1 for Tropical Depression 'Domeng'" (PDF). PAGASA. June 30, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 30, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  74. ^ "WWJP27 RTJD 301200". Japan Meteorological Agency. June 30, 2022. Archived from the original on June 30, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  75. ^ Tropical Depression 05W (Five) Warning No. 1 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 30, 2022. Archived from the original on June 30, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  76. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Information". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 1, 2022. Archived from the original on July 1, 2022. Retrieved July 1, 2022.
  77. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #8F for Tropical Storm 'Domeng' (Aere)" (PDF). PAGASA. July 2, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  78. ^ "Japan: Tropical Storm Aere making landfall over northern Okinawa late July 2". Crisis24. July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 4, 2022.
  79. ^ Tropical Depression 05W (Aere) Warning No. 12 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 3, 2022. Archived from the original on July 3, 2022. Retrieved July 4, 2022.
  80. ^ "Tropical Storm 05W (Aere) Warning #26 Final Warning Issued at 06/2100Z". JTWC. July 6, 2022. Archived from the original on July 7, 2022. Retrieved July 7, 2022.
  81. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 260600". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on July 26, 2022. Retrieved July 26, 2022.
  82. ^ "WTPQ50 RJTD 261200". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on July 26, 2022. Retrieved July 26, 2022.
  83. ^ "WTPQ30 RJTD 270000". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on July 27, 2022. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  84. ^ "WTPQ30 RJTD 280000". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on July 28, 2022. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
  85. ^ "WTPQ30 RJTD 281200". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on July 28, 2022. Retrieved July 28, 2022.
  86. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 06W (Songda) Warning No. 1 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 29, 2022. Archived from the original on July 29, 2022. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  87. ^ a b "Weather officials urge caution against Tropical Storm Songda". NHK World. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  88. ^ "WTPQ30 RJTD 280000". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on July 31, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  89. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 06W (Songda) Warning No. 10 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 31, 2022. Archived from the original on July 31, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  90. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 06W (Songda) Warning No. 12 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 31, 2022. Archived from the original on July 31, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  91. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 011200". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on August 1, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  92. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 011200". Japan Meteorological Agency. Archived from the original on August 1, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  93. ^ "NOAA ATCF Best Track for 06W (Songda)". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 2, 2022.
  94. ^ "Unstable air bringing heavy rain to western Japan". NHK World. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  95. ^ a b 김수연 (July 30, 2022). "(Lead) Typhoon Songda brings heavy rains to Jeju Island". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  96. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 290000". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 29, 2022. Archived from the original on July 29, 2022. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  97. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #1 for Tropical Depression 'Ester'" (PDF). PAGASA. July 29, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 29, 2022. Retrieved July 29, 2022.
  98. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #8F for Tropical Depression 'Ester'" (PDF). PAGASA. July 31, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 31, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  99. ^ "WTPQ51 RJTD 310300". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 31, 2022. Archived from the original on July 31, 2022. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  100. ^ "Tropical Depression 07W (Trases), # 9 FINAL". Stars and Stripes.
  101. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 95W) (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 31, 2022. Archived from the original on July 31, 2022. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  102. ^ "WTPQ51 RJTD 011200". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 1, 2022. Archived from the original on August 1, 2022. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  103. ^ Tropical Depression 07W (Trases) Warning No. 2 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 1, 2022. Archived from the original on August 1, 2022. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  104. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Reissued) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 2, 2022. Archived from the original on August 2, 2022.
  105. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 96W) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 3, 2022. Archived from the original on August 4, 2022.
  106. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 031800". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 3, 2022. Archived from the original on August 4, 2022.
  107. ^ "Tropical Depression 08W (Eight) Warning Nr 001". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 4, 2022. Archived from the original on August 4, 2022.
  108. ^ "台风海洋_台风快讯与报文_台风快讯". www.nmc.cn.
  109. ^ "Tropical Depression 08W (Eight) Warning Nr 002". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 4, 2022. Archived from the original on August 4, 2022.
  110. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Reissued) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 5, 2022. Archived from the original on August 5, 2022.
  111. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 7, 2022. Archived from the original on August 7, 2022.
  112. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 080000". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 8, 2022. Archived from the original on August 8, 2022. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  113. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 8, 2022. Archived from the original on August 8, 2022.
  114. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Corrected) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 8, 2022. Archived from the original on August 9, 2022.
  115. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory TS 2207 Mulan (2207) upgraded from TD". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 9, 2022. Archived from the original on August 9, 2022.
  116. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Reissued) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 9, 2022. Archived from the original on August 10, 2022.
  117. ^ "Typhoon Mulan makes landfall in South China". Xinhua News Agency. August 10, 2022. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  118. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert Cancellation (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 10, 2022. Archived from the original on August 10, 2022.
  119. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory TD downgraded from TS 2207 Mulan (2207)". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 11, 2022. Archived from the original on August 11, 2022.
  120. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 110600". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 11, 2022. Archived from the original on August 11, 2022.
  121. ^ a b "Storm Mulan circulation leaves six dead and missing". The World and Vietnam Report. August 15, 2022.
  122. ^ a b "Farmed lobsters die en masse following storm in south-central Vietnam". Tuổi Trẻ News. August 13, 2022.
  123. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 091800". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 9, 2022. Archived from the original on August 10, 2022. Retrieved August 10, 2022.
  124. ^ "WTPQ51 RJTD 100000". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 10, 2022. Archived from the original on August 10, 2022. Retrieved August 10, 2022.
  125. ^ "Tropical Storm 09W (Meari) Warning #11Final Warning Issued at 13/2100Z". JTWC. August 13, 2022. Archived from the original on August 13, 2022. Retrieved August 13, 2022.
  126. ^ "Typhoon Meari makes landfall on Japan's Pacific coast", The Mainichi, Kyodo, August 13, 2022, retrieved August 14, 2022
  127. ^ Kageyama, Yuri, "Tropical Storm Meari hammers Japan with heavy rainfall, wind", ABC News, Associates Press, retrieved August 14, 2022
  128. ^ "Homes destroyed in Japan tropical storm". BBC News. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  129. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 190000". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 19, 2022. Archived from the original on August 21, 2022. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  130. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 201800". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 20, 2022. Archived from the original on August 21, 2022. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  131. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #1 for Tropical Depression 'Florita'" (PDF). PAGASA. August 21, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 21, 2022. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  132. ^ "WTPN31 PGTW 211500". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 21, 2022. Archived from the original on August 21, 2022. Retrieved August 21, 2022.
  133. ^ "'Florita' makes landfall in Isabela; to exit PAR Wednesday". www.pna.gov.ph. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  134. ^ a b "Florita exits PH; death toll now 4". Inquirer. August 28, 2022.
  135. ^ a b "SitRep No. 7 for Severe Tropical Storm Florita (2022)" (PDF), NDRRMC, retrieved August 28, 2022
  136. ^ "Bão vào Quảng Ninh, suy yếu thành áp thấp nhiệt đới".
  137. ^ "Hàng loạt cây xanh bật gốc sau bão Maon".
  138. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 210600". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 21, 2022. Archived from the original on August 21, 2022.
  139. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory TS 2210 Tokage (2210) upgraded from TD". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 22, 2022. Archived from the original on August 22, 2022.
  140. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 11W (Tokage) Warning Nr 001 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 22, 2022. Archived from the original on August 22, 2022.
  141. ^ RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No.5 for STS 2210 Tokage (2210) (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. August 22, 2022. Archived from the original on August 23, 2022.
  142. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 11W (Tokage) Nr 005 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 23, 2022. Archived from the original on August 23, 2022.
  143. ^ RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No.8 for TY 2210 Tokage (2210) (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. August 23, 2022. Archived from the original on August 23, 2022.
  144. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory TY 2210 Tokage (2210)". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 23, 2022. Archived from the original on August 24, 2022.
  145. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 11W (Tokage) Warning Nr 008 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 24, 2022. Archived from the original on August 24, 2022.
  146. ^ "bwp112022.dat". Joint Typhoon Warning Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 26, 2022. Retrieved August 28, 2022.
  147. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 11W (Tokage) Warning Nr 010 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 24, 2022. Archived from the original on August 24, 2022.
  148. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Typhoon 11W (Tokage) Warning Nr 012 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 25, 2022. Archived from the original on August 25, 2022.
  149. ^ "Tropical Storm 11W (Tokage) Warning Nr 014". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 25, 2022. Archived from the original on August 25, 2022.
  150. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No.17 for Developed Low Former STS 2210 Tokage (2210)". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 25, 2022. Archived from the original on August 26, 2022.
  151. ^ JTWC, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (August 28, 2022). "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 90W)". Archived from the original on August 28, 2022.
  152. ^ JMA, Japan Meteorological Agency (August 29, 2022). "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No. 2 For TS 2211 Hinnamnor (2211)". Archived from the original on August 29, 2022.
  153. ^ JTWC, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (August 29, 2022). "Prognpstoc Reasoning For Typhoon 12W (Hinnanmor) Warning NR 005". Archived from the original on August 29, 2022.
  154. ^ JMA, Japan Meteorological Agency (August 29, 2022). "Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No. 6 For TY 2211 Hinnanmor (2211)". Archived from the original on August 29, 2022.
  155. ^ JTWC, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (August 29, 2022). "Typhoon 12W (Hinnanmor) Warning NR 006". Archived from the original on August 29, 2022.
  156. ^ JTWC, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (August 30, 2022). "Super Typhoon 12W (Hinnanmor) Warning NR 011". Archived from the original on August 30, 2022.
  157. ^ JTWC, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (August 30, 2022). "Prognostic Reasoning For Super Typhoon 12W (Hinnanmor) Warning NR 011". Archived from the original on August 30, 2022.
  158. ^ JMA, Japan Meteorological Agency (August 30, 2022). "Reasoning No. 12 For TY 2211 Hinnanmor (2211)". Archived from the original on August 30, 2022.
  159. ^ JMA, Japan Meteorological Agency (August 31, 2022). "Reasoning No. 15 For TY 2211 Hinnanmor (2211)". Archived from the original on August 31, 2022.
  160. ^ JTWC, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (August 31, 2022). "Typhoon 12W (Hinnanmor) Warning NR 014". Archived from the original on August 31, 2022.
  161. ^ JTWC, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (August 31, 2022). "Prognostic Reasoning For Typhoon 12W (Hinnanmor) Warning NR 014". Archived from the original on August 31, 2022.
  162. ^ Mendoza, John Eric (August 31, 2022). "Super Typhoon Hinnamnor roars into PAR and is now named Henry". inquirer.net. Retrieved September 1, 2022.
  163. ^ a b "Landslide spawned by Typhoon Henry's heavy rains catches farmer inside brother's house in Ifugao". Manila Bulletin. September 2022.
  164. ^ "Super typhoon 'Hinnamnor', strongest storm of 2022, batters Japan". Mint. September 2, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  165. ^ "Tufão Hinnamnor deixa um morto e nove desaparecidos na Coreia do Sul". September 6, 2022.
  166. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 300000". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 30, 2022. Archived from the original on August 30, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  167. ^ "WTPQ51 RJTD 300600". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 30, 2022. Archived from the original on August 30, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  168. ^ Arceo, Acor (August 30, 2022). "LPA develops into Tropical Depression Gardo; Hinnamnor becomes super typhoon". Rappler. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  169. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 98W) (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 30, 2022. Archived from the original on August 30, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  170. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 13W (Thirteen) Warning No. 1 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 30, 2022. Archived from the original on August 31, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  171. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 13W (Thirteen) Warning No. 3 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. August 31, 2022. Archived from the original on August 31, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  172. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No. 8 for TD Located at 24.0N 129.0E". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 1, 2022. Archived from the original on September 1, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  173. ^ Tropical Disturbance 13W (Thirteen) Warning No. 6 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. September 1, 2022. Archived from the original on September 1, 2022. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  174. ^ Arceo, Acor (September 1, 2022). "Super Typhoon Henry slightly intensifies; Tropical Depression Gardo weakens into LPA". Rappler. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  175. ^ "Current Significant Tropical Weather Advisories ABPW10 Western/South Pacific Ocean (Invest 91W)". JTWC. September 6, 2022. Archived from the original on September 6, 2022. Retrieved September 6, 2022.
  176. ^ "Tropical Storm 14W (Fourteen) Warning #03 Issued at 07/0300Z". JTWC. September 7, 2022. Archived from the original on September 7, 2022. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  177. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #3 Tropical storm "Inday"". PAGASA. September 8, 2022. Archived from the original on September 8, 2022. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  178. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #10 Severe tropical storm "Inday"". PAGASA. September 10, 2022. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  179. ^ "Typhoon 14W (Muifa) Warning #14 Issued 09/2100Z". JTWC. September 9, 2022. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  180. ^ "Typhoon 14W (Muifa) Warning #18 Issued 10/2100Z". JTWC. September 10, 2022. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  181. ^ Masters, Jeff; Henson, Bob (September 12, 2022). "Typhoon Muifa storms toward Shanghai; all quiet on the Atlantic front". New Haven, Connecticut: Yale Climate Connections. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  182. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #22 typhoon "Inday" (Final bulletin)". PAGASA. September 12, 2022. Archived from the original on September 12, 2022. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  183. ^ Henson, Bob; Masters, Jeff (September 14, 2022). "Typhoon Muifa sweeps into Shanghai; Caribbean eyes new tropical depression". Yale Climate Connections. Retrieved September 14, 2022.
  184. ^ see also theguardian.com: Weather tracker: Typhoon Muifa wreaks havoc in China after summer of records
  185. ^ "Tropical storm Muifa (14W) Warning #37 Issued 15/1500Z". JTWC. September 15, 2022. Archived from the original on September 15, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  186. ^ "Tropical depression Muifa (14W) Warning #40 Final bulletin Issued 16/0900Z". JTWC. September 16, 2022. Archived from the original on September 16, 2022. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  187. ^ "Orange warning of typhoon Muifa". China Meteorological Administration. September 13, 2022. Archived from the original on September 13, 2022. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  188. ^ "Typhoon Muifa pounds eastern China with strong gales, rain". Reuters. September 14, 2022.
  189. ^ "Archive.ph".
  190. ^ "Tropical depression 16W (Sixteen) Warning #01 Issued 12/2100Z". JTWC. September 12, 2022. Archived from the original on September 12, 2022. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  191. ^ "Tropical storm 16W (Nanmadol) Warning #05 Issued 13/2100Z". JTWC. September 13, 2022. Archived from the original on September 13, 2022. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  192. ^ "Bulletin released of typhoon Muifa, typhoon Merbok and tropical storm Nanmadol Issued 13/2100Z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 13, 2022. Archived from the original on September 13, 2022. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  193. ^ "Typhoon Nanmadol (16W) Warning #12 Issued 15/1500Z". JTWC. September 15, 2022. Archived from the original on September 15, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  194. ^ "Typhoon Nanmadol (16W) Warning #13 Issued 16/0000Z". JTWC. September 16, 2022. Archived from the original on September 16, 2022. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  195. ^ "Watch". www.facebook.com. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  196. ^ Arceo, Acor (September 16, 2022). "Typhoon Josie enters PAR, no landfall seen". rappler.com. Rappler. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  197. ^ "Watch". www.facebook.com. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  198. ^ "Super typhoon Nanmadol (16W) Warning #17 Issued 16/2100Z". JTWC. September 16, 2022. Archived from the original on September 16, 2022. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  199. ^ "Typhoon Nanmadol (16W) Warning #22 Issued 18/0300Z". JTWC. September 18, 2022. Archived from the original on September 18, 2022. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  200. ^ "Typhoon Nanmadol (16W) Warning #25 Issued 18/2100Z". JTWC. September 18, 2022. Archived from the original on September 18, 2022. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  201. ^ "Japan storm: Millions told to evacuate as Typhoon Nanmadol makes landfall". BBC News. September 18, 2022.
  202. ^ "Tropical storm Nanmadol (16W) Warning #26 Issued 19/0300Z". JTWC. September 19, 2022. Archived from the original on September 19, 2022. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  203. ^ "Tropical storm Nanmadol (16W) Prognostic Reasoning Warning #26 Issued 19/0300Z". JTWC. September 19, 2022. Archived from the original on September 19, 2022. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  204. ^ a b "At Least Two Killed in Japan Typhoon, Tokyo Under Flood Advisory". Bloomberg. September 19, 2022. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  205. ^ "1 person injured, hundreds evacuated as Typhoon Nanmadol nears". Korea Herald. September 19, 2022. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  206. ^ "Bulletin released of Typhoon Muifa, tropical depression 15W and tropical depression Issued 10/1800Z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 10, 2022. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  207. ^ "Tropical depression 15W (Fifteen) Warning #01 Issued 10/2100Z". JTWC. September 10, 2022. Archived from the original on September 10, 2022. Retrieved September 10, 2022.
  208. ^ "Tropical storm 15W (Fifteen) Warning #05 Issued 11/2100Z". JTWC. September 11, 2022. Archived from the original on September 11, 2022. Retrieved September 11, 2022.
  209. ^ "Bulletin released of Typhoon Muifa, tropical storm Merbok and tropical depression Issued 12/0300Z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 12, 2022. Archived from the original on September 12, 2022. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  210. ^ "Bulletin released of typhoon Muifa, severe tropical storm Merbok and tropical depression Issued 12/0900Z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 12, 2022. Archived from the original on September 12, 2022. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  211. ^ "Typhoon 15W (Merbok) Warning #13 Issued 13/2100Z". JTWC. September 13, 2022. Archived from the original on September 13, 2022. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  212. ^ "Typhoon Merbok 15W Warning #18 Final bulletin Issued 15/0300Z". JTWC. September 15, 2022. Archived from the original on September 15, 2022. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  213. ^ Fernando, Christine; Thornton, Claire (September 17, 2022). "'Angry sea': Huge storm floods roads, homes in Alaska as governor declares disaster". USA TODAY. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  214. ^ "Former Typhoon Merbok blasts western Alaska with historic storm surge, 90 mph wind and 50-foot seas". Fox News. September 17, 2022. Retrieved September 18, 2022 – via Yahoo! News.
  215. ^ "Bulletin released of Tropical depression (Invest 94W) Issued 20/2100Z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 20, 2022. Archived from the original on September 20, 2022. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  216. ^ "Tropical cyclone formation alert WTPN21 (Invest 94W) Issued at 21/0130Z". JTWC. September 20, 2022. Archived from the original on September 20, 2022. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  217. ^ "Tropical depression 17W (Seventeen) Warning #01 Issued 21/2100Z". JTWC. September 21, 2022. Archived from the original on September 21, 2022. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  218. ^ "Tropical storm 17W (Talas) Warning #06 Issued 23/0300Z". JTWC. September 23, 2022. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  219. ^ "Tropical depression 17W (Talas) Warning #07 Issued 21/0900Z". JTWC. September 23, 2022. Archived from the original on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  220. ^ a b "Three killed as storm lashes central Japan". The Japan Times. September 25, 2022. Retrieved September 27, 2022.
  221. ^ "Bulletin released of tropical depressions (94W and 95W) Issued 21/1500Z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 21, 2022. Archived from the original on September 21, 2022. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  222. ^ "Current significant tropical weather advisories ABPW10 (Western/South Pacific Ocean) Reissued at 21/1530Z (Invest 95W)". JTWC. September 21, 2022. Archived from the original on September 21, 2022. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  223. ^ "Tropical depression 18W (Eighteen) Warning #01 Issued 22/0300Z". JTWC. September 22, 2022. Archived from the original on September 22, 2022. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  224. ^ ABS-CBN News [@ABSCBNNews] (September 22, 2022). "JUST IN: The low pressure area east of Central Luzon has developed into Tropical Depression #KardingPH, @dost_pagasa said in its 8 a.m. bulletin Thursday. #WeatherPatrol. Story to follow on news.abs-cbn.com" (Tweet). Retrieved September 22, 2022 – via Twitter.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  225. ^ "Tropical storm 18W (Eighteen) Warning #04 Issued 22/2100Z". JTWC. September 22, 2022. Archived from the original on September 22, 2022. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  226. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #8 for Tropical Storm 'Karding' (Noru)" (PDF). PAGASA. September 23, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 23, 2022. Retrieved September 23, 2022.
  227. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Bulletin #11 for Typhoon 'Karding' (Noru)" (PDF). PAGASA. September 24, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 24, 2022. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  228. ^ "Typhoon 17W (Noru) Warning #11 Issued 24/1500Z". JTWC. September 24, 2022. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  229. ^ "Super typhoon 17W (Noru) Warning #12 Prognostic Reasoning Issued 24/2100Z". JTWC. September 24, 2022. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  230. ^ "Tropical cyclone bulletin #15 Super typhoon Karding Issued 24/2100Z". PAGASA. September 24, 2022. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  231. ^ "Super typhoon 17W (Noru) Warning #12 Issued 24/2100Z". JTWC. September 24, 2022. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
  232. ^ Twitter https://twitter.com/dost_pagasa/status/1573875961992425472. Retrieved September 25, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  233. ^ "Typhoon 17W (Noru) Warning #15 Issued 25/1500Z". JTWC. September 25, 2022. Archived from the original on September 25, 2022. Retrieved September 25, 2022.
  234. ^ "Karding makes first landfall in Quezon, second in Aurora". RAPPLER. September 25, 2022. Retrieved September 28, 2022.
  235. ^ Peña, Kurt Dela (September 28, 2022). "Sierra Madre stands up to Karding, but needs protection vs the humans it saves". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved September 28, 2022.
  236. ^ "Typhoon Karding exits PAR after leaving trail of destruction". RAPPLER. September 26, 2022. Retrieved September 28, 2022.
  237. ^ "Current Northwest Pacific/North Indian Ocean Tropical Systems Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert WTPN21 Issued at 24/2230Z (Invest 96W)". JTWC. September 25, 2022. Archived from the original on September 24, 2022. Retrieved September 25, 2022.
  238. ^ "Bulletin released of typhoon Noru and tropical depression (Seventeen) Issued 25/1500Z". Japan Meteorological Agency. September 21, 2022. Archived from the original on September 21, 2022. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  239. ^ "Tropical depression 19W (Nineteen) Warning #01 Issued at 25/2100Z". JTWC. September 25, 2022. Archived from the original on September 25, 2022. Retrieved September 29, 2022.
  240. ^ JTWC https://ghostarchive.org/archive/qeHxC. Archived from the original on September 26, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  241. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency https://ghostarchive.org/archive/avc9L. Archived from the original on September 26, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  242. ^ JTWC https://ghostarchive.org/archive/iSi6d. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  243. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency https://ghostarchive.org/archive/kq3Ks. Archived from the original on September 27, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  244. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency https://archive.ph/rIbOY. Archived from the original on September 29, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  245. ^ JTWC https://archive.ph/HEP3J. Archived from the original on September 29, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  246. ^ JTWC https://ghostarchive.org/archive/udMdq. Archived from the original on September 29, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  247. ^ Japan Meteorlogical Agency https://archive.ph/8upoC. Archived from the original on September 29, 2022. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  248. ^ "SIGNIFICANT TROPICAL WEATHER ADVISORY FOR THE WESTERN AND SOUTH PACIFIC OCEANS (Tropical depression 20W) Issued 28/0930Z". JTWC. September 28, 2022. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  249. ^ "Tropical storm 20W (Roke) Warning #02 Issued 28/1500Z". JTWC. September 28, 2022. Archived from the original on September 28, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  250. ^ "Typhoon 20W (Roke) Warning #07 Issued 29/1500Z". JTWC. September 29, 2022. Archived from the original on September 29, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  251. ^ "Tropical storm 20W (Roke) Warning #11 Issued 30/2100Z". JTWC. September 30, 2022. Archived from the original on September 30, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  252. ^ "Tropical storm 20W (Noru) Warning #16 Final Warning Issued 02/0300Z". JTWC. October 2, 2022. Archived from the original on October 2, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  253. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceasns Reissued/030600Z (Remmants of subtropical storm Roke 20W)". JTWC. October 3, 2022. Archived from the original on October 3, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  254. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 9, 2022. Archived from the original on October 9, 2022.
  255. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 10, 2022. Archived from the original on October 10, 2022.
  256. ^ Tropical Depression "Maymay" Tropical Cyclone Bulletin No. 1 (PDF) (Report). PAGASA. October 10, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 10, 2022.
  257. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 110000". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 11, 2022. Archived from the original on October 11, 2022.
  258. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 98W) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 11, 2022. Archived from the original on October 11, 2022.
  259. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 98W) Reissued (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original on October 12, 2022.
  260. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 121200". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original on October 12, 2022.
  261. ^ Low Pressure Area (formerly "Maymay") Tropical Cyclone Bulletin No. 9F (PDF) (Report). PAGASA. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 12, 2022.
  262. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 98W) Cancellation (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 13, 2022. Archived from the original on October 13, 2022.
  263. ^ Recuenco, Aaron (October 13, 2022). "'Maymay' leaves 2 dead in Cagayan". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  264. ^ a b Basa Iñigo, Liezle. "Cagayan sustains P533-M damage from 'Maymay'". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved October 17, 2022.
  265. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Reissued) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original on October 12, 2022.
  266. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 99W) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original on October 12, 2022.
  267. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 21W (Twentyone) Warning Nr 001 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original on October 12, 2022.
  268. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 121800". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original on October 12, 2022.
  269. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 21W (Twentyone) Warning Nr 003 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 13, 2022. Archived from the original on October 13, 2022.
  270. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 21W (Twentyone) Warning Nr 006 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 13, 2022. Archived from the original on October 13, 2022.
  271. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm Twentyone (21W) Warning Nr 007 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022.
  272. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm Twentyone (21W) Warning Nr 009 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022.
  273. ^ Tropical Storm Twentyone (21W) Warning Nr 010A Corrected (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022.
  274. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Reissued) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 11, 2022. Archived from the original on October 11, 2022.
  275. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans (Reissued) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 12, 2022. Archived from the original on October 12, 2022.
  276. ^ RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No. 1 for TD located at 12.1N 114.4E (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 13, 2022. Archived from the original on October 13, 2022.
  277. ^ Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 90W) (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 13, 2022. Archived from the original on October 13, 2022.
  278. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 22W (Twenty-two) Warning Nr 001 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022.
  279. ^ RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No. 6 for TS 2219 Sonca (2219) (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022.
  280. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 22W (Sonca) Warning Nr 003 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022.
  281. ^ Tropical Storm 22W (Sonca) Warning Nr 004 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022.
  282. ^ RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory for TD downgraded from TS 2219 Sonca (2219) (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 15, 2022. Archived from the original on October 15, 2022.
  283. ^ a b "Central Vietnam flooding death toll rises to 10". VnExpress. Hanoi, Vietnam. October 16, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  284. ^ "Đà Nẵng bị thiệt hại hơn 1.486 tỷ đồng do trận ngập lụt lịch sử". baodanang.vn (in Vietnamese). Danang, Vietnam. October 19, 2022. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  285. ^ "Đà Nẵng thiệt hại gần 1.500 tỷ đồng trong bão số 5". daidoanket.vn (in Vietnamese). October 20, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  286. ^ a b "Đà Nẵng thiệt hại gần 1.500 tỷ đồng do mưa lũ". VnExpress (in Vietnamese). October 19, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  287. ^ a b "Thừa Thiên Huế thiệt hại hơn 337 tỉ đồng do mưa lũ". Tuổi Trẻ (in Vietnamese). October 20, 2022. Retrieved October 23, 2022.
  288. ^ "Tropical Depression Neneng enters PAR, seen to head for extreme Northern Luzon". RAPPLER. October 13, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  289. ^ "'Neneng' intensifies into a severe tropical storm, makes landfall over Calayan Island". Manila Bulletin. October 16, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  290. ^ "MB Daily News Update: 'Extreme rapid intensification' turns 'Neneng' into a typhoon". Manila Bulletin. October 16, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  291. ^ Cabuenas, Jon Viktor D. "Typhoon Neneng exits PAR; rains still likely in parts of VisMin". GMA News Online. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  292. ^ a b Mangaluz, Jean (October 18, 2022). "NDRRMC: 103,662 individuals affected by Typhoon Neneng". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  293. ^ a b Michael Mugas, John; Visaya Jr., Villamor (October 22, 2022). "2 Storms Leave ₱1 Billion Damage in Cagayan". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  294. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 141800". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 14, 2022. Archived from the original on October 14, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  295. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 91W)". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 15, 2022. Archived from the original on October 15, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  296. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (Invest 91W)". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 17, 2022. Archived from the original on October 17, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  297. ^ "Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Depression 24W (Twentyfour) Warning Nr 001". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 18, 2022. Archived from the original on October 18, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  298. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 180000". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 18, 2022. Archived from the original on October 18, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  299. ^ "WTPQ50 RJTD 180600". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 18, 2022. Archived from the original on October 18, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  300. ^ Prognostic Reasoning for Tropical Storm 24W (Haitang) Warning Nr 003 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 18, 2022. Archived from the original on October 18, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  301. ^ Tropical Depression 24W (Haitang) Warning Nr 004 (Report). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. October 18, 2022. Archived from the original on October 18, 2022. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  302. ^ RSMC Tropical Cyclone Prognostic Reasoning No. 4 for TS 2221 Haitang (2221) (Report). Japan Meteorological Agency. October 19, 2022. Archived from the original on October 19, 2022. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  303. ^ "RSMC Tropical Cyclone Advisory for Developed Low former TS 2221 Haitang (2221)". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 19, 2022. Archived from the original on October 19, 2022. Retrieved October 19, 2022.
  304. ^ a b Visaya Jr., Villamor (October 22, 2022). "Missing Fisherman, Wife Found Dead In Cagayan Coastal Town". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  305. ^ "Current Northwest Pacific/North Indian Ocean Tropical Systems Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert WTPN21 Issued at 26/0200Z". JTWC. October 26, 2022. Archived from the original on October 26, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  306. ^ "Weather advisory No. 3 For: Shearline and tropical depression "Paeng" Issued at: 11:00 AM". PAGASA. October 26, 2022. Archived from the original on October 26, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  307. ^ "Bulletin released of the tropical depression". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 26, 2022. Archived from the original on October 26, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  308. ^ "Tropical Depression 26W (Twentysix) Warning #01 Issued at 27/0300Z". JTWC. October 26, 2022. Archived from the original on October 26, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  309. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 270000". Japan Meteorological Agency. October 26, 2022. Archived from the original on October 26, 2022. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  310. ^ "Tropical cyclone bulletin #14 'Severe tropical storm Paeng' Issued at: 02:00 a. m." PAGASA. October 28, 2022. Archived from the original on October 28, 2022. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  311. ^ "Tropical storm 26W (Nalgae) Warning #07 Issued at 28/1500Z". JTWC. October 28, 2022. Archived from the original on October 28, 2022. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  312. ^ "Severe Tropical Storm Paeng: Forecast track, weather updates, latest news in the Philippines". RAPPLER. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  313. ^ "Severe Tropical Storm Paeng makes fourth landfall in Marinduque". RAPPLER. October 29, 2022. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  314. ^ "Severe Tropical Storm Paeng crosses Laguna after fifth landfall in Quezon". RAPPLER. October 29, 2022. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  315. ^ ""PAENG" HAS PASSED OVER LAGUNA DE BAY AND THE METRO MANILA-RIZAL-BULACAN AREA" (PDF).
  316. ^ "Tropical Storm Paeng now over West Philippine Sea". RAPPLER. October 29, 2022. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  317. ^ Mok, Danny; Yeo, Rachel; Ma, Jess; Ng, Kang-chung (November 2, 2022). "Hong Kong cancels all storm signals 17 hours after issuing historic No 8 alert, as Nalgae departs". South China Morning Post. Retrieved November 3, 2022.
  318. ^ "T8 to stay in force as HK waits for Nalgae to weaken – RTHK". RTHK. RTHK.hk English News. November 2, 2022. Retrieved November 3, 2022.
  319. ^ Leung, Kanis (November 2, 2022). "Hong Kong braces for Tropical Storm Nalgae". ABC News. Retrieved November 3, 2022.
  320. ^ https://ghostarchive.org/archive/CEnoA
  321. ^ https://ghostarchive.org/archive/Jfpvx
  322. ^ https://ghostarchive.org/archive/WxnPN
  323. ^ "Archive.ph".
  324. ^ https://ghostarchive.org/archive/nhj0o
  325. ^ "Queenie enters PAR, Paeng set to exit".
  326. ^ Boiser, Abby (November 1, 2022). "Queenie turns into tropical storm as it enters PH". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  327. ^ "'Queenie' weakens into tropical depression". Philstar.com. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  328. ^ Araja, Rio N. (November 2, 2022). "Queenie weakens into mere LPA". Manila Standard. Retrieved November 2, 2022.
  329. ^ "Tropical Depression Queenie weakens into low pressure area". RAPPLER. November 1, 2022. Retrieved November 6, 2022.
  330. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 111200". Japan Meteorological Agency. November 11, 2022. Archived from the original on November 11, 2022. Retrieved November 11, 2022.
  331. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 291800". Japan Meteorological Agency. May 29, 2022. Archived from the original on May 30, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  332. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 300000". Japan Meteorological Agency. May 30, 2022. Archived from the original on May 30, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
  333. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 301800". Japan Meteorological Agency. May 30, 2022. Archived from the original on May 31, 2022. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  334. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 310000". Japan Meteorological Agency. May 31, 2022. Archived from the original on May 31, 2022. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  335. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 221800". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 22, 2022. Archived from the original on July 24, 2022. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  336. ^ Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Western and South Pacific Oceans, 06Z 23 July 2022 (Report). United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center. July 23, 2022. Archived from the original on July 23, 2022. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  337. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 240000". Japan Meteorological Agency. July 24, 2022. Archived from the original on July 24, 2022. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  338. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 141200". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 14, 2022. Archived from the original on August 14, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  339. ^ "WWJP27 RJTD 220600". Japan Meteorological Agency. August 22, 2022. Archived from the original on August 22, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  340. ^ a b Padgett, Gary. "Monthly Tropical Cyclone Summary December 1999". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  341. ^ a b The Typhoon Committee (February 21, 2013). "Typhoon Committee Operational Manual 2013" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 37–38. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  342. ^ ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee (January 25, 2016). "Review of the 2015 Pacific typhoon season" (PDF). www.typhooncommittee.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  343. ^ Zhou, Xiao; Lei, Xiaotu (2012). "Summary of retired typhoons within the Western North Pacific Ocean". Tropical Cyclone Research and Review. The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific/World Meteorological Organization's Typhoon Committee. 1 (1): 23–32. doi:10.6057/2012TCRR01.03. ISSN 2225-6032. Archived from the original on August 12, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
  344. ^ a b c "Philippine Tropical Cyclone Names". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on December 28, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  345. ^ "Q3 Global Catastrophe Recap" (PDF). Aon Benfield. Retrieved October 21, 2022.
  346. ^ "9 người chết và mất tích do mưa lũ sau bão số 2 ở miền Bắc". Voice of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). August 14, 2022. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  347. ^ "3 người chết, nhiều tài sản thiệt hại trong mưa lũ sau bão số 3". Thanh Niên (in Vietnamese). August 27, 2022. Retrieved August 27, 2022.
  348. ^ "[태풍 힌남노] 포항서 9명 사망·1명 실종…재산피해 1조7천억 원 – 연합뉴스 (Typhoon Hinnamnor: 9 dead, 1 missing in Pohang; Property damage at KRW 1.7 trillion)". m.yna.co.kr (in Korean). Yonhap News Agency. September 7, 2022. Archived from the original on September 19, 2022. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  349. ^ Situational Report No. 7 for Tropical Storm Karding (PDF) (Report). National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. October 3, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 3, 2022.
  350. ^ "Báo cáo nhanh công tác trực ban PCTT ngày 02/10/2022". phongchongthientai.mard.gov.vn. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
  351. ^ "Typhoon Noru brings flash floods – 16 dead".
  352. ^ "Cagayan PDRRMO confirms 2 deaths due to 'Maymay'". www.cnnphilippines.com/news. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
  353. ^ "Over 29K families affected by Neneng, ₱81-M infra damage — NDRRMC". www.cnnphilippines.com/news. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  354. ^ "NDRRMC: 'Paeng' disrupted lives of nearly 4M, left at least 150 dead". Philstar.com. Philstar Global. November 3, 2022. Retrieved November 3, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  355. ^ "NDRRMC: Paeng death toll climbs to 150, almost four million people affected". cnnphilippines.com. CNN Philippines. November 3, 2022. Retrieved November 3, 2022. As of its 6 a.m. report on Thursday, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) noted 94 of the deaths were confirmed while 56 are for validation. Of those verified, 63 were from the Bangsamoro region, 28 from Western Visayas, and three from Soccsksargen.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  356. ^ "Reported death toll due to Paeng now 150 —NDRRMC". gmanetwork.com. GMA News. November 3, 2022. Retrieved November 3, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  357. ^ Situational Report No. 23 for Tropical Storm Paeng (PDF) (Report). National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. November 12, 2022.

External links