2022 Winter Olympics

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XXIV Olympic Winter Games
Beijing 2022 Olympic official emblem
Host cityBeijing, China
MottoJoyful Rendezvous Upon Pure Ice and Snow
(Chinese: 纯洁的冰雪,激情的约会)
Nations~95
Events109 in 7 sports (15 disciplines)
Opening4 February
Closing20 February
StadiumBeijing National Stadium
Winter
Pyeongchang 2018 2026
Summer
Tokyo 2020 Paris 2024

The 2022 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIV Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIVème Jeux olympiques d'hiver;[1] Chinese: 第二十四届冬季奥林匹克运动会; pinyin: Dì Èrshísì Jiè Dōngjì Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì), and commonly known as Beijing 2022, is an international winter multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 4 to 20 February 2022, in Beijing and towns in the neighbouring Hebei province, People's Republic of China.[2]

Beijing was elected as the host city in July 2015 at the 128th IOC Session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. These Games will be the first Winter Olympics ever to be held in China, and the last of three consecutive Olympics to be held in East Asia, following the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. These Games will also be the fourth Winter Olympics to be held in East Asia, after Sapporo (1972), Nagano (1998) and Pyeongchang (2018). Beijing will become the first city ever to host both Summer and Winter Olympic Games. There are plans to utilize many of the same indoor venues that were used in 2008, as well as using the Beijing National Stadium for the opening and closing ceremonies.

Bidding[edit]

The bidding calendar was announced by the IOC in October 2012, with the application deadline set for 14 November 2013. The IOC Executive Board reviewed the bids from all applicant cities on 7 July 2014, and selected three cities, Oslo (Norway), Almaty (Kazakhstan) and Beijing (China) as the final candidates.

Several cities withdrew their applications during the bidding process, citing the high costs or the lack of local support for hosting the Games.[3] Oslo, which had been considered the clear frontrunner, withdrew after the Norwegian parliament rejected the application for funding of the games. Public reception to the application for funding had been highly negative due to cost concerns after the cost overruns of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, and especially revelations about a series of hospitality-related demands that had been reportedly made by the IOC. The demands notably included "diva-like demands for luxury treatment" for the IOC members themselves, such as special lanes on all roads only to be used by IOC members and a cocktail reception at the Royal Palace with drinks paid for by the royal family. Several commentators pointed out that such demands were unheard of in a western democracy; Slate described the IOC as a "notoriously ridiculous organization run by grifters and hereditary aristocrats."[4][5][6][7]

Beijing was selected as host city of the 2022 Winter Olympics after beating Almaty by four votes on 31 July 2015 at the 128th IOC Session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2022 Winter Olympics bidding results
City Nation Votes
Beijing  China 44
Almaty  Kazakhstan 40

Venues[edit]

Location of the three Beijing 2022 clusters

In urban area of Beijing, five ice events will be held at the Olympic Green, the Capital Indoor Stadium and the Beijing Wukesong Sports Center, which were some of the main venues of the 2008 Summer Olympics. The Big Air snowboarding and freestyle skiing events will be held in a new area of urban development in Shijingshan District, a district in urban area of Beijing.[8]

Competitions for luge, bobsleigh and alpine skiing will be held in Xiaohaituo Mountain area in Yanqing District, northwest of urban area of Beijing, 90 kilometres (56 miles) away from the city center, using artificial snow because of the rarity of natural snow in this region.[9][10]

All other skiing events will be held in Taizicheng Area in Chongli District, Zhangjiakou city, Hebei Province. It is 220 km (140 mi) from downtown Beijing and 130 km (81 mi) away from Xiaohaituo Mountain Area.[11]


Beijing cluster[edit]

Olympic Green venues
Other venues

Yanqing cluster[edit]

Yanqing District is a suburban district of Beijing.

Zhangjiakou cluster[edit]

Zhangjiakou is a city in Hebei Province. Chongli District in Zhangjiakou city will stage most of the skiing events during the 2022 Winter Olympics. The ski resort earned over 1.54 billion yuan (US$237.77 million) in tourism during the 2015–16 snow season for a 31.6% growth over the previous season. In 2016, it was announced that Chongli received 2.185 million tourists, an increase of 30% from the previous season, during the first snow season after winning the Olympic bid. The snow season lasted for five months from November, during which Chongli has hosted 36 competitions and activities, such as Far East Cup and Children Skiing International Festival. A total of 23 skiing camps have also been set up, attracting the participation of 3,800 youths. All venue construction started in November 2016 and will be finished by the end of 2020 to enable the city to hold test events.[14]

Transport[edit]

The new Beijing-Zhangjiakou intercity railway will be built, starting from Beijing North Railway Station, and ending at Zhangjiakou South Railway Station. It will be built for speeds of up to 350 km/h (217 mph), and travel time from Beijing to Zhangjiakou is estimated to be around 50 minutes.[15]

The Beijing Subway is expected to continue expanding and is projected reach 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) in length by 2022.[16]

A new airport for Beijing and the surrounding region, Beijing Daxing International Airport, is due to open by 2019. The airport will replace the Beijing Nanyuan Airport and operate together with the Beijing Capital International Airport.[17]

Budget[edit]

The estimated budget for the games is US$3.9 billion, less than one-tenth of the $43 billion spent on the 2008 Summer Olympics.[18]

Sports[edit]

The 2022 Winter Olympics are scheduled to include 109 events over 15 disciplines in 7 sports.

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each separate discipline.

New events[edit]

In October 2016, the International Ski Federation (FIS) announced plans to begin sanctioning women's competitions in Nordic combined, with the objective of contesting the discipline at the Olympic level for the first time in Beijing.[19] In November 2017, a further three events were put forward by the FIS for possible Olympic inclusion: a ski jumping mixed team competition and men's and women's big air in freestyle skiing.[20]

At their May 2018 Congress at the Costa Navarino resort in Messenia, Greece, FIS submitted several additional events for consideration, including a proposal to make telemark skiing an Olympic discipline for the first time in Beijing, with proposed competitions to include the men's and women's parallel sprint and a mixed team parallel sprint. The Congress also approved to submit the aerials mixed team event and several new snowboarding events: the men and women's snowboard cross team event; a mixed team alpine parallel event; the men's and women's parallel special slalom; and a mixed team parallel special slalom event.[21] The individual parallel special slalom events were featured at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, but were dropped from the Olympic program in 2018 to make way for the snowboarding big air competitions.

The International Luge Federation (FIL) has proposed the addition of six new events, including natural track luge (men's and women's singles), a women's doubles competition on the artificial track, and sprint events (men, women, and doubles) on the artificial track.[22][23]

The International Skating Union (ISU) continues to campaign for the addition of synchronized skating as a new event within the discipline of figure skating.[24] They are also proposing a new short track speed skating mixed team event.[23]

In biathlon, a single mixed relay has been proposed by the International Biathlon Union (IBU) to complement the four-person mixed relay which featured at the 2018 Winter Olympics.[23] Also, a new team event has been proposed by the International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation (IBSF).[23]

In July 2018, the IOC announced the addition of seven new events: Women's monobob, Freestyle skiing big air (men and women), and mixed team events for aerials, ski jumping, snowboarding and short track speed skating. This means a total of 109 events will be held.

Marketing[edit]

Emblem[edit]

The official emblem "Winter Dream" (冬梦) was unveiled on December 15, 2017 at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. The emblem is a stylized rendition of the character "冬" (Winter) inspired by winter snow, with a ribbon motif. The top is meant to resemble a skater and the bottom is meant to resemble a skier. The emblem also features the Olympic colors (except black) and the Chinese flag colors. The emblem was designed by Lin Cunzhen who also created the Nanjing 2014 logo.[25]

Mascot[edit]

The mascot(s) for the 2022 Games will be unveiled in 2020.

Broadcasting[edit]

In some countries, broadcast rights to the 2022 Winter Olympics are already agreed through existing long-term deals. In France and the United Kingdom, these are the first Games where Eurosport will be the main rightsholder; the BBC will sub-license a limited amount of coverage on free-to-air television, as part of a deal in which the BBC sold the pay-TV rights to the 2018 and 2020 Games to Eurosport.[26][27]

In the United States, the Games will be broadcast once again by NBCUniversal properties as part of its multi-year agreement with the IOC. Super Bowl LVI (the championship game of the National Football League's 2021 season) is provisionally scheduled for 6 February 2022, meaning that the Super Bowl would occur during an ongoing Olympics for the first time in its history. Super Bowl games have frequently been among the most-watched television broadcasts in the United States annually. Under the NFL's television contracts, rights to the Super Bowl rotate between the three networks CBS, Fox and NBC; Super Bowl LVI is scheduled to be broadcast by CBS. Competition between these two major sporting events is expected to affect viewership numbers.[45] The last Super Bowl that was held during a Winter Olympic year, Super Bowl LII in 2018, took place on the Sunday before the Games.[46][47]

Concerns and controversies[edit]

Critics questioned the Beijing bid, citing that the proposed outdoor venue sites do not have reliable snowfall in winter for snow sports. Concerns have been raised that snow may need to be transported to the venues at great cost and with uncertain environmental consequences.[48][49]

The environmental impact of hosting the games near Beijing has been questioned. Some of the proposed venues will be adjacent to the Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve and part of the same mountain system, and the environmental impact on the nature reserve of construction, and artificially covering parts of the mountain with snow, is uncertain.[50][51] The Chinese government responded to these concerns by expanding the adjacent Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve by 31% of its original size.[52]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pyeongchang
Winter Olympics
Beijing

XXIV Olympic Winter Games (2022)
Succeeded by
TBD