2022 Winter Olympics

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XXIV Olympic Winter Games
Beijing 2022 Olympic bid logo.png
Beijing 2022 candidate logo
Host city Beijing, China
Motto A pure passion for ice and snow.
Chinese: 纯洁的冰雪 激情的约会
Nations participating 90 (estimated)
Events 102 in 7 sports (15 disciplines)
Opening ceremony 4 February (54 months from now)
Closing ceremony 20 February
Stadium Beijing National Stadium
Winter:
Pyeongchang 2018 TBD 2026  >
Summer:
Tokyo 2020 Paris 2024  >

The 2022 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIV Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIVeme Jeux olympiques d'hiver [1]) (Chinese: 第二十四届冬季奥林匹克运动会; pinyin: Dì Èrshísì Jiè Dōngjì Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì), and commonly known as Beijing 2022, is a multi-sport event that will take place in Beijing and towns in the neighboring Hebei province from 4 to 20 February 2022.[2] It will be the third consecutive Olympic Games held in East Asia, after Pyeongchang 2018 and Tokyo 2020. Having previously hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics, Beijing will become the first city to host both the Summer and the Winter Olympics. It will also become the largest city ever to host the Winter Olympics, a distinction currently held by Vancouver, which hosted the 2010 Winter Olympics.

The 2022 Winter Olympics will be the first Winter Olympic Games ever to be held in China. The estimated budget for the games is $3.9 billion, less than one-tenth of the $43 billion spent on the 2008 Summer Olympics.[3] Beijing will also be the fourth city in East Asia to host the Winter Games, after Sapporo, Japan (1972), Nagano, Japan (1998), and Pyeongchang, South Korea (2018).

Bidding[edit]

The bidding calendar was announced by the IOC in October 2012, with the application deadline set for 14 November 2013. The IOC Executive Board reviewed the bids from all applicant cities on 7 July 2014, and selected Oslo (Norway), Almaty (Kazakhstan) and Beijing (China) as the final candidate cities. Oslo withdrew its bid on 1 October 2014, leaving Almaty and Beijing as the two remaining candidates. Beijing was selected as host city of the 2022 Winter Olympics after beating Almaty by 4 votes on 31 July 2015 at the 128th IOC Session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Voting results[edit]

2022 Winter Olympics bidding results
City Nation Votes
Beijing  China 44
Almaty  Kazakhstan 40

Venues[edit]

Location of the three Beijing 2022 clusters

The Beijing Olympic Games Bidding Committee unveiled the venue plan for the 2022 Winter Olympic Games on 20 February 2014: five ice events will be held at the Olympic center, the Capital Indoor Stadium and the Beijing Wukesong Sports Center, which were some of the main venues of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Competitions for luge, bobsleigh and alpine skiing will be held in Xiaohaituo Mountain area in Yanqing northwest of Beijing, 90 kilometres (56 miles) away from the city center using artificial snow given the rarity of natural snow in this region [4][5] All other skiing events will be held in Taizicheng Area in Chongli, Zhangjiakou, 220 km (140 mi) from downtown Beijing and 130 km (81 mi) away from Xiaohaituo Mountain Area.[6] Later, on 12 June, 2017 the IOC´s Beijing 2022 Coordination Commission has praised the city plans to held the Snowboarding Big Air events in a new area of urban development located in the Shijingshan district.[7]

Beijing Cluster[edit]

Olympic Green venues
Other venues

Yanqing Cluster[edit]

Chongli[edit]

The town of Chongli in Hebei province will stage most of the skiing events during the 2022 Winter Olympics. The ski resort earned over 1.54 billion yuan (237.77 million U.S. dollars) in tourism during the 2015–16 snow season for a 31.6% growth over the previous season. In 2016, it was announced that Chongli received 2.185 million tourists, an increase of 30% from the previous season, during the first snow season after the winning the Olympic bid. The snow season lasted for five months from November, during which Chongli has hosted 36 competitions and activities, such as Far East Cup and Children Skiing International Festival. A total of 23 skiing camps have also been set up, attracting the participation of 3,800 youths. All venue construction started in November 2016 and will be finished by the end of 2020 to enable the city to hold test events.[9]

Zhangjiakou Cluster[edit]

Transport[edit]

The new Beijing-Zhangjiakou Intercity Railway will be built, starting from Beijing North Railway Station, and terminating at Zhangjiakou South Railway Station. It will be built for speeds up to 350 km/h (217 mph), and travel from Beijing to Zhangjiakou is estimated to take 50 minutes.

The Beijing Subway is expected to continue expanding and projected to have at least 24 lines by 2022. Expressway and highway networks are also expected to be upgraded.

A new second airport for Beijing and the region, tentatively known as Beijing Daxing International Airport, is expected to open by 2019.

  • The Zhangjiakou Cluster is about 160 km from Beijing and is located in a different province, Hebei.
  • The Yanqing Cluster is about 85 km from Beijing

Sports[edit]

The 2022 Winter Olympics are tentatively scheduled to include events in at least 15 sports.

New sports[edit]

A delegation from the Chinese Olympic Committee had discussions with Federation of International Bandy president Boris Skrynnik during the 2017 Bandy World Championship, over whether Bandy could be assessed as a possible addition to the programme in Beijing.[10]

In October 2016, the FIS announced plans to begin sanctioning women's competitions in nordic combined, with a goal for the discipline to be contested at the Olympic level for the first time in Beijing.[11]

Marketing[edit]

Sponsors[edit]

Sponsors of the 2022 Winter Olympics
Worldwide Olympic Partners
Official Partners

Broadcasting[edit]

Broadcast rights to the 2022 Winter Olympics in some countries were already sold as part of long-term broadcast rights deals. In France and the United Kingdom, the 2022 Winter Olympics will be the first where Eurosport will be the main rightsholder; the BBC will sub-license a limited amount of coverage on free-to-air television, as part of a deal that saw the BBC sell the pay-TV rights to the 2018 and 2020 Games to Eurosport.[12][13]

Concerns and controversies[edit]

Several cities withdrew their applications during the bidding process, citing the high costs or the lack of local support to host the 2022 games, leaving Almaty and Beijing as the only candidate cities by 1 October 2014.[30]

The decision to bid for the Olympics was controversial in China (and outside) because Beijing itself, and especially some of the proposed outdoor venues, do not have reliable snowfall in winter for snow sports. Concerns have been raised that snow may need to be transported to the venues at great cost and with uncertain environmental consequences.[31][32]

The environmental impact of hosting the games near Beijing has been questioned. Some of the proposed venues will be adjacent to the Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve and part of the same mountain system, and the environmental impact on the nature reserve of construction, and artificially covering parts of the mountain with snow, is uncertain.[33][34] The Chinese government responded to these concerns by expanding the adjacent Beijing Songshan National Nature Reserve by 31% of its original size.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "French and English are the official languages for the Olympic Games.", [1].(..)
  2. ^ "Beijing to host 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics". BBC Sport. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Beijing won't have a big budget for the 2022 Winter Olympics". CNNMoney. 
  4. ^ Phillips, Tom (31 July 2015). "Beijing promises to overcome lack of snow for 2022 Winter Olympics". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  5. ^ Mills, Chris (1 August 2015). "Here's the 2022 Winter Olympics Venue, In The Middle of Winter". Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Beijing announces gym layout for 2022 Winter Olympics". People's Daily Online. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  7. ^ insidethegames.biz. "Beijing 2022 Coordination Commission chair praises plans for snowboard big air after venue visit". 
  8. ^ insidethegames.biz. "Beijing 2022 Coordination Commission chair praises plans for snowboard big air after venue visit". 
  9. ^ gaiazhang. "Beijing 2022 Games Ski Venue Receives Over 2 Million Tourists". 
  10. ^ "Bandy has chances to be included into 2022 Winter Olympics - FIB President". TASS. Retrieved 2017-08-07. 
  11. ^ "FIS target Nordic Combined women's competition at Beijing 2022". 3 October 2016. Retrieved 2017-08-07. 
  12. ^ "BBC dealt another blow after losing control of TV rights for Olympics". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Olympics coverage to remain on BBC after Discovery deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  14. ^ a b Connoly, Eoin (17 May 2017). "Wednesday’s Daily Deal Round-Up: Olympic partnerships for Discovery and more". SportsPro. Sportspromedia.com. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  15. ^ "IOC awards 2018–2024 broadcast rights in Asia". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  16. ^ "IOC reaches agreement for broadcast rights in Brazil with Grupo Globo through to 2032". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  17. ^ "IOC awards 2022-2024 broadcast rights in Canada to CBC/Radio-Canada". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 21 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "TSN, RDS to broadcast 2022 and 2024 Olympic Games". TSN. 21 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "IOC awards 2018–2024 broadcast rights in China". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  20. ^ "IOC awards all TV and multiplatform broadcast rights in Europe to Discovery and Eurosport for 2018–2024 Olympic Games". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  21. ^ Carp, Sam (1 August 2017). "Report: ARD and ZDF secure long-term Olympic deal". SportsPro. Sportspromedia.com. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  22. ^ "Hungarian Public Television Agrees Deal To Broadcast Summer And Winter Olympics Until 2024". Hungary today. hungarytoday.hu. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  23. ^ "IOC awards 2018–2024 broadcast rights in Japan". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  24. ^ "IOC awards 2018–2024 broadcast rights in Middle East and North Africa". International Olympic Committee. Olympic.org. 27 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  25. ^ a b "IOC awards 2018-2024 broadcast rights in New Zealand and Pacific Island Territories". Olympic.org. 23 March 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016. 
  26. ^ a b "IOC awards SBS broadcast rights for 2018, 2020, 2022 and 2024 Olympic Games". Olympic.org. 4 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18. 
  27. ^ a b "IOC Awards 2018-2024 Broadcast Rights in Africa". IOC. Olympic.org. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  28. ^ "IOC awards Olympic Games broadcast rights to NBCUniversal through to 2032". Olympic.org. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  29. ^ "Olympics: BBC to broadcast every Games up to and including 2024". BBC Sport. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  30. ^ Abend, Lisa (3 October 2014). "Why Nobody Wants to Host the 2022 Winter Olympics". time.com. Time (magazine). Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  31. ^ Matt Schiavenza, "A Winter Olympics in a City Without Snow", The Atlantic, 31 July 2015
  32. ^ Tom Phillips, "Beijing promises to overcome lack of snow for 2022 Winter Olympics", The Guardian, 31 July 2015
  33. ^ "Scientists Question Environmental Impact of China's Winter Olympics", New York Times, 9 April 2015
  34. ^ "Winter Olympic Games venues in China 'pose threat to Beijing nature reserve'", South China Morning Post, 4 August 2015
  35. ^ "2022 Beijing Winter Olympics". birdingbeijing.com. Retrieved 15 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pyeongchang
Winter Olympics
Beijing

XXIV Olympic Winter Games (2022)
Succeeded by
TBD