2023 Asaph

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2023 Asaph
Discovery [1]
Discovered byIndiana University
(Indiana Asteroid Program)
Discovery siteGoethe Link Obs.
Discovery date16 September 1952
MPC designation(2023) Asaph
Named after
Asaph Hall
(American astronomer)[2]
1952 SA
main-belt · (outer)[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc64.53 yr (23,571 days)
Aphelion3.6816 AU
Perihelion2.0703 AU
2.8760 AU
4.88 yr (1,781 days)
0° 12m 7.56s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions19.678±0.264 km[4][5]
20.56±0.43 km[6]
21.29±0.40 km[7]
25.44 km (calculated)[3]
3.87±0.02 h[8][a]
4.74±0.01 h[9]
9.19±0.05 h[10]
0.057 (assumed)[3]
11.6[4][6][7] · 11.7[1][3]

2023 Asaph, provisional designation 1952 SA, is a dark asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 21 kilometers in diameter.[6] It was discovered on 16 September 1952, by astronomers of the Indiana Asteroid Program at Goethe Link Observatory in Indiana, United States.[11]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Asaph orbits the Sun in the outer main-belt at a distance of 2.1–3.7 AU once every 4 years and 11 months (1,781 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.28 and an inclination of 22° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The asteroid's observation arc begins with its official discovery observation Goethe Link.[11]

Physical characterization[edit]

In November 2001, a rotational lightcurve of Asaph was obtained from photometric observations by American astronomer Brian Warner. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 4.74 hours with a low brightness variation of 0.06 magnitude (U=2-).[9] Upon re-examination of the revised data set, Warner constructed a new, ambiguous lightcurve with two possible period solutions of 3.87 and 6.28 hours (U=2-).[8][a] These observations supersede a period of 9.19 hours derived from two fragmentary lightcurves obtained in 2001 and 2006, respectively (U=1/1).[10]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite and the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, Asaph measures between 19.678 and 21.29 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.09 and 0.1045.[4][5][6][7]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.057 and consequently calculates a larger diameter of 25.44 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 11.7.[3]


This minor planet was named in memory of American astronomer Asaph Hall (1829–1907), who discovered the Martian satellites, Phobos and Deimos.[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 4238).[12]


  1. ^ a b Lightcurve plot of 2023 Asaph, Palmer Divide Observatory, Brian Warner (2001). The lightcurve is ambiguous with two possible period solutions of 6.28±0.05 and 3.87±0.02 hours.


  1. ^ a b c d "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2023 Asaph (1952 SA)" (2017-03-30 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2023) Asaph". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2023) Asaph. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 164. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2024. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (2023) Asaph". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90.
  5. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  8. ^ a b Warner, Brian D. (October 2010). "Upon Further Review: II. An Examination of Previous Lightcurve Analysis from the Palmer Divide Observatory". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 37 (4): 150–151. Bibcode:2010MPBu...37..150W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  9. ^ a b Warner, Brian D. (September 2003). "Lightcurve analysis of asteroids 331, 795, 886, 1266, 2023, 3285, and 3431". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 30 (3): 61–64. Bibcode:2003MPBu...30...61W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  10. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (2023) Asaph". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  11. ^ a b "2023 Asaph (1952 SA)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  12. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 6 July 2017.

External links[edit]