2024 European Parliament election

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2024 European Parliament election

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All 705 seats to the European Parliament
353 seats needed for a majority
 
EPP Summit, 24 March 2022, Brussels (51958439704).jpg
Conclusion of the European Council meeting - 51988070881.jpg
Conclusion of the European Council meeting - 51988629675.jpg
Leader Manfred Weber Iratxe García Stéphane Séjourné
Alliance EPP S&D Renew
Leader's seat Germany Spain France
Last election 21.0% 18.5% 13.0%

 
EP President candidate Ska KELLER ( Greens) - Electing the new President of the European Parliament (48188770362).jpg
MEPs call for the protection of fundamental values in the EU and worldwide - 51297197687.jpg
Marco Zanni 2019.jpg
MEPs call for the protection of fundamental values in the EU and worldwide - 51297196572.jpg
Conclusion of the European Council meeting - 51987066887.jpg
Leader Ska Keller
Philippe Lamberts
Marco Zanni Raffaele Fitto
Ryszard Legutko
Alliance Greens/EFA ID ECR
Leader's seat Germany
Wallonia
North-West Italy Southern Italy
Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie
Last election 11.7% 10.8% 8.2%

 
Manon Aubry (48951348941).jpg
Martin Schirdewan (48951349431).jpg
Leader Manon Aubry
Martin Schirdewan
Alliance The Left
Leader's seat France
Germany
Last election 6.5%

Incumbent European Commission

von der Leyen Commission (EPP)
EPPS&DRenew



The 2024 European Parliament election is scheduled to be held in 2024 in line with the Treaty of Lisbon.[1][2] As a result of Brexit, 27 seats from the British delegation were distributed to other countries in January 2020 (those elected but not yet seated took their seats).[3] The other 46 seats were abolished with the total number of MEPs decreasing from 751 to 705 after that.[4]

This will be the tenth parliamentary election since the first direct elections in 1979, and the first European Parliament election after Brexit.

Overview[edit]

EU country Seats Date Minimum voting age Districts Electoral threshold
Active Passive
 Belgium 21 no date 16[5] 21 03 5%
 Bulgaria 17 18 21 01
 Denmark 14 18 18 01
 Germany 96 18 18 16
 Estonia 07 18 21 01
 Finland 14 18 18 01
 France 79 18 18 01 5%
 Greece 21 17 25 01 3%
 Ireland 13 18 21 03
 Italy 76 18 25 05 4%
 Croatia 12 18 18 01 5%
 Latvia 08 18 21 01 5%
 Lithuania 11 18 21 01 5%
 Luxembourg 06 18 18 01
 Malta 06 16 18 01
 Netherlands 29 18 18 01 kiesdeler [nl] (≈3.45%)
 Austria 19 16 18 01 4%
 Poland 52 18 21 13 5%
 Portugal 21 18 18 01
 Romania 33 18 23 01 5%
 Sweden 21 18 18 01 4%
 Slovakia 14 18 21 01 5%
 Slovenia 08 18 18 01
 Spain 59 18 18 01
 Czech Republic 21 18 21 01 5%
 Hungary 21 18 18 01 5%
 Cyprus 06 18 21 01 1.8%

Popular vote and seat projections[edit]

Seats[edit]

The following table shows the projected number of seats for the groups in the EU Parliament.

Organisation Release
date
Area The Left S&D Greens/EFA Renew EPP ECR ID NI Others Lead
Europe Elects[6] 1 Nov 2022 EU27 55 135 53 106 162 81 66 41 6 27
50–58 124–139 45–57 97–110 147–166 72–85 61–69 35–45 5–8 8–42
Der Föderalist[7] 12 Oct 2022 EU27 52 127 42 100 169 79 63 35 38 42
54 130 48 108 174 84 80 27 44
Der Föderalist[8] 20 Aug 2022 EU27 52 134 47 98 170 75 63 27 39 36
54 137 53 107 175 80 76 23 38
Der Föderalist[9] 22 Jun 2022 EU27 54 133 44 101 165 77 64 31 36 32
56 136 54 106 168 81 79 25 32
Der Föderalist[10] 26 Apr 2022 EU27 59 139 39 97 157 78 64 37 35 18
60 143 49 102 159 84 76 32 16
Der Föderalist[11] 1 Mar 2022 EU27 53 139 36 98 158 78 62 45 36 19
55 142 44 105 160 109 62 28 18
Europe Elects[12] 8 Jan 2022 EU27 49 152 55 99 158 78 62 35 17 6
Der Föderalist[13] 4 Jan 2022 EU27 51 142 39 99 165 73 62 34 40 23
53 146 43 105 166 102 62 28 20
Europe Elects[14] 7 Dec 2021 EU27 50 155 55 103 146 81 75 36 4 9
Der Föderalist[15] 8 Nov 2021 EU27 50 144 42 96 155 75 72 36 35 11
52 148 48 107 156 23 120 51 8
Europe Elects[16] 4 Nov 2021 EU27 50 155 51 102 151 81 75 35 5 4
Europe Elects[17] 8 Oct 2021 EU27 50 154 47 94 156 78 75 36 15 2
Der Föderalist[18] 13 Sep 2021 EU27 54 141 42 98 160 70 75 33 32 19
56 145 48 107 160 22 116 51 15
Der Föderalist[19] 21 Jul 2021 EU27 52 133 45 97 167 71 74 31 35 34
54 138 49 108 168 23 117 48 30
Europe Elects[20] 9 Jul 2021 EU27 52 144 55 94 156 75 77 34 18 12
Europe Elects[21] 5 Jun 2021 EU27 51 146 58 92 155 76 74 35 18 9
Der Föderalist[22] 24 May 2021 EU27 50 125 50 95 167 74 73 33 38 42
52 130 54 109 167 87 74 32 37
Europe Elects[23] 2 May 2021 EU27 52 144 56 93 158 75 74 34 19 14
Europe Elects[24] 2 Apr 2021 EU27 51 151 52 93 159 74 74 32 19 8
Der Föderalist[25] 29 Mar 2021 EU27 52 136 46 96 164 71 73 34 33 28
54 141 49 109 164 85 73 30 23
3 Mar 2021 Hungary's Fidesz party leaves the EPP Group.[26]
Der Föderalist[27] 2 Feb 2021 EU27 52 135 45 94 184 70 71 21 33 49
53 141 48 107 184 73 71 28 49
Europe Elects[28] 5 Jan 2021 EU27 55 138 47 97 190 73 72 22 11 52
Der Föderalist[29] 9 Dec 2020 EU27 52 136 47 93 188 67 73 20 29 52
53 140 40 103 188 73 73 25 48
Europe Elects[30] 2 Dec 2020 EU27 55 136 48 95 195 68 73 23 12 59
Europe Elects[31] 31 Oct 2020 EU27 54 136 48 93 197 70 74 24 9 61
Der Föderalist[32] 12 Oct 2020 EU27 51 127 49 96 193 67 71 21 30 66
52 136 52 102 193 71 71 28 57
Europe Elects[33] 4 Oct 2020 EU27 55 136 49 95 195 71 77 23 4 59
Europe Elects[34] 31 Aug 2020 EU27 55 134 49 96 196 71 75 24 5 62
Europe Elects[35] 14 Aug 2020 EU27 54 134 49 97 198 70 75 23 5 64
Europe Elects[36] 24 Jul 2020 EU27 54 133 48 97 198 71 77 24 3 65
Europe Elects[37] 28 May 2020 EU27 55 135 47 98 197 70 77 23 3 62
Europe Elects[38] 30 Apr 2020 EU27 55 140 46 94 193 72 78 23 4 53
Europe Elects[39] 31 Mar 2020 EU27 57 135 51 92 188 72 83 21 6 53
Europe Elects[40] 29 Feb 2020 EU27 56 133 55 99 184 68 85 21 6 51
Europe Elects[41] 31 Jan 2020 EU27 55 130 53 101 182 70 85 23 6 52
31 Jan 2020 The United Kingdom leaves the European Union.[42]
Europe Elects[43] 31 Dec 2019 EU27 54 131 52 102 182 70 86 25 3 51
Europe Elects[44] 31 Dec 2019 EU28 53 153 52 103 177 103 82 25 3 24
Europe Elects[45] 30 Nov 2019 EU28 49 157 61 107 176 95 80 25 1 19
Europe Elects[45] 31 Aug 2019 EU28 46 151 62 115 175 92 78 30 2 24
Europe Elects[45] 30 Sep 2019 EU28 48 151 63 118 170 87 79 32 3 19
Europe Elects[45] 31 Aug 2019 EU28 47 154 64 116 166 89 80 32 3 12
Europe Elects[45] 31 Jul 2019 EU28 48 153 65 117 168 85 79 33 3 15
Europe Elects[45] 30 Jun 2019 EU28 46 145 74 119 167 64 80 54 2 22
Redistribution of seats after Brexit 1 Feb 2020 EU27 40 148 68 97 187 62 76 27 39
2019 European Parliament election 26 May 2019 EU28 41 154 74 108 182 62 73 57 28

Popular vote[edit]

The chart below depicts opinion polls conducted for the 2024 European Parliament election using a 6-poll moving average. From 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom is not included.

The following table shows the projected popular vote share for the groups in the EU Parliament aggregated on the European level. EU27 excludes the United Kingdom in this context. EU28 includes the United Kingdom.

Organisation Release
date
Area The Left S&D Greens/EFA Renew EPP ECR ID NI Others Lead
Europe Elects[46] 31 Oct 2022 EU27 8.0% 18.3% 8.1% 12.0% 21.6% 11.3% 8.7% 6.1% 5.7% 3.3%
Europe Elects[46] 30 Sep 2022 EU27 8 18.6% 7.8% 12.1% 21.8% 11.3% 8.5% 5.6% 6.3% 3.2%
Europe Elects[46] 31 Aug 2022 EU27 7,7 18.8% 8.6% 11.3% 21.8% 10.6% 8.2% 4.8% 8.2% 3%
Europe Elects[46] 31 Jul 2022 EU27 7,9 19.3% 8.9% 11.3% 21.5% 10.5% 8.6% 4.8% 7.2% 2.2%
Europe Elects[46] 30 Jun 2022 EU27 7,7 19.3% 8.5% 11.9% 20.7% 11.1% 8.5% 5.1% 7.2% 1.4%
Europe Elects[46] 31 May 2022 EU27 7,9 19.7% 7.8% 11.6% 20.2% 11.1% 9.1% 5.5% 7.1% 0.5%
Europe Elects[46] 30 Apr 2022 EU27 8,5 19.7% 7.4% 12.1% 19.2% 11.1% 9.2% 5.4% 7.4% 0.5%
Europe Elects[46] 31 Mar 2022 EU27 7,6 19.9% 7.1% 12.3% 20% 11% 8.5% 6.3% 7.3% 0.1%
Europe Elects[46] 28 Feb 2022 EU27 7,3 19.5% 7.1% 11.7% 20.2% 11% 8.6% 6.7% 7.9% 0.7%
Europe Elects[46] 31 Jan 2022 EU27 6.8% 20.0% 7.0% 12.0% 20.4% 10.2% 9.1% 6.4% 8.1% 0.4%
Europe Elects[46] 31 Dec 2021 EU27 6.7% 20.6% 7.2% 11.9% 20.7% 10.3% 8.8% 5.0% 8.8% 0.1%
Europe Elects[46] 30 Nov 2021 EU27 7.0% 20.4% 7.4% 13.6% 19.2% 10.3% 10.4% 4.8% 6.9% 1.2%
Europe Elects[16] 31 Oct 2021 EU27 6.9% 20.7% 7.2% 13.0% 19.5% 10.7% 10.2% 5.3% 6.5% 1.2%
Europe Elects[17] 30 Sep 2021 EU27 7.3% 20.3% 7.2% 12.0% 20.3% 10.5% 10.3% 5.3% 6.8% Tie
Europe Elects[45] 31 Aug 2021 EU27 7.1% 19.7% 7.4% 12.4% 20.2% 10.3% 10.7% 5.1% 7.1% 0.5%
Europe Elects[45] 31 Jul 2021 EU27 7.2% 18.1% 7.6% 11.8% 21.5% 10.3% 10.6% 5.0% 7.9% 3.4%
Europe Elects[20] 30 Jun 2021 EU27 7.2% 17.9% 8.0% 11.8% 21.2% 10.3% 10.6% 5.0% 8.0% 3.3%
Europe Elects[21] 31 May 2021 EU27 7.8% 18.0% 9.1% 11.4% 20.6% 10.5% 10.4% 5.0% 7.1% 2.6%
Europe Elects[38] 30 Apr 2021 EU27 7.9% 18.3% 8.5% 11.3% 20.3% 10.5% 10.6% 5.1% 7.4% 2.0%
Europe Elects[39] 31 Mar 2021 EU27 8.0% 18.7% 8.2% 11.2% 21.6% 10.2% 10.8% 4.9% 6.3% 2.9%
3 Mar 2021 Hungary's Fidesz party leaves the EPP Group.[26]
Europe Elects[28] 28 Feb 2021 EU27 7.9% 18.9% 7.5% 11.1% 23.1% 10.3% 10.8% 3.8% 6.6% 4.2%
Europe Elects[28] 31 Jan 2021 EU27 8.2% 18.6% 7.5% 10.9% 24.4% 10.1% 10.5% 3.8% 6.0% 5.8%
Europe Elects[28] 31 Dec 2020 EU27 8.4% 18.9% 7.5% 10.9% 24.1% 10.2% 10.5% 3.6% 5.9% 5.2%
Europe Elects[30] 30 Nov 2020 EU27 8.2% 18.5% 7.7% 10.9% 24.8% 9.5% 10.5% 3.8% 6.0% 6.3%
Europe Elects[31] 31 Oct 2020 EU27 7.6% 18.4% 7.7% 10.8% 25.0% 9.9% 10.6% 4.0% 6.1% 6.6%
Europe Elects[33] 30 Sep 2020 EU27 7.9% 17.9% 7.8% 11.4% 24.4% 9.7% 11.0% 4.1% 5.7% 6.5%
Europe Elects[34] 31 Aug 2020 EU27 8.1% 18.3% 7.4% 11.5% 25.0% 9.6% 10.9% 4.1% 5.2% 6.7%
Europe Elects[35] 31 Jul 2020 EU27 8.0% 18.0% 7.2% 11.5% 25.3% 9.4% 10.8% 3.8% 6.0% 7.3%
Europe Elects[36] 30 Jun 2020 EU27 8.3% 17.9% 7.4% 11.6% 25.7% 9.5% 10.9% 4.1% 4.6% 7.8%
Europe Elects[37] 31 May 2020 EU27 8.2% 18.0% 7.2% 11.3% 25.2% 9.6% 11.1% 4.0% 5.4% 7.2%
Europe Elects[38] 30 Apr 2020 EU27 8.2% 18.5% 7.2% 10.9% 25.3% 9.8% 11.4% 3.9% 4.7% 6.8%
Europe Elects[39] 31 Mar 2020 EU27 8.5% 18.2% 8.0% 10.7% 24.1% 10.0% 11.8% 3.8% 4.9% 5.9%
Europe Elects[40] 29 Feb 2020 EU27 9.1% 18.0% 8.4% 10.9% 22.7% 9.7% 12.5% 3.8% 4.9% 4.7%
Europe Elects[41] 31 Jan 2020 EU27 8.0% 18.6% 8.4% 12.4% 20.5% 12.1% 12.1% 4.0% 3.9% 1.9%
31 Jan 2020 The United Kingdom leaves the European Union.[42]
Europe Elects[45] 31 Dec 2019 EU28 8.1% 18.8% 8.2% 11.8% 20.9% 12.4% 11.9% 4.2% 3.7% 2.1%
Europe Elects[45] 30 Nov 2019 EU28 8.0% 18.4% 8.4% 12.3% 20.3% 12.0% 12.0% 4.0% 3.8% 1.9%
Europe Elects[45] 31 Oct 2019 EU28 6.5% 17.8% 8.3% 13.1% 20.3% 10.0% 11.3% 4.8% 7.9% 2.5%
Europe Elects[45] 30 Sep 2019 EU28 6.6% 19.5% 8.3% 12.3% 19.6% 9.7% 11.3% 4.8% 7.9% 0.1%
Europe Elects[45] 31 Aug 2019 EU28 6.9% 19.0% 8.7% 12.9% 20.0% 9.6% 11.4% 5.6% 5.9% 1.0%
Europe Elects[45] 31 Jul 2019 EU28 6.6% 19.0% 9.4% 12.8% 19.3% 9.3% 11.5% 5.3% 6.7% 0.3%
Europe Elects[45] 30 Jun 2019 EU28 6.9% 18.9% 10.3% 13.3% 19.1% 9.8% 11.4% 5.1% 5.2% 0.2%
2019 European Parliament election[47] 26 May 2019 EU27 7.0% 18.9% 11.2% 12.3% 22.6% 8.1% 11.5% 4.3% 4.1% 3.7%
2019 European Parliament election[45] EU28 6.5% 18.5% 11.7% 13.0% 21.0% 8.2% 10.8% 4.8% 5.5% 2.5%

References[edit]

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