2024 Lithuanian parliamentary election

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2024 Lithuanian parliamentary election
Lithuania
← 2020 On or before 6 October 2024

All 141 seats in the Seimas
71 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader Current seats
TS–LKD Gabrielius Landsbergis 50
LVŽS Ramūnas Karbauskis 20
DSVL Saulius Skvernelis 16
LRLS Viktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen 13
LSDP Vilija Blinkevičiūtė 12
LP Aušrinė Armonaitė 11
DP Viktor Uspaskich 9
LLRA–KŠS Valdemar Tomaševski 3
LRP Jonas Pinskus 3
LT Remigijus Žemaitaitis 1
Independents 3
Incumbent Prime Minister
Ingrida Simonyte 2019 crop.jpg Ingrida Šimonytė
Independent

The next parliamentary election in Lithuania will be held on or before 6 October 2024, with a second round two weeks thereafter.

Electoral system[edit]

The Seimas has 141 members, elected to a four-year term in parallel voting, with 71 members elected in single-seat constituencies and 70 members elected by proportional representation.[1] The voting in the elections is open to all citizens of Lithuania who are at least 18 years old.

Parliament members in the 71 single-seat constituencies are elected in a majority vote, with a run-off held within 15 days, if necessary. The remaining 70 seats are allocated to the participating political parties using the largest remainder method. Parties normally need to receive at least 5% (7% for multi-party electoral lists) of the votes to be eligible for a seat. Candidates take the seats allocated to their parties based on the preference lists submitted before the election and adjusted by preference votes given by the voters.[1]

After passing amendment of Constitution's article № 56 in April 2022, to be eligible for election, candidates must be at least 21 years old on the election day, not under allegiance to a foreign state and permanently reside in Lithuania,[2] while previously, candidates needed to be at least 25 years old on the election day. Persons serving or due to serve a sentence imposed by the court 65 days before the election are not eligible. Also, judges, citizens performing military service, and servicemen of professional military service and officials of statutory institutions and establishments may not stand for election.[1] In addition, a person who has been removed from office through impeachment may be elected after 10 year period after impeachment.[3][4]

Impeached politicians that will be eligible for reelection[edit]

Politician Party Impeachment date Eligibility for standing date
President of Republic Rolandas Paksas Independent 6 April 2004 6 April 2014
Member of Seimas Linas Karalius National Resurrection Party 11 November 2010 11 November 2020
Member of Seimas Neringa Venckienė The Way of Courage 19 June 2014 19 June 2024

Opinion polls[edit]

Parliamentary election poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order. The highest percentage figure in each poll is displayed in bold, and its background is shaded in the leading party's colour. The "Lead" column shows the percentage point difference between the two parties with the highest figures.

Pollster Fieldwork dates Sample size TS–LKD LVŽS DP LSDP LP LRLS LLRA LRP LCP LT DSVL Lead
Spinter tyrimai 20–28 April 2022 1,007 20.1 10.2 6.1 13.9 6.5 9.3 6.4 14.8 5.3
Baltijos tyrimai 13–28 April 2022 1,009 14.7 6.6 6.3 19.0 2.9 9.5 3.8 1.0 1.0 10.7 22.0 3.0
Open Agency/Norstat 15–22 April 2022[a] 1,000 23.4 11.8 4.5 16.6 6.5 7.1 2.5 1.3 2.0 5.5 12.4 6.8
Spinter tyrimai 17–25 March 2022 1,007 19.3 9.7 6.2 15.1 5.5 8.9 6.9 15.8 3.5
Baltijos tyrimai 10–24 March 2022 1,000 13.3 7.5 7.7 18.0 4.2 10.7 5.0 2.1 0.9 9.8 18.8 0.8
Vilmorus 10–19 March 2022 1,005 19.0 10.7 6.9 23.0 2.3 8.2 1.3 4.0 3.5 19.8 3.2
Baltijos tyrimai 22 February – 3 March 2022 1,017 16.6 8.7 8.8 17.1 4.1 9.5 3.7 1.4 0.7 8.8 19.5 2.4
Spinter tyrimai 17–25 February 2022 1,010 17.3 9.6 9.4 17.6 6.5 8.6 5.9 12.5 0.3
Vilmorus 3–8 February 2022 1,005 15.8 12.8 8.6 26.9 3.2 7.7 1.5 3.6 17.8 9.1
Baltijos tyrimai 24 January – 4 February 2022 1,022 11.9 13.4 13.4 23.9 4.5 10.5 4.5 1.5 1.5 11.9 13.5
Spinter tyrimai 17–29 January 2022 1,010 16.9 11.2 8.7 14.9 7.9 9.6 5.8 11.9 2.0
Spinter tyrimai 13–25 December 2021 1,012 17.0 10.6 6.6 17.2 7.4 11.3 5.7 11.3 0.2
Open Agency/Norstat 10–18 December 2021[b] 1,002 24.6 8.9 7.5 17.8 4.6 9.8 2.4 0.9 4.9 10.5 6.8
Vilmorus 10–18 December 2021 1,000 17.5 13.7 9.9 32.0 3.8 10.9 1.2 5.5 14.5
Baltijos tyrimai 16 November – 2 December 2021 1,009 15.5 15.0 7.8 25.7 4.1 11.2 3.3 2.6 2.6 10.1 10.2
Spinter tyrimai 11–28 November 2021 1,015 16.5 13.4 9.0 19.4 8.0 9.0 3.0 5.0 2.9
Vilmorus 18–27 November 2021 1,000 19.3 17.6 8.7 27.3 4.7 9.4 3.2 4.5 8.0
Baltijos tyrimai 17 October – 5 November 2021 1,004 14.1 14.1 10.3 26.7 3.1 10.9 4.3 2.0 2.3 10.4 12.7
Spinter tyrimai 18–28 October 2021 1,015 17.4 13.2 9.8 19.5 7.4 11.4 4.4 2.1
Vilmorus 15–22 October 2021 1,000 16.7 16.1 9.8 28.9 4.6 10.8 2.2 5.2 12.2
Baltijos tyrimai 17 September – 3 October 2021 1,004 15.5 15.1 7.8 25.7 4.1 11.2 3.4 2.7 2.7 10.2 10.2
Spinter tyrimai 17–26 September 2021 1,009 18.6 13.8 9.4 21.2 8.0 10.1 3.0 2.6
Vilmorus 9–16 September 2021 1,003 21.6 17.4 9.4 29.6 3.0 10.1 2.0 2.5 8.0
Spinter tyrimai 24–31 August 2021 1,014 18.9 17.3 9.5 18.6 8.3 10.9 4.5 0.3
Baltijos tyrimai 20–31 August 2021 1,006 15.7 17.3 7.4 25.9 5.0 9.1 5.5 2.5 8.6 8.6
Vilmorus 29 July – 5 August 2021 1,000 19.5 23.2 8.7 23.6 4.4 8.1 2.6 4.0 0.4
Spinter tyrimai 17–28 June 2021 1,003 20.8 22.8 6.3 15.3 8.5 10.9 2.7 2.0
Vilmorus 9–18 June 2021 N/A 20.2 25.9 8.9 22.8 5.0 10.3 1.4 3.4 5.7
Baltijos tyrimai 20 May – 2 June 2021 1,018 17.3 22.0 11.9 20.0 5.4 12.9 4.9 5.1 2.0
Spinter tyrimai 18–28 May 2021 1,011 23.0 22.0 7.6 10.9 8.6 12.6 2.7 1.0
Vilmorus 11–21 May 2021 1,004 24.5 26.8 7.3 16.9 5.8 10.2 2.1 5.1 2.3
Spinter tyrimai 19–28 April 2021 1,006 23.7 23.1 7.4 8.2 9.0 12.5 3.6 0.6
Vilmorus 8–17 April 2021 1,001 29.2 26.5 6.7 11.7 6.9 9.1 1.0 7.0 2.7
Spinter tyrimai 17–23 March 2021 1,011 23.5 21.1 7.4 8.6 9.8 12.8 3.9 3.0 2.4
Spinter tyrimai 17–26 February 2021 1,014 25.6 18.3 5.8 6.5 11.8 12.9 4.5 4.3 7.3
Spinter tyrimai 18–27 January 2021 1,013 27.2 16.1 6 8.5 11.8 12.6 4.2 2.4 11.1
Spinter tyrimai 10–20 December 2020 1,007 23.3 19.7 8.1 7.8 11.7 12.1 4.6 3.6
Baltijos tyrimai 6–30 November 2020 1,004 22.7 19.0 10.5 9.4 11.3 12.9 4.7 1.9 2.5 4.2 3.7
2020 parliamentary election 1,174,843 25.77 18.07 9.77 9.59 9.45 7.05 4.97 3.28 2.36 2.06 7.7

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Law on Elections to the Seimas". Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. 14 May 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  2. ^ "XIV-1030 Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucijos 56 straipsnio pakeitimo įstatymas".
  3. ^ "XIV-1029 Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucijos 74 straipsnio pakeitimo įstatymas".
  4. ^ "Konstitucinis Teismas R. Paksui vilties nesuteikė" [The constitutional court did not give R. Paksas hope]. Delfi.lt (in Lithuanian). 20 March 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  1. ^ Lithuanian Green Party 0.9%
  2. ^ National Alliance 1.7%, Lithuanian Green Party 0.9%, hypothetically parties: United Lithuania 2.9%, Second Lithuania 1.3%, Lithuanian Family Movement 1.3%