2024 in public domain
When a work's copyright expires, it enters the public domain. The following is a list of works that enter the public domain in 2024. Since laws vary globally, the copyright status of some works are not uniform.
Countries with life + 70 years
With the exception of Belarus (Life + 50 years) and Spain (which has a copyright term of Life + 80 years for creators that died before 1987), a work enters the public domain in Europe 70 years after the creator's death, if it was published during the creator's lifetime. For previously unpublished material, those who publish it first will have the publication rights for 25 years. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator.
|Hans Aanrud||Norway||3 September 1863||11 January 1953||Writer|
|Tamar Abakelia||Georgia||19 August 1905||14 May 1953||Sculptor|
|Abdullah Yusuf Ali||India||14 April 1872||10 December 1953||Translator||The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary|
|Dimitri Arakishvili||Georgia||11 February 1873||13 August 1953||Composer||The Legend of Shota Rustaveli|
|Walter Armitage||South Africa||1 June 1906||22 February 1953||Playwright|
|Vladimir Bakaleinikov||Russia||3 October 1885||5 November 1953||Composer, conductor|
|Rudolf Bauer||Germany||11 February 1889||28 November 1953||Painter|
|Arnold Bax||United Kingdom||8 November 1883||3 October 1953||Composer, writer||List of compositions by Arnold Bax|
|Hilaire Belloc||United Kingdom||27 July 1870||16 July 1953||Writer||Hilaire Belloc bibliography|
|Róbert Berény||Hungary||18 March 1887||10 September 1953||Painter||Sleeping Lady with Black Vase|
|Henri Bernstein||France||20 June 1876||27 November 1953||Playwright||Samson, Mélo|
|Elsa Beskow||Sweden||11 February 1874||30 June 1953||Writer, illustrator|
|Ugo Betti||Italy||4 February 1892||9 June 1953||Playwright, judge||The Fugitive|
|Henrik Bull||Norway||28 March 1864||2 June 1953||Architect||National Theatre|
|Ivan Bunin||Russia||4 February 1892||9 June 1953||Writer||List of short stories by Ivan Bunin, List of poems by Ivan Bunin|
|Harold Cazneaux||Australia||30 March 1878||19 June 1953||Photographer|
|Ahmed Ghulam Ali Chagla||Pakistan||31 May 1902||5 February 1953||Composer||"Qaumi Taranah"|
|Albert Coates||United Kingdom||23 April 1882||11 December 1953||Composer, conductor|
|Ruth Crawford Seeger||United States||3 July 1901||18 November 1953||Composer||String Quartet 1931|
|Raoul Dufy||France||3 June 1877||23 March 1953||Painter|
|Edmund Dulac||France||22 October 1882||25 May 1953||Illustrator|
|Jean Epstein||France||25 March 1897||2 April 1953||Film director||The Fall of the House of Usher|
|Georges Le Faure||France||12 June 1856||25 May 1953||Writer|
|Emil Filla||Czech Republic||4 April 1882||7 October 1953||Painter|
|Konstanty Ildefons Gałczyński||Poland||23 January 1905||6 December 1953||Poet|
|Albert Gleizes||France||8 December 1881||23 June 1953||Painter, writer||List of works by Albert Gleizes|
|Milt Gross||United States||4 March 1895||29 November 1953||Cartoonist|
|Guccio Gucci||Italy||26 March 1881||2 January 1953||Fashion designer|
|Sophia Hayden||United States||17 October 1868||3 February 1953||Architect||The Woman's Building|
|Mary Brewster Hazelton||United States||23 November 1868||13 September 1953||Painter|
|Tatsuo Hori||Japan||28 December 1904||28 May 1953||Writer||The Wind Has Risen|
|Curuppumullage Jinarajadasa||Sri Lanka||16 December 1875||18 June 1953||Writer||Art as a factor in the soul's evolution|
|Joseph Jongen||Belgium||14 December 1873||12 July 1953||Composer||Mass, Op. 130|
|Emmerich Kálmán||Hungary||24 October 1882||30 October 1953||Composer|
|Thiru. V. Kalyanasundaram||India||26 August 1883||17 September 1953||Writer|
|Moïse Kisling||France||22 January 1891||29 April 1953||Painter|
|Eduard Künneke||Germany||27 January 1885||27 October 1953||Composer||The Cousin from Nowhere|
|Jorge de Lima||Brazil||23 April 1893||15 November 1953||Politician, writer|
|Oskar Luts||Estonia||7 January 1887||23 March 1953||Writer, playwright|
|Kornel Makuszyński||Poland||8 January 1884||31 July 1953||Writer||Koziołek Matołek|
|Herman J. Mankiewicz||United States||7 November 1897||5 March 1953||Screenwriter||Citizen Kane|
|Emmanuel de Margerie||France||11 November 1862||20 December 1953||Geographer|
|John Marin||United States||23 December 1870||2 October 1953||Painter|
|Daniel Gregory Mason||United States||20 November 1873||4 December 1953||Composer, music critic|
|Erich Mendelsohn||Germany||21 March 1887||15 September 1953||Architect||List of works by Erich Mendelsohn|
|Moses Milner||Russia||29 December 1886||25 October 1953||Composer|
|Mime Misu||Romania||29 December 1886||25 October 1953||Dancer, film director||In Nacht und Eis, Das Mirakel|
|Vera Mukhina||Soviet Union||1 July 1889||6 October 1953||Sculptor, painter||Worker and Kolkhoz Woman|
|Sulaiman Nadvi||Pakistan||22 November 1884||22 November 1953||Writer||Khutbat-e-madras|
|Ibrahim Nagi||Egypt||1 July 1889||6 October 1953||Poet||"Al-Atlal"|
|Francesco Saverio Nitti||Italy||19 July 1868||20 February 1953||Politician|
|Eugene O'Neill||United States||16 October 1888||27 November 1953||Playwright||Long Day's Journey into Night|
|Francis Picabia||France||22 January 1879||30 November 1953||Painter||List of works by Francis Picabia|
|Joseph Pinchon||France||17 April 1871||20 June 1953||Illustrator||Bécassine|
|Uroš Predić||Serbia||7 December 1857||12 February 1953||Painter||Happy Brothers|
|Alice Prin||France||22 January 1879||30 November 1953||Model, painter, writer||Kiki's Memoirs|
|Sergei Prokofiev||Russia||27 April 1891||5 March 1953||Composer, conductor||List of compositions by Sergei Prokofiev|
|Vsevolod Pudovkin||Russia||16 February 1893||30 June 1953||Film director, screenwriter|
|Roger Quilter||United Kingdom||1 November 1877||21 September 1953||Composer||Arnold Book of Old Songs|
|Rachilde||France||11 February 1860||4 April 1953||Writer||Monsieur Vénus|
|Graciliano Ramos||Brazil||27 October 1892||20 March 1953||Writer, translator||Vidas secas|
|Django Reinhardt||France||23 January 1910||16 May 1953||Composer, musician|
|Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings||United States||8 August 1896||14 December 1953||Author||The Yearling|
|Ludomir Różycki||Poland||18 September 1883||1 January 1953||Composer|
|Rudolph Schindler||United States||10 September 1887||22 August 1953||Architect||Schindler House|
|Everett Shinn||United States||6 November 1876||1 May 1953||Painter|
|Joseph Stalin||Russia||18 December 1879||5 March 1953||Politician||Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR|
|Vladimir Tatlin||Russia||28 December 1885||31 May 1953||Painter, architect||Tatlin's Tower|
|Neyzen Tevfik||Turkey||24 March 1879||28 January 1953||Poet, satirist|
|Jérôme Tharaud||France||18 May 1874||28 January 1953||Writer|
|Dylan Thomas||Wales||27 October 1914||9 November 1953||Poet||List of works by Dylan Thomas|
|Totius||South Africa||21 February 1877||1 July 1953||Poet|
|Julian Tuwim||Poland||13 September 1894||27 December 1953||Poet||"Murzynek Bambo"|
|Bernard Carra de Vaux||France||1867||1953||Orientalist|
|Vydūnas||Lithuania||22 March 1868||20 February 1953||Poet|
|Erich Weinert||Germany||4 August 1890||20 April 1953||Writer|
|Hank Williams||United States||17 September 1923||1 January 1953||Singer-songwriter||List of songs written by Hank Williams|
|Arthur Wimperis||United Kingdom||3 December 1874||14 October 1953||Lyricist, screenwriter|
|Friedrich Wolf||Germany||23 December 1888||5 October 1953||Writer||Professor Mamlock|
|Xu Beihong||China||19 July 1895||26 September 1953||Painter|
|Vsevolod Zaderatsky||Russia||21 December 1891||1 February 1953||Composer|
|John Stepan Zamecnik||United States||14 May 1872||13 June 1953||Composer|
Countries with life + 60 years
In Bangladesh, India, and Venezuela a work enters the public domain 60 years after the creator's death.
|Babu Gulabrai||India||17 January 1888||13 April 1963||Writer|
|Amar Nath Kak||India||1889||1963||Writer|
|Rajendra Prasad||India||3 December 1893||28 February 1963||Politician, writer|
|Acharya Shivpujan Sahay||India||9 August 1893||21 January 1963||Writer|
|Laxminarayan Sahu||India||3 October 1890||18 January 1963||Writer|
|Rahul Sankrityayan||India||9 April 1893||14 April 1963||Activist, writer|
|Anasuya Shankar||India||1 September 1928||29 July 1963||Writer|
Countries with life + 50 years
In most countries of Africa and Asia, as well as Belarus, Bolivia, New Zealand, and Uruguay, a work enters the public domain 50 years after the creator's death.
|Zainal Abidin Ahmad||Malaysia||16 September 1895||23 October 1973||Writer, linguist|
|Charles Brasch||New Zealand||27 July 1909||20 May 1973||Poet|
|Isabel Peacocke||New Zealand||31 January 1881||12 October 1973||Children's writer|
|Pablo Picasso||Spain||25 October 1881||8 April 1973||Painter|
|William Plomer||South Africa||10 December 1903||20 September 1973||Writer|
|J. R. R. Tolkien||United Kingdom||3 January 1892||2 September 1973||Writer, philologist||J. R. R. Tolkien bibliography|
Countries with life + 80 years
Spain has a copyright term of life + 80 years for creators that died before 1987. In Colombia and Equatorial Guinea a work enters the public domain 80 years after the creator's death.
|Carlos Arniches||Spain||11 October 1866||16 April 1943||Playwright|
|Edward Heron-Allen||United Kingdom||17 December 1861||28 March 1943||Author and scientist|
|Sophie Taeuber-Arp||Switzerland||19 January 1889||13 January 1943||Artist and sculptor|
|George Washington Carver||United States||1864||5 January 1943||Agricultural scientist, Inventor||Carver bulletins|
|Hanns Heinz Ewers||Germany||3 November 1871||12 June 1943||Author, poet and actor||Alraune|
|Nordahl Grieg||Norway||1 November 1902||2 December 1943||Author, poet and political activist||Til Ungdommen ("To the Youth")|
|Stephen Haggard||United Kingdom||21 March 1911||25 February 1943||Author and actor|
|Lorenz Hart||United States||2 May 1895||22 November 1943||Lyricist||Works|
|W. W. Jacobs||United Kingdom||8 September 1863||1 September 1943||Author||The Monkey's Paw|
|Carmen Karr||Spain||16 March 1865||29 December 1943||Activist, composer|
|Francisco Rodríguez Marín||Spain||27 January 1855||9 June 1943||Poet|
|A. Merritt||United States||20 January 1884||21 August 1943||Author and editor||The Moon Pool|
|John R. Neill||United States||12 November 1877||19 September 1943||Children's book illustrator||Land of Oz|
|José Jurado de la Parra||Spain||8 February 1856||21 July 1943||Poet, playwright|
|Beatrix Potter||United Kingdom||28 July 1866||22 December 1943||Writer||The Tale of Peter Rabbit|
|Sergei Rachmaninoff||Russia||1 April 1873||28 March 1943||Composer||Works|
|Jenő Rejtő||Hungary||29 March 1905||1 January 1943||Author|
|Nikola Tesla||Serbia||1 April 1873||28 March 1943||Inventor, Engineer, Futurist||Various writings|
|Gustav Vigeland||Norway||11 April 1869||12 March 1943||Sculptor|
Australia and Canada
In 2004 copyright in Australia changed from a "plus 50" law to a "plus 70" law, in line with the United States and the European Union. But the change was not made retroactive (unlike the 1995 change in the European Union which bought some e.g. British authors back into copyright, especially those who died from 1925 to 1944). Hence the work of an author who died before 1955 is normally in the public domain in Australia; but the copyright of authors was extended to 70 years after death for those who died in 1955 or later, and no more Australian authors will come out of copyright until 1 January 2026 (those who died in 1955).
Similarly, Canada amended its Copyright Act in 2022 from a "plus 50" law to a "plus 70" law, coming into force on December 30, 2022, but not reviving expired copyright. No more new Canadian authors will come out of copyright until 1 January 2043 (those who died in 1972).
Under the Copyright Term Extension Act, books published in 1928, films released in 1928, and other works published in 1928, enter the public domain in 2024. Sound recordings that were published in 1923 enter the public domain.
Unpublished works whose authors died in 1953 enter the public domain.
The earliest incarnation of Mickey Mouse as well as Minnie Mouse enters the public domain work in 2024 through Steamboat Willie and The Gallopin' Gaucho. The House at Pooh Corner by A. A. Milne, including the character Tigger, enters the public domain in 2024. Notable films entering the public domain in the United States include Abie's Irish Rose, Charlie Chaplin's The Circus, In Old Arizona, The Man Who Laughs, Noah's Ark, The Passion of Joan of Arc, The Singing Fool, and Harold Lloyd's final silent feature Speedy.
Additional notable works entering the public domain in the United States include Lady Chatterley's Lover by D. H. Lawrence, Orlando: A Biography by Virginia Woolf, The Well of Loneliness by Radclyffe Hall, Decline and Fall by Evelyn Waugh, The Mystery of the Blue Train by Agatha Christie, Story of the Eye by Georges Bataille, The Threepenny Opera by Bertolt Brecht, and An American in Paris by George Gershwin.
- 1953 in literature and 1973 in literature for deaths of writers
- Public Domain Day
- Creative Commons
- ^ "How long does copyright last?". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
- ^ "An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on April 7, 2022 and other measures". Parliament of Canada. 2022-06-23. Retrieved 2022-11-28.
- ^ "PC Number: 2022-1219". Government of Canada. 2022-11-17. Retrieved 2022-11-28.
- ^ "Copyright and the Public Domain". Public Domain Information Project. Archived from the original on 2014-08-01. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
- ^ Hirtle, Peter B. (3 January 2020). "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States". Cornell University Library Copyright Information Center. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
- ^ "Mickey's Headed to the Public Domain! But Will He Go Quietly? – Office of Copyright". Office of Copyright. 2014-10-17.
- Media related to Undelete in 2024 at Wikimedia Commons
- "Authors by Year of Death – 1953". AuthorAndBookInfo.com.
- Popular Books of 1928 at Goodreads