2024 in public domain

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When a work's copyright expires, it enters the public domain. The following is a list of works that enter the public domain in 2024. Since laws vary globally, the copyright status of some works are not uniform.

Entering the public domain in countries with life + 70 years[edit]

With the exception of Belarus (Life + 50 years) and Spain (which has a copyright term of Life + 80 years for creators that died before 1987), a work enters the public domain in Europe 70 years after the creator's death, if it was published during the creator's lifetime. For previously unpublished material, those who publish it first will have the publication rights for 25 years. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator that entered the public domain on 1 January 2024.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Vladimir Bakaleinikov  Russia 3 October 1885 5 November 1953 Composer and conductor Elementary Rules of Conducting for Orchestra, Band and Chorus
Elsa Beskow  Sweden 11 February 1874 30 June 1953 Author and illustrator of children's books Aunt Green, Aunt Brown and Aunt Lavender
Children of the Forest
Peter in Blueberry Land
Ugo Betti  Italy 4 February 1892 9 June 1953 Judge and playwright Works
Ibrahim Lama [fr]  Egypt 1904 14 May 1953 Director, Screenwriter Kubla fil Sahara
Jorge de Lima  Brazil 23 April 1893 15 November 1953 Politician, Physician, Poet, Novelist, Biographer, Essayist, Translator, Painter Works
Moses Milner  Russia 29 December 1886 25 October 1953 Composer
Francesco Saverio Nitti  Italy 19 July 1868 20 February 1953 Politician Works
Francis Picabia  France 22 January 1879 30 November 1953 Painter Amorous Parade
Sergei Prokofiev  Russia 27 April 1891 5 March 1953 Composer and conductor Dance of the Knights, The Love for Three Oranges
Joseph Stalin  Russia 18 December 1879 5 March 1953 Politician, leader of the Soviet Union Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSR
Marcelo Tupinambá [pt]  Brazil 29 May 1889 4 July 1953 Composer
Graciliano Ramos  Brazil 27 October 1892 20 March 1953 Writer and translator Vidas secas
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings  United States 8 August 1896 14 December 1953 Author The Yearling
Ludomir Różycki  Poland 18 September 1883 1 January 1953 Composer Pan Twardowski
Hank Williams  United States 17 September 1923 1 January 1953 Singer, Songwriter, Musician Works
Vsevolod Zaderatsky  Russia 21 December 1891 1 February 1953 Composer
John Stepan Zamecnik  United States 14 May 1872 13 June 1953 Composer

Entering the public domain in Spain[edit]

Spain has a copyright term of life + 80 years for creators that died before 1987. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator that entered the public domain on 1 January 2024.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
George Washington Carver  United States 1864 5 January 1943 Agricultural scientist, Inventor Carver bulletins
Lorenz Hart  United States 2 May 1895 22 November 1943 Lyricist Works
Beatrix Potter  United Kingdom 28 July 1866 22 December 1943 Writer The Tale of Peter Rabbit
Sergei Rachmaninoff  Russia 1 April 1873 28 March 1943 Composer Works
Nikola Tesla  Austrian Empire 1 April 1873 28 March 1943 Inventor, Engineer, Futurist Various writings

Countries with life + 60 years[edit]

India

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work

Entering the public domain in countries with life + 50 years[edit]

In most countries of Africa and Asia, as well as Belarus, Bolivia, Canada, New Zealand, Egypt and Uruguay; a work enters the public domain 50 years after the creator's death.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Martti Haavio  Finland 22 January 1899 4 February 1973 Poet, Folklorist, Mythologist Bjarmien vallan kukoistus ja tuho
Lyndon B. Johnson  United States 27 August 1908 22 January 1973 Politician, President of the United States Choices We Face, The Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963-1969
Jacques Maritain  France 18 November 1882 28 April 1973 Philosopher Works
Pablo Neruda  Chile 12 July 1904 23 September 1973 Poet Works
Pablo Picasso  Spain 25 October 1881 8 April 1973 Painter
J. R. R. Tolkien  United Kingdom 3 January 1892 2 September 1973 Writer, Poet, Philologist The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings

Entering the public domain in Australia[edit]

In 2004 copyright in Australia changed from a "plus 50" law to a "plus 70" law, in line with America and the European Union. But the change was not made retroactive (unlike the 1995 change in the European Union which bought some e.g. British authors back into copyright, especially those who died from 1925 to 1944). Hence the work of an author who died before 1955 is normally in the public domain in Australia; but the copyright of authors was extended to 70 years after death for those who died in 1955 or later, and no more Australian authors will come out of copyright until 1 January 2026 (those who died in 1955).[1]

Entering the public domain in the United States[edit]

Under the Copyright Term Extension Act, books published in 1928, films released in 1928, and other works published in 1928, will enter the public domain in 2024.[2] Sound recordings that were published in 1924 will enter the public domain.[3]

Unpublished works whose authors died in 1953 will enter the public domain.

Among the works that will enter public domain in 2024 are the silent version of Charlie Chaplin's The Circus, Harold Lloyd's final silent feature Speedy, Orlando: A Biography by Virginia Woolf, Lady Chatterley's Lover by D. H. Lawrence, The Well of Loneliness by Radclyffe Hall, The Threepenny Opera by Bertolt Brecht, "The Call of Cthulhu" by H. P. Lovecraft, and the last book about Winnie-the-Pooh by A. A. Milne: The House at Pooh Corner.

The earliest incarnation of Mickey Mouse will be a public domain work in 2024 through Steamboat Willie and The Gallopin' Gaucho.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How long does copyright last? | National Library of Australia". www.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Copyright and the Public Domain". Public Domain Information Project. Archived from the original on 2014-08-01. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  3. ^ Hirtle, Peter B. (3 January 2020). "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States". Cornell University Library Copyright Information Center. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Mickey's Headed to the Public Domain! But Will He Go Quietly? – Office of Copyright". Office of Copyright. 2014-10-17.

External links[edit]