2025 in public domain

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When a work's copyright expires, it enters the public domain. The following is a list of works that enter the public domain in 2025. Since laws vary globally, the copyright status of some works are not uniform.

Entering the public domain in countries with life + 70 years[edit]

With the exception of Belarus (Life + 50 years) and Spain (which has a copyright term of Life + 80 years for creators that died before 1987), a work enters the public domain in Europe 70 years after the creator's death, if it was published during the creator's lifetime. For previously unpublished material, those who publish it first will have the publication rights for 25 years. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator that entered the public domain on 1 January 2025.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Franco Alfano  Italy 8 March 1875 27 October 1954 Composer Risurrezione
Oswald de Andrade  Brazil 11 January 1890 22 October 1954 Writer Several
Enrico Cavacchioli [it]  Italy 15 March 1885 4 January 1954 Journalist Works
E. Ray Goetz  United States 12 June 1886 12 June 1954 Composer, songwriter For Me and My Gal
Heinz Guderian  Germany 17 June 1888 14 May 1954 General Achtung – Panzer! & Panzer Leader
James Hilton  United Kingdom 9 September 1900 20 December 1954 Novelist Goodbye, Mr. Chips & Lost Horizon
Raymond Hubbell  United States 1 June 1879 13 December 1954 Writer, composer, lyricist Poor Butterfly
Achille Longo  Italy 28 March 1900 28 May 1954 Composer Compositions
Gino Loria  Italy 19 May 1862 30 January 1954 Mathematician Books
Getúlio Vargas  Brazil 19 April 1882 24 August 1954 Politician Carta Testamento
Alpheus Hyatt Verrill  United States 23 July 1871 14 November 1954 Zoologist, explorer, inventor, illustrator and science fiction author

Entering the public domain in Spain[edit]

Spain has a copyright term of life + 80 years for creators that died before 1987. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator that entered the public domain on 1 January 2025.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński  Poland 22 January 1921 4 August 1944 Poet
Winsor McCay  United States 1866–71 26 July 1944 Cartoonist, illustrator and animator Little Nemo
Dream of the Rarebit Fiend
Gertie the Dinosaur
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry  France 29 June 1900 31 July 1944 Writer The Little Prince
W. Heath Robinson  United Kingdom 13 May 1872 13 September 1944 Cartoonist, illustrator, artist

Countries with life + 60 years[edit]

India

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work

Entering the public domain in countries with life + 50 years[edit]

In most countries of Africa and Asia, as well as Belarus, Bolivia, Canada, New Zealand, Egypt and Uruguay; a work enters the public domain 50 years after the creator's death.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Farid al-Atrash  Syria
 Egypt
1917 26 December 1974 Musician
Julius Evola  Italy 19 May 1898 11 June 1974 Philosopher Revolt Against the Modern World
Robert Charles Zaehner  United Kingdom 8 April 1913 24 November 1974 Historian of religion, Spy Zurvan. A Zoroastrian Dilemma, Mysticism: Sacred and Profane, Our Savage God

Entering the public domain in Australia[edit]

In 2004 copyright in Australia changed from a "plus 50" law to a "plus 70" law, in line with America and the European Union. But the change was not made retroactive (unlike the 1995 change in the European Union which bought some e.g. British authors back into copyright, especially those who died from 1925 to 1944). Hence the work of an author who died before 1955 is normally in the public domain in Australia; but the copyright of authors was extended to 70 years after death for those who died in 1955 or later, and no more Australian authors will come out of copyright until 1 January 2026 (those who died in 1955).[1]

Entering the public domain in the United States[edit]

Under the Copyright Term Extension Act, books published in 1929, films released in 1929, and other works published in 1929, will enter the public domain in 2025.[2] Sound recordings that were published in 1925 will enter the public domain.[3]

Unpublished works whose authors died in 1954 will enter the public domain.

Among the works that will enter public domain in 2025 is the first film of The Marx Brothers, The Cocoanuts, Ernest Hemingway's novel A Farewell to Arms, and the first part of the 14th edition of Encyclopædia Britannica.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How long does copyright last? | National Library of Australia". www.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Copyright and the Public Domain". Public Domain Information Project. Archived from the original on 2014-08-01. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  3. ^ Hirtle, Peter B. (3 January 2020). "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States". Cornell University Library Copyright Information Center. Retrieved 17 December 2020.

External links[edit]