202nd (2/1st Kent) Brigade
|2nd Kent Brigade
202nd (2/1st Kent) Brigade
|Active||October 1914–17 March 1919|
|Part of||67th (2nd Home Counties) Division|
|Service||World War I|
The 2nd Kent Brigade was a 2nd Line Territorial Force Brigade of the British Army in World War I. The brigade was formed as a duplicate of the Kent Brigade in October 1914 as part of the 2nd Home Counties Division. As the name suggests, the brigade recruited in Kent. In August 1915, in common with all Territorial Force brigades, it was numbered as 202nd (2/1st Kent) Brigade. Between September 1917 and the end of the year, the brigade was extensively reorganized and lost its territorial identity; henceforth it was known as 202nd Brigade.
In accordance with the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9) which brought the Territorial Force into being, the TF was intended to be a home defence force for service during wartime and members could not be compelled to serve outside the country. However, on the outbreak of war on 4 August 1914, many members volunteered for Imperial Service. Therefore, TF units were split into 1st Line (liable for overseas service) and 2nd Line (home service for those unable or unwilling to serve overseas) units. 2nd Line units performed the home defence role, although in fact most of these were also posted abroad in due course.
The Brigade served on home defence duties throughout the war, whist recruiting, training and supplying drafts to overseas units and formations. It was twice warned to prepare to be transferred to Ireland, and in April 1917 for service on the Western Front, but in the event never left England. It was eventually disbanded in March 1919.
Order of battle
- 2/4th Battalion, Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
- 2/5th Battalion, Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
- 3/4th Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)
- 2/5th Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)
- 1st Battalion, Royal Guernsey Light Infantry
- 284th Graduated Battalion, became 51st (Graduated) Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
- 286th Graduated Battalion, became 52nd (Graduated) Battalion, Gordon Highlanders
- 2/5th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment
- 285th Graduated Battalion, became 52nd (Graduated) Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
- 52nd (Graduated) Battalion, Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)
- Becke, Major A.F. (1937). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2B. The 2nd-Line Territorial Force Divisions (57th–69th) with The Home-Service Divisions (71st–73rd) and 74th and 75th Divisions. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-00-0.
- James, Brigadier E.A. (1978). British Regiments 1914–18. London: Samson Books Limited. ISBN 0-906304-03-2.
- Baker, Chris. "The 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division in 1914-1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division on The Regimental Warpath 1914 - 1918 by PB Chappell at the Wayback Machine (archived 20 December 2014)