203 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
203 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar203 BC
Ab urbe condita551
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 121
- PharaohPtolemy V Epiphanes, 1
Ancient Greek era144th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4548
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−795
Berber calendar748
Buddhist calendar342
Burmese calendar−840
Byzantine calendar5306–5307
Chinese calendar丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
2494 or 2434
    — to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
2495 or 2435
Coptic calendar−486 – −485
Discordian calendar964
Ethiopian calendar−210 – −209
Hebrew calendar3558–3559
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−146 – −145
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2898–2899
Holocene calendar9798
Iranian calendar824 BP – 823 BP
Islamic calendar849 BH – 848 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2131
Minguo calendar2114 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1670
Seleucid era109/110 AG
Thai solar calendar340–341
Tibetan calendar阴火鸡年
(female Fire-Rooster)
−76 or −457 or −1229
    — to —
(male Earth-Dog)
−75 or −456 or −1228

Year 203 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Geminus (or, less frequently, year 551 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 203 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The Roman general, Publius Cornelius Scipio, while undertaking peace negotiations with the Carthaginians at Utica, makes a surprise attack on the Carthaginian camp and destroys it. Then, sweeping down on the forces that the Carthaginians and their allies, the Numidians, are trying to muster on the Great Plains near the upper Bagradas River (in modern Tunisia), he smashes that army in the Battle of the Great Plains. The Numidian king, Syphax, and the Carthaginian leader, Hasdrubal Gisco, manage to escape separately.
  • The Roman general, Gaius Laelius, and Rome's Numidian ally, Masinissa, follow Syphax towards Cirta, the Numidian capital. In the pursuit, Syphax is captured after his badly wounded horse throws him off. He is delivered to Scipio and is made a prisoner of the Romans, dying in the Italian town of Alba Fucens later in the year.
  • Masinissa becomes king of both the Massyli and the Massaesyli tribes in Numidia and remains a loyal ally to the Romans.
  • Hasdrubal Gisco persuades the Carthaginians to raise a new army and to send for Hannibal to return home from Italy. Hannibal finally leaves Italy and returns to Carthage.
  • The Carthaginian general, Mago Barca, is defeated and wounded by the Romans in a battle in Cisalpine Gaul. He dies of his wounds on the return voyage to Carthage.
  • A preliminary armistice between Carthage and Rome is declared and the Carthaginian armies accept Scipio's severe terms. However, on his return to Carthage, Hannibal concentrates the remnants of the Carthaginian forces at Hadrumetum (modern Sousse, Tunisia) and prepares them for battle.


  • Han Xin completes the conquest of Qi, and Liu Bang appoints him as its king.
  • After Xiang Yu fails to persuade Han Xin to remain neutral, Han Xin and Liu Bang launch a five-pronged invasion of Chu. They decisively defeat Xiang Yu in the Battle of Chen and the Battle of Gaixia.
  • Xiang Yu flees toward Wuyue and, pursued by Han cavalry, commits suicide.[1]



  1. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2011). The Road to the Throne: How Liu Bang Founded China's Han Dynasty. pp. 148–163. ISBN 978-0875868387.