2059 Baboquivari

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2059 Baboquivari
Discovery [1]
Discovered byIndiana University
(Indiana Asteroid Program)
Discovery siteGoethe Link Obs.
Discovery date16 October 1963
MPC designation(2059) Baboquivari
Named after
Baboquivari Mountains
(U.S. state of Arizona)[2]
1963 UA
Amor · NEO · (1+KM)[1][3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc53.51 yr (19,545 days)
Aphelion4.0580 AU
Perihelion1.2460 AU
2.6520 AU
4.32 yr (1,577 days)
0° 13m 41.52s / day
Earth MOID0.2537 AU · 98.8 LD
Physical characteristics
Dimensions1.9 km (est. at 0.20)[4]

2059 Baboquivari, provisional designation 1963 UA, is an asteroid classified as near-Earth object of the Amor group, approximately 1.9 kilometers in diameter. Discovered by the Indiana Asteroid Program in 1963, it was later named after the Baboquivari Mountains in Arizona, United States.

Discovery and recovery[edit]

Baboquivari is one of the lowest numbered near-Earth asteroids as it was already discovered on 16 October 1963. The discovery observation was made by the Indiana Asteroid Program at Goethe Link Observatory near Brooklyn, Indiana, in the United States. Three months later, it became a lost asteroid until June 1976, when it was recovered by the Steward Observatory's 90-inch Bok Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory located in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona.[3]

Classification and orbit[edit]

Baboquivari is an Amor asteroid – a subgroup of near-Earth asteroids that approach the orbit of Earth from beyond, but do not cross it. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 1.2–4.1 AU once every 4 years and 4 months (1,577 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.53 and an inclination of 11° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] The body's observation arc begins at the discovering observatory, 10 days after its official discovery observation.[3]

Close approaches[edit]

The asteroid has an Earth minimum orbit intersection distance of 0.2537 AU (38,000,000 km), which corresponds to 98.8 lunar distances. It approached the Earth at a similar distance on 20 October 1963, shortly after its discovery. The eccentric asteroid is also a Mars-crosser and approached Jupiter at a distance of about 1.4 AU on 20 April 1970.[1]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Little is known about Baboquivari's physical characteristics. Its spectral type has never been determined.[1][5]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

It is classified as a near-Earth object larger than one kilometer in diameter by the Minor Planet Center ("1+ KM").[3] A generic magnitude-to-diameter conversion gives a diameter of 1.9 kilometers, based on the body's absolute magnitude of 16.0 and an assumed standard albedo for stony S-type asteroids (Baboquivari would still measure 1.3 kilometers in diameter, if it had a higher albedo of 0.4, typically seen among bright members of the Hungaria family).[4]

Rotation period[edit]

As of 2017, no rotational lightcurve of Baboquivari has been obtained from photometric observations. The asteroid's rotation period, poles and shape remain unknown.[5]


This minor planet was named after the main-peak of the Baboquivari Mountains, a sacred location in the mythology of the Papago Indian Tribe. The Observatories of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) are located on the Baboquivari land, just a few kilometers south of Kitt Peak.[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 1 December 1979 (M.P.C. 5038).[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2059 Baboquivari (1963 UA)" (2017-04-20 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2059) Baboquivari". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2059) Baboquivari. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 167. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2060. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c d "2059 Baboquivari (1963 UA)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Asteroid Size Estimator". CNEOS/JPL. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  5. ^ a b "LCDB Data for (2059) Baboquivari". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  6. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 August 2017.

External links[edit]