205 series train at Nishi-Funabashi station on the Musashino Line
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation, JR East Ōfuna Works|
|Number built||1,461 vehicles|
|Formation||2, 3, 4, 6, 8 or 10 cars per trainset|
JR East, JR West (1987-present)
KRL Jabodetabek (2013-present)
Fuji Kyuko (2011-present)
|Depot(s)||Miyagino, Nakahara, Keiyō, Kawagoe, Kōzu, Kamakura, Hineno, Miyahara, Depok, Bukit Duri|
|Car body construction||Stainless steel|
|Car length||20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)|
|Doors||4 pairs per side
6 pairs per side (SaHa 204)
|Maximum speed||100 km/h
(Hanwa Line 205-1000 series 110 km/h)
|Traction system||Resistor control + field system superimposed field excitation control
Variable frequency (IGBT) (205-5000 series)
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC overhead lines|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-SN,[* 1] ATS-SW,[* 2] ATS-P, ATS-Ps,[* 3] ATC,[* 4] D-ATC[* 5]|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 205 series (205系?) is a commuter electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1985 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West).
(in alphabetical order)
- Hachikō Line: 4-car 205-3000 series sets (x5) (from 2003) (former 205-0 sets modified by JR-East to form shorter trainsets for use in outer suburban services) (have passenger-operated door controls)
- Hanwa Line: 4-car 205-1000 (built by JR West) series sets (from 1988), 6- and 8-car 205-0 series sets (2006 - 2010, March 2013-) (formerly operated on JR West Tokaido-Sanyo Local services as 7-car sets)
- Kawagoe Line: 4-car 205-3000 series sets (x5) (from 2003) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets, with passenger-operated door controls) / 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1989)
- Musashino Line: 8-car 205-0 series sets (some sets are powered by 205-5000 intermediate motor car units modified from 205-0 with AC motors)
- Nambu Branch Line: 2-car 205-1000 series sets (x2) (from 2002) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets)
- Nikkō Line: Refurbished 4-car 205-600 series sets with toilets (x4) (from March 2013)
- Sagami Line: 4-car 205-500 series sets (x13) (from 1991)
- Saikyō Line: 10-car 205-0 series set (x1) (from 1989) (through service to Rinkai Line)
- Senseki Line: 4-car 205-3100 series sets (from 2004) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets with passenger-operated door controls, toilets, and passenger seating which can be arranged in either transverse or longitudinal)
- Tsurumi Line: 3-car 205-1100 series sets (from 25 August 2004) (rebuilt from former 205-0 sets)
- Utsunomiya Line: Refurbished 4-car sets with toilets (x8) (from March 2013)
- Chūō-Sōbu Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (1989 - 2001)
- Keihin-Tōhoku Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (1989 - 1996)
- Keiyō Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1990 - 2011)
- Nambu Line: 6-car 205-0 (x31) (including 4 sets with 205-1200 driving trailers which were converted from 205-0 series intermediate trailers) (1989 - 9 January 2016)
- Tokaido-Sanyō Local service (Biwako, Kyoto, Kobe, Fukuchiyama lines): 7-car 205-0 series sets (1986 - 2006)
- Tokaido Local Service (Kyoto, Kobe lines): 7-car 205-0 series sets (2011 - March 2013) (formerly operated on JR West Hanwa Line as 6- and 8-car sets)
- Yamanote Line: 11-car 205-0 series sets (1985 - 2005) (initially 10-car sets)
- Yokohama Line: 8-car 205-0 series sets (x28) (1988 - 23 August 2014, initially 7-car sets)
There have been many variations of the design of the 205 series trains.
- 205-0 series:
- 205-500 series: 4-car sets used on the Sagami Line
- 205-600 series: 4-car sets for use on the Nikko Line and Utsunomiya Line from 16 March 2013
- 205-1000 series: 6-car JR West sets
- 205-1000 series: 2-car JR East sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Nambu Branch Line
- 205-1100 series: 3-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, introduced on the Tsurumi Line from 25 August 2004
- 205-1200 series: 6-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Nambu Line
- 205-3000 series: 4-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Kawagoe Line and Hachiko Line
- 205-3100 series: 4-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Senseki Line
- 205-5000 series: Former Yamanote Line 205-0 series cars modified with new VVVF-controlled AC motors between 2002 and 2008, used on the Musashino Line
Below is a list of photos for various 205 series designs as indicated by the liveries of the lines they serve.
205-600 sets Y8 (left) and Y3 (right), March 2013
|In service||16 March 2013 –|
|Number in service||48 vehicles (12 sets)|
|Formation||4 cars per set|
|Line(s) served||Utsunomiya Line, Nikko Line|
|Car body construction||Stainless steel|
|Car length||20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)|
|Width||2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)|
|Doors||4 pairs per side|
|Maximum speed||100 km/h (60 mph)|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC|
|Current collection method||overhead|
|Bogies||DT50 (motored), TR235D (trailer)|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-P, ATS-SN|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 205-600 subseries was created in 2013, when cars from former Keiyo Line 10-car sets were reformed between 2012 and 2013 to create twelve four-car sets for use on Nikko Line and Utsunomiya Line services, entering service from 16 March 2013, replacing ageing 107 series and 211 series sets. The four Nikko Line sets are finished in a livery with "classic ruby brown", "gold", and "cream" bodyside stripes. The Utsunomiya Line sets are finished in a livery with Shonan green and orange bodyside stripes.
|Numbering||KuHa 204-600||MoHa 204-600||MoHa 205-600||KuHa 205-600|
- The MoHa 205-600 cars are equipped with two PS33F single-arm pantographs.
- The KuHa 205-600 cars have a wheelchair-accessible toilet.
|Set No.||Livery/line colour||Car numbers||Former set No.||Former car numbers|
|Y1||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-601||MoHa 204-601||MoHa 205-601||KuHa 205-601||Keiyo 2||KuHa 204-109||MoHa 204-295||MoHa 205-295||KuHa 205-109|
|Y2||Nikko||KuHa 204-602||MoHa 204-602||MoHa 205-602||KuHa 205-602||Keiyo 1||KuHa 204-108||MoHa 204-292||MoHa 205-292||KuHa 205-108|
|Y3||Nikko||KuHa 204-603||MoHa 204-603||MoHa 205-603||KuHa 205-603||Keiyo 4||KuHa 204-111||MoHa 204-301||MoHa 205-301||KuHa 205-111|
|Y4||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-604||MoHa 204-604||MoHa 205-604||KuHa 205-604||Keiyo 3||KuHa 204-110||MoHa 204-298||MoHa 205-298||KuHa 205-110|
|Y5||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-605||MoHa 204-605||MoHa 205-605||KuHa 205-605||Keiyo 6||KuHa 204-113||MoHa 204-307||MoHa 205-307||KuHa 205-113|
|Y6||Nikko||KuHa 204-606||MoHa 204-606||MoHa 205-606||KuHa 205-606||Keiyo 5||KuHa 204-112||MoHa 204-304||MoHa 205-304||KuHa 205-112|
|Y7||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-607||MoHa 204-607||MoHa 205-607||KuHa 205-607||Keiyo 8||KuHa 204-115||MoHa 204-313||MoHa 205-313||KuHa 205-115|
|Y8||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-608||MoHa 204-608||MoHa 205-608||KuHa 205-608||Keiyo 7||KuHa 204-114||MoHa 204-310||MoHa 205-310||KuHa 205-114|
|Y9||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-609||MoHa 204-609||MoHa 205-609||KuHa 205-609||Keiyo 10||KuHa 204-117||MoHa 204-319||MoHa 205-319||KuHa 205-117|
|Y10||Nikko||KuHa 204-610||MoHa 204-610||MoHa 205-610||KuHa 205-610||Keiyo 9||KuHa 204-116||MoHa 204-316||MoHa 205-316||KuHa 205-116|
|Y11||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-611||MoHa 204-611||MoHa 205-611||KuHa 205-611||n/a||KuHa 204-||MoHa 204-||MoHa 205-||KuHa 205-|
|Y12||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-612||MoHa 204-612||MoHa 205-612||KuHa 205-612||n/a||KuHa 204-||MoHa 204-||MoHa 205-||KuHa 205-|
Senseki Line "Mangattan Liner" trains
A Senseki Line 205-3100 series "Mangattan Liner" trainset is decorated with images of the cartoon character Robocon from the 1970s anime Ganbare!! Robocon, while another ("Mangattan Liner II") has Kamen Rider livery. Both were created by Shotaro Ishinomori, a native of Ishinomaki, Miyagi; Ishinomaki Station is the terminus of the Senseki Line.
Withdrawal and resale
Eighteen ten-car 205 series EMU sets (180 vehicles), formerly used on Saikyo Line and Kawagoe Line services, were donated to KA Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ) in Jakarta, Indonesia, in 2013, entering service from March 2014. The sets in use are former Kawagoe sets 1, 4, 7, 11 to 15, 18, 20, 22 to 26, and 30 to 32. All except sets 26, 30, and 32 include pairs of SaHa 204 cars with six pairs of doors per side. Sets 30 to 32 were originally Yamanote Line sets, distinguished by their smaller door windows. Set 23 was the first set to have a pair of LCD screens inside all cars, except SaHa 204 cars. Set 23 was also the first set to have working LED destination display in KuHa 204 and KuHa 205 cars. Set 15 and 32 were involved in a train accident in Juanda Station, Jakarta. 12 cars from both sets were heavily damaged and cannot be used, later it was stored in Manggarai Workshop, while the remaining 8 cars which survived the accident were organized as a new 8-car set. It was re-organized back to 10-car set in 2016.
From July 2014, a total of 176 cars (22 sets) from withdrawn Yokohama Line eight-car sets were shipped to Jakarta. The sets in use are former Kamakura sets H1, H2, H4, H6 to H9, H11 to H15, H17 to H19, H21 to H25, H27, and H28. All except set H28 include a SaHa 204 car with six pairs of doors per side. These 22 sets were re-organized into 10-car and 4+8 12-car formation, starting in 2016, making a new twelve 10-car sets (H1, H2, H7, H9, H11, H12, H13, H14, H18, H19, H23, H28) and four 4-car sets (H6, H15, H21, H24), in which the four 4-car sets is coupled with four original 8-car sets (H8, H17, H22, H25) to make four new 12-car sets. Sets H4 and H27 were taken out of service as they acted as "donor" sets.
In 2015, a total of 120 cars (20 sets) from withdrawn Nambu Line six-car sets were shipped to Jakarta. The sets in use are former Nakahara sets 2 to 4, 7, 8, 10 to 13, and 34 to 44. The first 30 units (five sets) arrived in Jakarta on 3 July 2015, and were tested few days later in 6+6-car formations. The first five sets are former Nakahara sets 2, 4, 8, 35, and 44. The second 24 units (four sets) arrived in Jakarta on 5 August 2015, and these second four sets are former Nakahara sets 7, 11, 40, and 41. These former Nambu Line sets are intended for 12-car operations. On 11 September 2015, set 11 accidentally debuted as a substitute set for broken locally made i9000 train, and serving feeder route from Manggarai to Duri, still with its original six-car formation. The 12-car formation itself debuted on 16 September 2015.
- 日光線、宇都宮線に205系リニューアル車投入 [Refurbished 205 series to be introduced on Nikko and Utunomiya Line]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- 日光線用205系600番台が出場 [205-600 series for Nikko Line out-shopped]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 17 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- "鶴見線に205系先頭車化改造車1100代が登場" [205-1100 series with modified end cars appear for Tsurumi Line]. Railway Journal. Japan: Tetsudō Journal. 38 (457): 92. November 2004.
- 横浜線用の205系が営業運転を終了 [End of 205 series revenue operations on Yokohama Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Kakuno, Shinichi (July 2013). 205系600番台 [205-600 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 53 (627): 98–100.
- JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: JRR. May 2013. p. 61. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3.
- Hosoya, Kazuhiko (June 2014). インドネシアの205系 営業運転開始 [Indonesia's 205 series enter revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 54 (638): 142–143.
- "KCJ Pasang SIP di Kereta dan Stasiun" [KCJ Installs Commuter Information System Display in Trains and Stations] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Seputar Indonesia. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- "KRL Kecelakaan di Stasiun Juanda" [Commuter Train Accident Occurred in Juanda Station] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Berita Satu. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Takagi, Satoshi (November 2014). ジャカルタの205系 [Jakarta's 205 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 54 (643): 105–111.
- "KCJ Uji Coba JR 205 Eks Jalur Nambu Formasi 12 Kereta" [KCJ Tested Former Nambu Line 205 Series in 12-car Formation] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kaori Nusantara. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- "Beragam Komposisi Formasi KRL Seri 205, Memudahkan Atau Rumit?" [Various Formations of 205 Series EMU, Simplifying or Complicating?] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kaori Nusantara. 22 May 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek Rampungkan Pembelian kereta Bekas Jepang" [PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek completes purchase of used Japanese trains] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Suara Pembaruan. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- "30 Kereta JR 205 ex Nambu Line Tiba di Jakarta" [30 Units of JR 205 ex Nambu Line Arrived in Jakarta] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kaori Nusantara. 3 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- "Lagi, 24 Unit KRL dari JR East Jepang Tiba di Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok" [Again, 24 Units of EMU from Japanese JR East Arrived in Port of Tanjung Priok] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Infonitas. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "KRL Seri 205 eks-JR East Nambu Melakoni Debut di Jakarta" [Former Nambu Line 205 Series Debuted in Jakarta] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kaori Nusantara. 11 September 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Akhirnya, KCJ Operasikan KRL Formasi 12 Kereta" [At last, KCJ Operates 12-Car Formation EMU] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Kaori Nusantara. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- Ikeguchi, Eiji (18 September 2015). 205系物語 [The 205 Series Story] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: JTB Publishing. ISBN 978-4533106743.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to JNR 205.|
- JR East 205 series (Japanese)