A 205 series train on the Musashino Line in January 2017
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation, JR East Ōfuna Works|
|Replaced||103 series, KiHa 35 (Japan, JR Group)|
103 series, Toei 6000 series, KRL Rheostatik, KRL BN-Holec, KRL INKA-Hitachi, KRL-I (Indonesia)
1990–1994 (6-door cars)
|Entered service||July 1985|
|Number built||1,461 vehicles|
|Number in service||569 vehicles (as of May 2018)|
|Formation||2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, or 11 cars per trainset (Japan) |
4, 6, 8, 10, or 12 cars per trainset (KCI)
JR East, JR-West (1987–present)
Kereta Commuter Indonesia (KCI) (2013–present)
Fuji Kyuko (2011–present)
|Depot(s)||Miyagino, Nakahara, Keiyō, Kawagoe, Kōzu, Kamakura, Hineno, Miyahara|
Depok, Bukit Duri, Bogor (KCI)
|Car body construction||Stainless steel|
|Car length||20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)|
|Doors||4 pairs per side|
6 pairs per side (SaHa 204)
|Maximum speed||100 km/h|
(Hanwa Line 205-1000 series 110 km/h)
|Traction system||Resistor control + field system superimposed field excitation control |
Variable frequency (IGBT) (205-5000 series)
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC overhead lines|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-SN,[* 1] ATS-SW,[* 2] ATS-P, ATS-Ps,[* 3] ATC,[* 4] D-ATC[* 5]|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 205 series (205系 205-kei) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type introduced in 1985 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), West Japan Railway Company (JR West) and Kereta Commuter Indonesia in Indonesia.
- 1 Operations
- 2 Former operations
- 3 Design variants
- 4 205-600 series
- 5 Senseki Line "Mangattan Liner" trains
- 6 Withdrawal and resale
- 7 References
- 8 Further reading
- 9 External links
JR East (in alphabetical order)
- Musashino Line: 8-car 205-0 series sets (some sets are powered by 205-5000 intermediate motor car units modified from 205-0 with AC motors)
- Nambu Branch Line: 2-car 205-1000 series sets (x2) (from 2002) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets)
- Nikkō Line: Refurbished 4-car 205-600 series sets with toilets (x4) (from March 2013)
- Sagami Line: 4-car 205-500 series sets (x13) (from 1991)
- Senseki Line: 4-car 205-3100 series sets (from 2004) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets with passenger-operated door controls, toilets, and passenger seating which can be arranged in either transverse or longitudinal)
- Tsurumi Line: 3-car 205-1100 series sets (x9) (from 25 August 2004) (rebuilt from former 205-0 sets)
- Utsunomiya Line: Refurbished 4-car sets with toilets (x8) (from March 2013)
JR West (in alphabetical order)
Kereta Commuter Indonesia (in alphabetical order)
- Jakarta Kota-Bogor Line : 6-car, 10-car and 12-car 205 series sets since 2013.
- Jakarta Kota-Cikarang Line : 4-car, 8-car and 12-car 205 series sets since 2013.
- Jatingera-Bogor Line : 8-car 205-0 and 205-5000 series; 10-car and 12-car 205 series sets since 2013.
- Chuo-Sobu Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1989 until 2001)
- Hachikō Line: 4-car 205-3000 series sets (x5) (from 2003 until 15 July 2018) (former 205-0 sets modified by JR-East to form shorter trainsets for use in outer suburban services) (have passenger-operated door controls)
- Hanwa Line: 4-car 205-1000 (built by JR-West) series sets (from 1988), 6- and 8-car 205-0 series sets (from 2006 until 2010; March 2013 until 16 March 2018) (formerly operated on JR-West Tokaido-Sanyo Local services as 7-car sets)
- Kawagoe Line: 4-car 205-3000 series sets (x5) (from 2003 until 15 July 2018) (rebuilt by JR East from former 205-0 series sets, with passenger-operated door controls) / 10-car 205-0 series sets (from July 1989 until October 2016)
- Keihin-Tohoku Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1989 until 1996)
- Keiyō Line: 10-car 205-0 series sets (from 1990 until 2011)
- Nambu Line: 6-car 205-0 (x31) (including 4 sets with 205-1200 driving trailers which were converted from 205-0 series intermediate trailers) (from 1989 until 9 January 2016)
- Saikyo Line: 10-car 205-0 series set (from July 1989 until October 2016) (through service to Rinkai Line)
- Tokaido-Sanyō Local service (Biwako, Kyoto, Kobe, Fukuchiyama lines): 7-car 205-0 series sets (from 1986 until 2006)
- Tokaido Local Service (Kyoto, Kobe lines): 7-car 205-0 series sets (from 2011 until March 2013) (formerly operated on JR-West Hanwa Line as 6- and 8-car sets)
- Yamanote Line: 11-car 205-0 series sets (from 1985 until 2005) (initially 10-car sets)
- Yokohama Line: 8-car 205-0 series sets (x28) (from 1988 until 23 August 2014, initially 7-car sets)
There have been many variations of the design of the 205 series trains.
- 205-0 series: 6, 7, and 8-car sets used on the JR West Tokaido Line, and Hanwa Line. 6, 7, 8, 10, and 11-car sets used on the JR East Chuo-Sobu Line, Keihin-Tohoku Line, Keiyo Line, Nambu Line, Musashino Line, Saikyo Line, Yamanote Line, and Yokohama Line.
- 205-500 series: 4-car sets used on the Sagami Line
- 205-600 series: 4-car sets for use on the Nikko Line and Utsunomiya Line from 16 March 2013
- 205-1000 series: 4-car JR-West sets that formerly ran on Hanwa Line. Currently runs on Nara Line.
- 205-1000 series: 2-car JR East sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Nambu Branch Line
- 205-1100 series: 3-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, introduced on the Tsurumi Line from 25 August 2004
- 205-1200 series: 6-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Nambu Line
- 205-3000 series: 4-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Kawagoe Line and Hachiko Line
- 205-3100 series: 4-car sets rebuilt from former 205-0 series cars, used on the Senseki Line
- 205-5000 series: Former Yamanote Line 205-0 series cars modified with new VVVF-controlled AC motors between 2002 and 2008, used on the Musashino Line
Below is a list of photos for various 205 series designs as indicated by the liveries of the lines they serve.
205-600 sets Y8 (left) and Y3 (right) in March 2013
|Entered service||16 March 2013|
|Number in service||48 vehicles (12 sets)|
|Formation||4 cars per set|
|Line(s) served||Utsunomiya Line, Nikko Line|
|Car body construction||Stainless steel|
|Car length||20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)|
|Width||2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)|
|Doors||4 pairs per side|
|Maximum speed||100 km/h (60 mph)|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC|
|Current collection method||overhead|
|Bogies||DT50 (motored), TR235D (trailer)|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-P, ATS-SN|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 205-600 subseries was created in 2013, when cars from former Keiyo Line and Saikyo Line ten-car sets were reformed between 2012 and 2013 to create twelve four-car sets for use on Nikko Line and Utsunomiya Line services, entering service from 16 March 2013, replacing ageing 107 series and 211 series sets. The four Nikko Line sets are finished in a livery with "classic ruby brown", "gold", and "cream" bodyside stripes. The Utsunomiya Line sets are finished in a livery with Shonan green and orange bodyside stripes.
|Numbering||KuHa 204-600||MoHa 204-600||MoHa 205-600||KuHa 205-600|
- The MoHa 205-600 cars are equipped with two PS33F single-arm pantographs.
- The KuHa 205-600 cars have a wheelchair-accessible toilet.
|Set No.||Livery/line colour||Car numbers||Former set No.||Former car numbers|
|Y1||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-601||MoHa 204-601||MoHa 205-601||KuHa 205-601||Keiyo 2||KuHa 204-109||MoHa 204-295||MoHa 205-295||KuHa 205-109|
|Y2||Nikko||KuHa 204-602||MoHa 204-602||MoHa 205-602||KuHa 205-602||Keiyo 1||KuHa 204-108||MoHa 204-292||MoHa 205-292||KuHa 205-108|
|Y3||Nikko||KuHa 204-603||MoHa 204-603||MoHa 205-603||KuHa 205-603||Keiyo 4||KuHa 204-111||MoHa 204-301||MoHa 205-301||KuHa 205-111|
|Y4||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-604||MoHa 204-604||MoHa 205-604||KuHa 205-604||Keiyo 3||KuHa 204-110||MoHa 204-298||MoHa 205-298||KuHa 205-110|
|Y5||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-605||MoHa 204-605||MoHa 205-605||KuHa 205-605||Keiyo 6||KuHa 204-113||MoHa 204-307||MoHa 205-307||KuHa 205-113|
|Y6||Nikko||KuHa 204-606||MoHa 204-606||MoHa 205-606||KuHa 205-606||Keiyo 5||KuHa 204-112||MoHa 204-304||MoHa 205-304||KuHa 205-112|
|Y7||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-607||MoHa 204-607||MoHa 205-607||KuHa 205-607||Keiyo 8||KuHa 204-115||MoHa 204-313||MoHa 205-313||KuHa 205-115|
|Y8||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-608||MoHa 204-608||MoHa 205-608||KuHa 205-608||Keiyo 7||KuHa 204-114||MoHa 204-310||MoHa 205-310||KuHa 205-114|
|Y9||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-609||MoHa 204-609||MoHa 205-609||KuHa 205-609||Keiyo 10||KuHa 204-117||MoHa 204-319||MoHa 205-319||KuHa 205-117|
|Y10||Nikko||KuHa 204-610||MoHa 204-610||MoHa 205-610||KuHa 205-610||Keiyo 9||KuHa 204-116||MoHa 204-316||MoHa 205-316||KuHa 205-116|
|Y11||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-611||MoHa 204-611||MoHa 205-611||KuHa 205-611||Kawagoe (HaE) 16||KuHa 204-125||MoHa 204-341||MoHa 205-341||KuHa 205-125|
|Y12||Utsunomiya||KuHa 204-612||MoHa 204-612||MoHa 205-612||KuHa 205-612||Kawagoe (HaE) 17||KuHa 204-124||MoHa 204-338||MoHa 205-338||KuHa 205-124|
Senseki Line "Mangattan Liner" trains
A Senseki Line 205-3100 series "Mangattan Liner" trainset is decorated with images of the cartoon character Robocon from the 1970s anime Ganbare!! Robocon, while another ("Mangattan Liner II") has Kamen Rider livery. Both were created by Shotaro Ishinomori, a native of Ishinomaki, Miyagi; Ishinomaki Station is the terminus of the Senseki Line.
Withdrawal and resale
A number of former 205 series trains were sold to Fuji Kyuko in 2011 and modified to become 3-car 6000 series sets, entering service from February 2012. Four more withdrawn JR East 205 series cars (KuHa 205-107 + MoHa 205-287 + MoHa 204-287 + KuHa 204-107) were resold to Fuji Kyuko following withdrawal in November 2016.
A total of 812 vehicles (102 sets) from withdrawn Saikyo Line, Yokohama Line, Nambu Line, and Musashino Line sets were exported to Kereta Commuter Indonesia in Jakarta between late 2013 up to 2020.
Former Saikyo Line/Kawagoe Line/Rinkai Line sets
A total of 18 withdrawn Saikyo Line ten-car sets (180 vehicles) were shipped to Kereta Commuter Indonesia (KCI) in Jakarta, Indonesia, in 2013, and entered service from March 2014. The sets in use are former Kawagoe sets 1, 4, 7, 11 to 15, 18, 20, 22 to 26, and 30 to 32. All except sets 26, 30, and 32 include pairs of SaHa 204 cars with six pairs of doors per side. Sets 30 to 32 were originally Yamanote Line sets, distinguished by their smaller door windows. Set 23 was the first set to have a pair of LCD screens inside all cars, except SaHa 204 cars. Set 23 was also the first set to have working LED destination display in KuHa 204 and KuHa 205 cars. Set 15 and 32 were involved in a train accident in Juanda Station, Jakarta.
Former Yokohama Line sets
From July 2014, 22 withdrawn Yokohama Line eight-car sets, which in use are former trainset numbers 1, 2, 4, 6, 7 to 9; 11 to 15; 17 to 19; 21 to 25; and lastly 27 and 28, with a total of 176 vehicles were shipped to Jakarta and operated as 10-car or 12-car sets.
Former Nambu Line sets
Former Musashino Line sets
336 vehicles (36 trainsets for 205-5000 series & 6 trainsets for 205-0 series) withdrawn from the Musashino Line are scheduled to be shipped to Jakarta between March 2018 and 2020.
- 日光線、宇都宮線に205系リニューアル車投入 [Refurbished 205 series to be introduced on Nikko and Utunomiya Line]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- 日光線用205系600番台が出場 [205-600 series for Nikko Line out-shopped]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 17 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
- 鶴見線に205系先頭車化改造車1100代が登場 [205-1100 series with modified end cars appear for Tsurumi Line]. Railway Journal. Japan: Tetsudō Journal. 38 (457): 92. November 2004.
- 横浜線用の205系が営業運転を終了 [End of 205 series revenue operations on Yokohama Line]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
- Kakuno, Shinichi (July 2013). 205系600番台 [205-600 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 53 (627): 98–100.
- JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: JRR. May 2013. p. 61. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3.
- JR電車編成表 2017冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2017] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 16 November 2016. p. 60. ISBN 978-4-330-73716-4.
- JR車両のうごき [JR rolling stock changes]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 395. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. March 2017. p. 128.
- Hosoya, Kazuhiko (June 2014). インドネシアの205系 営業運転開始 [Indonesia's 205 series enter revenue service]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 54 (638): 142–143.
- "KCJ Pasang SIP di Kereta dan Stasiun" [KCJ Installs Commuter Information System Display in Trains and Stations] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Seputar Indonesia. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- "KRL Kecelakaan di Stasiun Juanda" [Commuter Train Accident Occurred in Juanda Station] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Berita Satu. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
- Takagi, Satoshi (November 2014). ジャカルタの205系 [Jakarta's 205 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 54 (643): 105–111.
- Takagi, Satoshi (August 2018). ジャカルタの205系 [Jakarta's 205 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 58 (688).
- "PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek Rampungkan Pembelian kereta Bekas Jepang" [PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek completes purchase of used Japanese trains] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Suara Pembaruan. 5 December 2014. Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- "Lagi, 24 Unit KRL dari JR East Jepang Tiba di Pelabuhan Tanjung Priok" [Again, 24 Units of EMU from Japanese JR East Arrived in Port of Tanjung Priok] (in Indonesian). Indonesia: Infonitas. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- JR東日本，武蔵野線用の205系をインドネシアへ譲渡 [JR East to donate Musahino Line 205 series trains to Indonesia]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 1 March 2018. Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- Ikeguchi, Eiji (18 September 2015). 205系物語 [The 205 Series Story] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: JTB Publishing. ISBN 978-4533106743.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to JNR 205.|
- JR East 205 series (in Japanese)