Government of the 25th Dáil
|Government of the 25th Dáil|
|20th Government of Ireland|
|Date formed||10 March 1987|
|Date dissolved||12 July 1989|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Patrick Hillery|
|Head of government||Charles Haughey|
|Deputy head of government||Brian Lenihan|
|Total no. of ministers||15|
|Member parties||Fianna Fáil|
|Status in legislature||Minority Government|
|Opposition leader||Alan Dukes (Fine Gael)|
|Election(s)||1987 general election|
|Legislature term(s)||25th Dáil|
20th Government of Ireland
The 20th Government of Ireland (10 March 1987 – 12 July 1989) was formed by the Fianna Fáil party. It was a minority government which had the qualified support of Fine Gael, the main opposition party. The national debt had doubled under the previous government. The government introduced budget cuts in all departments. The taxation system was also reformed. One of the major schemes put forward, and one which would have economic benefits for the country, was the establishment of the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) in Dublin. During this period the Government organised the 1,000-year anniversary of the founding of Dublin.
The 20th government passed three budgets through the 1987, 1988 and 1989 Finance Acts The Finance minister Ray MacSharry committed himself to bringing order to the public finances and the poor economic situation. His cutting of state spending earned him the nickname Mack the Knife.
During this time he came to be identified as Haughey's heir apparent as Taoiseach and Fianna Fáil leader. MacSharry, however wanted to leave politics by the time he was forty-five. He was fifty and had achieved some of the highest offices in the Irish government. In 1988 MacSharry's was appointed European Commissioner. As a result of this he resigned his Dáil seat and ended his domestic political career.
During this period major industrial action was taken by Junior doctors. 1,800 doctors went on strike to protest their lack of job security and the governments cuts to the health budget.
During this period a large number of haemophiliacs contracted HIV and Hepatitis C from contaminated blood products supplied by the Blood Transfusion Service Board.
During this period the government faced serious difficulties dealing with Northern Ireland and the IRA. After the signing of the Anglo-Irish Agreement Relations improved between the Republic and Britain. However, there were tensions between the governments over the imprisonment of the Birmingham six and the apparent shoot-to-kill policy in Northern Ireland policy of the security forces in Northern Ireland. Formal protest was made by the government following the Loughgall Ambush where eight IRA members and a civilian were killed by a SAS unit.
Relations improved with the extradition of Paul Kane. His appeal to the justice minister for freedom was rejected. Kane escaped from the Maze Prison in 1983 after being convicted of firearm offences.
During this period the IRA managed to smuggle a gun into the Four Courts in an attempted prison escape.
- Members of the 25th Dáil
- Ministers of State of the 25th Dáil
- Members of the 18th Seanad
- Dáil Éireann
- Constitution of Ireland
- Politics of the Republic of Ireland
- "History of Government – Twenty-Fifth Dáil". Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- This was known as the Tallaght Strategy.
- New York Times, Francis X. Clines, 14 December 1987
- Michael O'Kennedy was Minister for Agriculture from 10–31 March 1987. The department was then renamed as the Department of Agriculture and Food.
- "Irish distillers takeover". Providence Journal. 25 November 1988.
- Anchorage Daily News, 14 June 1987
- Eugene Register, 9 May 1988
- The Glasgow Herald, 3 February 1988
- The Glasgow Herald, 12 April 1989
- The Glasgow Herald, 21 July 1988