20th Hussars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
20th Hussars
20th Hussars Cap Badge.jpg
Badge of the 20th Hussars
Active 1862–1922
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Cavalry
Role Line Cavalry
Size One Regiment
Nickname(s) Nobody's Own[1]

The 20th Hussars was a cavalry regiment of the British Army. After service in the First World War it was amalgamated with the 14th King's Hussars to form became the 14th/20th King's Hussars in 1922.

History[edit]

Early wars[edit]

The regiment was originally raised in Bengal by the East India Company as the 2nd Bengal European Light Cavalry in 1858, for service in the response to the Indian Rebellion.[2] It was renamed the 2nd Bengal European Cavalry in 1859 and in 1862, while based in Mathura, it was transferred to the British Army and renamed the 20th Regiment of Hussars.[2] It became the 20th Hussars in 1877.[2]

The regiment remained on the North West Frontier and participated in the Ambela Campaign in autumn 1863 and the Hazara Expedition in October 1868 before moving to England in 1872.[3] The regiment was based in Ireland from 1879 to 1884.[3]

The Battle of Tofrek, at which the 20th Hussars were present, March 1885

The regiment was sent to Sudan as part of the Suakin Expedition in February 1885 and took part in the Battle of Tofrek in March 1885[4] and the Battle of Ginnis in December 1885.[5] It also took part in the Battle of Gemeizeh in December 1888 during the Mahdist War when it made a series of charges against the enemy. In this battle, three of the swords of the 20th Hussars broke short, an incident which later caused debate in the House of Commons.[6] It undertook another successful charge at the Battle of Toski in August 1889.[7] After their return to England in 1890, the regiment was awarded the battle honour "Suakin 1885" for its services in Egypt and also the battle honour "Vimiera" in respect of the earlier services of its predecessor regiment, the 20th Light Dragoons.[2] The regiment return to India in 1895.[3]

20th century[edit]

Men of the 20th Hussars, Bailleul, December 1916

The regiment were not deployed to South Africa until December 1901 for service in the Second Boer War and therefore only took part in the final drives against the Boer commandos in spring 1902.[8] The regiment was based in Ireland again from 1908 to 1911.[3]

The regiment, which was based in Colchester at the start of the First World War, landed in France as part of the 5th Cavalry Brigade in the 2nd Cavalry Division in August 1914 for service on the First World War.[9] The regiment saw action at the Battle of Mons in August 1914[10] and both the First Battle of the Marne and the First Battle of the Aisne in September 1914.[11]It went on fight at the First Battle of Ypres in October 1914,[12] the Battle of Arras in April 1917[13] and the Battle of Cambrai in November 1917.[14] It later took part in the German Spring Offensive in 1918,[15]the Battle of Amiens in August 1918[16] and the final push as the war drew to a close.[17]

A nationalist uprising in Turkey caused the allies to send troops to Constantinople. The regiment was deployed to the İzmit peninsula in 1920 as part of a formation under General Sir Edmund Ironside's command. The regiment charged Turkish positions in July near the village of Gebze and successfully routed the enemy. Although mounted action did take place in Syria during the Second World War, this was the last regimental charge ever made by British cavalry. The regiment suffered one casualty, although several horses were also wounded.[18][19] The regiment was amalgamated with the 14th King's Hussars to form became the 14th/20th King's Hussars in 1922.[2]

Battle honours[edit]

The regiment's battle honours were as follows: [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ From their lack of a Royal patron
  2. ^ a b c d e f "20th Hussars". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. 
  3. ^ a b c d "20th Hussars". National Army Museum. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  4. ^ Galloway, p. 64
  5. ^ Johnson, Doug. "The Battle of Ginnis". Soldiers of the Queen, Issue 11. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Army—The Battle at Suakin—The broken swords of the 20th Hussars". Hansard. 21 December 1888. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "The Battle of Toski: the delta has beaten the desert". The Spectator. 10 August 1889. p. 5. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "20 th Hussars". Anglo-Boer War. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "The Hussars". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  10. ^ Darling, p. 8
  11. ^ Darling, p. 33
  12. ^ Darling, p. 41
  13. ^ Darling, p. 73
  14. ^ Darling, p. 85
  15. ^ Darling, p. 93
  16. ^ Darling, p. 106
  17. ^ Darling, p. 117
  18. ^ Paget, pp. 349-52
  19. ^ Carver, pp 133-135

Sources[edit]