219 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
219 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar219 BC
Ab urbe condita535
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 105
- PharaohPtolemy IV Philopator, 3
Ancient Greek era140th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4532
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−811
Berber calendar732
Buddhist calendar326
Burmese calendar−856
Byzantine calendar5290–5291
Chinese calendar辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2478 or 2418
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
2479 or 2419
Coptic calendar−502 – −501
Discordian calendar948
Ethiopian calendar−226 – −225
Hebrew calendar3542–3543
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−162 – −161
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2882–2883
Holocene calendar9782
Iranian calendar840 BP – 839 BP
Islamic calendar866 BH – 865 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2115
Minguo calendar2130 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1686
Seleucid era93/94 AG
Thai solar calendar324–325
Tibetan calendar阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
−92 or −473 or −1245
    — to —
(male Water-Horse)
−91 or −472 or −1244

Year 219 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Paullus and Salinator (or, less frequently, year 535 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 219 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


Roman Republic[edit]

  • The Romans extend their area of domination around the head of the Adriatic Sea as far as the peninsula of Histria by the conquest of peoples who dwell to the east of the Veneti. Thus, with the exception of Liguria and the upper valley of the Po River, all Italy south of the Alps is brought within the Roman sphere.


  • Hannibal lays siege to Saguntum[1] thus initiating the Second Punic War between Carthage and Rome. Saguntum is an independent Iberian Peninsula city south of the Ebro River. In the treaty between Rome and Carthage concluded in 226 BC, the Ebro had been set as the northern limit of Carthaginian influence in the Iberian Peninsula. Saguntum is south of the Ebro, but the Romans have "friendship" with the city and regard the Carthaginian attack on it as an act of war. The siege of Saguntum lasts eight months, and in it Hannibal is severely wounded. The Romans, who send envoys to Carthage in protest, demand the surrender of Hannibal.


  • The Roman Senate sends the consul Lucius Aemilius Paullus to Illyria with an army. On discovering Rome's intent, the Illyrian leader Demetrius of Pharos puts to death those Illyrians who oppose his rule, fortifies Dimale and goes to Pharos. After a seven-day siege by the Roman fleet under Lucius Aemilius Paulus, Dimale is taken by direct assault. From Dimale, the Roman navy heads to Pharos, where the Roman forces rout the Illyrians. Demetrius flees to Macedonia, where he becomes a trusted councilor at the court of King Philip V.
  • The Cretan city of Kydonia joins the Aetolian alliance.[2]





  1. ^ Gavin De Beer, Hannibal: Challenging Rome's Supremacy, 1969, Viking Press, 319 pages
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Cydonia, The Modern Antiquarian, January 23, 2008