219th Brigade (United Kingdom)

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219th Infantry Brigade
219th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home)
219th Independent Infantry Brigade
219th Independent Infantry Brigade.svg
Formation sign of the 219th Independent Infantry Brigade.[1]
Active 1 November 1916 – 8 April 1918
26 October 1940 – 11 December 1942
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Infantry Brigade
Role Training and Home Defence

The 219th Brigade was a Home Service formation of the British Army during World War I and World War II.

First World War[edit]

Formation and Service[edit]

The 219th Brigade was raised in late 1916 as part of 73rd Division, which had the dual role of training men for overseas drafts and providing forces for home defence.[2] 73 Division assembled around Blackpool and then in January 1917 moved to Hertfordshire and Essex to join Southern Army (Home Forces). 219 Brigade was stationed at Danbury and Maldon in Essex, moving to Southend in October. Its role was training, particularly in improving the physique of the men who were being prepared for active service.[3]

On 21 December 1917 orders were issued to break up 73rd Division. Disbandment began in January 1918 and its last elements disappeared on 8 April 1918.[2][3]

Order of Battle[edit]

The following infantry battalions served in the Brigade during World War I:[2][3]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded 219 Bde in World War I:[3]

  • Brig-Gen R. Dawson (1 November 1916 – 7 September 1917)
  • Brig-Gen F.L. Banon (7 September 1917 – 22 February 1918)

Second World War[edit]

Formation and Service[edit]

In World War II a new brigade under the title of 219th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), was formed for service in the United Kingdom on 26 October 1940, composed of infantry battalions from Southern England.[8] The Brigade was attached to divisions of XII Corps – the 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, its duplicate the 45th (Wessex) Infantry Division, and the 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division at various times.[9]On 1 December 1941 the brigade was re-designated the 219th Independent Infantry Brigade. The brigade was disbanded on 11 December 1942, its battalions being converted into Medium Regiments of the Royal Artillery.[8]

Order of Battle[edit]

The following units served in 219 Brigade:[8]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded 219 Brigade in World War II:[8]

  • Brigadier I.T.P. Hughes
  • Brigadier H.S. Brown (from 5 May 1941)
  • Brigadier D.C. Pullen-Brown (from 9 June 1941)
  • Brigadier G.P. Harding (from 19 November 1941)
  • Brigadier A Low (from 26 August 1942)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cole p. 132
  2. ^ a b c 73 Div at Long, Long Trail
  3. ^ a b c d Becke, pp. 111–6.
  4. ^ Dorsets at Long, Long Trail
  5. ^ Loyals at Long, Long Trail
  6. ^ Manchesters at Long, Long Trail
  7. ^ KOYLI at Long, Long Trail
  8. ^ a b c d Joslen, p. 382.
  9. ^ Joslen, pp. 69–74, 382.
  10. ^ Joslen, pp. 449, 537
  11. ^ a b c Evans, Nigel F. "Medium Regiments R.A.". British Artillery Regiments in World War 2. 

References[edit]

  • Maj A.F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 2b: The 2nd-Line Territorial Force Divisions (57th–69th), with the Home-Service Divisions (71st–73rd) and 74th and 75th Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1937/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-84734-739-8.
  • Cole, Howard (1973). Formation Badges of World War 2 Britain, Commonwealth and Empire. London: Arms and Armour Press. 
  • Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1-84342-474-6.

Online sources[edit]