219th Brigade (United Kingdom)
|219th Infantry Brigade
219th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home)
219th Independent Infantry Brigade
Formation sign of the 219th Independent Infantry Brigade.
|Active||1 November 1916 – 8 April 1918
26 October 1940 – 11 December 1942
|Role||Training and Home Defence|
First World War
Formation and Service
The 219th Brigade was raised in late 1916 as part of 73rd Division, which had the dual role of training men for overseas drafts and providing forces for home defence. 73 Division assembled around Blackpool and then in January 1917 moved to Hertfordshire and Essex to join Southern Army (Home Forces). 219 Brigade was stationed at Danbury and Maldon in Essex, moving to Southend in October. Its role was training, particularly in improving the physique of the men who were being prepared for active service.
Order of Battle
- 8th (Home Service) Battalion, Dorsetshire Regiment, disbanded by 3 December 1917.
- 13th (Home Service) Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, formed 4 December 1916, disbanded March or August 1918.
- 45th Provisional Battalion, became 28th Battalion, Manchester Regiment on 1 January 1917, disbanded 29 March or August 1918.
- 270th Graduated Battalion, became 52nd (Graduated) Battalion, King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry) on 26 October 1917, moved to 208th (2nd Norfolk and Suffolk) Brigade March 1918.
The following officers commanded 219 Bde in World War I:
- Brig-Gen R. Dawson (1 November 1916 – 7 September 1917)
- Brig-Gen F.L. Banon (7 September 1917 – 22 February 1918)
Second World War
Formation and Service
In World War II a new brigade under the title of 219th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), was formed for service in the United Kingdom on 26 October 1940, composed of infantry battalions from Southern England. The Brigade was attached to divisions of XII Corps – the 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, its duplicate the 45th (Wessex) Infantry Division, and the 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division at various times.On 1 December 1941 the brigade was re-designated the 219th Independent Infantry Brigade. The brigade was disbanded on 11 December 1942, its battalions being converted into Medium Regiments of the Royal Artillery.
Order of Battle
The following units served in 219 Brigade:
- 15th Battalion, Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (26 October 1940 — 27 September 1942)
- 11th Battalion, Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (26 October 1940 — 3 November 1941)
- 11th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment (26 October 1940 — 18 September 1942, renamed 2nd Battalion on 27 May 1942, replacing Regular battalion captured in the Malayan Campaign)
- 10th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment (26 October 1940 — 21 September 1942)
- 16th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (18 September – 1 December 1942), converted that year into the 10th Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery
- 9th Battalion, Essex Regiment (18 November 1941 – 30 November 1942), converted that year into the 8th Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery
- 8th Battalion, Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (29 September – 30 November 1941), converted that year into the 9th Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery
The following officers commanded 219 Brigade in World War II:
- Brigadier I.T.P. Hughes
- Brigadier H.S. Brown (from 5 May 1941)
- Brigadier D.C. Pullen-Brown (from 9 June 1941)
- Brigadier G.P. Harding (from 19 November 1941)
- Brigadier A Low (from 26 August 1942)
- Cole p. 132
- 73 Div at Long, Long Trail
- Becke, pp. 111–6.
- Dorsets at Long, Long Trail
- Loyals at Long, Long Trail
- Manchesters at Long, Long Trail
- KOYLI at Long, Long Trail
- Joslen, p. 382.
- Joslen, pp. 69–74, 382.
- Joslen, pp. 449, 537
- Evans, Nigel F. "Medium Regiments R.A.". British Artillery Regiments in World War 2.
- Maj A.F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 2b: The 2nd-Line Territorial Force Divisions (57th–69th), with the Home-Service Divisions (71st–73rd) and 74th and 75th Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1937/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-84734-739-8.
- Cole, Howard (1973). Formation Badges of World War 2 Britain, Commonwealth and Empire. London: Arms and Armour Press.
- Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1-84342-474-6.