21st Academy Awards

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21st Academy Awards
Date March 24, 1949
Site The Academy Theater, Hollywood, California, USA
Host Robert Montgomery
Best Picture Hamlet
Most awards Hamlet (4)
Most nominations Johnny Belinda (12)

The 21st Academy Awards features numerous firsts. It was the first time a non-Hollywood production won Best Picture, Hamlet. It was the first time an individual (Laurence Olivier) directed himself in an Oscar-winning performance. Director John Huston directs two Oscar-winning performances in the same year for two different films: his father Walter Huston in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre and Claire Trevor for Key Largo. The Huston family won three Oscars that evening. The ceremony was moved from the Shrine Auditorium to the Academy's own theater primarily because the major Hollywood studios had withdrawn their financial support in order to address rumors that they had been trying to influence voters.

Jane Wyman became the first performer since the silent era to win an Oscar for a performance with no lines.

Humphrey Bogart failed to receive a nomination for Best Actor in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, which is now considered one of the Academy’s greatest slights.[1][2]

This year introduced the award for Best Costumes presented by Elizabeth Taylor.

Joan of Arc became the first film to receive 7 nominations without being nominated for Best Picture.

Hamlet became the fifth film to win Best Picture without a screenwriting nomination; the next to do so would be The Sound of Music at the 38th Academy Awards.


Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.[3]

Best Motion Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Story Best Screenplay
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short
Best Live Action Short Film, One-Reel Best Live Action Short Film, Two-Reel
Best Animated Short Film
Best Dramatic or Comedy Score Best Musical Score
Best Original Song Best Sound Recording
Best Art Direction, Black and White Best Art Direction, Color
Best Cinematography, Black and White Best Cinematography, Color
Best Costume Design, Black and White Best Costume Design, Color
Best Film Editing Best Special Effects

Academy Honorary Awards[edit]

Best Foreign Language Film[edit]

Academy Juvenile Award[edit]

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award[edit]

Scientific or Technical[edit]

Class II

  • Victor Caccialanza, Maurice Ayers and the Paramount Studio Set Construction Department for the development and the application of "Paralite", a new lightweight plaster process for set construction
  • Nick Kalten, Louis J. Witt and the Twentieth Century-Fox Studio Mechanical Effects Department for a process of preserving and flame-proofing foliage

Class III

  • Marty Martin, Jack Lannon, Russell Shearman and the RKO Radio Studio Special Effects Department; A.J. Moran and the Warner Bros. Studio Electrical Department



Multiple nominations and awards[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Entertainment Weekly. "100 Worst Oscar Snubs Ever: Humphrey Bogart, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre". Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  2. ^ Tim Dirks. "1948 Academy Awards Winners and History". Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  3. ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18.