21st Academy Awards
|21st Academy Awards|
|Date||March 24, 1949|
|Site||The Academy Theater, Hollywood, California, USA|
|Host||Robert Montgomery|
|Most awards||Hamlet (4)|
|Most nominations||Johnny Belinda (12)|
The 21st Academy Awards features numerous firsts. It was the first time a non-Hollywood production won Best Picture, Hamlet. It was the first time an individual (Laurence Olivier) directed himself in an Oscar-winning performance.
John Huston directed two films in this awards year for which his actors won Oscars: his father, Walter Huston, in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre; and Claire Trevor for Key Largo. The Huston family won three Oscars that evening.
The ceremony was moved from the Shrine Auditorium to the Academy's own theater, primarily because the major Hollywood studios had withdrawn their financial support in order to address rumors that they had been trying to influence voters.
Joan of Arc became the first film to receive as many as seven nominations without being nominated for Best Picture. Hamlet became the fifth film to win Best Picture without a screenwriting nomination; the next to do so would be The Sound of Music at the 38th Academy Awards. Jane Wyman became the first performer since the silent era to win an Oscar for a performance with no lines.
Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.
Academy Honorary Awards
Best Foreign Language Film
Academy Juvenile Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Scientific or Technical
- Victor Caccialanza, Maurice Ayers and the Paramount Studio Set Construction Department for the development and the application of "Paralite", a new lightweight plaster process for set construction
- Nick Kalten, Louis J. Witt and the Twentieth Century-Fox Studio Mechanical Effects Department for a process of preserving and flame-proofing foliage
- Marty Martin, Jack Lannon, Russell Shearman and the RKO Radio Studio Special Effects Department; A.J. Moran and the Warner Bros. Studio Electrical Department
- Ethel Barrymore (Presenter: Best Picture)
- Ann Blyth (Presenter: Best Sound Recording)
- Frank Borzage (Presenter: Best Director)
- Ronald Colman (Presenter: Best Actress)
- Wendell Corey (Presenter: Best Film Editing)
- Jeanne Crain (Presenter: Short Subject Awards)
- Arlene Dahl (Presenter: Best Art Direction)
- Glenn Ford (Presenter: Best Special Effects)
- Ava Gardner (Presenter: Documentary Awards)
- Kathryn Grayson (Presenter: Music Awards)
- Edmund Gwenn (Presenter: Best Supporting Actress)
- Jean Hersholt (Presenter: Honorary Awards)
- Celeste Holm (Presenter: Best Supporting Actor)
- Louis Jourdan (Presenter: Best Foreign Film)
- Deborah Kerr (Presenter: Writing Awards)
- George Murphy (Presenter: Scientific & Technical Awards)
- Robert Ryan (Presenter: Best Cinematography)
- Elizabeth Taylor (Presenter: Best Costume Design)
- Loretta Young (Presenter: Best Actor)
- Harry Babbitt and Gloria Wood ("The Woody Woodpecker Song")
- Doris Day ("It's Magic" from Romance on the High Seas)
- Gordon MacRae ("For Every Man There's a Woman" from Casbah)
- Jane Russell ("Buttons and Bows" from The Paleface)
- Jo Stafford ("This Is the Moment" from That Lady in Ermine)
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- 6th Golden Globe Awards
- 1948 in film
- 1st Primetime Emmy Awards
- 2nd British Academy Film Awards
- 3rd Tony Awards
- Entertainment Weekly. "100 Worst Oscar Snubs Ever: Humphrey Bogart, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre". Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- Dirks, Tim. "1948 Academy Awards Winners and History". FilmSite.org (American Movie Classics). Archived from the original on April 15, 2015. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-18.