21st New York State Legislature
|21st New York State Legislature|
The Old Albany City Hall (undated)
|Jurisdiction||New York, United States|
|Term||July 1, 1797 – June 30, 1798|
|President||Lt. Gov. Stephen Van Rensselaer (Fed.)|
|Party control||Federalist (33-7)|
|Speaker||Dirck Ten Broeck (Fed.)|
The 21st New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 2 to April 6, 1798, during the third year of John Jay's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1777, amended by the re-apportionment of March 4, 1796, Senators were elected on general tickets in the senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year about one fourth of the Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole assembly being renewed annually.
In March 1786, the Legislature enacted that future Legislatures meet on the first Tuesday of January of each year unless called earlier by the governor. In 1797, Albany was declared the State capital, and all subsequent Legislatures have been meeting there ever since.
On January 24, 1797, State Senator Philip Schuyler was elected to the U.S. Senate, leaving a vacancy in the Eastern District.
In 1797, Delaware County was created from parts of Ulster and Otsego counties, and was apportioned two seats in the Assembly, one each taken from Ulster and Otsego.
The State election was held from April 25 to 27, 1797. Senators Ezra L'Hommedieu (Southern D.), Ebenezer Clark, Anthony Ten Eyck, Jacobus Van Schoonhoven (all three Eastern D.), Thomas Morris and Michael Myers (both Western D.) were re-elected. John Addison, Peter Cantine Jr., James G. Graham (all three Middle D.) and Seth Phelps (Western D.) were also elected to full terms in the Senate. Senator Zina Hitchcock (Eastern D.) was re-elected, but only to a two-year term to fill the vacancy.
The Legislature met on January 2, 1798, at the Old City Hall in Albany, New York; the Senate adjourned on April 5, the Assembly on April 6.
On January 3, 1798, Philip Schuyler (Fed.) resigned from the U.S. Senate. On January 11, the Legislature elected New York Supreme Court Justice John Sloss Hobart (Fed.) to fill the vacancy. Hobart vacated his seat on April 16, 1798, when he was appointed to the United States District Court for the District of New York, and on May 5 Gov. John Jay appointed William North (Fed.) to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy temporarily.
- The Southern District (9 seats) consisted of Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond, Suffolk and Westchester counties.
- The Middle District (12 seats) consisted of Dutchess, Orange, Ulster, Columbia and Delaware counties.
- The Eastern District (11 seats) consisted of Washington, Clinton, Rensselaer, Albany and Saratoga counties.
- The Western District (11 seats) consisted of Montgomery, Herkimer, Ontario, Otsego, Tioga, Onondaga, Schoharie and Steuben counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
|Southern||Richard Hatfield*||1 year||Federalist|
|Philip Livingston*||1 year||Federalist|
|James Watson*||1 year||Federalist|
|Samuel Jones*||2 years||Federalist||also New York State Comptroller|
|vacant||2 years||Joshua Sands vacated his seat on April 26, 1797, upon
appointment as Collector of the Port of New York
|Samuel Haight*||3 years||Federalist|
|(Andrew Onderdonk*)||3 years||Federalist||died September 24, 1797, before this Legislature met|
|Selah Strong*||3 years||Federalist|
|Ezra L'Hommedieu*||4 years||Dem.-Rep.||elected to the Council of Appointment|
|Middle||John D. Coe*||1 year||Dem.-Rep.|
|Ambrose Spencer*||1 year||Federalist||also Assistant Attorney General (3rd D.)|
|Abraham Schenck*||2 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|Christopher Tappen*||2 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|Thomas Tillotson*||2 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|Robert Sands*||3 years||Federalist|
|James Savage*||3 years||Federalist|
|Peter Silvester*||3 years||Federalist|
|William Thompson*||3 years||Federalist||elected to the Council of Appointment|
|John Addison||4 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|Peter Cantine Jr.||4 years||Federalist|
|James G. Graham||4 years||Dem.-Rep.|
|Eastern||Leonard Gansevoort*||1 year||Federalist|
|Francis Nicoll*||1 year||Federalist|
|Zina Hitchcock*||2 years||Federalist||elected to fill vacancy, in place of Philip Schuyler|
|Ebenezer Russell*||2 years||Federalist|
|Moses Vail*||2 years||Federalist||elected to the Council of Appointment|
|Leonard Bronck*||3 years||Federalist|
|James Gordon*||3 years||Federalist|
|Ebenezer Clark*||4 years||Federalist|
|Anthony Ten Eyck*||4 years||Federalist|
|Jacobus Van Schoonhoven*||4 years||Federalist|
|Abraham Van Vechten||4 years||Federalist||also Recorder of the City of Albany|
|Western||Abraham Arndt||1 year||Federalist|
|Johannes Dietz*||1 year||Federalist|
|John Frey*||1 year||Federalist|
|Thomas R. Gold*||1 year||Federalist||also Assistant Attorney General (7th D.)|
|Vincent Mathews*||2 years||Federalist|
|Joseph White*||2 years||Federalist||elected to the Council of Appointment|
|Jacob Morris*||3 years||Federalist|
|Jedediah Sanger*||3 years||Federalist||from March 22, 1798, also First Judge of the Oneida County Court|
|Thomas Morris*||4 years||Federalist|
|Michael Myers*||4 years||Federalist|
|Seth Phelps||4 years||Federalist|
- Clerk: Abraham B. Bancker
- Albany County (10 seats)
- Clinton County (1 seat)
- Columbia County (6 seats)
- Delaware County (2 seats)
- Dutchess County (10 seats)
- Herkimer County (7 seats)
- Kings County (1 seat)
- Montgomery County (6 seats)
- The City and County of New York (13 seats)
- Onondaga County (2 seats)
- Ontario and Steuben counties (2 seats)
- Orange County (3 seats)
- Otsego County (4 seats)
- Queens County (4 seats)
- Rensselaer County (6 seats)
- Richmond County (1 seat)
- Saratoga County (5 seats)
- Schoharie County (1 seat)
- Suffolk County (4 seats)
- Tioga County (2 seats)
- Ulster County (7 seats)
- Washington County (6 seats)
- Westchester County (5 seats)
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
- Clerk: James Van Ingen
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Robert Hunter
- Doorkeeper: Peter Hansen
- The Anti-Federalists called themselves "Republicans." However, at the same time, the Federalists called them "Democrats" which was meant to be pejorative. After some time both terms got more and more confused, and sometimes used together as "Democratic Republicans" which later historians have adopted (with a hyphen) to describe the party from the beginning, to avoid confusion with both the later established and still existing Democratic and Republican parties.
- The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 1, H. & E. Phinney, Cooperstown, 1846; page 110)
- Philip Livingston, son of Peter Van Brugh Livingston
- L'Hommedieu changed sides, see Hammond, page 108
- Original owner of Robert Sands Estate in Rhinebeck, Dutchess Co.
- Jenkins was a close political friend of Ambrose Spencer and both changed sides in 1798.
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough (Weed, Parsons and Co., 1858) [see pg. 108f for Senate districts; pg. 116 for senators; pg. 148f for Assembly districts; pg. 171 for assemblymen]
- Election result Assembly, Dutchess Co. at project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted by Tufts University Digital Library
- Election result Assembly, Montgomery Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly, Rensselaer Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly, Saratoga Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly, Washington Co. at project "A New Nation Votes"
- Election result Assembly Speaker at project "A New Nation Votes"