21st New Zealand Parliament
|Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament
|1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
1922 general election
The 1922 general election was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates, respectively. A total of 80 MPs were elected; 45 represented North Island electorates, 31 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 700,111 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 88.7%.
The 21st Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1923), and was prorogued on 14 October 1925.
|first||7 February 1923||17 February 1923|
|second||14 June 1923||29 August 1923|
|third||26 June 1924||6 November 1924|
|fourth||25 June 1925||1 October 1925|
Start of Parliament
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Reform Party||William Massey||37|
|Liberal Party||Thomas Wilford||22|
|Labour Party||Harry Holland||17|
End of Parliament
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at end|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||37|
|Liberal Party||George Forbes||22|
|Labour Party||Harry Holland||17|
The second Massey Ministry led by William Massey of the Reform Party had come to power in August 1919. Massey ruled until his death on 10 May 1925. Francis Bell had been acting Prime Minister during Massey's illness and took on the temporary leadership following Massey's death. Bell led the Bell Ministry from 14 to 30 May 1925, when the Reform Party elected Gordon Coates as its leader. The Coates Ministry was in place for the remainder of the parliamentary term and for the duration of the 22nd Parliament.
Reform had a narrow margin of three votes in the house if Liberal and Labour combined as they did when the houise resumed in February 1923 (but Bell, Witty and Isitt voted with Massey). Hence the Government could not introduce any controversial legislation, and Massey said it was "hell most of the time". 
Initial composition of the 21st Parliament
The results of the 1922 election were as follows:
By-elections during 21st Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 21st Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Tauranga||1923||28 March||William Herries||Death||Charles MacMillan|
|Oamaru||1923||1 May||John MacPherson||Election declared void||John Macpherson|
|Franklin||1925||17 June||William Massey||Death||Ewen McLennan|
- "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 44–45.
- Gustafson, Barry. "Massey, William Ferguson - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Gardner, William James. "Bell, Francis Henry Dillon 1851–1936". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 46.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 46–47.
- Bassett 1982, p. 32-33.
- The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1924. Retrieved 24 November 2013 Note that this source does not give election results, but shows the composition of the House in September 1923
- McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
- Hislop 1923, pp. 1–6.
- "Official Counts". The Evening Post CIV (144). 15 December 1922. p. 8. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Awarua". Hawera & Normanby Star XLII. 14 December 1922. p. 7. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- "Labour's Candidates". Maoriland Worker 12 (299). 22 November 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Women Take Part". The Evening Post CXX (107). 1 November 1935. p. 14. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- Pugsley, Chris. "Russell, Andrew Hamilton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "The Official Count". Auckland Star LIII (295). 13 December 1922. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
- "Electoral". Auckland Star LIII (296). 14 December 1922. p. 16. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
- "The Final Counts". The New Zealand Herald LIX (18276). 18 December 1922. p. 6. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- "Result of Oamaru Petition". Evening Post, Volume CV, Issue 77. 31 March 1923. p. 7. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911–1931. Auckland: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-86870-006-1.
- Hislop, J. (1923). The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Scholefield (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.