21st government of Turkey

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Adnan Menderes

The 21st government of Turkey (17 May 1954 – 9 December 1955) was a government in the history of Turkey. It is also called the third Menderes government.


The Democrat Party (DP) won the elections held on 2 May 1954. President Celal Bayar appointed Adnan Menderes to form the new government.

The government[edit]

In the list below, the cabinet members who served only a part of the cabinet's lifespan are shown in the column "Notes".

Title[1][2] Name Notes
Prime Minister Adnan Menderes
Deputy Prime Minister Fatin Rüştü Zorlu
Fuat Köprülü
17 May 1954 – 29 July 1955
29 July 1955 – 9 December 1955
Minister of State
Mükerrem Sarol 17 May 1954 – 12 October 1955
Osman Kapani
Etem Menders
17 May 1954 – 15 September 1955
15 September 1955 – 30 September 1955
Fahrettin Ulaş 30 September 1955 – 9 December 1955
Ministry of Justice Osman Şevki Çiçekdağ
Ministry of National Defense Etem Menderes 17 May 1954 – 15 September 1955
Ministry of the Interior Namık Gedik
Etem Menderes
17 May 1954 – 10 September 1955
30 September 1955 – 9 December 1955
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Fuat Köprülü 15 April 1955 – 29 July 1955
Ministry of Finance Hasan Polatkan
Ministry of National Education Celal Yardımcı
Ministry of Public Works Kemal Zeytinoğlu
Ministry of Health and Social Security Behçet Uz
Ministry of Customs and Monopolies Emin Kalafat
Ministry of Transport Muammer Çavuşoğlu
Ministry of Establishments Fethi Çelikbaş
Samet Ağaoğlu
17 May 1954 – 6 December 1954
6 December 1954 – 9 December 1955
Ministry of Economy and Commerce Sıtkı Yırcalı
Ministry of Agriculture Nedim Ökmen
Ministry of Labour Hayrettin Erkmen


Although the government had the support of the majority in the parliament, Adnan Menderes resigned because of a political crisis about press freedom, called the "right to prove" (Turkish: İspat hakkı). Following this resignation, a group of MPs left the DP to form the Liberty Party.


Preceded by
20th government of Turkey
(Adnan Menderes)
21st Government of Turkey
17 June 1954 – 9 December 1955
Succeeded by
22nd government of Turkey
(Adnan Menderes)