220 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
220 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar220 BC
Ab urbe condita534
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 104
- PharaohPtolemy IV Philopator, 2
Ancient Greek era140th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4531
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−812
Berber calendar731
Buddhist calendar325
Burmese calendar−857
Byzantine calendar5289–5290
Chinese calendar庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
2477 or 2417
    — to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2478 or 2418
Coptic calendar−503 – −502
Discordian calendar947
Ethiopian calendar−227 – −226
Hebrew calendar3541–3542
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−163 – −162
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2881–2882
Holocene calendar9781
Iranian calendar841 BP – 840 BP
Islamic calendar867 BH – 866 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2114
Minguo calendar2131 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1687
Seleucid era92/93 AG
Thai solar calendar323–324
Tibetan calendar阳金龙年
(male Iron-Dragon)
−93 or −474 or −1246
    — to —
(female Iron-Snake)
−92 or −473 or −1245
220 BC.

Year 220 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Laevinus/Catulus and Scaevola/Philo (or, less frequently, year 534 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 220 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • With Molon occupying significant parts of the Seleucid kingdom and assuming the title of king, on the advice of his chief Minister, Hermeias, Antiochus III abandons a campaign to conquer southern Syria from Egypt. Antiochus III instead marches against Molon, defeating and killing him and his brother Alexander on the far bank of the Tigris. Antiochus goes on to conquer Atropatene, the north-western part of Media.
  • Meanwhile, the birth of a son to Antiochus III and Laodice (daughter of Mithridates II, king of Pontus) leads Hermeias to consider getting rid of the king so that he can rule under the name of the infant son. Antiochus discovers the scheme and arranges the assassination of Hermeias.


  • Antiochus III's commander in Anatolia, Achaeus, having recovered all the districts which Attalus of Pergamum has gained, is accused by Hermeias, the chief minister of Antiochus, of intending to revolt. In self-defence, Achaeus assumes the title of king and rules over the Anatolian parts of the Seleucid kingdom.


Roman Republic[edit]


By topic[edit]


  • A bronze statue called Gallic Chieftain killing his wife and himself is made (approximate date). A Roman copy after the original statue is today preserved at Museo Nazionale Romano in Rome.
  • A bronze statue called Dying Gallic trumpeter is made (possibly by Epigonos) (230-220 BC). A marble Roman copy after the original statue is today preserved at Museo Capitolino in Rome.




  1. ^ Dodson, Aidan (2004). The complete royal families of Ancient Egypt. Dyan Hilton. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05128-3. OCLC 59265536.
  2. ^ Dumitru, Adrian George (November 30, 2015), "Some thoughts about Seleucid Thrace in the 3rd century BC", The Danubian Lands between the Black, Aegean and Adriatic Seas, Archaeopress Publishing Ltd, pp. 293–298, doi:10.2307/j.ctvr43k44.46, ISBN 978-1-78491-193-5, retrieved May 27, 2021