2244 Tesla

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2244 Tesla
Discovery [1]
Discovered byM. B. Protić
Discovery siteBelgrade Obs.
Discovery date22 October 1952
Designations
MPC designation(2244) Tesla
Named after
Nikola Tesla
(Serbian inventor)[2]
1952 UW1 · 1938 UE1
1938 WE · 1949 AA
1966 UB · 1976 YR3
1980 SV · 1980 TJ15
main-belt · (middle)
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc64.62 yr (23,602 days)
Aphelion3.3186 AU
Perihelion2.3020 AU
2.8103 AU
Eccentricity0.1809
4.71 yr (1,721 days)
260.21°
0° 12m 33.12s / day
Inclination7.8234°
106.49°
297.81°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions24.377±0.030 km[3]
29 km[4]
0.050±0.003[3]
SMASS = C[1]
11.9[1]

2244 Tesla, provisional designation 1952 UW1, is a carbonaceous asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 25 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 22 October 1952, by Serbian astronomer Milorad Protić at the Belgrade Observatory, then Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, now Serbia.[5] It is named after the inventor Nikola Tesla.[2]

Orbit[edit]

Tesla orbits the Sun in the central main-belt at a distance of 2.3–3.3 AU once every 4 years and 9 months (1,721 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.18 and an inclination of 8° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] It was first identified as 1938 UE1 at Turku Observatory in 1938, extending the body's observation arc by 14 years prior to its official discovery at Belgrade.[5]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the SMASS taxonomy, Tesla is a dark C-type asteroid.[1] According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Tesla measures 24.37 kilometers in diameter and its surface has a low albedo of 0.050, in correspondence with its carbonaceous composition.[3] A larger diameter estimate of 29 kilometers was obtained in 2008, from an asteroid occultation.[4]

Lightcurves[edit]

As of 2017, Tesla's rotation period and shape remains unknown.[1][6]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named in memory of Serbian-American electrical engineer and inventor Nikola Tesla (1856–1943). He is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. The lunar crater Tesla is also named in his honor.[2] The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 7 March 1985 (M.P.C. 9477).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2244 Tesla (1952 UW1)" (2017-06-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(2244) Tesla". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2244) Tesla. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 183. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_2245. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
  3. ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645. Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  4. ^ a b "The Occultation Section: OCCULTATION BY (2244) TESLA – 2008 Aug 16". Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand. 10 July 2008. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008.
  5. ^ a b "2244 Tesla (1952 UW1)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  6. ^ "LCDB Data for (2244) Tesla". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  7. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 22 March 2017.

External links[edit]