22 July (film)

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22 July
Official poster
Directed byPaul Greengrass
Produced by
Screenplay byPaul Greengrass
Based onOne of Us: The Story of a Massacre in Norway — and Its Aftermath
by Åsne Seierstad
Music bySune Martin
CinematographyPål Ulvik Rokseth
Edited byWilliam Goldenberg
Distributed byNetflix
Release date
  • September 5, 2018 (2018-09-05) (Venice)
  • October 10, 2018 (2018-10-10) (United States)
Running time
143 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Budget$20 million[2]
Box office$166,526[3]

22 July is a 2018 Norwegian-American crime drama film about the 2011 Norway attacks and their aftermath, based on the book One of Us: The Story of a Massacre in Norway — and Its Aftermath by Åsne Seierstad.[4][5][6] The film was written, directed and produced by Paul Greengrass and features a Norwegian cast and crew. It stars Anders Danielsen Lie, Jon Øigarden, Thorbjørn Harr, Jonas Strand Gravli, Ola G. Furuseth, Ulrikke Hansen Døvigen, Isak Bakli Aglen, Maria Bock and Seda Witt. The film had its world premiere on September 5, 2018 in the main competition section of the 75th Venice International Film Festival.[7][8][9] On September 5, the film was screened at the 75th Venice International Film Festival and released online and in select theaters on October 10, 2018, by Netflix.[10][11]


Anders Behring Breivik dresses in a police uniform, loads a van with home-made explosives, and drives to Regjeringskvartalet, the executive government quarter in Oslo, Norway. He leaves the van outside the office of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg. Moments later, it explodes, causing several casualties.

On the island of Utøya in Tyrifjorden, Buskerud, teenagers have arrived for Workers' Youth League (AUF) summer camp, organised by the ruling Labour Party. When they learn of the bombing, one student, Viljar Hanssen, calls his parents to make sure they are unhurt.

Breivik arrives at the ferry landing and tells staff he is a police officer sent to secure the island following the attack. The camp director transport him to the island by boat. Breivik instructs the staff to gather the children in one location. When the head of security asks for ID, Breivik shoots him and the director dead. The children flee as Breivik opens fire, murdering dozens.

Viljar and his brother Torje hide on a rocky embankment on the beach. Viljar calls his mother to tell him a shooting is in progress. Breivik finds the group and starts shooting. Viljar is shot multiple times, but Torje escapes unharmed. Breivik surrenders to a tactical team and is brought inland for interrogation.

Breivik claims he is the leader of a white nationalist group called the Knights Templar and that more attacks will happen on his signal. He requests the aid of lawyer Geir Lippestad, who defended a Neo-Nazi. Lippestad is morally conscientious of his client and professionally bonded by his ethics as a lawyer. Lippestad tries to argue an insanity defense for Breivik, which draws criticism as it means he will be institutionalized instead of imprisoned. With the help of various psychiatrists and psychologists, Breivik is possibly diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. Breivik tells Lippestad he wants to be declared competent to legitimize his attacks.

Viljar wakes from a coma with life-changing injuries and returns home with his family. He learns to walk again, but is haunted by memories of the attack. With the support of his mother, and another survivor of the attack on Utøya, he appears in court as a witness and delivers an account of the massacre. Breivik is sentenced to indefinite solitary confinement.



On August 21, 2017, Paul Greengrass announced that he was working on a new Netflix movie focused on the 2011 Norway attacks and aftermath.[13] The production began at the end of 2017. [14] The trailer of the film was released on September, 4, 2018. [15] Greengrass revealed that he used Norwegian actors and crew for the film, because he considered that the film should be identified like a Norwegian film. He also revealed that he didn’t use the Norwegian language for the film, because he didn’t speak Norwegian, so he looked for actors who can speak English. [16]


The film had its world premiere at the 75th Venice International Film Festival on September 5, 2018.[17] The film was also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 10, 2018,[18] it also had a special presentation in Scandinavia theaters on October 4, 2018. [19] The film was released on October 10, 2018 on Netflix and in select theaters.[20] It was originally scheduled to be released on November 2, 2018, under the title Norway.[21]

Critical response[edit]

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 80%, based on 111 reviews, with an average rating of 6.9/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "22 July offers a hard-hitting close-up look at the aftereffects of terrorism, telling a story with a thriller's visceral impact and the lingering emotional resonance of a drama."[22] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 69 out of 100, based on 27 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[23]


The Film was nominated for the Cinema for Peace Most Valuable Film of the Year award, 2019.[24]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "22 July". Venice International Film Festival. July 24, 2018. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  2. ^ Jr, Mike Fleming (August 21, 2017). "Netflix Lands Paul Greengrass Pic About Norwegian Terrorist Who Killed 77". Deadline. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
  3. ^ "22 July (Utøya 22. juli) (2018)". The Numbers. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  4. ^ Leigh, Danny (September 5, 2018). "22 July review – Paul Greengrass's searing account of Anders Breivik's mass murder". Retrieved December 17, 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
  5. ^ Hans, Simran (October 14, 2018). "22 July review – Paul Greengrass's tough telling of the Breivik massacre". Retrieved December 17, 2018 – via www.theguardian.com.
  6. ^ Travers, Peter (October 10, 2018). "Paul Greengrass Shakes You to the Core With Domestic Terrorism Tale '22 July'". Rolling Stones. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  7. ^ "Venice to Kick Off Awards Season With New Films From Coen Brothers, Luca Guadagnino and Alfonso Cuaron". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  8. ^ "Venice Film Festival Lineup: Heavy on Award Hopefuls, Netflix and Star Power". Variety. July 25, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  9. ^ "Venice Film Festival 2018 line-up: What to look out for, from Damien Chazelle's First Man to the completion of an unfinished Orson Welles epic". Independent. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  10. ^ Anderton, Ethan (October 1, 2018). "Paul Greengrass' Netflix Movie '22 July' is Getting a Pretty Wide Theatrical Release". Slash Film. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  11. ^ Lang, Brent (October 1, 2018). "Inside Netflix's Theatrical Release Plans for Paul Greengrass Drama '22 July' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Cast of Netflix 22 July Film by Paul Greengrass Announced". The Nordic Page. October 31, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
  13. ^ Crow, David (August 21, 2017). "Paul Greengrass of United 93 and Bourne fame will make a Netflix film about a right-wing Christian terrorist attack in Norway". Den Of Geek. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  14. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (August 21, 2017). "Netflix Lands Paul Greengrass Pic About Norwegian Terrorist Who Killed 77". Deadlie Hollywood News. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  15. ^ Chitwood, Adam (September 4, 2018). "First '22 July' Trailer Reveals Paul Greengrass' Chronicle of the Norwegian Terrorist Attack". Collider. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  16. ^ Kinane, Ruth (October 10, 2018). "How Paul Greengrass filmed Norway's 'disturbing' 2011 terrorist attacks for 22 July". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  17. ^ Tartaglione, Nancy (July 25, 2018). "Venice Film Festival Lineup: Welles, Coen Brothers, Cuaron, Greengrass, More – Live". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  18. ^ O'Connell, Sean. "When You Can See The Biggest Movies From The 2018 Toronto Film Festival". Cinemablend. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  19. ^ "Inside Netflix's Theatrical Release Plans for Paul Greengrass Drama '22 July' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. October 1, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  20. ^ "25 Awards Contenders to See This Season, From 'Roma' to 'The Favourite' to 'First Man' and More". IndieWire. August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  21. ^ Parfitt, Orlando (January 22, 2018). "15 Netflix Original movies to look out for in 2018". Screen International. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  22. ^ "22 July (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  23. ^ "22 July reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  24. ^ "Nominations 2019". Cinema for Peace Foundation. Retrieved February 20, 2019.

External links[edit]