22d Air Defense Missile Squadron
|22d Air Defense Missile Squadron|
Langley BOMARC site, 1965
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||CIM-10 BOMARC surface-to-air antiaircraft missile squadron|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|Patch with 22d Air Defense Missile Squadron emblem|
The 22d Air Defense Missile Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 20th Air Division of Aerospace Defense Command, stationed near Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, where it was inactivated on 31 October 1972. The squadron was activated in 1959 and equipped with BOMARC missiles for the air defense of the area near its base.
The squadron was activated on 1 September 1959 as the '22d Air Defense Missile Squadron (BOMARC) and stood alert during the Cold War, equipped with IM-99 (later CIM-10) BOMARC surface to air anitaircraft missiles. The squadron was tied into a Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) direction center which could use analog computers to process information from ground radars, picket ships and airborne aircraft to accelerate the display of tracking data at the direction center to quickly direct the missile battery to engage hostile aircraft. The 22d was inactivated on 31 October 1972.
The BOMARC missile site was located 3 miles (4.8 km) west-northwest of Langley AFB at. Although geographically separated from the base, it was an off base facility of Langley and the squadron received administrative and logistical support from Langley.
- Constituted as the 22d Air Defense Missile Squadron on 10 July 1959
- Activated on 1 September 1959
- Inactivated on 31 October 1972
- Washington Air Defense Sector, 1 September 1959
- 33d Air Division, 1 April 1966
- 20th Air Division, 19 November 1969 - 31 October 1972
- 1 September 1963 - 28 February 1965
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 150
- Winkler & Webster, p. 39
- Winkler & Webster, p. 3
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, 15 June 1971, p. 139
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Winkler, David F.; Webster, Julie L (1997). Searching the skies: The legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program (PDF). Champaign, IL: US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. LCCN 97020912.
- "AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits" (PDF). Washington, DC: Department of the Air Force Index. 15 June 1971. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
- Further reading
- Leonard, Barry (2009). History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missiile Defense (PDF). , Vol II, 1955-1972. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History. ISBN 978-1-4379-2131-1.