22nd Guards Army
|22nd Guards Combined Arms Army|
|Active||1990 – c. July 2009|
|Country||Soviet Union, Russian Federation|
|Branch||Soviet Army, Russian Ground Forces|
|Size||one Motor Rifle division, two Artillery/Missile brigades, one MLRS regiment and other auxiliary brigades/regiments|
|Part of||Moscow Military District|
|Decorations||Order of the Red Banner|
The 22nd Guards Army was a field army of the Russian Ground Forces, part of the Moscow Military District. It was active from 1990 to 2009. The order for the formation's dissolution was signed by the Minister of Defence on 1 June 2009.
It was formed in 1990 as the 22nd Guards Army from an army corps.
The 22nd Guards Army headquarters was redesignated from the previous 13th Guards Army Corps in 1990 in the Moscow Military District at Nizhny Novgorod, as the 22nd Guards Konigsberg Red Banner Army, inheriting the awards and honorifics of the corps. Initially it controlled the 31st Tank Division, withdrawn from the Central Group of Forces in Czechoslovakia and the 47th Guards Tank Division formerly from the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, as well as the 166th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade (Tver) (which was formerly the 6th Guards Motor Rifle Division with the Northern Group of Forces in Poland), the 211th Artillery Brigade, the 918th Multiple Rocket Launcher Regiment (both at Mulino), and two helicopter regiments. However, manpower levels were low; the tank divisions were reported to be at an establishment of 2,193 each and the 166th Motor Rifle Brigade at 3,638.
By June 1998 the two tank divisions had been merged as the new 3rd Motor Rifle Division, and the new division was designated at as 'constant readiness' formation, to be maintained at at least 80% strength. Also, the 166th Motor Rifle Brigade has now been reduced to a storage base as the 70th Base for Storage of Weapons and Equipment (VkhVT).
Composition in 2000s
- Headquarters - Nizhny Novgorod
Alexey Merkuryev was its commander in 2004.
The army headquarters was disbanded on 1 June 2009, as part of wider reforms of the Russian Ground Forces, and the 20th Guards Army headquarters moved to the 22nd Army's old base at Mulino in August 2010.
- Tatarintsev, Valery (26 November 2012). "Легендарная 22-я, гвардейская…" [22nd Guards, Legendary...]. Nizhegorodskaya pravda (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2017-04-08. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- Andrew Duncan, 'Russian forces in decline — Part 3,' Jane's Intelligence Review, November 1996, p.492-4
- "Танкисты показали хорошую оборону". vesti.ru. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
- Kryazhev, Roman; Inyutin, Vsevolod (3 August 2010). "Бросок на восток" [Relocated to the east]. Kommersant (in Russian). Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/9059/RussianArmedForces.html (Archived 2009-10-23) for current units