22nd New Zealand Parliament
|Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament
|1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
The 22nd Parliament consisted of 80 representatives chosen by geographical electorates: 46 from North Island electorates, 30 from South Island electorates, and four Māori electorates. The Parliament was elected using the First Past the Post electoral voting system.
In 1926, the Reform candidate Sir James Gunson was expected to "romp home" in the Eden by-election. Reform had 55 seats. But with National (Liberal) having 11 seats plus two Liberal-leaning independents and Labour 12, Labour realised their chance to be the official Opposition, "threw their all" into the contest, and became the official Opposition; helped by Ellen Melville standing as Independent Reform. In 1927 a Labour farmer Lee Martin won the Raglan by-election against a weak Reform candidate plus Country Party, Liberal and Independent Reform candidates. 
The Parliament sat for three sessions:
|First||16 Jun 1926||11 Sep 1926|
|Second||23 Jun 1927||5 Dec 1927|
|Third||28 Jun 1928||9 Oct 1928|
Start of Parliament
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||55|
|Labour Party||Harry Holland||12|
|Liberal Party||George Forbes||11|
End of Parliament
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at end|
|Reform Party||Gordon Coates||53|
|Labour Party||Harry Holland||14|
|United Party||Sir Joseph Ward||11|
Initial composition of the 22nd Parliament
The election results were as follows:
By-elections during 22nd Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 22nd Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Eden||1926||15 April||James Parr||Appointed High Commissioner, UK||Rex Mason|
|Raglan||1927||29 September||Richard Bollard||Death||Lee Martin|
- Wilson 1985, p. 138.
- Wilson 1985, p. 173.
- Bassett 1982, p. 36-37.
- Wilson 1985, p. 141.
- The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1926. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- Skinner 1926, pp. 1–6.
- "Candidates in the Contest". The Evening Post. CX (109). 4 November 1925. p. 9. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- "Awarua". The Evening Post. 116 (116). 12 November 1925. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
- "Election Notices". The Press. LXI (18524). 28 October 1925. p. 17. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- "Labour in Raglan". The New Zealand Herald. LXII (19149). 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "General Election". The Evening Post. CX (30). 4 August 1925. p. 6. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Local and General News". The New Zealand Herald. LXII (19163). 31 October 1925. p. 12. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
- "Labour Wins". Auckland Star. LVIII (231). 30 September 1927. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911-1931. Auckland: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-86870-006-1.
- Skinner, W. A. G. (1926). The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.