22nd New Zealand Parliament

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22nd Parliament of New Zealand
21st Parliament 23rd Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Term16 June 1926 – 9 October 1928
Election1925 New Zealand general election
GovernmentReform Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 22nd Parliament.png
Speaker of the HouseCharles Statham
Prime MinisterGordon Coates
Leader of the OppositionHarry Holland
Legislative Council
Members41 (at start)
40 (at end)
Speaker of the CouncilSir Walter Carncross
Leader of the CouncilSir Francis Bell from 23 June 1927
––Sir Robert Heaton Rhodes until 14 September 1926
MonarchHM George V
Governor-GeneralHE Gen. Sir Charles Fergusson

The 22nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1925 election, and it sat until the 1928 election.[1]

Historical context[edit]

The 22nd Parliament saw the Reform Party's Gordon Coates continue his rule as Prime Minister, in the continuing Reform Government.

The 22nd Parliament consisted of 80 representatives chosen by geographical electorates: 46 from North Island electorates, 30 from South Island electorates, and four Māori electorates.[2] The Parliament was elected using the First Past the Post electoral voting system.

In 1926, the Reform candidate Sir James Gunson was expected to "romp home" in the Eden by-election. Reform had 55 seats. But with National (Liberal) having 11 seats plus two Liberal-leaning independents and Labour 12, Labour realised their chance to be the official Opposition, "threw their all" into the contest, and became the official Opposition; helped by Ellen Melville standing as Independent Reform. In 1927 a Labour farmer Lee Martin won the Raglan by-election against a weak Reform candidate plus Country Party, Liberal and Independent Reform candidates. [3]

Parliamentary sessions[edit]

The Parliament sat for three sessions:[4]

Session from to
First 16 Jun 1926 11 Sep 1926
Second 23 Jun 1927 5 Dec 1927
Third 28 Jun 1928 9 Oct 1928

Party standings[edit]

Start of Parliament[edit]

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Reform Party Gordon Coates 55
Labour Party Harry Holland 12
Liberal Party George Forbes 11
Independents 4

End of Parliament[edit]

Party Leader(s) Seats at end
Reform Party Gordon Coates 53
Labour Party Harry Holland 14
United Party Sir Joseph Ward 11
Independents 4

Initial composition of the 22nd Parliament[edit]

The election results were as follows:


 Reform    Labour    Liberal    Country Party    Independent  

Electorate results for the 1925 New Zealand general election[5][6][7]

Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy 2,117 John Nicholson Harle
Auckland Central Bill Parry 3,500 Charles Augustus Wilson
Auckland East John A. Lee 288 James Stewart
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage 476 Samuel Oldfield
Avon Dan Sullivan 1,789 Walter Edmund Leadley
Awarua Philip De La Perrelle John Hamilton 220[8] Philip De La Perrelle
Bay of Islands Allen Bell Allen Bell 2,787 Hugh James Sweeney
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Williams Uncontested
Buller Harry Holland 1,532 C S Bielby
Chalmers James Dickson Michael Connelly
Christchurch East Tim Armstrong 2,855 Denis Franklyn Dennehy
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Henry Holland Henry Thacker
Christchurch South Ted Howard Harry Ell
Clutha John Edie Fred Waite John Edie
Dunedin Central Charles Statham John Gilchrist
Dunedin North Jim Munro Harold Livingstone Tapley Jim Munro
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey John McManus
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart R Harrison
Eden James Parr Rex Mason
Egmont Oswald Hawken W C G Green
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes David Jones Jeremiah Connolly
Franklin Ewen McLennan D McClymont
Gisborne Douglas Lysnar David Coleman
Grey Lynn Fred Bartram 765 Ellen Melville
Hamilton Alexander Young Lee Martin
Hawke's Bay Gilbert McKay Hugh Campbell Gilbert McKay
Hurunui George Forbes 811 J G Armstrong
Hutt Thomas Wilford 1,794 Walter Nash
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Joseph Ward 159 James Hargest
Kaiapoi David Buddo 556 William Brock[9]
Kaipara Gordon Coates 4,835 Bill Barnard
Lyttelton James McCombs[nb 1] 6 Melville Lyons
Manawatu Joseph Linklater Ben Roberts
Manukau Bill Jordan Jack Massey
Marsden Alfred Murdoch William Jones 651 Alfred Murdoch
Masterton George Sykes J W Andrews
Mataura George Anderson W Hinchey
Motueka Richard Hudson 2,102 Mark Fagan
Napier Lew McIlvride John Mason 573 Lew McIlvride
Nelson Harry Atmore 2,349 Albert Gilbert
Oamaru John MacPherson Ernest Lee John MacPherson
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Albert Samuel Hugh Poland
Oroua David Guthrie John Gordon Eliott John Cobbe
Otaki William Hughes Field Bob Semple
Pahiatua Alfred Ransom Archibald McNicol
Palmerston Jimmy Nash 3,240 Walter Bromley
Parnell James Samuel Dickson Robert Frederick Way
Patea James Randall Corrigan Harold Dickie James Randall Corrigan
Raglan Richard Bollard 2,856 Ernest Piggott[10]
Rangitikei William Glenn Charles Joseph Duggan
Riccarton George Witty Bert Kyle Winter Cole
Roskill Vivian Potter Alfred Hall-Skelton
Rotorua Frank Hockly 2,776 Cecil Clinkard
Stratford Robert Masters Edward Walter Robert Masters
Taranaki Sydney George Smith Charles Bellringer Sydney George Smith
Tauranga Charles MacMillan Robert Coulter
Temuka Thomas Burnett 535 Charles John Talbot
Thames Thomas William Rhodes W E G Willy
Timaru Frank Rolleston Percy Vinnell
Waikato Frederick Lye Stewart Reid Frederick Lye
Waimarino Frank Langstone Robert William Smith 140 Frank Langstone
Waipawa George Hunter 1,781 William Ashton Chambers
Wairarapa Alexander Donald McLeod F T Arkle
Wairau William Girling Richard McCallum
Waitaki John Bitchener G Barclay
Waitemata Alexander Harris 3,577 Arthur Osborne
Waitomo John Rolleston Walter Broadfoot
Wakatipu James Horn James Ritchie[11]
Wallace John Charles Thomson Adam Hamilton 1,328 James Morris MacKenzie
Wanganui Bill Veitch 891 John Coull [12]
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 2,390 Andrew Sloane
Wellington East Alec Monteith Thomas Forsyth 1,195 Alec Monteith
Wellington North John Luke 1,946 Harry Combs
Wellington South Robert McKeen Archibald Burnett Sievwright
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright Charles Chapman
Westland James O'Brien Tom Seddon James O'Brien
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Āpirana Ngata Hone Mokena
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare Hone Wi Kaitaia
Southern Maori Henare Uru Tuiti MacDonald
Western Maori Māui Pōmare Rangi Mawhete

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Melville Lyons was elected for the Reform Party, originally the votes were equal (4900), then a recount found for Lyons. But on appeal his election was declared void on 13 March 1926, and the previous holder, James McCombs, was restored as the electorate representative.

By-elections during 22nd Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 22nd Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Eden 1926 15 April[13] James Parr Appointed High Commissioner, UK Rex Mason
Raglan 1927 29 September[14] Richard Bollard Death Lee Martin


  1. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 138.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 36-37.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 141.
  5. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1926. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  6. ^ Skinner 1926, pp. 1–6.
  7. ^ "Candidates in the Contest". The Evening Post. CX (109). 4 November 1925. p. 9. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Awarua". The Evening Post. 116 (116). 12 November 1925. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Election Notices". The Press. LXI (18524). 28 October 1925. p. 17. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  10. ^ "Labour in Raglan". The New Zealand Herald. LXII (19149). 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  11. ^ "General Election". The Evening Post. CX (30). 4 August 1925. p. 6. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Local and General News". The New Zealand Herald. LXII (19163). 31 October 1925. p. 12. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  13. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
  14. ^ "Labour Wins". Auckland Star. LVIII (231). 30 September 1927. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2016.


  • Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911-1931. Auckland: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-86870-006-1.
  • Skinner, W. A. G. (1926). The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.