40th Naval Infantry Brigade

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40th Naval Infantry Brigade
Active2009 (as Naval Infantry brigade)
Country Soviet Union (historical)
 Russian Federation (current)
BranchSoviet Ground Forces (historical)
Russian Ground Forces (historical)
Russian Navy (current)
TypeNaval Infantry
Part ofNorth-Eastern Group of Troops and Forces
Garrison/HQPetropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy
EngagementsSoviet invasion of Manchuria

The 40th Independent Krasnodarsko-Kharbinsky Twice Red Banner Naval Infantry Brigade is a brigade of the Russian Naval Infantry. It is based in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy in the Russian Far East and has the Military Unit Number (v/ch) 10103.

It is part of the North-East Group of Troops and Forces, a joint command directed by the headquarters of the Navy's Kamchatka Flotilla.

History[edit]

It has a rather unusual history, tracing its origins to the formation of the 22nd Rifle Division of the Red Army before the beginning of Operation Barbarossa.

Historical designations[edit]

3rd Independent Naval Infantry Regiment
40th Independent Naval Infantry Brigade
40th Independent Motor Rifle Brigade
22nd Motor Rifle Division
22nd Rifle Division

The division was first formed on 22 September 1918, as the 2nd Infantry Division. It was based on the guerrilla groups Novouzensk, and Nicholas counties Malouzenskogo Samara and two volunteer units Balashov and Penza workers. From 2nd, October, 1918 it was known as the Nicholas Infantry Division, from 24 November 1918 as he 30th Nicholas Soviet Infantry Division and from 13 January 1919 as the Nicholas Infantry Division.

After several redesignations it gained the number 22 on 25 March 1919, as the 22nd Rifle Division. It saw active service during the Battle of Lake Khasan, during the Second World War (in Russian military parlance, being part of the 'active army') during the Soviet invasion of Manchuria; and with the 1st Red Banner Army of the independent coastal group in the Far East in May 1945.

Cold War[edit]

In 1945, the division became part of the 137th Rifle Corps at Kamchatka. It was re-designated from 22nd Rifle Division to 22nd Motor Rifle Division in 1957, part of the 43rd Army Corps.[1] In 1980 it became part of the new 25th Army Corps.[2] In 1982, its 168th Tank Regiment became the 59th Independent Tank Battalion.[3]

During the late 1980s, the division included the following units:[2]

  • Division Headquarters (Chapayevka)
  • 59th Separate Tank Battalion
  • 211th Motor Rifle Regiment (Dolinovka)
  • 246th Motor Rifle Regiment (Rodygino)
  • 304th Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 996th Artillery Regiment
  • 1006th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment
  • 309th Separate Rocket Battalion
  • 795th Separate Anti-Tank Battalion
  • 784th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
  • 765th Separate Engineer-Sapper Battalion
  • 124th Separate Communications Battalion
  • 591st Separate Chemical Defense Battalion
  • 197th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion
  • 24th Separate Medical Battalion
  • 1251st Separate Material Support Battalion
  • Military Counterintelligence Department

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union[edit]

Until 1 June 2002, it was designated the 22nd Motor Rifle Division. It then became the 40th independent Motorised Rifle Brigade. In September 2007 it became the 40th Independent (twice Red Banner) Krasnodar-Harbin twice Red Banner Naval Infantry Brigade.[4] This situation lasted until March, 2009 when it became the 3rd Naval Infantry Regiment. It is reported that its current commander is Colonel Valery Zhila.

Today it is reported to include:[5]

  • Assault (Airborne) Battalion
  • Naval Infantry Battalion
  • Artillery Battery
  • 186th NI Engineer Battalion

In 2013, the regiment was redesignated back to become the 40th Naval Infantry Brigade.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Feskov et al 2013, pp. 597–598
  2. ^ a b Feskov et al 2013, pp. 596–597
  3. ^ Feskov et al 2013 via Holm, http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/msd/22msd.htm
  4. ^ # 4, 2009 Moscow Defense Brief, p.17, citing http:// www.ryadovoy.ru/forum/index.php/topic,86.21.html
  5. ^ Moscow Defense Brief #2, 2011 p. 18-22 and/or http://warfare.be/db/linkid/2234/catid/321/
  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306.

External links[edit]