238 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
238 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar238 BC
Ab urbe condita516
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 86
- PharaohPtolemy III Euergetes, 9
Ancient Greek era135th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4513
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−830
Berber calendar713
Buddhist calendar307
Burmese calendar−875
Byzantine calendar5271–5272
Chinese calendar壬戌年 (Water Dog)
2459 or 2399
    — to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
2460 or 2400
Coptic calendar−521 – −520
Discordian calendar929
Ethiopian calendar−245 – −244
Hebrew calendar3523–3524
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−181 – −180
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2863–2864
Holocene calendar9763
Iranian calendar859 BP – 858 BP
Islamic calendar885 BH – 884 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2096
Minguo calendar2149 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1705
Seleucid era74/75 AG
Thai solar calendar305–306
Tibetan calendar阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
−111 or −492 or −1264
    — to —
(female Water-Pig)
−110 or −491 or −1263

Year 238 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Gracchus and Falto (or, less frequently, year 516 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 238 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Hamilcar Barca strikes at the supply lines of the mercenary army besieging Carthage, forcing them to cease the siege of the city. He then fights a series of running engagements with the mercenary armies, keeping them off balance. Hamilcar manages to force the mercenary armies into a box canyon in the Battle of "The Saw". The mercenaries are besieged in the canyon.
  • The mercenary army, under the leadership of Spendius, attempts to fight its way out of the siege but is totally defeated by the Carthaginian forces led by Hamilcar Barca. After the battle, Hamilcar executes some 40,000 rebel mercenaries.
  • Hamilcar's armies capture a number of rebel Libyan cities. The Libyan settlements that have rebelled surrender to Carthage, with the exception of Utica and Hippacritae.
  • Hamilcar and another Carthaginian general, Hannibal, besiege Mathos' mercenary army at Tunis and crucify the captured mercenary leaders in sight of the mercenary battlements.
  • Mathos exploits a weakness in Hannibal's defenses and launches an attack against his army, capturing Hannibal and several other high ranking Carthaginians. The mercenaries then crucify the captured Carthaginian leaders.
  • Carthaginian reinforcements led by Hanno the Great join the battle. They defeat Mathos' mercenary forces and Mathos is captured.
  • The Carthaginian armies besiege and capture Utica and Hippacritae. This ends the Carthaginian civil war.
  • The Romans declare war on the Carthaginians over which state controls Sardinia. However, Carthage defers to Rome rather than enter yet another war and gives up any claim to Sardinia.



Asia Minor


  • Ying Zheng, having reached adulthood, celebrates his capping ceremony as the king of Qin.
  • Ying Zheng and Prime Minister Lü Buwei crush the rebellion of Lao Ai. Lao Ai is executed.