239 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
239 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar239 BC
Ab urbe condita515
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 85
- PharaohPtolemy III Euergetes, 8
Ancient Greek era135th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4512
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−831
Berber calendar712
Buddhist calendar306
Burmese calendar−876
Byzantine calendar5270–5271
Chinese calendar辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
2458 or 2398
    — to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
2459 or 2399
Coptic calendar−522 – −521
Discordian calendar928
Ethiopian calendar−246 – −245
Hebrew calendar3522–3523
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−182 – −181
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2862–2863
Holocene calendar9762
Iranian calendar860 BP – 859 BP
Islamic calendar886 BH – 885 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2095
Minguo calendar2150 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1706
Seleucid era73/74 AG
Thai solar calendar304–305
Tibetan calendar阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
−112 or −493 or −1265
    — to —
(male Water-Dog)
−111 or −492 or −1264

Year 239 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Turrinus and Falto (or, less frequently, year 515 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 239 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Concerned that Hamilcar Barca's leniency in pardoning those who he has captured who have participated in the Mercenary War will encourage others to defect, Mathos and Spendius order the mutilation and execution of "about seven hundred" Carthaginian prisoners, including Gesco. With the mercenaries jointly guilty of these atrocities, defectors dare not face Carthaginian justice under Hamilcar.
  • Carthage is besieged by the mercenary armies, while the city of Utica revolts and attempts to secede from Carthage. Carthage appeals to Hiero II of Syracuse and to Rome for aid against the mercenaries. However, the mercenary leaders reject the efforts of Roman mediators.
  • Sardinia revolts against Carthage and Rome takes the opportunity to annex the island.


Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • Seleucus II's brother Antiochus Hierax, who is governor of Seleucid Anatolia, sends an army into Syria ostensibly to assist Seleucus but actually to seize the rest of the empire. After achieving peace with Egypt, Seleucus II promptly invades Anatolia and begins the "War of the Brothers".



  • Cheng Jiao, the half-brother of Ying Zheng, the king of Qin, is sent to attack the State of Zhao, but he attempts to usurp power and is defeated and executed.
  • Qin Prime Minister Lü Buwei publishes the "Spring and Autumn Annals of Lü Buwei" (Lüshi Chunqiu).[1]


  • Haemosu, who is a descendant of the people of the empire of Gojoseon, establishes the ancient kingdom of Bukbuyeo in modern-day Jilin, northeast China.




  1. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: The First Emperor, Section: Lu Buwei.