23rd New Zealand Parliament
|Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament
|1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
1928 general election
The 1928 general election was held on Tuesday, 13 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 14 November in the general electorates, respectively. A total of 80 MPs were elected; 47 represented North Island electorates, 29 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 844,633 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 88.1%.
The 23rd Parliament sat for five sessions (there were two sessions in 1931), and was prorogued on 12 November 1931.
|first||4 December 1928||14 December 1928|
|second||27 June 1929||9 November 1929|
|third||26 June 1930||25 October 1930|
|fourth||11 March 1931||28 April 1931|
|fifth||25 June 1931||11 November 1931|
The Coates Ministry led by Gordon Coates of the Reform Party had come to power in May 1925. The Reform Party lost the 1928 election, suffering a humiliating defeat, dropping from 55 seats in 1925 to 28 only three years later. Parliament was called shortly after the election, Coates lost a no confidence vote and resigned as Prime Minister.
Joseph Ward formed the second Ward Ministry on 10 December 1928 as leader of the United Party, a successor of the Liberal Party. Ward was an unwell man at this stage in life and suffered several heart attacks. In May 1930, he was pressured by his colleagues to resign as Prime Minister.
Ward was succeeded by George Forbes, again of the United Party. The Forbes Ministry was in place until September 1931. During the difficult times of the Great Depression, Forbes wanted to form a grand coalition with the Labour Party and the Reform Party. Labour refused, but Reform went into a coalition government with United from September 1931.
By-elections during 23rd Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 23rd Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Bay of Islands||1929||10 April||Harold Rushworth||Election declared void||Harold Rushworth|
|Hutt||1929||18 December||Thomas Wilford||Resignation||Walter Nash|
|Parnell||1930||7 May||Harry Jenkins||Resignation||Bill Endean|
|Invercargill||1930||13 August||Joseph Ward||Death||Vincent Ward|
|Waipawa||1930||8 October||George Hunter||Death||Albert Jull|
|Western Maori||1930||8 October||Maui Pomare||Death||Taite Te Tomo|
|Hauraki||1931||27 May||Arthur Hall||Death||Walter Massey|
- "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 46–47.
- Bassett, Michael. "Coates, Joseph Gordon 1878–1943". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 47.
- Bassett, Michael. "Ward, Joseph George 1856–1930". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Gardner, W. J. "Forbes, George William - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. pp. 1–7. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Labour's Candidates". Maoriland Worker 12 (299). 22 November 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 146.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.