From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium
242 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar242
Ab urbe condita995
Assyrian calendar4992
Balinese saka calendar163–164
Bengali calendar−351
Berber calendar1192
Buddhist calendar786
Burmese calendar−396
Byzantine calendar5750–5751
Chinese calendar辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
2938 or 2878
    — to —
壬戌年 (Water Dog)
2939 or 2879
Coptic calendar−42 – −41
Discordian calendar1408
Ethiopian calendar234–235
Hebrew calendar4002–4003
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat298–299
 - Shaka Samvat163–164
 - Kali Yuga3342–3343
Holocene calendar10242
Iranian calendar380 BP – 379 BP
Islamic calendar392 BH – 391 BH
Javanese calendar120–121
Julian calendar242
Korean calendar2575
Minguo calendar1670 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1226
Seleucid era553/554 AG
Thai solar calendar784–785
Tibetan calendar阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
368 or −13 or −785
    — to —
(male Water-Dog)
369 or −12 or −784
Gold dinar of Shapur I (r. 240–270)

Year 242 (CCXLII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Gratus and Lepidus (or, less frequently, year 995 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 242 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

  • Emperor Gordian III begins a campaign against King Shapur I; Greek philosopher Plotinus joins him, hoping to obtain first-hand knowledge of Persian and Indian philosophies.
  • Gordian III evacuates the Cimmerian cities in the Bosphorus (Crimea), as the territory is now controlled by the Goths.


  • Shapur I makes a pre-emptive attack on Antioch to drive out the Romans. Gordian's father-in-law, Timesitheus, leads a Roman army to defeat the Sassanids at Carrhae and Nisibis.
  • King Ardashir I, founder of the Sassanid Empire, dies after a 30-year reign. He is succeeded by his son and co-ruler Shapur I.

By topic[edit]