242nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)
|242nd Infantry Division|
World War II
242. Infanterie-Division was formed in Gross-Born (Borne Sulinowo) on 9 July 1943, when Division A, formed from convalescents of the disbanded 298. Infanterie-Division, was re-designated. From 8 August to 5 October 1943, the unit was subordinated to 15th Army in Antwerp and Gent in Belgium, before being transferred to 19th Army under Army Group G in Toulon, France.
In 1944, the division fought against the Western Allies in Operation Dragoon. After being ordered to defend Toulon to the last bullet, and to give the rest of Army Group G a chance to withdraw, Generalleutnant Johannes Bäßler and his 242nd division held out for 10 days, until 26 August 1944, when Bäßler was critically wounded and surrendered the division. The division was formally disbanded on 7 October 1944.
Order of Battle 1944
- 765th Grenadier Regiment (4 battalions)
- 917th Grenadier Regiment (4 battalions)
- 918th Grenadier Regiment (4 battalions)
- 242nd Artillery Regiment (3 battalions)
- 242nd Panzerjäger Battalion
- 242nd Reconnaissance Battalion
- 242nd Pioneer Battalion
- 242nd Signals Battalion
- 242nd Division Support Units
- Tessin, Georg (1973). Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und der Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945: Band 8: Die Landstreitkräfte Nummern 201-280. Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag Osnabrück. ISBN 3-7648-1174-9.
- Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). German Order of Battle: 1st-290th Infantry divisions in World War II. Stackpole Books. pp. 284–285. ISBN 9780811734165.
- "German Forces in the West" (PDF). cgsc.edu. Retrieved 24 October 2011.