243 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
243 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar243 BC
Ab urbe condita511
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 81
- PharaohPtolemy III Euergetes, 4
Ancient Greek era134th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4508
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−835
Berber calendar708
Buddhist calendar302
Burmese calendar−880
Byzantine calendar5266–5267
Chinese calendar丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
2454 or 2394
    — to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
2455 or 2395
Coptic calendar−526 – −525
Discordian calendar924
Ethiopian calendar−250 – −249
Hebrew calendar3518–3519
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−186 – −185
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2858–2859
Holocene calendar9758
Iranian calendar864 BP – 863 BP
Islamic calendar891 BH – 890 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2091
Minguo calendar2154 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1710
Seleucid era69/70 AG
Thai solar calendar300–301
Tibetan calendar阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
−116 or −497 or −1269
    — to —
(male Earth-Horse)
−115 or −496 or −1268

Year 243 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Fundulus and Galus (or, less frequently, year 511 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 243 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Ptolemy III returns from Syria due to a revolt in Egypt. As a result, Seleucus II is able to regain control of his kingdom with the Egyptians being pushed out of Mesopotamia and part of Northern Syria.
  • Ptolemy III returns from his conquests of Seleucid territory with a large amount of treasure and works of art, including many statues of Egyptian gods carried off to Persia by Cambyses. He restores the statues to the Egyptian temples and earns the title of Euergetes ("Benefactor").


  • Without a declaration of hostilities, Greek statesman, Aratus of Sicyon, who has gradually built up the Achaean League into a major power in Greece, makes a surprise attack on Corinth and forces the withdrawal of the Macedonian occupation troops. Megara, Troezen, and Epidaurus also desert the Macedonian King Antigonus II.
  • Drawing upon the tradition of the Spartan lawgiver, Lycurgus, the young Eurypontid king of Sparta, Agis IV, seeks to reform a system that distributes the land and wealth unequally and burden the poor with debt. He proposes the cancellation of debts and the division of the Spartan homeland into separate lots for each of its citizens. Full citizenship is to be extended to many perioeci (voteless freemen) and foreigners. In addition to pursuing these reforms, Agis seeks the restoration of the Lycurgan system of military training. Agis is supported by his wealthy mother and grandmother (who surrender their property), by his uncle Agesilaus, and by Lysander, who is an ephor (magistrate with the duty of limiting the power of the king).


  • The Qin general Meng Ao sacks the Wei cities of Shizhang and Yougui.
  • The Zhao general Li Mu takes the cities of Wusui and Fancheng from the State of Yan.