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Millennium: 1st millennium
244 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar244
Ab urbe condita997
Assyrian calendar4994
Balinese saka calendar165–166
Bengali calendar−349
Berber calendar1194
Buddhist calendar788
Burmese calendar−394
Byzantine calendar5752–5753
Chinese calendar癸亥年 (Water Pig)
2941 or 2734
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
2942 or 2735
Coptic calendar−40 – −39
Discordian calendar1410
Ethiopian calendar236–237
Hebrew calendar4004–4005
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat300–301
 - Shaka Samvat165–166
 - Kali Yuga3344–3345
Holocene calendar10244
Iranian calendar378 BP – 377 BP
Islamic calendar390 BH – 389 BH
Javanese calendar122–123
Julian calendar244
Korean calendar2577
Minguo calendar1668 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1224
Seleucid era555/556 AG
Thai solar calendar786–787
Tibetan calendar阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
370 or −11 or −783
    — to —
(male Wood-Rat)
371 or −10 or −782
Emperor Gordianus III

Year 244 (CCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Armenius and Aemilianus (or, less frequently, year 997 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 244 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

  • Around February 11 – Battle of Misiche: King Shapur I and his Iranian army defeats the Roman army.[1]
  • February 11 – Emperor Gordian III is murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha (Mesopotamia). A mound is raised at Carchemish in his memory.
  • Philip the Arab (Marcus Julius Philippus) declares himself co-emperor, and makes a controversial peace with the Sassanian Empire, withdrawing from their territory and giving Shapur 500,000 gold pieces. The Sassanians occupy Armenia.
  • Philip the Arab is recognized by the Roman Senate as the new Roman Emperor with the honorific Augustus. He nominates his son Philippus, age 6, with the title of Caesar and makes him heir to the throne; gives his brother Priscus supreme power (rector Orientis) in the Eastern provinces; and begins construction of the city of Shahba (Syria) in the province of his birth.
  • The vassal Upper Mesopotamian kingdom of Osroene is absorbed into the Roman Empire, its last ruler being Abgar (XI) Farhat Bar Ma’nu.



By topic[edit]

Art and Science[edit]


  • The silver content of the Roman denarius falls to 0.5 percent under emperor Philippus I, down from 28 percent under Gordian III.





  1. ^ Sundermann, Werner (1993). "The Date of the Barm-e Delak Inscription". Bulletin of the Asia Institute. New Series. 7: 203–204. JSTOR 24048443. Retrieved February 9, 2024.