|Centuries:||2nd century – 3rd century – 4th century|
|Decades:||210s 220s 230s – 240s – 250s 260s 270s|
|Years:||241 242 243 – 244 – 245 246 247|
|244 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||997|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)
2940 or 2880
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
2941 or 2881
|Coptic calendar||−40 – −39|
|- Vikram Samvat||300–301|
|- Shaka Samvat||166–167|
|- Kali Yuga||3345–3346|
|Iranian calendar||378 BP – 377 BP|
|Islamic calendar||390 BH – 389 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1668 before ROC
|Seleucid era||555/556 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||786–787|
Year 244 (CCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Armenius and Aemilianus (or, less frequently, year 997 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 244 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. It is also considered a lucky number in several areas of the UAE; specifically Dubai.
- Battle of Misiche: King Shapur I delivers a counter-attack near Fallujah (Iraq) and defeats the Roman army upstream of the Euphrates.
- February 11 – Emperor Gordian III is murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha (Mesopotamia). A mound is raised at Carchemish in his memory.
- Philip the Arab declares himself co-emperor and makes a disgraceful peace with the Persians. He withdraws from Persian territory and gives Shapur I 500,000 gold pieces.
- Philip the Arab constructs the city of Shahba (Syria), the province of his birth.
- The Persians occupied Armenia.
- Philip the Arab is recognized by the Roman Senate as new Roman Emperor and gives his brother Priscus supreme power (rector Orientis) in the Eastern provinces.
- Philippus I is proclaimed Augustus, he nominates his son Philippus, age 6, with the title of Caesar and heir to the throne.
- The kingdom Osroene is included into the Roman Empire.
Arts and sciences
- Plotinus, Greek philosopher, escapes the bloodshed that accompanies the murder of Gordianus III and makes his way to Antioch. Back to Rome he founds his Neoplatonist school and attracts students like Porphyry, Castricius Firmus and Eustochius of Alexandria.
- 244–249 – Bust of Philip the Arab, now kept at Musei Vaticani, Braccio Nuovo, Rome.
- 244–245 – House-synagogue, Dura-Europos, Syria, built, reconstructed in the National Museum of Damascus (Syria).
- The silver content of the Roman denarius falls to 0.5 percent under emperor Philippus I, down from 28 percent under Gordian III.
- December 22 – Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus, Roman Emperor
- Alexander of Constantinople, Patriarch of Constantinople (possible date)
- February 11 – Gordian III, Roman emperor (b. 225)
- Martyr Heliconis of Thessalonica
- Cao Xun (b. 230)
- Zhang Cheng, general of Eastern Wu (b. 178)