2449 Kenos

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For the Romanian village of Chinuşu, called Kénos in Hungarian, see Mărtiniş.
2449 Kenos
Discovery [1]
Discovered by W. Liller
Discovery site Cerro Tololo
Discovery date 8 April 1978
Designations
MPC designation 2449 Kenos
Named after
Kenos
(Selknam mythology)[2]
1978 GC
Mars-crosser · Hungaria[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 13 January 2016 (JD 2457400.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 37.50 yr (13696 days)
Aphelion 2.2301 AU (333.62 Gm)
Perihelion 1.5875 AU (237.49 Gm)
1.9088 AU (285.55 Gm)
Eccentricity 0.16832
2.64 yr (963.29 d)
34.252°
0° 22m 25.392s / day
Inclination 24.986°
179.86°
102.32°
Earth MOID 0.709556 AU (106.1481 Gm)
Jupiter MOID 3.06335 AU (458.271 Gm)
Jupiter Tisserand parameter 3.808
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 2.95 km (calculated)[3]
3.8492 h (0.16038 d)[4]
4.188±0.007 h[5]
3.846±0.001 h[6]
3.8481±0.0003 h[7]
0.4 (assumed)[3]
B–V = 0.684
U–B = 0.356
Tholen = E
E[3]
14.26

2449 Kenos, provisional designation 1978 GC, is a bright stony asteroid and medium-sized Mars-crosser from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, about 3 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by American astronomer William Liller at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, on 8 April 1978.[8]

The E-type asteroid is a member of the Hungaria family, which form the innermost dense concentration of asteroids in the Solar System. Kenos orbits the Sun at a distance of 1.6–2.2 AU once every 2 years and 8 months (963 days). Its orbit shows an eccentricity of 0.17 and is notably tilted by 25 degrees to the plane of the ecliptic. Based on assumption made by the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link, the body has a high albedo of 0.4, which is typical for E-type asteroids with a magnesium silicate surface (also see Enstatite chondrite).

Observations performed at the Palmer Divide Observatory in Colorado Springs, Colorado during 2007 produced a light-curve with a period of 3.8492±0.0008 hours and a brightness range of 0.20±0.03 in magnitude.[4] Two more recent observations confirmed the 3.85-hour period.[6][7]

The minor planet was named after Kenos, the first man in the Selknam mythology of the Native Americans of Tierra del Fuego, sent by the Supreme Being to bring order into the world. He created the human race by using peat to make male and female organs, taught them language and instructed them in rules to fashion a harmonious society.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 2449 Kenos (1978 GC)" (2015-10-07 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2449) Kenos. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 199–200. ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "LCDB Data for (2449) Kenos". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Warner, Brian D. (September 2007). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory - December 2006 - March 2007". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 34 (3): 72–77. Bibcode:2007MPBu...34...72W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Wisniewski, W. Z.; Michalowski, T. M.; Harris, A. W.; McMillan, R. S. (March 1995). "Photoelectric Observations of 125 Asteroids". Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Bibcode:1995LPI....26.1511W. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Warner, Brian D. (October 2010). "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory: 2010 March - June". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 37 (4): 161–165. Bibcode:2010MPBu...37..161W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Warner, Brian D. (July 2015). "Three Unusual Hungaria Asteroids". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 42 (3): 183–186. Bibcode:2015MPBu...42..183W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  8. ^ "2449 Kenos (1978 GC)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 

External links[edit]