|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|249 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||249 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||505|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 75|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy II Philadelphus, 35|
|Ancient Greek era||132nd Olympiad, year 4|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)|
2448 or 2388
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
2449 or 2389
|Coptic calendar||−532 – −531|
|Ethiopian calendar||−256 – −255|
|- Vikram Samvat||−192 – −191|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2852–2853|
|Iranian calendar||870 BP – 869 BP|
|Islamic calendar||897 BH – 896 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2160 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||63/64 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||294–295|
−122 or −503 or −1275
— to —
−121 or −502 or −1274
Year 249 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Pulcher and Pullus (or, less frequently, year 505 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 249 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- The Battle of Drepana involves the Romans, under the command of the Roman consuls, Publius Claudius Pulcher and Lucius Junius Pullus, attacking the Carthaginian fleet, under the command of Adherbal, in the harbour of Drepanum (modern Trapani, Sicily). The Romans are badly defeated and lose 93 of their 123 vessels.
- Following the disastrous defeat of Roman forces at the Battle of Drepana, Publius Claudius Pulcher is fined 120,000 asses and his colleague, Lucius Junius Pullus, commits suicide. Aulus Atilius Calatinus is then elected dictator and leads an army into Sicily, becoming the first dictator to lead a Roman army outside Italy. The Roman forces at Lilybaeum are relieved, and Eryx, near Drapana, is seized. Its idol of Astarte is transported to Rome, where it becomes the Erycine Venus.
- The last remnants of the Zhou dynasty, having rebelled against the State of Qin, are defeated by Prime Minister Lü Buwei.
- The Qin general Meng Ao seizes the Taiyuan region from the State of Zhao.
- King Kaolie of Chu annexes the State of Lu.
- King Hui of Zhou, last Zhou claimant to the throne of China, is executed.
- ^ a b Schinz (1996), p. 80.
- Works cited