24th New Zealand Parliament

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The 24th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. It opened on 23 February 1932, following the 1931 election. It was dissolved on 1 November 1935 in preparation for the 1935 election. The 24th Parliament was extended by one year because the 1935 election was held later than anticipated due to the ongoing depression, similarly the 1919, and the 1943 elections were held two years late, having been postponed during World War I and World War II respectively.

The Prime Minister during the 24th Parliament was George Forbes, leader of the United Party. Many commentators at the time, however, alleged that Gordon Coates, leader of the larger Reform Party, had the greater influence.

The 24th Parliament consisted of eighty representatives, each elected from separate geographical electorates.

Ministries[edit]

The 24th Parliament was led by a coalition of the Reform Party and the United Party;[1] Reform had twenty-eight seats, United had nineteen, and there were four pro-coalition independents. The primary opposition was from the Labour Party, which had twenty-four seats. The small Country Party had one seat, and there were four non-aligned independents. The distribution of seats between three large parties (also a feature of the previous parliament) was relatively unusual, as New Zealand tended towards a two-party system at the time.

The coalition government had been formed on 22 September 1931 during the term of the previous Parliament. During the difficult times of the Great Depression, Forbes had wanted to form a grand coalition with the Labour Party and the Reform Party. Labour refused, but Reform went into a coalition government with United from September 1931.[2][3]

Party standings[edit]

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Reform Party Gordon Coates 28
Labour Party Harry Holland, then Michael Joseph Savage 24
United Party George Forbes 19
Country Party Harold Rushworth 1
Independents 8

Electoral boundaries[edit]

NewZealandElectorates1931.png

Members[edit]

Initial MPs[edit]

Key

 Country Party    Independent    Labour    Reform    United    Independent Liberal    Ratana  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1931[4][5]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Auckland Central Bill Parry 3,793[6] Harold Penfound Congdon
Auckland East James Donald Frederick Schramm 2,256[7] Harold Percy Burton
Auckland Suburbs Rex Mason 1,223 Richard Herbert Marryatt[8]
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage 4,517 Hugh Ross Mackenzie[8]
Avon Dan Sullivan 3,039 Harben Robert Young
Awarua Philip De La Perrelle 2,148 Norman McIntyre[9]
Bay of Islands Harold Rushworth 1,209 Allen Bell
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Williams (uncontested)
Buller Harry Holland 3,631 John Menzies[10]
Central Otago William Bodkin 2,516 Charles Todd
Chalmers Alfred Ansell 172 Norman Hartley Campbell
Christchurch East Tim Armstrong 3,206 George Frederick Allen
Christchurch North Henry Holland 2,077 Elizabeth McCombs
Christchurch South Ted Howard 2,798[11] Charles Samuel "Charlie" McCully[12]
Clutha Fred Waite Peter McSkimming 1,530 Fred Waite
Dunedin Central Charles Statham 262 Peter Neilson
Dunedin North James Wright Munro 524 John McCrae[13][14]
Dunedin South William Burgoyne Taverner Fred Jones 3,644 William Burgoyne Taverner
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart, Jr. 924 John Gilchrist
Eden Arthur Stallworthy 1,270[11] Bill Anderton
Egmont Charles Wilkinson 1,308 F. Gawith
Franklin Jack Massey 2,457 Harry Oswald Mellsop[15]
Gisborne Douglas Lysnar David William Coleman 317[11] Douglas Lysnar
Grey Lynn John Fletcher John A. Lee 3,242[6] John Fletcher
Hamilton Alexander Young 3,072[16] Hubert Beebe
Hauraki Walter William Massey 2,750[6] Charles Robert Petrie
Hawke's Bay Hugh Campbell 2,259 Edward Cullen[17]
Hurunui George Forbes 3,953 R. J. Logan[18]
Hutt Walter Nash 2,823 James Kerr[nb 1]
Invercargill Vincent Ward James Hargest 508 W. McChesney
Kaiapoi Richard Hawke 1,414 John Archer[19]
Kaipara Gordon Coates 2,084 Albert Edward Robinson[20]
Lyttelton James McCombs 32 Frederick Willie Freeman[21]
Manawatu Joseph Linklater 2,246 Clifford Hunter
Manukau William Joseph Jordan 3,394[11] Stanley Rickards[8]
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 2,942 James Gillespie Barclay
Masterton George Sykes 1,951 Peter Butler
Mataura David McDougall 943 Thomas Golden[22]
Mid-Canterbury David Jones Jeremiah Connolly 136[23] David Jones
Motueka George Black 517 Keith Holyoake
Napier Bill Barnard 1,456 John Butler
Nelson Harry Atmore 100 Herbert Everett[24]
New Plymouth Sydney George Smith 3,472 William Sheat
Oamaru John Andrew MacPherson 1,046[11] John Craigie Kirkness
Oroua John Cobbe (uncontested)
Otaki William Hughes Field 1,321 Jim Thorn
Pahiatua Alfred Ransom (uncontested)
Palmerston Jimmy Nash 1,245 Joe Hodgens
Parnell Bill Endean 4,821[6] John William Yarnall
Patea Harold Dickie 3,495 W. G. Simpson
Raglan Lee Martin Stewart Reid 806 Lee Martin
Rangitikei James Thomas Hogan Alexander Stuart 15 James Thomas Hogan
Riccarton Herbert Kyle 589 Archibald Albany McLachlan[nb 2]
Roskill George Munns Arthur Shapton Richards 171[6] William John Holdsworth[25]
Rotorua Cecil Clinkard 57 Alexander Moncur
Stratford William Polson 1,518 J W McMillan[nb 3]
Tauranga Charles MacMillan 658 Bill Sullivan[nb 4]
Temuka Thomas Burnett 1,237 Thomas Herbert Langford
Thames Albert Samuel 464 John Sommerville Montgomerie[27]
Timaru Clyde Carr 820 Herbert N. Armstrong[28][nb 5]
Waikato Frederick Lye 981 Solomon Netheim Ziman[nb 6]
Waimarino Frank Langstone 591 William Henry Wackrow
Waipawa Albert Jull[nb 7] 386 John Davies Ormond, Jr.[nb 8]
Wairarapa Thomas William McDonald Alexander Donald McLeod 616 Thomas William McDonald
Wairau Edward Healy 1,424 William Girling
Waitaki John Bitchener 885 Alexander McLean Paterson[30]
Waitemata Alexander Harris 2,378[6] Arthur Osborne[31]
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot (uncontested)
Wallace Adam Hamilton 2,842 Peter Gilfedder[32]
Wanganui Bill Veitch 590 Bill Rogers
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 2,471[33] Robert Darroch
Wellington East Bob Semple 593[33] Thomas Forsyth
Wellington North Charles Henry Chapman 1,061[33] George Troup
Wellington South Robert McKeen 2,659 Will Appleton[34]
Wellington Suburbs Robert Alexander Wright 2,570[33] Tom Brindle
Westland O'Brien, James 1,121 J. W. Greenslade
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata 3,211 Pita Moko
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare 1,188 Paraire Karaka Paikea
Southern Maori Tuiti Makitanara 19 Eruera Tirikatene
Western Maori Taite Te Tomo 1,436 Toko Ratana

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ For some biographical details of James Kerr refer to his father's article
  2. ^ For some biographical details of McLachlan refer to his grandfather's article
  3. ^ McMillan claimed to stand for the Reform Party, but he was not the official candidate, as the United/Reform Coalition endorsed William Polson, who ran as an Independent[26]
  4. ^ Bill Sullivan was a member of the United Party, but Charles MacMillan was the official candidate of the United/Reform Coalition, hence Sullivan stood as an Independent
  5. ^ The Reform and United parties could not agree on an official coalition candidate for the Timaru electorate, so neither Armstrong (Reform) nor Herbert Hall (United) were official candidates, and many sources show them as Independents
  6. ^ Ziman was the father of John Ziman[29]
  7. ^ Jull was the official candidate of the United/Reform Coalition
  8. ^ Ormond was the son of John Davies Ormond and the father of John Ormond
  • Four of the eight independent MPs (Connolly, Hargest, McSkimming, and Polson) were aligned with the United-Reform coalition, and are not classified as independents by some sources.

By-elections during 24th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 24th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Southern Maori 1932 3 August[35] Tuiti Makitanara Death Eruera Tirikatene
Motueka 1932 1 December[36] George Black Death Keith Holyoake
Lyttelton 1933 13 September[37] James McCombs Death Elizabeth McCombs
Buller 1933 22 November[38] Harry Holland Death Paddy Webb
Lyttelton 1935 24 July[37] Elizabeth McCombs Death Terry McCombs

Summary of changes[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 48–49.
  2. ^ Gardner, W. J. "Forbes, George William - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 48.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 87f.
  5. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. pp. 1–10. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Election Counts". Auckland Star LXII (291). 9 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Recount of Votes". Auckland Star LXII (289). 7 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "Parliamentary Elections". Auckland Star LXII (275). 20 November 1931. p. 5. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Page 4 Advertisements Column 4". Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser LV (5636). 1 December 1931. p. 4. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Buller Electorate". The Evening Post CXII (127). 25 November 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Election Results". Auckland Star LXII (290). 8 December 1931. p. 3. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Straight Grained". New Zealand Truth (1197). 8 November 1928. p. 6. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "John McCrae". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Dunedin North". Auckland Star LXII (264). 7 November 1931. p. 11. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21053). 11 December 1931. p. 22. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Electors' Choice". Auckland Star LXII (286). 3 December 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "A Coalition Certainty". The Evening Post CXII (120). 17 November 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  18. ^ "In Canterbury". Auckland Star LXII (281). 27 November 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  19. ^ Gustafson, Barry. "Archer, John Kendrick". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  20. ^ "Notice of Nominations received and Polling Places appointed". Rodney and Otamatea Times, Waitemata and Kaipara Gazette. 25 November 1931. p. 7. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "Notice of Nominations Received and Polling Places Appointed". Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser LV (5634). 24 November 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  22. ^ "Mr McDougall Opposed". The Evening Post CXII (120). 17 November 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "Public Notices". Ellesmere Guardian LII (99). 11 December 1931. p. 1. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "Opposing Mr Atmore". The Evening Post CXII (110). 5 November 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  25. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21051). 9 December 1931. p. 18. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  26. ^ "Stratford Electorate". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21029). 13 November 1931. p. 11. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  27. ^ "Reform Triumph". The Northern Advocate. 18 June 1925. p. 5. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  28. ^ Kerr, Stephen (2003). "Good Old Clyde": Clyde Carr M.P., Timaru and the Art of Incumbency, 1928–1962 (PDF) (Thesis). University of Canterbury. p. 66. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  29. ^ "Ziman, John Michael" (PDF). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  30. ^ Facer, Wayne Arthur Pickard (2012). "In New Zealand: Timaru 1923–1925". William Jellie: Unitarian, Scholar and Educator (PDF) (M.Phil.). Massey University. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "Parliamentary Elections". Auckland Star LXII (275). 20 November 1931. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  32. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wallace". Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle. XXVII (1349). 15 December 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  33. ^ a b c d "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wellington Suburbs". The Evening Post CXII (140). 10 December 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  34. ^ "Coalition Selection". The Evening Post CXII (117). 13 November 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  35. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  36. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 114.
  37. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  38. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 146.

References[edit]

  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.