24th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment
|24th Regiment Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry|
|Active||August 15, 1862, to June 10, 1865|
|Engagements||Battle of Perryville|
Battle of Stones River
Battle of Chickamauga
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Franklin
Battle of Nashville
Battle of Chattanooga
The 24th Wisconsin was organized at Milwaukee, Wisconsin and mustered into Federal service August 15, 1862. The regiment's flag was provided by citizens of Madison, who had promised it to the first regiment to reach full recruitment.
The regiment was mustered out on June 10, 1865, at Nashville, Tennessee.
The regimental adjutant was Arthur MacArthur Jr. (later rose to Lieutenant General and father of General Douglas MacArthur). By the end of the war, MacArthur had risen to second in command of the regiment with the rank of colonel at the age of only 19. On September 5, 1912 Lieutenant General Arthur MacArthur died while addressing his old unit. The original 24th Wisconsin Infantry United States flag was then draped over the former commanding officer and thus the tradition of burial flags was born. MacArthur also coined the Wisconsin state slogan when he cried "On Wisconsin" as he led his men up Missionary Ridge at the battle of Chattanooga, a feat for which he would later receive the Medal of Honor.
Another officer in the regiment was 1st Lieutenant John L. Mitchell. Mitchell later became a United States Senator and was the father of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell - an outspoken and controversial advocate of air power. By great coincidence, Arthur MacArthur's son Douglas was a juror for the court martial of John Mitchell's son Billy in 1925.
The 24th Wisconsin suffered 8 officers and 103 enlisted men killed in action or who later died of their wounds, plus another 3 officers and 87 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 201 fatalities.
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