253 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
253 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 253 BC
Ab urbe condita 501
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 71
- Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus, 31
Ancient Greek era 131st Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4498
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −845
Berber calendar 698
Buddhist calendar 292
Burmese calendar −890
Byzantine calendar 5256–5257
Chinese calendar 丁未(Fire Goat)
2444 or 2384
    — to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
2445 or 2385
Coptic calendar −536 – −535
Discordian calendar 914
Ethiopian calendar −260 – −259
Hebrew calendar 3508–3509
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −196 – −195
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2848–2849
Holocene calendar 9748
Iranian calendar 874 BP – 873 BP
Islamic calendar 901 BH – 900 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2081
Minguo calendar 2164 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1720
Seleucid era 59/60 AG
Thai solar calendar 290–291
Tibetan calendar 阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
−126 or −507 or −1279
    — to —
(male Earth-Monkey)
−125 or −506 or −1278

Year 253 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caepio and Blaesus (or, less frequently, year 501 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 253 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • The second Syrian War between the Seleucids and the Ptolemies ends. Antiochus II regains much of Anatolia from Ptolemy II, including the cities of Miletus and Ephesus, and also the Phoenician coast.
  • The war is concluded with the marriage of Antiochus to Ptolemy II's daughter, Berenice Syra. Antiochus divorces his previous wife, Laodice, and transfers the succession to Berenice's children.
  • In recapturing the city of Miletus, Antiochus II overthrows the tyrant of the city. In response, the citizens worship him as a god in thanksgiving leading to the addition of Theos to Antiochus II's name.

Roman Republic[edit]


  • Alexander, Antigonus II's nephew and regent, leads a revolt in Corinth with Ptolemy II's help and declares himself an independent monarch. As a result, Antigonus loses Corinth and Chalcis, the two bases from which he has dominated southern Greece. As the Aetolians occupy Thermopylae, Antigonus II is cut off from Athens and the Peloponnese.
  • Macedonia's involvement in the second Syrian War ceases when Antigonus becomes preoccupied with the rebellion of Corinth and Chalcis, as well as an increase in enemy activity along Macedon's northern frontier.


  • 500 years since the supposed myth of Romulus and Remus occurred.
  • 500 years since Rome was first formed.