|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||312.362 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
25CN-NBOH (or NBOH-2C-CN) is a compound indirectly derived from the phenethylamine series of hallucinogens, which was discovered in 2014 by a group of researchers at the University of Copenhagen. This compound is notable as one of the most selective agonist ligands for the 5-HT2A receptor yet discovered, with a pKi of 8.88 at the human 5-HT2A receptor and with 100x selectivity for 5-HT2A over 5-HT2C, and 46x selectivity for 5-HT2A over 5-HT2B. In animal studies, 25CN-NBOH was found to partially substitute for DOI but was considerably weaker at inducing a head-twitch response in mice. Another in vivo evaluation of 25CN-NBOH concluded that "Given its distinct in vitro selectivity for 5-HT2A over non 5-HT2 receptors and its behavioral dynamics, 25CN-NBOH appears to be a powerful tool for dissection of receptor-specific cortical circuit dynamics, including 5-HT2A related psychoactivity."
The tendency of the 4-cyano substitution to confer high 5-HT2A selectivity had previously been observed with DOCN, but this was not sufficiently potent to be widely adopted as a research ligand. 25CN-NBOH is still slightly less selective for 5-HT2A than the more complex cyclised derivative 2S,6S-DMBMPP ((2S,6S)-2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromobenzyl)-6-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperidine), in binding assays, however it is also less complex to synthesise and has higher efficacy and selectivity in functional assyas as a partial agonist of the 5-HT2A receptor.
25CN-NBOH is illegal in Hungary.
- Hansen M, Phonekeo K, Paine JS, Leth-Petersen S, Begtrup M, Bräuner-Osborne H, Kristensen JL (March 2014). "Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of N-benzyl phenethylamines as 5-HT2A/2C agonists". ACS Chemical Neuroscience. 5 (3): 243–9. doi:10.1021/cn400216u. PMC . PMID 24397362.
- Jensen AA, McCorvy JD, Leth-Petersen S, Bundgaard C, Liebscher G, Kenakin TP, Bräuner-Osborne H, Kehler J, Kristensen JL (June 2017). "2A Receptor Agonist". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 361 (3): 441–453. doi:10.1124/jpet.117.239905. PMID 28360333.
- Hansen M (2011). Design and Synthesis of Selective Serotonin Receptor Agonists for Positron Emission Tomography Imaging of the Brain (Ph.D. thesis). University of Copenhagen.
- Fantegrossi WE, Gray BW, Bailey JM, Smith DA, Hansen M, Kristensen JL. Hallucinogen-like effects of 2-([2-(4-cyano-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl) ethylamino]methyl)phenol (25CN-NBOH), a novel N-benzylphenethylamine with 100-fold selectivity for 5-HT2A receptors, in mice. Psychopharmacology. 2014 Sep 17. PMID 25224567
- Buchborn T, Lyons T, Knöpfel T (2018). "Tolerance and Tachyphylaxis to Head Twitches Induced by the 5-HT2A Agonist 25CN-NBOH in Mice". Frontiers in Pharmacology. 9: 17. doi:10.3389/fphar.2018.00017. PMC . PMID 29467649.
- Nelson DL, Lucaites VL, Wainscott DB, Glennon RA (January 1999). "Comparisons of hallucinogenic phenylisopropylamine binding affinities at cloned human 5-HT2A, -HT(2B) and 5-HT2C receptors". Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology. 359 (1): 1–6. doi:10.1007/PL00005315. PMID 9933142.
- Juncosa JI, Hansen M, Bonner LA, Cueva JP, Maglathlin R, McCorvy JD, Marona-Lewicka D, Lill MA, Nichols DE (January 2013). "Extensive rigid analogue design maps the binding conformation of potent N-benzylphenethylamine 5-HT2A serotonin receptor agonist ligands". ACS Chemical Neuroscience. 4 (1): 96–109. doi:10.1021/cn3000668. PMC . PMID 23336049.
- "A Magyarországon megjelent, a Kábítószer és Kábítószer-függőség Európai Megfigyelő Központjának Korai Jelzőrendszerébe (EMCDDA EWS) 2005 óta bejelentett ellenőrzött anyagok büntetőjogi vonatkozású besorolása" [The criminal law-related classification of controlled substances announced in 2005 in the Early Warning System of the European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA EWS) in Hungary] (PDF) (in Hungarian). September 2015.
- "The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 (Ketamine etc.) (Amendment) Order 2014". www.legislation.gov.uk.
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