260 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
260 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar260 BC
Ab urbe condita494
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 64
- PharaohPtolemy II Philadelphus, 24
Ancient Greek era130th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4491
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−852
Berber calendar691
Buddhist calendar285
Burmese calendar−897
Byzantine calendar5249–5250
Chinese calendar庚子年 (Metal Rat)
2437 or 2377
    — to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
2438 or 2378
Coptic calendar−543 – −542
Discordian calendar907
Ethiopian calendar−267 – −266
Hebrew calendar3501–3502
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−203 – −202
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2841–2842
Holocene calendar9741
Iranian calendar881 BP – 880 BP
Islamic calendar908 BH – 907 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2074
Minguo calendar2171 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1727
Seleucid era52/53 AG
Thai solar calendar283–284
Tibetan calendar阳金鼠年
(male Iron-Rat)
−133 or −514 or −1286
    — to —
(female Iron-Ox)
−132 or −513 or −1285

Year 260 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Asina and Duilius (or, less frequently, year 494 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 260 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The Roman advance continues westward from Agrigentum with their forces relieving the besieged cities of Segesta and Macella. These cities have sided with the Roman cause, and have come under Carthaginian attack for doing so.
  • Hannibal Gisco returns to fight in Sicily as the admiral in charge of the Carthaginian fleet in the Strait of Messina. With the Romans about to launch their first ever navy, Carthage is determined that this innovation be thwarted. Gisco defeats part of the Roman fleet and captures the Roman consul Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Asina in an encounter near Lipari; the consul's nickname Asina (which means donkey) is earned in this encounter. However, this Carthaginian victory is of limited practical value as the bulk of the Roman fleet continues to manoeuvre in the surrounding waters.
  • Confident in Carthage's superiority at sea, Hannibal Gisco deploys his ships for the Battle of Mylae in the traditional long line arrangement. Although inexperienced in sea battles, the Romans, led by consul Gaius Duilius Nepos, heavily defeat the Carthaginian fleet, mainly due to the innovative use of land tactics in naval warfare (including the use of the grappling irons and the corvus boarding bridge).
  • Having lost the confidence of his peers, Hannibal Gisco is subsequently executed for incompetence shortly afterwards, together with other defeated Punic generals.
  • In the north of Sicily, the Romans, with their northern sea flank secured by their naval victory in the Battle of Mylae, advance toward Thermae. They are defeated there by the Carthaginians under Hamilcar.



  • Frustrated with the stalemate and encouraged by Qin spies, King Xiaocheng of Zhao replaces general Lian Po with the less cautious Zhao Kuo. Hearing of this, King Zhaoxiang of Qin secretly sends the famous general Bai Qi to take control of the Qin army.
  • The Qin army under Bai Qi destroys the army of Zhao, establishing Qin's military superiority over all other Chinese states during the Warring States period. The battle takes place near modern-day Gaoping in Shanxi and hundreds of thousands of soldiers from Zhao are executed after the battle.[1]




  1. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Bai Qi, Section: Lian Po.