262 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
262 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 262 BC
Ab urbe condita 492
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 62
- Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus, 22
Ancient Greek era 129th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4489
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −854
Berber calendar 689
Buddhist calendar 283
Burmese calendar −899
Byzantine calendar 5247–5248
Chinese calendar 戊戌(Earth Dog)
2435 or 2375
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
2436 or 2376
Coptic calendar −545 – −544
Discordian calendar 905
Ethiopian calendar −269 – −268
Hebrew calendar 3499–3500
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −205 – −204
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2839–2840
Holocene calendar 9739
Iranian calendar 883 BP – 882 BP
Islamic calendar 910 BH – 909 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2072
Minguo calendar 2173 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1729
Seleucid era 50/51 AG
Thai solar calendar 281–282
Tibetan calendar 阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
−135 or −516 or −1288
    — to —
(female Earth-Pig)
−134 or −515 or −1287

Year 262 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Valerius and Otacilius (or, less frequently, year 492 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 262 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • After Athens surrenders following a long siege by Macedonian forces, Antigonus II Gonatas re-garrisons Athens and forbids the city from making war. Otherwise, he leaves Athens alone as the seat of philosophy and learning in Greece.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • Rome besieges the city of Agrigentum which is held by Carthage under the command of Hannibal Gisco. Rome's siege involves both consular armies – a total of four Roman legions – and takes several months to resolve. The garrison of Agrigentum manages to call for reinforcements and a Carthaginian relief force commanded by Hanno comes to the rescue and destroys the Roman supply base at Erbessus. Nevertheless, after a few skirmishes, the battle of Agrigentum is fought and won by Rome, and the city falls. Gisco manages to escape to Carthage in the late stages of the battle.
  • After the loss of Agrigentum, the Carthaginians retire to organise their fleet. In the meantime, the Romans sack Agrigentum and enslave its Greek inhabitants. The Romans are now determined to drive the Carthaginians out of Sicily.

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • Seleucid king Antiochus I's eldest son Seleucus, who has ruled in the east of the kingdom as viceroy for a number of years, is put to death by his father on the charge of rebellion.
  • Antiochus I tries to break the growing power of Pergamum by force of arms. Eumenes I, the new ruler of Pergamum, liberates his city from the overlordship of the Seleucids by defeating the army of Antiochus I near Sardis (the capital of Lydia), and thereby establishing an independent city-state.
  • Antiochus I dies and is succeeded by his second son Antiochus II Theos.


  • Apollonius of Perga (Pergaeus), Greek astronomer and mathematician specialising in geometry and noted for his writings on conic sections (d. c. 190 BC)