|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|266 BC by topic|
Year 266 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Pera and Pictor (or, less frequently, year 488 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 266 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- January 23 – Marcus Atilius Regulus and Lucius Julius Libo celebrate triumphs over the Salentini.
- Calabria and Messapia are annexed by the Roman Republic.