271

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
271 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar271
CCLXXI
Ab urbe condita1024
Assyrian calendar5021
Balinese saka calendar192–193
Bengali calendar−322
Berber calendar1221
Buddhist calendar815
Burmese calendar−367
Byzantine calendar5779–5780
Chinese calendar庚寅(Metal Tiger)
2967 or 2907
    — to —
辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
2968 or 2908
Coptic calendar−13 – −12
Discordian calendar1437
Ethiopian calendar263–264
Hebrew calendar4031–4032
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat327–328
 - Shaka Samvat192–193
 - Kali Yuga3371–3372
Holocene calendar10271
Iranian calendar351 BP – 350 BP
Islamic calendar362 BH – 361 BH
Javanese calendar150–151
Julian calendar271
CCLXXI
Korean calendar2604
Minguo calendar1641 before ROC
民前1641年
Nanakshahi calendar−1197
Seleucid era582/583 AG
Thai solar calendar813–814
Tibetan calendar阳金虎年
(male Iron-Tiger)
397 or 16 or −756
    — to —
阴金兔年
(female Iron-Rabbit)
398 or 17 or −755

Year 271 (CCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Aurelianus and Bassus (or, less frequently, year 1024 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 271 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]

  • After an indecisive battle, Emperor Aurelian defeats the Vandals and forces them from Pannonia and across the Danube.
  • Battle of Placentia: The Iuthungi[1] invade Italy and sack the city of Piacenza. A Roman army under Emperor Aurelian is ambushed and defeated.
  • Following Aurelian's execution of Felicissimus, the financial minister of the state treasury, on the charge of corruption, the mint workers of the city of Rome, with senatorial support, lead an uprising against Aurelian. In bitter street-fighting on the Caelian Hill the rebels are defeated. The revolt is followed by a purge of Aurelian's senatorial opponents, including Urbanus.
  • Around this time, generals loyal to Aurelian defeat the usurpers Septimius in Dalmatia and Domitian II in southern Gaul. The Iuthungian invasion may have encouraged the spate of revolts.
  • Aurelian begins construction of a new defensive wall to protect Rome. The Aurelian Walls, 19 kilometers (12 mi), enclose the city with fortifications.
  • Perhaps around this time, Aurelian increases Rome's daily bread ration to nearly 1.5 pounds and adds pig fat to the list of foods distributed free to the populace.
  • Aurelian defeats a Gothic raid into the Balkans and then invades the Gothic homeland. Here he defeats the Goths again, killing one of their leaders, Cannabas, who may be Cniva, the Goth who had won the battle of Abritus, at which Emperor Decius was killed.
  • Aurelian withdraws Rome's administrative and military presence from Dacia (modern Romania), thereby rationalizing the Danube frontier and freeing resources for the forthcoming campaign against Zenobia.

Europe[edit]

Near East[edit]

  • Zenobia invades Asia Minor and seizes control of Cilicia and Galatia before being stalled in Bithynia.
  • Shapur I of the Sasanian Empire dies, and his successor, his son Hormizd I, leads an army against nomads in Sogdiana, perhaps taking command of a war that had begun under his father. (Note: Some scholars date Shapur's death to 270 or 272)

By topic[edit]

Art and Science[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, Alaric. Aurelian and the Third Century. London, United Kingdom: Routledge, 1999, p. 50.