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|Centuries:||2nd century – 3rd century – 4th century|
|Decades:||240s 250s 260s – 270s – 280s 290s 300s|
|Years:||269 270 271 – 272 – 273 274 275|
|272 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1025|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
2968 or 2908
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
2969 or 2909
|Coptic calendar||−12 – −11|
|- Vikram Samvat||328–329|
|- Shaka Samvat||193–194|
|- Kali Yuga||3372–3373|
|Iranian calendar||350 BP – 349 BP|
|Islamic calendar||361 BH – 360 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1640 before ROC
|Seleucid era||583/584 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||814–815|
Year 272 (CCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Postumius and Veldumnianus (or, less frequently, year 1025 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 272 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Emperor Aurelian sends his commander Marcus Aurelius Probus to restore Roman rule in Egypt.
- During the Siege of Tyana, Emperor Aurelian has a dream of Apollonius of Tyana and spares the city.
- Battle of Immae: Aurelian defeats the forces of the Palmyrene Empire near Antioch. Queen Zenobia flees under cover of darkness to Emesa (Syria).
- Battle of Emesa: Aurelian destroys the Palmyrene heavy cavalry (clibanarii) and conquers Palmyra. Zenobia escapes to Persia but is captured on the Euphrates.
- Aurelian lays siege to Palmyra after a revolt; he restores Roman control and sacks the city. Zenobia and her son Vabalathus are forced to parade in golden chains through the streets of Rome.
- Rome forms an alliance with the king of Aksum (Axum).
- Dacia is abandoned.
- King Shapur I of Persia dies after a reign of more than 30 years; he is succeeded by his eldest son Hormizd I.
- Dometius succeeds Titus as Patriarch of Constantinople.
- Saint Denis, first Bishop of Paris, and two of his disciples are beheaded on the road to the Temple of Mercury that stands atop a hill outside of the city. The hill will later be called Montmartre (Mountain of Martyrs) in Lutetia (modern Paris).
- Paul of Samosata is deposed as Patriarch of Antioch.
- February 27 – Constantine the Great, first Christian Emperor of the Roman Empire (d. 337)
- Wei Shuo, calligrapher of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (d. 349)
- Saint Januarius, Bishop of Naples and saint
- Saint Denis, first Bishop of Paris and saint
- Shapur I, king of Persia
- Liu Qubei, Right Prince of the Southern Xiongnu
- Sima Fu, younger brother of Sima Yi (b. 180)
- Wan Yu, Chancellor of Eastern Wu