27th Academy Awards

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27th Academy Awards
DateMarch 30, 1955
SiteRKO Pantages Theatre
Hollywood, California and
NBC Century Theatre
New York City, New York
Hosted byBob Hope (Hollywood) and
Thelma Ritter (New York City)
Best PictureOn the Waterfront
Most awardsOn the Waterfront (8)
Most nominationsOn the Waterfront (12)
TV in the United States

The 27th Academy Awards honored the best films released in 1954. The Best Picture winner, On the Waterfront, was produced by Sam Spiegel and directed by Elia Kazan. It had twelve nominations and eight wins, matching two other films, Gone with the Wind (1939) and From Here to Eternity (1953), though those each had thirteen nominations.

On the Waterfront was the third film to receive five acting nominations, and the first to receive three in the Best Supporting Actor category. A "rematch" occurred in the category of Best Actor between Marlon Brando and Humphrey Bogart following Bogart's upset victory three years earlier. In a surprise win (Bing Crosby was the favored nominee), Brando received his first Oscar for his performance in On the Waterfront, which is now seen as one of the greatest Best Actor wins in Oscar history.[1] (He would later win in this same category for his performance in The Godfather at the 1973 ceremony.) The win was a culmination of four consecutive Best Actor nominations for Brando (starting with A Streetcar Named Desire in 1951), a record that remains unmatched to this day.

Grace Kelly won Best Actress for The Country Girl in an even bigger upset. Judy Garland, who was heavily favored to win Best Actress for the movie A Star Is Born, could not attend the ceremony as she had only recently given birth to her third child. Cameras were set up in her room so she could express her thanks in the likely case of her winning. Groucho Marx later sent her a telegram expressing that her loss was "the biggest robbery since Brink's".[2]

Another major upset was the title song from the 20th Century Fox film Three Coins in the Fountain winning the Best Song award over "The Man That Got Away" from A Star Is Born.

Dorothy Dandridge became the first African American actress to receive a nomination for Best Actress.


Elia Kazan; Best Director winner
Marlon Brando; Best Actor winner
Grace Kelly; Best Actress winner
Edmond O'Brien; Best Supporting Actor winner
Eva Marie Saint; Best Supporting Actress winner
Budd Schulberg; Best Story and Screenplay winner
Walt Disney; Best Documentary Feature winner
Sammy Cahn; Best Original Song co-winner

Nominees were announced on February 12, 1955. Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.[3]

Best Motion Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Screenplay Best Story and Screenplay
Best Story Best Documentary Feature
Best Documentary Short Subject Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel
Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel Best Short Subject - Cartoons
Best Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture Best Scoring of a Musical Picture
Best Song Best Sound Recording
Best Art Direction, Black-and-White Best Art Direction, Color
Best Cinematography, Black-and-White Best Cinematography, Color
Best Costume Design, Black-and-White Best Costume Design, Color
Best Film Editing Best Special Effects

Academy Honorary Awards[edit]

Best Foreign Language Film[edit]

Presenters and performers[edit]



Multiple nominations and awards[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Premiere. "100 Greatest Performances of All Time: 24-1". Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-23.
  2. ^ The Biographicon. "Judy Garland – Biography". Archived from the original on 2010-01-14. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
  3. ^ "The 27th Academy Awards (1955) Nominees and Winners". Oscars.org (Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences). Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-20.

External links[edit]